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/* zmalloc - total amount of allocated memory aware version of malloc()
*
* Copyright (c) 2009-2010, Salvatore Sanfilippo <antirez at gmail dot com>
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
*
* * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
* this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* * Neither the name of Redis nor the names of its contributors may be used
* to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
* specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
* AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
* LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
* CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
* SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
* INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
* CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
* ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
* POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

/* This function provide us access to the original libc free(). This is useful
* for instance to free results obtained by backtrace_symbols(). We need
* to define this function before including zmalloc.h that may shadow the
* free implementation if we use jemalloc or another non standard allocator. */
void zlibc_free(void *ptr) {
    free(ptr);
}

#include <string.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include "config.h"
#include "zmalloc.h"

#ifdef HAVE_MALLOC_SIZE
#define PREFIX_SIZE (0)
#else
#if defined(__sun) || defined(__sparc) || defined(__sparc__)
#define PREFIX_SIZE (sizeof(long long))
#else
#define PREFIX_SIZE (sizeof(size_t))
#endif
#endif

/* Explicitly override malloc/free etc when using tcmalloc. */
#if defined(USE_TCMALLOC)
#define malloc(size) tc_malloc(size)
#define calloc(count,size) tc_calloc(count,size)
#define realloc(ptr,size) tc_realloc(ptr,size)
#define free(ptr) tc_free(ptr)
#elif defined(USE_JEMALLOC)
#define malloc(size) je_malloc(size)
#define calloc(count,size) je_calloc(count,size)
#define realloc(ptr,size) je_realloc(ptr,size)
#define free(ptr) je_free(ptr)
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_ATOMIC
#define update_zmalloc_stat_add(__n) __sync_add_and_fetch(&used_memory, (__n))
#define update_zmalloc_stat_sub(__n) __sync_sub_and_fetch(&used_memory, (__n))
#else
#define update_zmalloc_stat_add(__n) do { \
pthread_mutex_lock(&used_memory_mutex); \
used_memory += (__n); \
pthread_mutex_unlock(&used_memory_mutex); \
} while(0)

#define update_zmalloc_stat_sub(__n) do { \
pthread_mutex_lock(&used_memory_mutex); \
used_memory -= (__n); \
pthread_mutex_unlock(&used_memory_mutex); \
} while(0)

#endif

#define update_zmalloc_stat_alloc(__n,__size) do { \
size_t _n = (__n); \
if (_n&(sizeof(long)-1)) _n += sizeof(long)-(_n&(sizeof(long)-1)); \
if (zmalloc_thread_safe) { \
update_zmalloc_stat_add(_n); \
} else { \
used_memory += _n; \
} \
} while(0)

#define update_zmalloc_stat_free(__n) do { \
size_t _n = (__n); \
if (_n&(sizeof(long)-1)) _n += sizeof(long)-(_n&(sizeof(long)-1)); \
if (zmalloc_thread_safe) { \
update_zmalloc_stat_sub(_n); \
} else { \
used_memory -= _n; \
} \
} while(0)

static size_t used_memory = 0;
static int zmalloc_thread_safe = 0;
pthread_mutex_t used_memory_mutex = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;

static void zmalloc_default_oom(size_t size) {
    fprintf(stderr, "zmalloc: Out of memory trying to allocate %zu bytes\n",
        size);
    fflush(stderr);
    abort();
}

static void (*zmalloc_oom_handler)(size_t) = zmalloc_default_oom;

void *zmalloc(size_t size) {
    void *ptr = malloc(size+PREFIX_SIZE);

    if (!ptr) zmalloc_oom_handler(size);
#ifdef HAVE_MALLOC_SIZE
    update_zmalloc_stat_alloc(zmalloc_size(ptr),size);
    return ptr;
#else
    *((size_t*)ptr) = size;
    update_zmalloc_stat_alloc(size+PREFIX_SIZE,size);
    return (char*)ptr+PREFIX_SIZE;
#endif
}

void *zcalloc(size_t size) {
    void *ptr = calloc(1, size+PREFIX_SIZE);

    if (!ptr) zmalloc_oom_handler(size);
#ifdef HAVE_MALLOC_SIZE
    update_zmalloc_stat_alloc(zmalloc_size(ptr),size);
    return ptr;
#else
    *((size_t*)ptr) = size;
    update_zmalloc_stat_alloc(size+PREFIX_SIZE,size);
    return (char*)ptr+PREFIX_SIZE;
#endif
}

void *zrealloc(void *ptr, size_t size) {
#ifndef HAVE_MALLOC_SIZE
    void *realptr;
#endif
    size_t oldsize;
    void *newptr;

    if (ptr == NULL) return zmalloc(size);
#ifdef HAVE_MALLOC_SIZE
    oldsize = zmalloc_size(ptr);
    newptr = realloc(ptr,size);
    if (!newptr) zmalloc_oom_handler(size);

    update_zmalloc_stat_free(oldsize);
    update_zmalloc_stat_alloc(zmalloc_size(newptr),size);
    return newptr;
#else
    realptr = (char*)ptr-PREFIX_SIZE;
    oldsize = *((size_t*)realptr);
    newptr = realloc(realptr,size+PREFIX_SIZE);
    if (!newptr) zmalloc_oom_handler(size);

