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#include "redis.h"
#include "bio.h"
#include "rio.h"
#include <signal.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
void aofUpdateCurrentSize(void);
/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
* AOF rewrite buffer implementation.
*
* The following code implement a simple buffer used in order to accumulate
* changes while the background process is rewriting the AOF file.
*
* We only need to append, but can't just use realloc with a large block
* because 'huge' reallocs are not always handled as one could expect
* (via remapping of pages at OS level) but may involve copying data.
*
* For this reason we use a list of blocks, every block is
* AOF_RW_BUF_BLOCK_SIZE bytes.
* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */
#define AOF_RW_BUF_BLOCK_SIZE (1024*1024*10) /* 10 MB per block */
typedef struct aofrwblock {
unsigned long used, free;
char buf[AOF_RW_BUF_BLOCK_SIZE];
} aofrwblock;
/* This function free the old AOF rewrite buffer if needed, and initialize
* a fresh new one. It tests for server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks equal to NULL
* so can be used for the first initialization as well. */
void aofRewriteBufferReset(void) {
if (server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks)
listRelease(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks);
server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks = listCreate();
listSetFreeMethod(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks,zfree);
}
/* Return the current size of the AOF rerwite buffer. */
unsigned long aofRewriteBufferSize(void) {
listNode *ln = listLast(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks);
aofrwblock *block = ln ? ln->value : NULL;
if (block == NULL) return 0;
unsigned long size =
(listLength(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks)-1) * AOF_RW_BUF_BLOCK_SIZE;
size += block->used;
return size;
}
/* Append data to the AOF rewrite buffer, allocating new blocks if needed. */
void aofRewriteBufferAppend(unsigned char *s, unsigned long len) {
listNode *ln = listLast(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks);
aofrwblock *block = ln ? ln->value : NULL;
while(len) {
/* If we already got at least an allocated block, try appending
* at least some piece into it. */
if (block) {
unsigned long thislen = (block->free < len) ? block->free : len;
if (thislen) { /* The current block is not already full. */
memcpy(block->buf+block->used, s, thislen);
block->used += thislen;
block->free -= thislen;
s += thislen;
len -= thislen;
}
}
if (len) { /* First block to allocate, or need another block. */
int numblocks;
block = zmalloc(sizeof(*block));
block->free = AOF_RW_BUF_BLOCK_SIZE;
block->used = 0;
listAddNodeTail(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks,block);
/* Log every time we cross more 10 or 100 blocks, respectively
* as a notice or warning. */
numblocks = listLength(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks);
if (((numblocks+1) % 10) == 0) {
int level = ((numblocks+1) % 100) == 0 ? REDIS_WARNING :
REDIS_NOTICE;
redisLog(level,"Background AOF buffer size: %lu MB",
aofRewriteBufferSize()/(1024*1024));
}
}
}
}
/* Write the buffer (possibly composed of multiple blocks) into the specified
* fd. If no short write or any other error happens -1 is returned,
* otherwise the number of bytes written is returned. */
ssize_t aofRewriteBufferWrite(int fd) {
listNode *ln;
listIter li;
ssize_t count = 0;
listRewind(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks,&li);
while((ln = listNext(&li))) {
aofrwblock *block = listNodeValue(ln);
ssize_t nwritten;
if (block->used) {
nwritten = write(fd,block->buf,block->used);
if (nwritten != block->used) {
if (nwritten == 0) errno = EIO;
return -1;
}
count += nwritten;
}
}
return count;
}
/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
* AOF file implementation
* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* Starts a background task that performs fsync() against the specified
* file descriptor (the one of the AOF file) in another thread. */
void aof_background_fsync(int fd) {
bioCreateBackgroundJob(REDIS_BIO_AOF_FSYNC,(void*)(long)fd,NULL,NULL);
}
/* Called when the user switches from "appendonly yes" to "appendonly no"
* at runtime using the CONFIG command. */
void stopAppendOnly(void) {
redisAssert(server.aof_state != REDIS_AOF_OFF);
flushAppendOnlyFile(1);
aof_fsync(server.aof_fd);
close(server.aof_fd);
server.aof_fd = -1;
server.aof_selected_db = -1;
server.aof_state = REDIS_AOF_OFF;
/* rewrite operation in progress? kill it, wait child exit */
if (server.aof_child_pid != -1) {
int statloc;
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,"Killing running AOF rewrite child: %ld",
(long) server.aof_child_pid);
if (kill(server.aof_child_pid,SIGKILL) != -1)
wait3(&statloc,0,NULL);
/* reset the buffer accumulating changes while the child saves */
aofRewriteBufferReset();
aofRemoveTempFile(server.aof_child_pid);
server.aof_child_pid = -1;
server.aof_rewrite_time_start = -1;
}
}
/* Called when the user switches from "appendonly no" to "appendonly yes"
* at runtime using the CONFIG command. */
int startAppendOnly(void) {
server.aof_last_fsync = server.unixtime;
server.aof_fd = open(server.aof_filename,O_WRONLY|O_APPEND|O_CREAT,0644);
redisAssert(server.aof_state == REDIS_AOF_OFF);
if (server.aof_fd == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Redis needs to enable the AOF but can't open the append only file: %s",strerror(errno));
return REDIS_ERR;
}
if (rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground() == REDIS_ERR) {
close(server.aof_fd);
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Redis needs to enable the AOF but can't trigger a background AOF rewrite operation. Check the above logs for more info about the error.");
return REDIS_ERR;
}
/* We correctly switched on AOF, now wait for the rerwite to be complete
* in order to append data on disk. */
server.aof_state = REDIS_AOF_WAIT_REWRITE;
return REDIS_OK;
}
/* Write the append only file buffer on disk.
