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#include "redis.h"
/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Helpers and low level bit functions.
* -------------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* This helper function used by GETBIT / SETBIT parses the bit offset arguemnt
* making sure an error is returned if it is negative or if it overflows
* Redis 512 MB limit for the string value. */
static int getBitOffsetFromArgument(redisClient *c, robj *o, size_t *offset) {
long long loffset;
char *err = "bit offset is not an integer or out of range";
if (getLongLongFromObjectOrReply(c,o,&loffset,err) != REDIS_OK)
return REDIS_ERR;
/* Limit offset to 512MB in bytes */
if ((loffset < 0) || ((unsigned long long)loffset >> 3) >= (512*1024*1024))
{
addReplyError(c,err);
return REDIS_ERR;
}
*offset = (size_t)loffset;
return REDIS_OK;
}
/* Count number of bits set in the binary array pointed by 's' and long
* 'count' bytes. The implementation of this function is required to
* work with a input string length up to 512 MB. */
long popcount(void *s, long count) {
long bits = 0;
unsigned char *p;
uint32_t *p4 = s;
static const unsigned char bitsinbyte[256] = {0,1,1,2,1,2,2,3,1,2,2,3,2,3,3,4,1,2,2,3,2,3,3,4,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,1,2,2,3,2,3,3,4,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,1,2,2,3,2,3,3,4,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,4,5,5,6,5,6,6,7,1,2,2,3,2,3,3,4,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,4,5,5,6,5,6,6,7,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,4,5,5,6,5,6,6,7,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,4,5,5,6,5,6,6,7,4,5,5,6,5,6,6,7,5,6,6,7,6,7,7,8};
/* Count bits 16 bytes at a time */
while(count>=16) {
uint32_t aux1, aux2, aux3, aux4;
aux1 = *p4++;
aux2 = *p4++;
aux3 = *p4++;
aux4 = *p4++;
count -= 16;
aux1 = aux1 - ((aux1 >> 1) & 0x55555555);
aux1 = (aux1 & 0x33333333) + ((aux1 >> 2) & 0x33333333);
aux2 = aux2 - ((aux2 >> 1) & 0x55555555);
aux2 = (aux2 & 0x33333333) + ((aux2 >> 2) & 0x33333333);
aux3 = aux3 - ((aux3 >> 1) & 0x55555555);
aux3 = (aux3 & 0x33333333) + ((aux3 >> 2) & 0x33333333);
aux4 = aux4 - ((aux4 >> 1) & 0x55555555);
aux4 = (aux4 & 0x33333333) + ((aux4 >> 2) & 0x33333333);
bits += ((((aux1 + (aux1 >> 4)) & 0x0F0F0F0F) * 0x01010101) >> 24) +
((((aux2 + (aux2 >> 4)) & 0x0F0F0F0F) * 0x01010101) >> 24) +
((((aux3 + (aux3 >> 4)) & 0x0F0F0F0F) * 0x01010101) >> 24) +
((((aux4 + (aux4 >> 4)) & 0x0F0F0F0F) * 0x01010101) >> 24);
}
/* Count the remaining bytes */
p = (unsigned char*)p4;
while(count--) bits += bitsinbyte[*p++];
return bits;
}
/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Bits related string commands: GETBIT, SETBIT, BITCOUNT, BITOP.
