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#include "redis.h"
#include "bio.h"
#include <signal.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
void aofUpdateCurrentSize(void);
void aof_background_fsync(int fd) {
bioCreateBackgroundJob(REDIS_BIO_AOF_FSYNC,(void*)(long)fd,NULL,NULL);
}
/* Called when the user switches from "appendonly yes" to "appendonly no"
* at runtime using the CONFIG command. */
void stopAppendOnly(void) {
flushAppendOnlyFile(1);
aof_fsync(server.appendfd);
close(server.appendfd);
server.appendfd = -1;
server.appendseldb = -1;
server.appendonly = 0;
/* rewrite operation in progress? kill it, wait child exit */
if (server.bgrewritechildpid != -1) {
int statloc;
if (kill(server.bgrewritechildpid,SIGKILL) != -1)
wait3(&statloc,0,NULL);
/* reset the buffer accumulating changes while the child saves */
sdsfree(server.bgrewritebuf);
server.bgrewritebuf = sdsempty();
server.bgrewritechildpid = -1;
}
}
/* Called when the user switches from "appendonly no" to "appendonly yes"
* at runtime using the CONFIG command. */
int startAppendOnly(void) {
server.appendonly = 1;
server.lastfsync = time(NULL);
server.appendfd = open(server.appendfilename,O_WRONLY|O_APPEND|O_CREAT,0644);
if (server.appendfd == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Used tried to switch on AOF via CONFIG, but I can't open the AOF file: %s",strerror(errno));
return REDIS_ERR;
}
if (rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground() == REDIS_ERR) {
server.appendonly = 0;
close(server.appendfd);
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Used tried to switch on AOF via CONFIG, I can't trigger a background AOF rewrite operation. Check the above logs for more info about the error.",strerror(errno));
return REDIS_ERR;
}
return REDIS_OK;
}
/* Write the append only file buffer on disk.
*
* Since we are required to write the AOF before replying to the client,
* and the only way the client socket can get a write is entering when the
* the event loop, we accumulate all the AOF writes in a memory
* buffer and write it on disk using this function just before entering
* the event loop again.
*
* About the 'force' argument:
*
* When the fsync policy is set to 'everysec' we may delay the flush if there
* is still an fsync() going on in the background thread, since for instance
* on Linux write(2) will be blocked by the background fsync anyway.
* When this happens we remember that there is some aof buffer to be
* flushed ASAP, and will try to do that in the serverCron() function.
*
* However if force is set to 1 we'll write regardless of the background
* fsync. */
void flushAppendOnlyFile(int force) {
ssize_t nwritten;
int sync_in_progress = 0;
if (sdslen(server.aofbuf) == 0) return;
if (server.appendfsync == APPENDFSYNC_EVERYSEC)
sync_in_progress = bioPendingJobsOfType(REDIS_BIO_AOF_FSYNC) != 0;
if (server.appendfsync == APPENDFSYNC_EVERYSEC && !force) {
/* With this append fsync policy we do background fsyncing.
* If the fsync is still in progress we can try to delay
* the write for a couple of seconds. */
if (sync_in_progress) {
if (server.aof_flush_postponed_start == 0) {
/* No previous write postponinig, remember that we are
* postponing the flush and return. */
server.aof_flush_postponed_start = server.unixtime;
return;
} else if (server.unixtime - server.aof_flush_postponed_start < 2) {
/* We were already waiting for fsync to finish, but for less
* than two seconds this is still ok. Postpone again. */
return;
}
/* Otherwise fall trough, and go write since we can't wait
* over two seconds. */
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,"Asynchronous AOF fsync is taking too long (disk is busy?). Writing the AOF buffer without waiting for fsync to complete, this may slow down Redis.");
}
}
/* If you are following this code path, then we are going to write so
* set reset the postponed flush sentinel to zero. */
server.aof_flush_postponed_start = 0;
/* We want to perform a single write. This should be guaranteed atomic
* at least if the filesystem we are writing is a real physical one.
