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#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <termios.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#if (ULONG_MAX == 4294967295UL)
#define MEMTEST_32BIT
#elif (ULONG_MAX == 18446744073709551615ULL)
#define MEMTEST_64BIT
#else
#error "ULONG_MAX value not supported."
#endif
#ifdef MEMTEST_32BIT
#define ULONG_ONEZERO 0xaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaUL
#define ULONG_ZEROONE 0x5555555555555555UL
#else
#define ULONG_ONEZERO 0xaaaaaaaaUL
#define ULONG_ZEROONE 0x55555555UL
#endif
static struct winsize ws;
size_t progress_printed; /* Printed chars in screen-wide progress bar. */
size_t progress_full; /* How many chars to write to fill the progress bar. */
void memtest_progress_start(char *title, int pass) {
int j;
printf("\x1b[H\x1b[2J"); /* Cursor home, clear screen. */
/* Fill with dots. */
for (j = 0; j < ws.ws_col*(ws.ws_row-2); j++) printf(".");
printf("Please keep the test running several minutes per GB of memory.\n");
printf("Also check http://www.memtest86.com/ and http://pyropus.ca/software/memtester/");
printf("\x1b[H\x1b[2K"); /* Cursor home, clear current line. */
printf("%s [%d]\n", title, pass); /* Print title. */
progress_printed = 0;
progress_full = ws.ws_col*(ws.ws_row-3);
fflush(stdout);
}
void memtest_progress_end(void) {
printf("\x1b[H\x1b[2J"); /* Cursor home, clear screen. */
}
void memtest_progress_step(size_t curr, size_t size, char c) {
size_t chars = (curr*progress_full)/size, j;
for (j = 0; j < chars-progress_printed; j++) {
printf("%c",c);
progress_printed++;
}
fflush(stdout);
}
/* Test that addressing is fine. Every location is populated with its own
* address, and finally verified. This test is very fast but may detect
* ASAP big issues with the memory subsystem. */
void memtest_addressing(unsigned long *l, size_t bytes) {
unsigned long words = bytes/sizeof(unsigned long);
unsigned long j, *p;
/* Fill */
p = l;
for (j = 0; j < words; j++) {
*p = (unsigned long)p;
p++;
if ((j & 0xffff) == 0) memtest_progress_step(j,words*2,'A');
}
/* Test */
p = l;
for (j = 0; j < words; j++) {
if (*p != (unsigned long)p) {
printf("\n*** MEMORY ADDRESSING ERROR: %p contains %lu\n",
(void*) p, *p);
exit(1);
}
p++;
if ((j & 0xffff) == 0) memtest_progress_step(j+words,words*2,'A');
}
}
/* Fill words stepping a single page at every write, so we continue to
* touch all the pages in the smallest amount of time reducing the
* effectiveness of caches, and making it hard for the OS to transfer
* pages on the swap. */
void memtest_fill_random(unsigned long *l, size_t bytes) {
unsigned long step = 4096/sizeof(unsigned long);
unsigned long words = bytes/sizeof(unsigned long)/2;
unsigned long iwords = words/step; /* words per iteration */
unsigned long off, w, *l1, *l2;
assert((bytes & 4095) == 0);
for (off = 0; off < step; off++) {
l1 = l+off;
l2 = l1+words;
for (w = 0; w < iwords; w++) {
#ifdef MEMTEST_32BIT
*l1 = *l2 = ((unsigned long) (rand()&0xffff)) |
(((unsigned long) (rand()&0xffff)) << 16);
#else
*l1 = *l2 = ((unsigned long) (rand()&0xffff)) |
(((unsigned long) (rand()&0xffff)) << 16) |
(((unsigned long) (rand()&0xffff)) << 32) |
(((unsigned long) (rand()&0xffff)) << 48);
#endif
l1 += step;
l2 += step;
if ((w & 0xffff) == 0)
memtest_progress_step(w+iwords*off,words,'R');
}
}
}
/* Like memtest_fill_random() but uses the two specified values to fill
* memory, in an alternated way (v1|v2|v1|v2|...) */
void memtest_fill_value(unsigned long *l, size_t bytes, unsigned long v1,
unsigned long v2, char sym)
{
unsigned long step = 4096/sizeof(unsigned long);
unsigned long words = bytes/sizeof(unsigned long)/2;
unsigned long iwords = words/step; /* words per iteration */
unsigned long off, w, *l1, *l2, v;
assert((bytes & 4095) == 0);
for (off = 0; off < step; off++) {
l1 = l+off;
l2 = l1+words;
v = (off & 1) ? v2 : v1;
for (w = 0; w < iwords; w++) {
#ifdef MEMTEST_32BIT
*l1 = *l2 = ((unsigned long) (rand()&0xffff)) |
(((unsigned long) (rand()&0xffff)) << 16);
#else
*l1 = *l2 = ((unsigned long) (rand()&0xffff)) |
(((unsigned long) (rand()&0xffff)) << 16) |
(((unsigned long) (rand()&0xffff)) << 32) |
(((unsigned long) (rand()&0xffff)) << 48);
#endif
l1 += step;
l2 += step;
if ((w & 0xffff) == 0)
memtest_progress_step(w+iwords*off,words,sym);
}
}
}
void memtest_compare(unsigned long *l, size_t bytes) {
unsigned long words = bytes/sizeof(unsigned long)/2;
unsigned long w, *l1, *l2;
assert((bytes & 4095) == 0);
l1 = l;
l2 = l1+words;
for (w = 0; w < words; w++) {
if (*l1 != *l2) {
printf("\n*** MEMORY ERROR DETECTED: %p != %p (%lu vs %lu)\n",
(void*)l1, (void*)l2, *l1, *l2);
exit(1);
}
l1 ++;
l2 ++;
if ((w & 0xffff) == 0) memtest_progress_step(w,words,'=');
}
}
void memtest_compare_times(unsigned long *m, size_t bytes, int pass, int times) {
int j;
for (j = 0; j < times; j++) {
memtest_progress_start("Compare",pass);
memtest_compare(m,bytes);
memtest_progress_end();
}
}
void memtest_test(size_t megabytes, int passes) {
size_t bytes = megabytes*1024*1024;
unsigned long *m = malloc(bytes);
int pass = 0;
if (m == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr,"Unable to allocate %zu megabytes: %s",
megabytes, strerror(errno));
exit(1);
}
while (pass != passes) {
pass++;
memtest_progress_start("Addressing test",pass);
memtest_addressing(m,bytes);
memtest_progress_end();
memtest_progress_start("Random fill",pass);
memtest_fill_random(m,bytes);
memtest_progress_end();
memtest_compare_times(m,bytes,pass,4);
memtest_progress_start("Solid fill",pass);
memtest_fill_value(m,bytes,0,(unsigned long)-1,'S');
memtest_progress_end();
memtest_compare_times(m,bytes,pass,4);
memtest_progress_start("Checkerboard fill",pass);
memtest_fill_value(m,bytes,ULONG_ONEZERO,ULONG_ZEROONE,'C');
memtest_progress_end();
memtest_compare_times(m,bytes,pass,4);
}
}
void memtest(size_t megabytes, int passes) {
if (ioctl(1, TIOCGWINSZ, &ws) == -1) {
ws.ws_col = 80;
ws.ws_row = 20;
}
memtest_test(megabytes,passes);
printf("\nYour memory passed this test.\n");
printf("Please if you are still in doubt use the following two tools:\n");
printf("1) memtest86: http://www.memtest86.com/\n");
printf("2) memtester: http://pyropus.ca/software/memtester/\n");
exit(0);
}
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