    *((size_t*)newptr) = size;
    update_zmalloc_stat_free(oldsize);
    update_zmalloc_stat_alloc(size,size);
    return (char*)newptr+PREFIX_SIZE;
#endif
}

/* Provide zmalloc_size() for systems where this function is not provided by
* malloc itself, given that in that case we store an header with this
* information as the first bytes of every allocation. */
#ifndef HAVE_MALLOC_SIZE
size_t zmalloc_size(void *ptr) {
    void *realptr = (char*)ptr-PREFIX_SIZE;
    size_t size = *((size_t*)realptr);
    /* Assume at least that all the allocations are padded at sizeof(long) by
* the underlying allocator. */
    if (size&(sizeof(long)-1)) size += sizeof(long)-(size&(sizeof(long)-1));
    return size+PREFIX_SIZE;
}
#endif

void zfree(void *ptr) {
#ifndef HAVE_MALLOC_SIZE
    void *realptr;
    size_t oldsize;
#endif

    if (ptr == NULL) return;
#ifdef HAVE_MALLOC_SIZE
    update_zmalloc_stat_free(zmalloc_size(ptr));
    free(ptr);
#else
    realptr = (char*)ptr-PREFIX_SIZE;
    oldsize = *((size_t*)realptr);
    update_zmalloc_stat_free(oldsize+PREFIX_SIZE);
    free(realptr);
#endif
}

char *zstrdup(const char *s) {
    size_t l = strlen(s)+1;
    char *p = zmalloc(l);

    memcpy(p,s,l);
    return p;
}

size_t zmalloc_used_memory(void) {
    size_t um;

    if (zmalloc_thread_safe) {
#ifdef HAVE_ATOMIC
        um = __sync_add_and_fetch(&used_memory, 0);
#else
        pthread_mutex_lock(&used_memory_mutex);
        um = used_memory;
        pthread_mutex_unlock(&used_memory_mutex);
#endif
    }
    else {
        um = used_memory;
    }

    return um;
}

void zmalloc_enable_thread_safeness(void) {
    zmalloc_thread_safe = 1;
}

void zmalloc_set_oom_handler(void (*oom_handler)(size_t)) {
    zmalloc_oom_handler = oom_handler;
}

/* Get the RSS information in an OS-specific way.
*
* WARNING: the function zmalloc_get_rss() is not designed to be fast
* and may not be called in the busy loops where Redis tries to release
* memory expiring or swapping out objects.
*
* For this kind of "fast RSS reporting" usages use instead the
* function RedisEstimateRSS() that is a much faster (and less precise)
* version of the funciton. */

#if defined(HAVE_PROCFS)
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

size_t zmalloc_get_rss(void) {
    int page = sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
    size_t rss;
    char buf[4096];
    char filename[256];
    int fd, count;
    char *p, *x;

    snprintf(filename,256,"/proc/%d/stat",getpid());
    if ((fd = open(filename,O_RDONLY)) == -1) return 0;
    if (read(fd,buf,4096) <= 0) {
        close(fd);
        return 0;
    }
    close(fd);

    p = buf;
    count = 23; /* RSS is the 24th field in /proc/<pid>/stat */
    while(p && count--) {
        p = strchr(p,' ');
        if (p) p++;
    }
    if (!p) return 0;
    x = strchr(p,' ');
    if (!x) return 0;
    *x = '\0';

    rss = strtoll(p,NULL,10);
    rss *= page;
    return rss;
}
#elif defined(HAVE_TASKINFO)
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/sysctl.h>
#include <mach/task.h>
#include <mach/mach_init.h>

size_t zmalloc_get_rss(void) {
    task_t task = MACH_PORT_NULL;
    struct task_basic_info t_info;
    mach_msg_type_number_t t_info_count = TASK_BASIC_INFO_COUNT;

    if (task_for_pid(current_task(), getpid(), &task) != KERN_SUCCESS)
        return 0;
    task_info(task, TASK_BASIC_INFO, (task_info_t)&t_info, &t_info_count);

    return t_info.resident_size;
}
#else
size_t zmalloc_get_rss(void) {
    /* If we can't get the RSS in an OS-specific way for this system just
* return the memory usage we estimated in zmalloc()..
*
* Fragmentation will appear to be always 1 (no fragmentation)
* of course... */
    return zmalloc_used_memory();
}
#endif

/* Fragmentation = RSS / allocated-bytes */
float zmalloc_get_fragmentation_ratio(void) {
    return (float)zmalloc_get_rss()/zmalloc_used_memory();
}
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