* While this will save us against the server being killed I don't think
* there is much to do about the whole server stopping for power problems
* or alike */
nwritten = write(server.appendfd,server.aofbuf,sdslen(server.aofbuf));
if (nwritten != (signed)sdslen(server.aofbuf)) {
/* Ooops, we are in troubles. The best thing to do for now is
* aborting instead of giving the illusion that everything is
* working as expected. */
if (nwritten == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Exiting on error writing to the append-only file: %s",strerror(errno));
} else {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Exiting on short write while writing to the append-only file: %s",strerror(errno));
}
exit(1);
}
server.appendonly_current_size += nwritten;
/* Re-use AOF buffer when it is small enough. The maximum comes from the
* arena size of 4k minus some overhead (but is otherwise arbitrary). */
if ((sdslen(server.aofbuf)+sdsavail(server.aofbuf)) < 4000) {
sdsclear(server.aofbuf);
} else {
sdsfree(server.aofbuf);
server.aofbuf = sdsempty();
}
/* Don't fsync if no-appendfsync-on-rewrite is set to yes and there are
* children doing I/O in the background. */
if (server.no_appendfsync_on_rewrite &&
(server.bgrewritechildpid != -1 || server.bgsavechildpid != -1))
return;
/* Perform the fsync if needed. */
if (server.appendfsync == APPENDFSYNC_ALWAYS) {
/* aof_fsync is defined as fdatasync() for Linux in order to avoid
* flushing metadata. */
aof_fsync(server.appendfd); /* Let's try to get this data on the disk */
server.lastfsync = server.unixtime;
} else if ((server.appendfsync == APPENDFSYNC_EVERYSEC &&
server.unixtime > server.lastfsync)) {
if (!sync_in_progress) aof_background_fsync(server.appendfd);
server.lastfsync = server.unixtime;
}
}
sds catAppendOnlyGenericCommand(sds dst, int argc, robj **argv) {
char buf[32];
int len, j;
robj *o;
buf[0] = '*';
len = 1+ll2string(buf+1,sizeof(buf)-1,argc);
buf[len++] = '\r';
buf[len++] = '\n';
dst = sdscatlen(dst,buf,len);
for (j = 0; j < argc; j++) {
o = getDecodedObject(argv[j]);
buf[0] = '$';
len = 1+ll2string(buf+1,sizeof(buf)-1,sdslen(o->ptr));
buf[len++] = '\r';
buf[len++] = '\n';
dst = sdscatlen(dst,buf,len);
dst = sdscatlen(dst,o->ptr,sdslen(o->ptr));
dst = sdscatlen(dst,"\r\n",2);
decrRefCount(o);
}
return dst;
}
sds catAppendOnlyExpireAtCommand(sds buf, robj *key, robj *seconds) {
int argc = 3;
long when;
robj *argv[3];
/* Make sure we can use strtol */
seconds = getDecodedObject(seconds);
when = time(NULL)+strtol(seconds->ptr,NULL,10);
decrRefCount(seconds);
argv[0] = createStringObject("EXPIREAT",8);
argv[1] = key;
argv[2] = createObject(REDIS_STRING,
sdscatprintf(sdsempty(),"%ld",when));
buf = catAppendOnlyGenericCommand(buf, argc, argv);
decrRefCount(argv[0]);
decrRefCount(argv[2]);
return buf;
}
void feedAppendOnlyFile(struct redisCommand *cmd, int dictid, robj **argv, int argc) {
sds buf = sdsempty();
robj *tmpargv[3];
/* The DB this command was targetting is not the same as the last command
* we appendend. To issue a SELECT command is needed. */
if (dictid != server.appendseldb) {
char seldb[64];
snprintf(seldb,sizeof(seldb),"%d",dictid);
buf = sdscatprintf(buf,"*2\r\n$6\r\nSELECT\r\n$%lu\r\n%s\r\n",
(unsigned long)strlen(seldb),seldb);
server.appendseldb = dictid;
}
if (cmd->proc == expireCommand) {
/* Translate EXPIRE into EXPIREAT */
buf = catAppendOnlyExpireAtCommand(buf,argv[1],argv[2]);
} else if (cmd->proc == setexCommand) {
/* Translate SETEX to SET and EXPIREAT */
tmpargv[0] = createStringObject("SET",3);
tmpargv[1] = argv[1];
tmpargv[2] = argv[3];
buf = catAppendOnlyGenericCommand(buf,3,tmpargv);
decrRefCount(tmpargv[0]);
buf = catAppendOnlyExpireAtCommand(buf,argv[1],argv[2]);
} else {
buf = catAppendOnlyGenericCommand(buf,argc,argv);
}
/* Append to the AOF buffer. This will be flushed on disk just before
* of re-entering the event loop, so before the client will get a
* positive reply about the operation performed. */
server.aofbuf = sdscatlen(server.aofbuf,buf,sdslen(buf));
/* If a background append only file rewriting is in progress we want to