*
* Since we are required to write the AOF before replying to the client,
* and the only way the client socket can get a write is entering when the
* the event loop, we accumulate all the AOF writes in a memory
* buffer and write it on disk using this function just before entering
* the event loop again.
*
* About the 'force' argument:
*
* When the fsync policy is set to 'everysec' we may delay the flush if there
* is still an fsync() going on in the background thread, since for instance
* on Linux write(2) will be blocked by the background fsync anyway.
* When this happens we remember that there is some aof buffer to be
* flushed ASAP, and will try to do that in the serverCron() function.
*
* However if force is set to 1 we'll write regardless of the background
* fsync. */
void flushAppendOnlyFile(int force) {
ssize_t nwritten;
int sync_in_progress = 0;
if (sdslen(server.aof_buf) == 0) return;
if (server.aof_fsync == AOF_FSYNC_EVERYSEC)
sync_in_progress = bioPendingJobsOfType(REDIS_BIO_AOF_FSYNC) != 0;
if (server.aof_fsync == AOF_FSYNC_EVERYSEC && !force) {
/* With this append fsync policy we do background fsyncing.
* If the fsync is still in progress we can try to delay
* the write for a couple of seconds. */
if (sync_in_progress) {
if (server.aof_flush_postponed_start == 0) {
/* No previous write postponinig, remember that we are
* postponing the flush and return. */
server.aof_flush_postponed_start = server.unixtime;
return;
} else if (server.unixtime - server.aof_flush_postponed_start < 2) {
/* We were already waiting for fsync to finish, but for less
* than two seconds this is still ok. Postpone again. */
return;
}
/* Otherwise fall trough, and go write since we can't wait
* over two seconds. */
server.aof_delayed_fsync++;
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,"Asynchronous AOF fsync is taking too long (disk is busy?). Writing the AOF buffer without waiting for fsync to complete, this may slow down Redis.");
}
}
/* If you are following this code path, then we are going to write so
* set reset the postponed flush sentinel to zero. */
server.aof_flush_postponed_start = 0;
/* We want to perform a single write. This should be guaranteed atomic
* at least if the filesystem we are writing is a real physical one.
* While this will save us against the server being killed I don't think
* there is much to do about the whole server stopping for power problems
* or alike */
nwritten = write(server.aof_fd,server.aof_buf,sdslen(server.aof_buf));
if (nwritten != (signed)sdslen(server.aof_buf)) {
/* Ooops, we are in troubles. The best thing to do for now is
* aborting instead of giving the illusion that everything is
* working as expected. */
if (nwritten == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Exiting on error writing to the append-only file: %s",strerror(errno));
} else {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Exiting on short write while writing to "
"the append-only file: %s (nwritten=%ld, "
"expected=%ld)",
strerror(errno),
(long)nwritten,
(long)sdslen(server.aof_buf));
if (ftruncate(server.aof_fd, server.aof_current_size) == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING, "Could not remove short write "
"from the append-only file. Redis may refuse "
"to load the AOF the next time it starts. "
"ftruncate: %s", strerror(errno));
}
}
exit(1);
}
server.aof_current_size += nwritten;
/* Re-use AOF buffer when it is small enough. The maximum comes from the
* arena size of 4k minus some overhead (but is otherwise arbitrary). */
if ((sdslen(server.aof_buf)+sdsavail(server.aof_buf)) < 4000) {
sdsclear(server.aof_buf);
} else {
sdsfree(server.aof_buf);
server.aof_buf = sdsempty();
}
/* Don't fsync if no-appendfsync-on-rewrite is set to yes and there are
* children doing I/O in the background. */
if (server.aof_no_fsync_on_rewrite &&
(server.aof_child_pid != -1 || server.rdb_child_pid != -1))