* -------------------------------------------------------------------------- */
#define BITOP_AND 0
#define BITOP_OR 1
#define BITOP_XOR 2
#define BITOP_NOT 3
/* SETBIT key offset bitvalue */
void setbitCommand(redisClient *c) {
robj *o;
char *err = "bit is not an integer or out of range";
size_t bitoffset;
int byte, bit;
int byteval, bitval;
long on;
if (getBitOffsetFromArgument(c,c->argv[2],&bitoffset) != REDIS_OK)
return;
if (getLongFromObjectOrReply(c,c->argv[3],&on,err) != REDIS_OK)
return;
/* Bits can only be set or cleared... */
if (on & ~1) {
addReplyError(c,err);
return;
}
o = lookupKeyWrite(c->db,c->argv[1]);
if (o == NULL) {
o = createObject(REDIS_STRING,sdsempty());
dbAdd(c->db,c->argv[1],o);
} else {
if (checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING)) return;
/* Create a copy when the object is shared or encoded. */
if (o->refcount != 1 || o->encoding != REDIS_ENCODING_RAW) {
robj *decoded = getDecodedObject(o);
o = createStringObject(decoded->ptr, sdslen(decoded->ptr));
decrRefCount(decoded);
dbOverwrite(c->db,c->argv[1],o);
}
}
/* Grow sds value to the right length if necessary */
byte = bitoffset >> 3;
o->ptr = sdsgrowzero(o->ptr,byte+1);
/* Get current values */
byteval = ((uint8_t*)o->ptr)[byte];
bit = 7 - (bitoffset & 0x7);
bitval = byteval & (1 << bit);
/* Update byte with new bit value and return original value */
byteval &= ~(1 << bit);
byteval |= ((on & 0x1) << bit);
((uint8_t*)o->ptr)[byte] = byteval;
signalModifiedKey(c->db,c->argv[1]);
server.dirty++;
addReply(c, bitval ? shared.cone : shared.czero);
}
/* GETBIT key offset */
void getbitCommand(redisClient *c) {
robj *o;
char llbuf[32];
size_t bitoffset;
size_t byte, bit;
size_t bitval = 0;
if (getBitOffsetFromArgument(c,c->argv[2],&bitoffset) != REDIS_OK)
return;
if ((o = lookupKeyReadOrReply(c,c->argv[1],shared.czero)) == NULL ||
checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING)) return;
byte = bitoffset >> 3;
bit = 7 - (bitoffset & 0x7);
if (o->encoding != REDIS_ENCODING_RAW) {
if (byte < (size_t)ll2string(llbuf,sizeof(llbuf),(long)o->ptr))
bitval = llbuf[byte] & (1 << bit);
} else {
if (byte < sdslen(o->ptr))
bitval = ((uint8_t*)o->ptr)[byte] & (1 << bit);
}
addReply(c, bitval ? shared.cone : shared.czero);
}
/* BITOP op_name target_key src_key1 src_key2 src_key3 ... src_keyN */
void bitopCommand(redisClient *c) {
char *opname = c->argv[1]->ptr;
robj *o, *targetkey = c->argv[2];
long op, j, numkeys;
robj **objects; /* Array of soruce objects. */
unsigned char **src; /* Array of source strings pointers. */
long *len, maxlen = 0; /* Array of length of src strings, and max len. */
long minlen = 0; /* Min len among the input keys. */
unsigned char *res = NULL; /* Resulting string. */
/* Parse the operation name. */
if ((opname[0] == 'a' || opname[0] == 'A') && !strcasecmp(opname,"and"))
op = BITOP_AND;
else if((opname[0] == 'o' || opname[0] == 'O') && !strcasecmp(opname,"or"))
op = BITOP_OR;
else if((opname[0] == 'x' || opname[0] == 'X') && !strcasecmp(opname,"xor"))
op = BITOP_XOR;
else if((opname[0] == 'n' || opname[0] == 'N') && !strcasecmp(opname,"not"))
op = BITOP_NOT;
else {
addReply(c,shared.syntaxerr);
return;
}
/* Sanity check: NOT accepts only a single key argument. */
if (op == BITOP_NOT && c->argc != 4) {
addReplyError(c,"BITOP NOT must be called with a single source key.");
return;
}
/* Lookup keys, and store pointers to the string objects into an array. */
numkeys = c->argc - 3;
src = zmalloc(sizeof(unsigned char*) * numkeys);
len = zmalloc(sizeof(long) * numkeys);
objects = zmalloc(sizeof(robj*) * numkeys);
for (j = 0; j < numkeys; j++) {
o = lookupKeyRead(c->db,c->argv[j+3]);
/* Handle non-existing keys as empty strings. */
if (o == NULL) {
objects[j] = NULL;
src[j] = NULL;
len[j] = 0;
minlen = 0;
continue;
}
/* Return an error if one of the keys is not a string. */
if (checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING)) {
for (j = j-1; j >= 0; j--) {
if (objects[j])
decrRefCount(objects[j]);
}
zfree(src);
zfree(len);
zfree(objects);
return;
}
objects[j] = getDecodedObject(o);
src[j] = objects[j]->ptr;
len[j] = sdslen(objects[j]->ptr);
if (len[j] > maxlen) maxlen = len[j];
if (j == 0 || len[j] < minlen) minlen = len[j];
}