* accumulate the differences between the child DB and the current one
* in a buffer, so that when the child process will do its work we
* can append the differences to the new append only file. */
if (server.bgrewritechildpid != -1)
server.bgrewritebuf = sdscatlen(server.bgrewritebuf,buf,sdslen(buf));
sdsfree(buf);
}
/* In Redis commands are always executed in the context of a client, so in
* order to load the append only file we need to create a fake client. */
struct redisClient *createFakeClient(void) {
struct redisClient *c = zmalloc(sizeof(*c));
selectDb(c,0);
c->fd = -1;
c->querybuf = sdsempty();
c->argc = 0;
c->argv = NULL;
c->bufpos = 0;
c->flags = 0;
/* We set the fake client as a slave waiting for the synchronization
* so that Redis will not try to send replies to this client. */
c->replstate = REDIS_REPL_WAIT_BGSAVE_START;
c->reply = listCreate();
c->reply_bytes = 0;
c->watched_keys = listCreate();
listSetFreeMethod(c->reply,decrRefCount);
listSetDupMethod(c->reply,dupClientReplyValue);
initClientMultiState(c);
return c;
}
void freeFakeClient(struct redisClient *c) {
sdsfree(c->querybuf);
listRelease(c->reply);
listRelease(c->watched_keys);
freeClientMultiState(c);
zfree(c);
}
/* Replay the append log file. On error REDIS_OK is returned. On non fatal
* error (the append only file is zero-length) REDIS_ERR is returned. On
* fatal error an error message is logged and the program exists. */
int loadAppendOnlyFile(char *filename) {
struct redisClient *fakeClient;
FILE *fp = fopen(filename,"r");
struct redis_stat sb;
int appendonly = server.appendonly;
long loops = 0;
if (fp && redis_fstat(fileno(fp),&sb) != -1 && sb.st_size == 0) {
server.appendonly_current_size = 0;
fclose(fp);
return REDIS_ERR;
}
if (fp == NULL) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Fatal error: can't open the append log file for reading: %s",strerror(errno));
exit(1);
}
/* Temporarily disable AOF, to prevent EXEC from feeding a MULTI
* to the same file we're about to read. */
server.appendonly = 0;
fakeClient = createFakeClient();
startLoading(fp);
while(1) {
int argc, j;
unsigned long len;
robj **argv;
char buf[128];
sds argsds;
struct redisCommand *cmd;
int force_swapout;
/* Serve the clients from time to time */
if (!(loops++ % 1000)) {
loadingProgress(ftello(fp));
aeProcessEvents(server.el, AE_FILE_EVENTS|AE_DONT_WAIT);
}
if (fgets(buf,sizeof(buf),fp) == NULL) {
if (feof(fp))
break;
else
goto readerr;
}
if (buf[0] != '*') goto fmterr;
argc = atoi(buf+1);
if (argc < 1) goto fmterr;
argv = zmalloc(sizeof(robj*)*argc);
for (j = 0; j < argc; j++) {
if (fgets(buf,sizeof(buf),fp) == NULL) goto readerr;
if (buf[0] != '$') goto fmterr;
len = strtol(buf+1,NULL,10);
argsds = sdsnewlen(NULL,len);
if (len && fread(argsds,len,1,fp) == 0) goto fmterr;
argv[j] = createObject(REDIS_STRING,argsds);
if (fread(buf,2,1,fp) == 0) goto fmterr; /* discard CRLF */
}
/* Command lookup */
cmd = lookupCommand(argv[0]->ptr);
if (!cmd) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Unknown command '%s' reading the append only file", argv[0]->ptr);
exit(1);
}
/* Run the command in the context of a fake client */
fakeClient->argc = argc;
fakeClient->argv = argv;
cmd->proc(fakeClient);
/* The fake client should not have a reply */
redisAssert(fakeClient->bufpos == 0 && listLength(fakeClient->reply) == 0);
/* The fake client should never get blocked */
redisAssert((fakeClient->flags & REDIS_BLOCKED) == 0);
/* Clean up. Command code may have changed argv/argc so we use the
* argv/argc of the client instead of the local variables. */
for (j = 0; j < fakeClient->argc; j++)
decrRefCount(fakeClient->argv[j]);
zfree(fakeClient->argv);
/* Handle swapping while loading big datasets when VM is on */
force_swapout = 0;
if ((zmalloc_used_memory() - server.vm_max_memory) > 1024*1024*32)
force_swapout = 1;
if (server.vm_enabled && force_swapout) {
while (zmalloc_used_memory() > server.vm_max_memory) {
if (vmSwapOneObjectBlocking() == REDIS_ERR) break;
}
}
}
/* This point can only be reached when EOF is reached without errors.