return;
/* Perform the fsync if needed. */
if (server.aof_fsync == AOF_FSYNC_ALWAYS) {
/* aof_fsync is defined as fdatasync() for Linux in order to avoid
* flushing metadata. */
aof_fsync(server.aof_fd); /* Let's try to get this data on the disk */
server.aof_last_fsync = server.unixtime;
} else if ((server.aof_fsync == AOF_FSYNC_EVERYSEC &&
server.unixtime > server.aof_last_fsync)) {
if (!sync_in_progress) aof_background_fsync(server.aof_fd);
server.aof_last_fsync = server.unixtime;
}
}
sds catAppendOnlyGenericCommand(sds dst, int argc, robj **argv) {
char buf[32];
int len, j;
robj *o;
buf[0] = '*';
len = 1+ll2string(buf+1,sizeof(buf)-1,argc);
buf[len++] = '\r';
buf[len++] = '\n';
dst = sdscatlen(dst,buf,len);
for (j = 0; j < argc; j++) {
o = getDecodedObject(argv[j]);
buf[0] = '$';
len = 1+ll2string(buf+1,sizeof(buf)-1,sdslen(o->ptr));
buf[len++] = '\r';
buf[len++] = '\n';
dst = sdscatlen(dst,buf,len);
dst = sdscatlen(dst,o->ptr,sdslen(o->ptr));
dst = sdscatlen(dst,"\r\n",2);
decrRefCount(o);
}
return dst;
}
/* Create the sds representation of an PEXPIREAT command, using
* 'seconds' as time to live and 'cmd' to understand what command
* we are translating into a PEXPIREAT.
*
* This command is used in order to translate EXPIRE and PEXPIRE commands
* into PEXPIREAT command so that we retain precision in the append only
* file, and the time is always absolute and not relative. */
sds catAppendOnlyExpireAtCommand(sds buf, struct redisCommand *cmd, robj *key, robj *seconds) {
long long when;
robj *argv[3];
/* Make sure we can use strtol */
seconds = getDecodedObject(seconds);
when = strtoll(seconds->ptr,NULL,10);
/* Convert argument into milliseconds for EXPIRE, SETEX, EXPIREAT */
if (cmd->proc == expireCommand || cmd->proc == setexCommand ||
cmd->proc == expireatCommand)
{
when *= 1000;
}
/* Convert into absolute time for EXPIRE, PEXPIRE, SETEX, PSETEX */
if (cmd->proc == expireCommand || cmd->proc == pexpireCommand ||
cmd->proc == setexCommand || cmd->proc == psetexCommand)
{
when += mstime();
}
decrRefCount(seconds);
argv[0] = createStringObject("PEXPIREAT",9);
argv[1] = key;
argv[2] = createStringObjectFromLongLong(when);
buf = catAppendOnlyGenericCommand(buf, 3, argv);
decrRefCount(argv[0]);
decrRefCount(argv[2]);
return buf;
}
void feedAppendOnlyFile(struct redisCommand *cmd, int dictid, robj **argv, int argc) {
sds buf = sdsempty();
robj *tmpargv[3];
/* The DB this command was targetting is not the same as the last command
* we appendend. To issue a SELECT command is needed. */
if (dictid != server.aof_selected_db) {
char seldb[64];
snprintf(seldb,sizeof(seldb),"%d",dictid);
buf = sdscatprintf(buf,"*2\r\n$6\r\nSELECT\r\n$%lu\r\n%s\r\n",
(unsigned long)strlen(seldb),seldb);
server.aof_selected_db = dictid;
}
if (cmd->proc == expireCommand || cmd->proc == pexpireCommand ||
cmd->proc == expireatCommand) {
/* Translate EXPIRE/PEXPIRE/EXPIREAT into PEXPIREAT */
buf = catAppendOnlyExpireAtCommand(buf,cmd,argv[1],argv[2]);
} else if (cmd->proc == setexCommand || cmd->proc == psetexCommand) {
/* Translate SETEX/PSETEX to SET and PEXPIREAT */
tmpargv[0] = createStringObject("SET",3);
tmpargv[1] = argv[1];
tmpargv[2] = argv[3];
buf = catAppendOnlyGenericCommand(buf,3,tmpargv);
decrRefCount(tmpargv[0]);
buf = catAppendOnlyExpireAtCommand(buf,cmd,argv[1],argv[2]);
} else {
/* All the other commands don't need translation or need the
* same translation already operated in the command vector
* for the replication itself. */
buf = catAppendOnlyGenericCommand(buf,argc,argv);
}
/* Append to the AOF buffer. This will be flushed on disk just before
* of re-entering the event loop, so before the client will get a
* positive reply about the operation performed. */
if (server.aof_state == REDIS_AOF_ON)
server.aof_buf = sdscatlen(server.aof_buf,buf,sdslen(buf));
/* If a background append only file rewriting is in progress we want to