/* Compute the bit operation, if at least one string is not empty. */
if (maxlen) {
res = (unsigned char*) sdsnewlen(NULL,maxlen);
unsigned char output, byte;
long i;
/* Fast path: as far as we have data for all the input bitmaps we
* can take a fast path that performs much better than the
* vanilla algorithm. */
j = 0;
if (minlen && numkeys <= 16) {
unsigned long *lp[16];
unsigned long *lres = (unsigned long*) res;
/* Note: sds pointer is always aligned to 8 byte boundary. */
memcpy(lp,src,sizeof(unsigned long*)*numkeys);
memcpy(res,src[0],minlen);
/* Different branches per different operations for speed (sorry). */
if (op == BITOP_AND) {
while(minlen >= sizeof(unsigned long)*4) {
for (i = 1; i < numkeys; i++) {
lres[0] &= lp[i][0];
lres[1] &= lp[i][1];
lres[2] &= lp[i][2];
lres[3] &= lp[i][3];
lp[i]+=4;
}
lres+=4;
j += sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
minlen -= sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
}
} else if (op == BITOP_OR) {
while(minlen >= sizeof(unsigned long)*4) {
for (i = 1; i < numkeys; i++) {
lres[0] |= lp[i][0];
lres[1] |= lp[i][1];
lres[2] |= lp[i][2];
lres[3] |= lp[i][3];
lp[i]+=4;
}
lres+=4;
j += sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
minlen -= sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
}
} else if (op == BITOP_XOR) {
while(minlen >= sizeof(unsigned long)*4) {
for (i = 1; i < numkeys; i++) {
lres[0] ^= lp[i][0];
lres[1] ^= lp[i][1];
lres[2] ^= lp[i][2];
lres[3] ^= lp[i][3];
lp[i]+=4;
}
lres+=4;
j += sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
minlen -= sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
}
} else if (op == BITOP_NOT) {
while(minlen >= sizeof(unsigned long)*4) {
lres[0] = ~lres[0];
lres[1] = ~lres[1];
lres[2] = ~lres[2];
lres[3] = ~lres[3];
lres+=4;
j += sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
minlen -= sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
}
}
}
/* j is set to the next byte to process by the previous loop. */
for (; j < maxlen; j++) {
output = (len[0] <= j) ? 0 : src[0][j];
if (op == BITOP_NOT) output = ~output;
for (i = 1; i < numkeys; i++) {
byte = (len[i] <= j) ? 0 : src[i][j];
switch(op) {
case BITOP_AND: output &= byte; break;
case BITOP_OR: output |= byte; break;
case BITOP_XOR: output ^= byte; break;
}
}
res[j] = output;
}
}
for (j = 0; j < numkeys; j++) {
if (objects[j])
decrRefCount(objects[j]);
}
zfree(src);
zfree(len);
zfree(objects);
/* Store the computed value into the target key */
if (maxlen) {
o = createObject(REDIS_STRING,res);
setKey(c->db,targetkey,o);
decrRefCount(o);
} else if (dbDelete(c->db,targetkey)) {
signalModifiedKey(c->db,targetkey);
}
server.dirty++;
addReplyLongLong(c,maxlen); /* Return the output string length in bytes. */
}
/* BITCOUNT key [start end] */
void bitcountCommand(redisClient *c) {
robj *o;
long start, end, strlen;
unsigned char *p;
char llbuf[32];
/* Lookup, check for type, and return 0 for non existing keys. */
if ((o = lookupKeyReadOrReply(c,c->argv[1],shared.czero)) == NULL ||
checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING)) return;
/* Set the 'p' pointer to the string, that can be just a stack allocated
* array if our string was integer encoded. */
if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_INT) {
p = (unsigned char*) llbuf;
strlen = ll2string(llbuf,sizeof(llbuf),(long)o->ptr);
} else {
p = (unsigned char*) o->ptr;
strlen = sdslen(o->ptr);
}
/* Parse start/end range if any. */
if (c->argc == 4) {
if (getLongFromObjectOrReply(c,c->argv[2],&start,NULL) != REDIS_OK)
return;
if (getLongFromObjectOrReply(c,c->argv[3],&end,NULL) != REDIS_OK)
return;
/* Convert negative indexes */
if (start < 0) start = strlen+start;
if (end < 0) end = strlen+end;
if (start < 0) start = 0;
if (end < 0) end = 0;
if (end >= strlen) end = strlen-1;
} else if (c->argc == 2) {
/* The whole string. */
start = 0;
end = strlen-1;
} else {
/* Syntax error. */
addReply(c,shared.syntaxerr);
return;
}
/* Precondition: end >= 0 && end < strlen, so the only condition where
* zero can be returned is: start > end. */
if (start > end) {
addReply(c,shared.czero);
} else {
long bytes = end-start+1;
addReplyLongLong(c,popcount(p+start,bytes));
}
}
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