* If the client is in the middle of a MULTI/EXEC, log error and quit. */
if (fakeClient->flags & REDIS_MULTI) goto readerr;
fclose(fp);
freeFakeClient(fakeClient);
server.appendonly = appendonly;
stopLoading();
aofUpdateCurrentSize();
server.auto_aofrewrite_base_size = server.appendonly_current_size;
return REDIS_OK;
readerr:
if (feof(fp)) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Unexpected end of file reading the append only file");
} else {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Unrecoverable error reading the append only file: %s", strerror(errno));
}
exit(1);
fmterr:
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Bad file format reading the append only file: make a backup of your AOF file, then use ./redis-check-aof --fix <filename>");
exit(1);
}
/* Write a sequence of commands able to fully rebuild the dataset into
* "filename". Used both by REWRITEAOF and BGREWRITEAOF. */
int rewriteAppendOnlyFile(char *filename) {
dictIterator *di = NULL;
dictEntry *de;
FILE *fp;
char tmpfile[256];
int j;
time_t now = time(NULL);
/* Note that we have to use a different temp name here compared to the
* one used by rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground() function. */
snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-rewriteaof-%d.aof", (int) getpid());
fp = fopen(tmpfile,"w");
if (!fp) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING, "Failed rewriting the append only file: %s", strerror(errno));
return REDIS_ERR;
}
for (j = 0; j < server.dbnum; j++) {
char selectcmd[] = "*2\r\n$6\r\nSELECT\r\n";
redisDb *db = server.db+j;
dict *d = db->dict;
if (dictSize(d) == 0) continue;
di = dictGetSafeIterator(d);
if (!di) {
fclose(fp);
return REDIS_ERR;
}
/* SELECT the new DB */
if (fwrite(selectcmd,sizeof(selectcmd)-1,1,fp) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkLongLong(fp,j) == 0) goto werr;
/* Iterate this DB writing every entry */
while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
sds keystr = dictGetEntryKey(de);
robj key, *o;
time_t expiretime;
int swapped;
keystr = dictGetEntryKey(de);
o = dictGetEntryVal(de);
initStaticStringObject(key,keystr);
/* If the value for this key is swapped, load a preview in memory.
* We use a "swapped" flag to remember if we need to free the
* value object instead to just increment the ref count anyway
* in order to avoid copy-on-write of pages if we are forked() */
if (!server.vm_enabled || o->storage == REDIS_VM_MEMORY ||
o->storage == REDIS_VM_SWAPPING) {
swapped = 0;
} else {
o = vmPreviewObject(o);
swapped = 1;
}
expiretime = getExpire(db,&key);
/* Save the key and associated value */
if (o->type == REDIS_STRING) {
/* Emit a SET command */
char cmd[]="*3\r\n$3\r\nSET\r\n";
if (fwrite(cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1,1,fp) == 0) goto werr;
/* Key and value */
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,&key) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,o) == 0) goto werr;
} else if (o->type == REDIS_LIST) {
/* Emit the RPUSHes needed to rebuild the list */
char cmd[]="*3\r\n$5\r\nRPUSH\r\n";
if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST) {
unsigned char *zl = o->ptr;
unsigned char *p = ziplistIndex(zl,0);
unsigned char *vstr;
unsigned int vlen;
long long vlong;
while(ziplistGet(p,&vstr,&vlen,&vlong)) {
if (fwrite(cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1,1,fp) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,&key) == 0) goto werr;
if (vstr) {
if (fwriteBulkString(fp,(char*)vstr,vlen) == 0)
goto werr;
} else {
if (fwriteBulkLongLong(fp,vlong) == 0)
goto werr;
}
p = ziplistNext(zl,p);
}
} else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_LINKEDLIST) {
list *list = o->ptr;
listNode *ln;
listIter li;
listRewind(list,&li);
while((ln = listNext(&li))) {
robj *eleobj = listNodeValue(ln);
if (fwrite(cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1,1,fp) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,&key) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,eleobj) == 0) goto werr;
}
} else {
redisPanic("Unknown list encoding");
}
} else if (o->type == REDIS_SET) {
char cmd[]="*3\r\n$4\r\nSADD\r\n";
/* Emit the SADDs needed to rebuild the set */
if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_INTSET) {
int ii = 0;
int64_t llval;
while(intsetGet(o->ptr,ii++,&llval)) {
if (fwrite(cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1,1,fp) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,&key) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkLongLong(fp,llval) == 0) goto werr;
}
} else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_HT) {