* accumulate the differences between the child DB and the current one
* in a buffer, so that when the child process will do its work we
* can append the differences to the new append only file. */
if (server.aof_child_pid != -1)
aofRewriteBufferAppend((unsigned char*)buf,sdslen(buf));
sdsfree(buf);
}
/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
* AOF loading
* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* In Redis commands are always executed in the context of a client, so in
* order to load the append only file we need to create a fake client. */
struct redisClient *createFakeClient(void) {
struct redisClient *c = zmalloc(sizeof(*c));
selectDb(c,0);
c->fd = -1;
c->querybuf = sdsempty();
c->querybuf_peak = 0;
c->argc = 0;
c->argv = NULL;
c->bufpos = 0;
c->flags = 0;
/* We set the fake client as a slave waiting for the synchronization
* so that Redis will not try to send replies to this client. */
c->replstate = REDIS_REPL_WAIT_BGSAVE_START;
c->reply = listCreate();
c->reply_bytes = 0;
c->obuf_soft_limit_reached_time = 0;
c->watched_keys = listCreate();
listSetFreeMethod(c->reply,decrRefCount);
listSetDupMethod(c->reply,dupClientReplyValue);
initClientMultiState(c);
return c;
}
void freeFakeClient(struct redisClient *c) {
sdsfree(c->querybuf);
listRelease(c->reply);
listRelease(c->watched_keys);
freeClientMultiState(c);
zfree(c);
}
/* Replay the append log file. On error REDIS_OK is returned. On non fatal
* error (the append only file is zero-length) REDIS_ERR is returned. On
* fatal error an error message is logged and the program exists. */
int loadAppendOnlyFile(char *filename) {
struct redisClient *fakeClient;
FILE *fp = fopen(filename,"r");
struct redis_stat sb;
int old_aof_state = server.aof_state;
long loops = 0;
if (fp && redis_fstat(fileno(fp),&sb) != -1 && sb.st_size == 0) {
server.aof_current_size = 0;
fclose(fp);
return REDIS_ERR;
}
if (fp == NULL) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Fatal error: can't open the append log file for reading: %s",strerror(errno));
exit(1);
}
/* Temporarily disable AOF, to prevent EXEC from feeding a MULTI
* to the same file we're about to read. */
server.aof_state = REDIS_AOF_OFF;
fakeClient = createFakeClient();
startLoading(fp);
while(1) {
int argc, j;
unsigned long len;
robj **argv;
char buf[128];
sds argsds;
struct redisCommand *cmd;
/* Serve the clients from time to time */
if (!(loops++ % 1000)) {
loadingProgress(ftello(fp));
aeProcessEvents(server.el, AE_FILE_EVENTS|AE_DONT_WAIT);
}
if (fgets(buf,sizeof(buf),fp) == NULL) {
if (feof(fp))
break;
else
goto readerr;
}
if (buf[0] != '*') goto fmterr;
argc = atoi(buf+1);
if (argc < 1) goto fmterr;
argv = zmalloc(sizeof(robj*)*argc);
for (j = 0; j < argc; j++) {
if (fgets(buf,sizeof(buf),fp) == NULL) goto readerr;
if (buf[0] != '$') goto fmterr;
len = strtol(buf+1,NULL,10);
argsds = sdsnewlen(NULL,len);
if (len && fread(argsds,len,1,fp) == 0) goto fmterr;
argv[j] = createObject(REDIS_STRING,argsds);
if (fread(buf,2,1,fp) == 0) goto fmterr; /* discard CRLF */
}
/* Command lookup */
cmd = lookupCommand(argv[0]->ptr);
if (!cmd) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Unknown command '%s' reading the append only file", argv[0]->ptr);
exit(1);
}
/* Run the command in the context of a fake client */
fakeClient->argc = argc;
fakeClient->argv = argv;
cmd->proc(fakeClient);
/* The fake client should not have a reply */
redisAssert(fakeClient->bufpos == 0 && listLength(fakeClient->reply) == 0);
/* The fake client should never get blocked */
redisAssert((fakeClient->flags & REDIS_BLOCKED) == 0);
/* Clean up. Command code may have changed argv/argc so we use the
* argv/argc of the client instead of the local variables. */
for (j = 0; j < fakeClient->argc; j++)
decrRefCount(fakeClient->argv[j]);
zfree(fakeClient->argv);
}
/* This point can only be reached when EOF is reached without errors.
