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/*
* $smu-mark$
* $name: usage.c$
* $author: Salvatore Sanfilippo <antirez@invece.org>$
* $copyright: Copyright (C) 1999 by Salvatore Sanfilippo$
* $license: This software is under GPL version 2 of license$
* $date: Fri Nov 5 11:55:50 MET 1999$
* $rev: 8$
*/
/* $Id: usage.c,v 1.2 2004/06/18 09:53:11 antirez Exp $ */
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
void show_usage(void)
{
printf(
"usage: hping host [options]\n"
" -h --help show this help\n"
" -v --version show version\n"
" -c --count packet count\n"
" -i --interval wait (uX for X microseconds, for example -i u1000)\n"
" --fast alias for -i u10000 (10 packets for second)\n"
" --faster alias for -i u1000 (100 packets for second)\n"
" --flood sent packets as fast as possible. Don't show replies.\n"
" -n --numeric numeric output\n"
" -q --quiet quiet\n"
" -I --interface interface name (otherwise default routing interface)\n"
" -V --verbose verbose mode\n"
" -D --debug debugging info\n"
" -z --bind bind ctrl+z to ttl (default to dst port)\n"
" -Z --unbind unbind ctrl+z\n"
" --beep beep for every matching packet received\n"
"Mode\n"
" default mode TCP\n"
" -0 --rawip RAW IP mode\n"
" -1 --icmp ICMP mode\n"
" -2 --udp UDP mode\n"
" -8 --scan SCAN mode.\n"
" Example: hping --scan 1-30,70-90 -S www.target.host\n"
" -9 --listen listen mode\n"
"IP\n"
" -a --spoof spoof source address\n"
" --rand-dest random destionation address mode. see the man.\n"
" --rand-source random source address mode. see the man.\n"
" -t --ttl ttl (default 64)\n"
" -N --id id (default random)\n"
" -W --winid use win* id byte ordering\n"
" -r --rel relativize id field (to estimate host traffic)\n"
" -f --frag split packets in more frag. (may pass weak acl)\n"
" -x --morefrag set more fragments flag\n"
" -y --dontfrag set dont fragment flag\n"
" -g --fragoff set the fragment offset\n"
" -m --mtu set virtual mtu, implies --frag if packet size > mtu\n"
" -o --tos type of service (default 0x00), try --tos help\n"
" -G --rroute includes RECORD_ROUTE option and display the route buffer\n"
" --lsrr loose source routing and record route\n"
" --ssrr strict source routing and record route\n"
" -H --ipproto set the IP protocol field, only in RAW IP mode\n"
"ICMP\n"
" -C --icmptype icmp type (default echo request)\n"
" -K --icmpcode icmp code (default 0)\n"
" --force-icmp send all icmp types (default send only supported types)\n"
" --icmp-gw set gateway address for ICMP redirect (default 0.0.0.0)\n"
" --icmp-ts Alias for --icmp --icmptype 13 (ICMP timestamp)\n"
" --icmp-addr Alias for --icmp --icmptype 17 (ICMP address subnet mask)\n"
" --icmp-help display help for others icmp options\n"
"UDP/TCP\n"
" -s --baseport base source port (default random)\n"
" -p --destport [+][+]<port> destination port(default 0) ctrl+z inc/dec\n"
" -k --keep keep still source port\n"
" -w --win winsize (default 64)\n"
" -O --tcpoff set fake tcp data offset (instead of tcphdrlen / 4)\n"
" -Q --seqnum shows only tcp sequence number\n"
" -b --badcksum (try to) send packets with a bad IP checksum\n"
" many systems will fix the IP checksum sending the packet\n"
" so you'll get bad UDP/TCP checksum instead.\n"
" -M --setseq set TCP sequence number\n"
" -L --setack set TCP ack\n"
" -F --fin set FIN flag\n"
" -S --syn set SYN flag\n"
" -R --rst set RST flag\n"
" -P --push set PUSH flag\n"
" -A --ack set ACK flag\n"
" -U --urg set URG flag\n"
" -X --xmas set X unused flag (0x40)\n"
" -Y --ymas set Y unused flag (0x80)\n"
" --tcpexitcode use last tcp->th_flags as exit code\n"
" --tcp-timestamp enable the TCP timestamp option to guess the HZ/uptime\n"
"Clock skew detection\n"
" --clock-skew enable clock skew detection. Try with -S against open port\n"
" --clock-skew-win window of time (in seconds) for CS detection. Default 300\n"
" --clock-skew-shift timestamp samples to use for error correction. Default 5\n"
" --clock-skew-packets-per-sample # of packets to extract a sample. Default 10\n"
"Common\n"
" -d --data data size (default is 0)\n"
" -E --file data from file\n"
" -e --sign add 'signature'\n"
" -j --dump dump packets in hex\n"
" -J --print dump printable characters\n"
" -B --safe enable 'safe' protocol\n"
" -u --end tell you when --file reached EOF and prevent rewind\n"
" -T --traceroute traceroute mode (implies --bind and --ttl 1)\n"
" --tr-stop Exit when receive the first not ICMP in traceroute mode\n"
" --tr-keep-ttl Keep the source TTL fixed, useful to monitor just one hop\n"
" --tr-no-rtt Don't calculate/show RTT information in traceroute mode\n"
"ARS packet description (new, unstable)\n"
" --apd-send Send the packet described with APD (see docs/APD.txt)\n"
);
exit(0);
};
void tos_help(void)
{
printf(
"tos help:\n"
" TOS Name Hex Value Typical Uses\n"
"\n"
" Minimum Delay 10 ftp, telnet\n"
" Maximum Throughput 08 ftp-data\n"
" Maximum Reliability 04 snmp\n"
" Minimum Cost 02 nntp\n"
);
exit(0);
}
void icmp_help(void)
{
printf(
"ICMP help:\n"
" ICMP concerned packet options:\n"
" --icmp-ipver set ip version ( default 4 )\n"
" --icmp-iphlen set ip header lenght ( default IPHDR_SIZE >> 2)\n"
" --icmp-iplen set ip total lengtht ( default real lenght )\n"
" --icmp-ipid set ip id ( default random )\n"
" --icmp-ipproto set ip protocol ( default IPPROTO_TCP )\n"
" --icmp-ipsrc set ip source ( default 0.0.0.0 )\n"
" --icmp-ipdst set ip destination ( default 0.0.0.0 )\n"
" --icmp-srcport set tcp/udp source port ( default random )\n"
" --icmp-dstport set tcp/udp destination port ( default random )\n"
" --icmp-cksum set icmp checksum ( default the right cksum)\n"
);
exit(0);
}
void route_help(void)
{
printf(
"route help:\n"
" A route has the following format: [ptr:]IP1[/IP2[/IP3...]]\n"
" where ptr is the exact value of the pointer that will be used for the IP\n"
" option (be careful, no check is performed on this pointer), and defaults\n"
" to 8, or 4 if provided route is too short for 8;\n"
" and each IPx field is an IP address to include in the source route.\n");
}