dictIterator *di = dictGetIterator(o->ptr);
dictEntry *de;
while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
robj *eleobj = dictGetEntryKey(de);
if (fwrite(cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1,1,fp) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,&key) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,eleobj) == 0) goto werr;
}
dictReleaseIterator(di);
} else {
redisPanic("Unknown set encoding");
}
} else if (o->type == REDIS_ZSET) {
/* Emit the ZADDs needed to rebuild the sorted set */
char cmd[]="*4\r\n$4\r\nZADD\r\n";
if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST) {
unsigned char *zl = o->ptr;
unsigned char *eptr, *sptr;
unsigned char *vstr;
unsigned int vlen;
long long vll;
double score;
eptr = ziplistIndex(zl,0);
redisAssert(eptr != NULL);
sptr = ziplistNext(zl,eptr);
redisAssert(sptr != NULL);
while (eptr != NULL) {
redisAssert(ziplistGet(eptr,&vstr,&vlen,&vll));
score = zzlGetScore(sptr);
if (fwrite(cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1,1,fp) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,&key) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkDouble(fp,score) == 0) goto werr;
if (vstr != NULL) {
if (fwriteBulkString(fp,(char*)vstr,vlen) == 0)
goto werr;
} else {
if (fwriteBulkLongLong(fp,vll) == 0)
goto werr;
}
zzlNext(zl,&eptr,&sptr);
}
} else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_SKIPLIST) {
zset *zs = o->ptr;
dictIterator *di = dictGetIterator(zs->dict);
dictEntry *de;
while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
robj *eleobj = dictGetEntryKey(de);
double *score = dictGetEntryVal(de);
if (fwrite(cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1,1,fp) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,&key) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkDouble(fp,*score) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,eleobj) == 0) goto werr;
}
dictReleaseIterator(di);
} else {
redisPanic("Unknown sorted set encoding");
}
} else if (o->type == REDIS_HASH) {
char cmd[]="*4\r\n$4\r\nHSET\r\n";
/* Emit the HSETs needed to rebuild the hash */
if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPMAP) {
unsigned char *p = zipmapRewind(o->ptr);
unsigned char *field, *val;
unsigned int flen, vlen;
while((p = zipmapNext(p,&field,&flen,&val,&vlen)) != NULL) {
if (fwrite(cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1,1,fp) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,&key) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkString(fp,(char*)field,flen) == 0)
goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkString(fp,(char*)val,vlen) == 0)
goto werr;
}
} else {
dictIterator *di = dictGetIterator(o->ptr);
dictEntry *de;
while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
robj *field = dictGetEntryKey(de);
robj *val = dictGetEntryVal(de);
if (fwrite(cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1,1,fp) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,&key) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,field) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,val) == 0) goto werr;
}
dictReleaseIterator(di);
}
} else {
redisPanic("Unknown object type");
}
/* Save the expire time */
if (expiretime != -1) {
char cmd[]="*3\r\n$8\r\nEXPIREAT\r\n";
/* If this key is already expired skip it */
if (expiretime < now) continue;
if (fwrite(cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1,1,fp) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkObject(fp,&key) == 0) goto werr;
if (fwriteBulkLongLong(fp,expiretime) == 0) goto werr;
}
if (swapped) decrRefCount(o);
}
dictReleaseIterator(di);
}
/* Make sure data will not remain on the OS's output buffers */
fflush(fp);
aof_fsync(fileno(fp));
fclose(fp);
/* Use RENAME to make sure the DB file is changed atomically only
* if the generate DB file is ok. */
if (rename(tmpfile,filename) == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Error moving temp append only file on the final destination: %s", strerror(errno));
unlink(tmpfile);
return REDIS_ERR;
}
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,"SYNC append only file rewrite performed");
return REDIS_OK;
werr:
fclose(fp);
unlink(tmpfile);
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Write error writing append only file on disk: %s", strerror(errno));
if (di) dictReleaseIterator(di);
return REDIS_ERR;
}
/* This is how rewriting of the append only file in background works:
*
* 1) The user calls BGREWRITEAOF
* 2) Redis calls this function, that forks():
* 2a) the child rewrite the append only file in a temp file.