* If the client is in the middle of a MULTI/EXEC, log error and quit. */
if (fakeClient->flags & REDIS_MULTI) goto readerr;
fclose(fp);
freeFakeClient(fakeClient);
server.aof_state = old_aof_state;
stopLoading();
aofUpdateCurrentSize();
server.aof_rewrite_base_size = server.aof_current_size;
return REDIS_OK;
readerr:
if (feof(fp)) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Unexpected end of file reading the append only file");
} else {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Unrecoverable error reading the append only file: %s", strerror(errno));
}
exit(1);
fmterr:
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Bad file format reading the append only file: make a backup of your AOF file, then use ./redis-check-aof --fix <filename>");
exit(1);
}
/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
* AOF rewrite
* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* Delegate writing an object to writing a bulk string or bulk long long.
* This is not placed in rio.c since that adds the redis.h dependency. */
int rioWriteBulkObject(rio *r, robj *obj) {
/* Avoid using getDecodedObject to help copy-on-write (we are often
* in a child process when this function is called). */
if (obj->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_INT) {
return rioWriteBulkLongLong(r,(long)obj->ptr);
} else if (obj->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_RAW) {
return rioWriteBulkString(r,obj->ptr,sdslen(obj->ptr));
} else {
redisPanic("Unknown string encoding");
}
}
/* Emit the commands needed to rebuild a list object.
* The function returns 0 on error, 1 on success. */
int rewriteListObject(rio *r, robj *key, robj *o) {
long long count = 0, items = listTypeLength(o);
if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST) {
unsigned char *zl = o->ptr;
unsigned char *p = ziplistIndex(zl,0);
unsigned char *vstr;
unsigned int vlen;
long long vlong;
while(ziplistGet(p,&vstr,&vlen,&vlong)) {
if (count == 0) {
int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;
if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"RPUSH",5) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
}
if (vstr) {
if (rioWriteBulkString(r,(char*)vstr,vlen) == 0) return 0;
} else {
if (rioWriteBulkLongLong(r,vlong) == 0) return 0;
}
p = ziplistNext(zl,p);
if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
items--;
}
} else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_LINKEDLIST) {
list *list = o->ptr;
listNode *ln;
listIter li;
listRewind(list,&li);
while((ln = listNext(&li))) {
robj *eleobj = listNodeValue(ln);
if (count == 0) {
int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;
if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"RPUSH",5) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
}
if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,eleobj) == 0) return 0;
if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
items--;
}
} else {
redisPanic("Unknown list encoding");
}
return 1;
}
/* Emit the commands needed to rebuild a set object.
* The function returns 0 on error, 1 on success. */
int rewriteSetObject(rio *r, robj *key, robj *o) {
long long count = 0, items = setTypeSize(o);
if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_INTSET) {
int ii = 0;
int64_t llval;
while(intsetGet(o->ptr,ii++,&llval)) {
if (count == 0) {
int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;
if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"SADD",4) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
}
if (rioWriteBulkLongLong(r,llval) == 0) return 0;
if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
items--;
}
} else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_HT) {
dictIterator *di = dictGetIterator(o->ptr);
dictEntry *de;
while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
robj *eleobj = dictGetKey(de);
if (count == 0) {
int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;
if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"SADD",4) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
}
if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,eleobj) == 0) return 0;
if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
items--;
}
dictReleaseIterator(di);
} else {
redisPanic("Unknown set encoding");
}
return 1;
}
/* Emit the commands needed to rebuild a sorted set object.
* The function returns 0 on error, 1 on success. */
int rewriteSortedSetObject(rio *r, robj *key, robj *o) {
long long count = 0, items = zsetLength(o);
if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST) {
unsigned char *zl = o->ptr;
unsigned char *eptr, *sptr;
unsigned char *vstr;
unsigned int vlen;
long long vll;
double score;
eptr = ziplistIndex(zl,0);
redisAssert(eptr != NULL);
sptr = ziplistNext(zl,eptr);
redisAssert(sptr != NULL);
while (eptr != NULL) {
redisAssert(ziplistGet(eptr,&vstr,&vlen,&vll));
score = zzlGetScore(sptr);
if (count == 0) {
int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;
if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items*2) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"ZADD",4) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
}
if (rioWriteBulkDouble(r,score) == 0) return 0;
if (vstr != NULL) {
if (rioWriteBulkString(r,(char*)vstr,vlen) == 0) return 0;
} else {
if (rioWriteBulkLongLong(r,vll) == 0) return 0;
}
zzlNext(zl,&eptr,&sptr);
if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
items--;
}
} else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_SKIPLIST) {
zset *zs = o->ptr;
dictIterator *di = dictGetIterator(zs->dict);
dictEntry *de;
while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
robj *eleobj = dictGetKey(de);
double *score = dictGetVal(de);
if (count == 0) {
int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;
if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items*2) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"ZADD",4) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
}
if (rioWriteBulkDouble(r,*score) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,eleobj) == 0) return 0;
if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
items--;
}
dictReleaseIterator(di);
} else {
redisPanic("Unknown sorted zset encoding");
}
return 1;
}
/* Write either the key or the value of the currently selected item of an hash.
