Skip to content
This repository

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP

Bigdis - a file-based KV store speaking the Redis protocol

branch: master
README
BIGDIS README
=============

Welcome to Bigdis! The Redis ugly brother...

Bigdis is a weekend experiment about writing a Redis "clone" implementing a
very strict subset of Redis commands (plain key-value basically) and using
the file system as back end, that is: every key is represented as a file.

What is the goal of such a monster you may ask? Short answer: storing very
large values.

Many kind of DBs are not well suited for storing large "files" as values. I mean
things like images, or videos, and so forth. Still in the web-scale era it is
very convenient to be able to access this kind of objects in a distributed
fashion, with a networking layer, possibly with a protocol that contains
already a large number of tested implementations.

Such a protocol can be indeed the Redis protocol: it's simple to implement
and good enough to transfer large data files without too much overhead.

So I wrote this simple proof-of-concept implementation of "Bigdis".

WARNING: this is just an hack I wrote in a few hours in a weekend where there
was too wind to go to the sea. Don't use it in production without testing it
and possibly fixing it properly. I'll likely don't have time to continue
hacking on it so if you are interested please drop me an email.

HOW IT WORKS
============

Bigdis implements the new Redis multi-bulk protocol, so it does not work
with old client libraries.

Every key is stored as a file having as name the hexadecimal SHA1 of the key
name itself.

For instance the key "foo" will be stored as a file named:

    0beec7b5ea3f0fdbc95d0dd47f3c5bc275da8a33

The first four bytes, in groups of two, are used to locate the directory
where the file is located, so the full path for the above key is actually:

   /db-root/0b/ee/0beec7b5ea3f0fdbc95d0dd47f3c5bc275da8a33

So there are a total of 65536 directories holding the actual keys. This is
useful as filesystems may not handle very well a lot of files inside a
single directory.

Keys are created in an atomic fashion using the rename(2) command.

During transfers of bulk values, a temp file is used, so even if you transfer
a multi-gigabyte value, there is no need to use a lot of RAM in the server
running Bigdis.

USING BIGDIS
============

Edit bigdis.conf to setup the location of your DB, then execute bigdis
with the following command:

    tclsh bigdis.tcl

Use any Redis client supporting the new protocol to talk with it.

FUTURE
======

Do you think this idea is useful? Are you interested in developing it further?
Drop me an email. Maybe it can be interesting to port it into Ruby/EM so that
there will be more developers that can hack on it.
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.