* 2b) the parent accumulates differences in server.bgrewritebuf.
* 3) When the child finished '2a' exists.
* 4) The parent will trap the exit code, if it's OK, will append the
* data accumulated into server.bgrewritebuf into the temp file, and
* finally will rename(2) the temp file in the actual file name.
* The the new file is reopened as the new append only file. Profit!
*/
int rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground(void) {
pid_t childpid;
long long start;
if (server.bgrewritechildpid != -1) return REDIS_ERR;
if (server.vm_enabled) waitEmptyIOJobsQueue();
start = ustime();
if ((childpid = fork()) == 0) {
char tmpfile[256];
/* Child */
if (server.vm_enabled) vmReopenSwapFile();
if (server.ipfd > 0) close(server.ipfd);
if (server.sofd > 0) close(server.sofd);
snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-rewriteaof-bg-%d.aof", (int) getpid());
if (rewriteAppendOnlyFile(tmpfile) == REDIS_OK) {
_exit(0);
} else {
_exit(1);
}
} else {
/* Parent */
server.stat_fork_time = ustime()-start;
if (childpid == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Can't rewrite append only file in background: fork: %s",
strerror(errno));
return REDIS_ERR;
}
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,
"Background append only file rewriting started by pid %d",childpid);
server.aofrewrite_scheduled = 0;
server.bgrewritechildpid = childpid;
updateDictResizePolicy();
/* We set appendseldb to -1 in order to force the next call to the
* feedAppendOnlyFile() to issue a SELECT command, so the differences
* accumulated by the parent into server.bgrewritebuf will start
* with a SELECT statement and it will be safe to merge. */
server.appendseldb = -1;
return REDIS_OK;
}
return REDIS_OK; /* unreached */
}
void bgrewriteaofCommand(redisClient *c) {
if (server.bgrewritechildpid != -1) {
addReplyError(c,"Background append only file rewriting already in progress");
} else if (server.bgsavechildpid != -1) {
server.aofrewrite_scheduled = 1;
addReplyStatus(c,"Background append only file rewriting scheduled");
} else if (rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground() == REDIS_OK) {
addReplyStatus(c,"Background append only file rewriting started");
} else {
addReply(c,shared.err);
}
}
void aofRemoveTempFile(pid_t childpid) {
char tmpfile[256];
snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-rewriteaof-bg-%d.aof", (int) childpid);
unlink(tmpfile);
}
/* Update the server.appendonly_current_size filed explicitly using stat(2)
* to check the size of the file. This is useful after a rewrite or after
* a restart, normally the size is updated just adding the write length
* to the current lenght, that is much faster. */
void aofUpdateCurrentSize(void) {
struct redis_stat sb;
if (redis_fstat(server.appendfd,&sb) == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Unable to check the AOF length: %s",
strerror(errno));
} else {
server.appendonly_current_size = sb.st_size;
}
}
/* A background append only file rewriting (BGREWRITEAOF) terminated its work.