* The 'hi' argument passes a valid Redis hash iterator.
* The 'what' filed specifies if to write a key or a value and can be
* either REDIS_HASH_KEY or REDIS_HASH_VALUE.
*
* The function returns 0 on error, non-zero on success. */
static int rioWriteHashIteratorCursor(rio *r, hashTypeIterator *hi, int what) {
if (hi->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST) {
unsigned char *vstr = NULL;
unsigned int vlen = UINT_MAX;
long long vll = LLONG_MAX;
hashTypeCurrentFromZiplist(hi, what, &vstr, &vlen, &vll);
if (vstr) {
return rioWriteBulkString(r, (char*)vstr, vlen);
} else {
return rioWriteBulkLongLong(r, vll);
}
} else if (hi->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_HT) {
robj *value;
hashTypeCurrentFromHashTable(hi, what, &value);
return rioWriteBulkObject(r, value);
}
redisPanic("Unknown hash encoding");
return 0;
}
/* Emit the commands needed to rebuild a hash object.
* The function returns 0 on error, 1 on success. */
int rewriteHashObject(rio *r, robj *key, robj *o) {
hashTypeIterator *hi;
long long count = 0, items = hashTypeLength(o);
hi = hashTypeInitIterator(o);
while (hashTypeNext(hi) != REDIS_ERR) {
if (count == 0) {
int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;
if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items*2) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"HMSET",5) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
}
if (rioWriteHashIteratorCursor(r, hi, REDIS_HASH_KEY) == 0) return 0;
if (rioWriteHashIteratorCursor(r, hi, REDIS_HASH_VALUE) == 0) return 0;
if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
items--;
}
hashTypeReleaseIterator(hi);
return 1;
}
/* Write a sequence of commands able to fully rebuild the dataset into
* "filename". Used both by REWRITEAOF and BGREWRITEAOF.
*
* In order to minimize the number of commands needed in the rewritten
* log Redis uses variadic commands when possible, such as RPUSH, SADD
* and ZADD. However at max REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD items per time
* are inserted using a single command. */
int rewriteAppendOnlyFile(char *filename) {
dictIterator *di = NULL;
dictEntry *de;
rio aof;
FILE *fp;
char tmpfile[256];
int j;
long long now = mstime();
/* Note that we have to use a different temp name here compared to the
* one used by rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground() function. */
snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-rewriteaof-%d.aof", (int) getpid());
fp = fopen(tmpfile,"w");
if (!fp) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING, "Opening the temp file for AOF rewrite in rewriteAppendOnlyFile(): %s", strerror(errno));
return REDIS_ERR;
}
rioInitWithFile(&aof,fp);
for (j = 0; j < server.dbnum; j++) {
char selectcmd[] = "*2\r\n$6\r\nSELECT\r\n";
redisDb *db = server.db+j;
dict *d = db->dict;
if (dictSize(d) == 0) continue;
di = dictGetSafeIterator(d);
if (!di) {
fclose(fp);
return REDIS_ERR;
}
/* SELECT the new DB */
if (rioWrite(&aof,selectcmd,sizeof(selectcmd)-1) == 0) goto werr;
if (rioWriteBulkLongLong(&aof,j) == 0) goto werr;
/* Iterate this DB writing every entry */
while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
sds keystr;
robj key, *o;
long long expiretime;
keystr = dictGetKey(de);
o = dictGetVal(de);
initStaticStringObject(key,keystr);
expiretime = getExpire(db,&key);
/* Save the key and associated value */
if (o->type == REDIS_STRING) {
/* Emit a SET command */
char cmd[]="*3\r\n$3\r\nSET\r\n";
if (rioWrite(&aof,cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1) == 0) goto werr;
/* Key and value */
if (rioWriteBulkObject(&aof,&key) == 0) goto werr;
if (rioWriteBulkObject(&aof,o) == 0) goto werr;
} else if (o->type == REDIS_LIST) {
if (rewriteListObject(&aof,&key,o) == 0) goto werr;
} else if (o->type == REDIS_SET) {
if (rewriteSetObject(&aof,&key,o) == 0) goto werr;
} else if (o->type == REDIS_ZSET) {
if (rewriteSortedSetObject(&aof,&key,o) == 0) goto werr;
} else if (o->type == REDIS_HASH) {
if (rewriteHashObject(&aof,&key,o) == 0) goto werr;
} else {
redisPanic("Unknown object type");
}
/* Save the expire time */
if (expiretime != -1) {
char cmd[]="*3\r\n$9\r\nPEXPIREAT\r\n";
/* If this key is already expired skip it */