* Handle this. */
void backgroundRewriteDoneHandler(int statloc) {
int exitcode = WEXITSTATUS(statloc);
int bysignal = WIFSIGNALED(statloc);
if (!bysignal && exitcode == 0) {
int newfd, oldfd;
int nwritten;
char tmpfile[256];
long long now = ustime();
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,
"Background AOF rewrite terminated with success");
/* Flush the differences accumulated by the parent to the
* rewritten AOF. */
snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-rewriteaof-bg-%d.aof",
(int)server.bgrewritechildpid);
newfd = open(tmpfile,O_WRONLY|O_APPEND);
if (newfd == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Unable to open the temporary AOF produced by the child: %s", strerror(errno));
goto cleanup;
}
nwritten = write(newfd,server.bgrewritebuf,sdslen(server.bgrewritebuf));
if (nwritten != (signed)sdslen(server.bgrewritebuf)) {
if (nwritten == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Error trying to flush the parent diff to the rewritten AOF: %s", strerror(errno));
} else {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Short write trying to flush the parent diff to the rewritten AOF: %s", strerror(errno));
}
close(newfd);
goto cleanup;
}
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,
"Parent diff successfully flushed to the rewritten AOF (%lu bytes)", nwritten);
/* The only remaining thing to do is to rename the temporary file to
* the configured file and switch the file descriptor used to do AOF
* writes. We don't want close(2) or rename(2) calls to block the
* server on old file deletion.
*
* There are two possible scenarios:
*
* 1) AOF is DISABLED and this was a one time rewrite. The temporary
* file will be renamed to the configured file. When this file already
* exists, it will be unlinked, which may block the server.
*
* 2) AOF is ENABLED and the rewritten AOF will immediately start
* receiving writes. After the temporary file is renamed to the
* configured file, the original AOF file descriptor will be closed.
* Since this will be the last reference to that file, closing it
* causes the underlying file to be unlinked, which may block the
* server.
*
* To mitigate the blocking effect of the unlink operation (either
* caused by rename(2) in scenario 1, or by close(2) in scenario 2), we
* use a background thread to take care of this. First, we
* make scenario 1 identical to scenario 2 by opening the target file
* when it exists. The unlink operation after the rename(2) will then
* be executed upon calling close(2) for its descriptor. Everything to
* guarantee atomicity for this switch has already happened by then, so
* we don't care what the outcome or duration of that close operation
* is, as long as the file descriptor is released again. */
if (server.appendfd == -1) {
/* AOF disabled */
/* Don't care if this fails: oldfd will be -1 and we handle that.
* One notable case of -1 return is if the old file does
* not exist. */
oldfd = open(server.appendfilename,O_RDONLY|O_NONBLOCK);
} else {
/* AOF enabled */
oldfd = -1; /* We'll set this to the current AOF filedes later. */
}
/* Rename the temporary file. This will not unlink the target file if
* it exists, because we reference it with "oldfd". */
if (rename(tmpfile,server.appendfilename) == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Error trying to rename the temporary AOF: %s", strerror(errno));
close(newfd);
if (oldfd != -1) close(oldfd);
goto cleanup;
}
if (server.appendfd == -1) {
/* AOF disabled, we don't need to set the AOF file descriptor
* to this new file, so we can close it. */
close(newfd);
} else {
/* AOF enabled, replace the old fd with the new one. */
oldfd = server.appendfd;
server.appendfd = newfd;
if (server.appendfsync == APPENDFSYNC_ALWAYS)
aof_fsync(newfd);
else if (server.appendfsync == APPENDFSYNC_EVERYSEC)
aof_background_fsync(newfd);
server.appendseldb = -1; /* Make sure SELECT is re-issued */
aofUpdateCurrentSize();
server.auto_aofrewrite_base_size = server.appendonly_current_size;
/* Clear regular AOF buffer since its contents was just written to
* the new AOF from the background rewrite buffer. */
sdsfree(server.aofbuf);
server.aofbuf = sdsempty();
}
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE, "Background AOF rewrite successful");
/* Asynchronously close the overwritten AOF. */
if (oldfd != -1) bioCreateBackgroundJob(REDIS_BIO_CLOSE_FILE,(void*)(long)oldfd,NULL,NULL);
redisLog(REDIS_VERBOSE,
"Background AOF rewrite signal handler took %lldus", ustime()-now);
} else if (!bysignal && exitcode != 0) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Background AOF rewrite terminated with error");
} else {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Background AOF rewrite terminated by signal %d",
WTERMSIG(statloc));
}
cleanup:
sdsfree(server.bgrewritebuf);
server.bgrewritebuf = sdsempty();
aofRemoveTempFile(server.bgrewritechildpid);
server.bgrewritechildpid = -1;
}
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