if (expiretime < now) continue;
if (rioWrite(&aof,cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1) == 0) goto werr;
if (rioWriteBulkObject(&aof,&key) == 0) goto werr;
if (rioWriteBulkLongLong(&aof,expiretime) == 0) goto werr;
}
}
dictReleaseIterator(di);
}
/* Make sure data will not remain on the OS's output buffers */
fflush(fp);
aof_fsync(fileno(fp));
fclose(fp);
/* Use RENAME to make sure the DB file is changed atomically only
* if the generate DB file is ok. */
if (rename(tmpfile,filename) == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Error moving temp append only file on the final destination: %s", strerror(errno));
unlink(tmpfile);
return REDIS_ERR;
}
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,"SYNC append only file rewrite performed");
return REDIS_OK;
werr:
fclose(fp);
unlink(tmpfile);
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Write error writing append only file on disk: %s", strerror(errno));
if (di) dictReleaseIterator(di);
return REDIS_ERR;
}
/* This is how rewriting of the append only file in background works:
*
* 1) The user calls BGREWRITEAOF
* 2) Redis calls this function, that forks():
* 2a) the child rewrite the append only file in a temp file.
* 2b) the parent accumulates differences in server.aof_rewrite_buf.
* 3) When the child finished '2a' exists.
* 4) The parent will trap the exit code, if it's OK, will append the
* data accumulated into server.aof_rewrite_buf into the temp file, and
* finally will rename(2) the temp file in the actual file name.
* The the new file is reopened as the new append only file. Profit!
*/
int rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground(void) {
pid_t childpid;
long long start;
if (server.aof_child_pid != -1) return REDIS_ERR;
start = ustime();
if ((childpid = fork()) == 0) {
char tmpfile[256];
/* Child */
if (server.ipfd > 0) close(server.ipfd);
if (server.sofd > 0) close(server.sofd);
snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-rewriteaof-bg-%d.aof", (int) getpid());
if (rewriteAppendOnlyFile(tmpfile) == REDIS_OK) {
exitFromChild(0);
} else {
exitFromChild(1);
}
} else {
/* Parent */
server.stat_fork_time = ustime()-start;
if (childpid == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Can't rewrite append only file in background: fork: %s",
strerror(errno));
return REDIS_ERR;
}
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,
"Background append only file rewriting started by pid %d",childpid);
server.aof_rewrite_scheduled = 0;
server.aof_rewrite_time_start = time(NULL);
server.aof_child_pid = childpid;
updateDictResizePolicy();
/* We set appendseldb to -1 in order to force the next call to the
* feedAppendOnlyFile() to issue a SELECT command, so the differences
* accumulated by the parent into server.aof_rewrite_buf will start
* with a SELECT statement and it will be safe to merge. */
server.aof_selected_db = -1;
return REDIS_OK;
}
return REDIS_OK; /* unreached */
}
void bgrewriteaofCommand(redisClient *c) {
if (server.aof_child_pid != -1) {
addReplyError(c,"Background append only file rewriting already in progress");
} else if (server.rdb_child_pid != -1) {
server.aof_rewrite_scheduled = 1;
addReplyStatus(c,"Background append only file rewriting scheduled");
} else if (rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground() == REDIS_OK) {
addReplyStatus(c,"Background append only file rewriting started");
} else {
addReply(c,shared.err);
}
}
void aofRemoveTempFile(pid_t childpid) {
char tmpfile[256];
snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-rewriteaof-bg-%d.aof", (int) childpid);
unlink(tmpfile);
}
/* Update the server.aof_current_size filed explicitly using stat(2)
* to check the size of the file. This is useful after a rewrite or after
* a restart, normally the size is updated just adding the write length
* to the current length, that is much faster. */
void aofUpdateCurrentSize(void) {
struct redis_stat sb;
if (redis_fstat(server.aof_fd,&sb) == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Unable to obtain the AOF file length. stat: %s",
strerror(errno));
} else {
server.aof_current_size = sb.st_size;
}
}
/* A background append only file rewriting (BGREWRITEAOF) terminated its work.
* Handle this. */
void backgroundRewriteDoneHandler(int exitcode, int bysignal) {
if (!bysignal && exitcode == 0) {
int newfd, oldfd;
char tmpfile[256];
long long now = ustime();
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,
"Background AOF rewrite terminated with success");
/* Flush the differences accumulated by the parent to the
* rewritten AOF. */
snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-rewriteaof-bg-%d.aof",
(int)server.aof_child_pid);
newfd = open(tmpfile,O_WRONLY|O_APPEND);
if (newfd == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Unable to open the temporary AOF produced by the child: %s", strerror(errno));
goto cleanup;
}
if (aofRewriteBufferWrite(newfd) == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Error trying to flush the parent diff to the rewritten AOF: %s", strerror(errno));
close(newfd);
goto cleanup;
}
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,
"Parent diff successfully flushed to the rewritten AOF (%lu bytes)", aofRewriteBufferSize());
/* The only remaining thing to do is to rename the temporary file to
* the configured file and switch the file descriptor used to do AOF
* writes. We don't want close(2) or rename(2) calls to block the
* server on old file deletion.
*
* There are two possible scenarios:
*
* 1) AOF is DISABLED and this was a one time rewrite. The temporary
* file will be renamed to the configured file. When this file already
* exists, it will be unlinked, which may block the server.
*
* 2) AOF is ENABLED and the rewritten AOF will immediately start
* receiving writes. After the temporary file is renamed to the
* configured file, the original AOF file descriptor will be closed.
* Since this will be the last reference to that file, closing it
* causes the underlying file to be unlinked, which may block the
* server.
*
* To mitigate the blocking effect of the unlink operation (either
* caused by rename(2) in scenario 1, or by close(2) in scenario 2), we
* use a background thread to take care of this. First, we
* make scenario 1 identical to scenario 2 by opening the target file
* when it exists. The unlink operation after the rename(2) will then
* be executed upon calling close(2) for its descriptor. Everything to
* guarantee atomicity for this switch has already happened by then, so
* we don't care what the outcome or duration of that close operation
* is, as long as the file descriptor is released again. */
if (server.aof_fd == -1) {
/* AOF disabled */
/* Don't care if this fails: oldfd will be -1 and we handle that.
* One notable case of -1 return is if the old file does
* not exist. */
oldfd = open(server.aof_filename,O_RDONLY|O_NONBLOCK);
} else {
/* AOF enabled */
oldfd = -1; /* We'll set this to the current AOF filedes later. */
}
/* Rename the temporary file. This will not unlink the target file if
* it exists, because we reference it with "oldfd". */
if (rename(tmpfile,server.aof_filename) == -1) {
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Error trying to rename the temporary AOF file: %s", strerror(errno));
close(newfd);
if (oldfd != -1) close(oldfd);
goto cleanup;
}
if (server.aof_fd == -1) {
/* AOF disabled, we don't need to set the AOF file descriptor
* to this new file, so we can close it. */
close(newfd);
} else {
/* AOF enabled, replace the old fd with the new one. */
oldfd = server.aof_fd;
server.aof_fd = newfd;
if (server.aof_fsync == AOF_FSYNC_ALWAYS)
aof_fsync(newfd);
else if (server.aof_fsync == AOF_FSYNC_EVERYSEC)
aof_background_fsync(newfd);
server.aof_selected_db = -1; /* Make sure SELECT is re-issued */
aofUpdateCurrentSize();
server.aof_rewrite_base_size = server.aof_current_size;
/* Clear regular AOF buffer since its contents was just written to
* the new AOF from the background rewrite buffer. */
sdsfree(server.aof_buf);
server.aof_buf = sdsempty();
}
server.aof_lastbgrewrite_status = REDIS_OK;
redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE, "Background AOF rewrite finished successfully");
/* Change state from WAIT_REWRITE to ON if needed */
if (server.aof_state == REDIS_AOF_WAIT_REWRITE)
server.aof_state = REDIS_AOF_ON;
/* Asynchronously close the overwritten AOF. */
if (oldfd != -1) bioCreateBackgroundJob(REDIS_BIO_CLOSE_FILE,(void*)(long)oldfd,NULL,NULL);
redisLog(REDIS_VERBOSE,
"Background AOF rewrite signal handler took %lldus", ustime()-now);
} else if (!bysignal && exitcode != 0) {
server.aof_lastbgrewrite_status = REDIS_ERR;
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Background AOF rewrite terminated with error");
} else {
server.aof_lastbgrewrite_status = REDIS_ERR;
redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
"Background AOF rewrite terminated by signal %d", bysignal);
}
cleanup:
aofRewriteBufferReset();
aofRemoveTempFile(server.aof_child_pid);
server.aof_child_pid = -1;
server.aof_rewrite_time_last = time(NULL)-server.aof_rewrite_time_start;
server.aof_rewrite_time_start = -1;
/* Schedule a new rewrite if we are waiting for it to switch the AOF ON. */
if (server.aof_state == REDIS_AOF_WAIT_REWRITE)
server.aof_rewrite_scheduled = 1;
}
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