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#ifndef __REDIS_H
#define __REDIS_H
#include "fmacros.h"
#include "config.h"
#if defined(__sun)
#include "solarisfixes.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include "ae.h" /* Event driven programming library */
#include "sds.h" /* Dynamic safe strings */
#include "dict.h" /* Hash tables */
#include "adlist.h" /* Linked lists */
#include "zmalloc.h" /* total memory usage aware version of malloc/free */
#include "anet.h" /* Networking the easy way */
#include "zipmap.h" /* Compact string -> string data structure */
#include "ziplist.h" /* Compact list data structure */
#include "intset.h" /* Compact integer set structure */
#include "version.h"
#include "util.h"
/* Error codes */
#define REDIS_OK 0
#define REDIS_ERR -1
/* Static server configuration */
#define REDIS_SERVERPORT 6379 /* TCP port */
#define REDIS_MAXIDLETIME (60*5) /* default client timeout */
#define REDIS_IOBUF_LEN 1024
#define REDIS_LOADBUF_LEN 1024
#define REDIS_MAX_SYNC_TIME 60 /* Slave can't take more to sync */
#define REDIS_EXPIRELOOKUPS_PER_CRON 10 /* lookup 10 expires per loop */
#define REDIS_MAX_WRITE_PER_EVENT (1024*64)
#define REDIS_REQUEST_MAX_SIZE (1024*1024*256) /* max bytes in inline command */
#define REDIS_REPLY_CHUNK_BYTES (5*1500) /* 5 TCP packets with default MTU */
#define REDIS_MAX_LOGMSG_LEN 1024 /* Default maximum length of syslog messages */
/* Hash table parameters */
#define REDIS_HT_MINFILL 10 /* Minimal hash table fill 10% */
/* Command flags:
* Commands marked with this flag will return an error when 'maxmemory' is
* set and the server is using more than 'maxmemory' bytes of memory.
* In short: commands with this flag are denied on low memory conditions.
* Force replication even if dirty is 0. */
/* Object types */
#define REDIS_STRING 0
#define REDIS_LIST 1
#define REDIS_SET 2
#define REDIS_ZSET 3
#define REDIS_HASH 4
/* Object types only used for persistence in .rdb files */
/* Objects encoding. Some kind of objects like Strings and Hashes can be
* internally represented in multiple ways. The 'encoding' field of the object
* is set to one of this fields for this object. */
#define REDIS_ENCODING_RAW 0 /* Raw representation */
#define REDIS_ENCODING_INT 1 /* Encoded as integer */
#define REDIS_ENCODING_HT 2 /* Encoded as hash table */
#define REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPMAP 3 /* Encoded as zipmap */
#define REDIS_ENCODING_LINKEDLIST 4 /* Encoded as regular linked list */
#define REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST 5 /* Encoded as ziplist */
#define REDIS_ENCODING_INTSET 6 /* Encoded as intset */
#define REDIS_ENCODING_SKIPLIST 7 /* Encoded as skiplist */
/* Object types only used for dumping to disk */
#define REDIS_SELECTDB 254
#define REDIS_EOF 255
/* Defines related to the dump file format. To store 32 bits lengths for short
* keys requires a lot of space, so we check the most significant 2 bits of
* the first byte to interpreter the length:
* 00|000000 => if the two MSB are 00 the len is the 6 bits of this byte
* 01|000000 00000000 => 01, the len is 14 byes, 6 bits + 8 bits of next byte
* 10|000000 [32 bit integer] => if it's 01, a full 32 bit len will follow
* 11|000000 this means: specially encoded object will follow. The six bits
* number specify the kind of object that follows.
* See the REDIS_RDB_ENC_* defines.
* Lenghts up to 63 are stored using a single byte, most DB keys, and may
* values, will fit inside. */
#define REDIS_RDB_14BITLEN 1
#define REDIS_RDB_32BITLEN 2
/* When a length of a string object stored on disk has the first two bits
* set, the remaining two bits specify a special encoding for the object
* accordingly to the following defines: */
#define REDIS_RDB_ENC_INT8 0 /* 8 bit signed integer */
#define REDIS_RDB_ENC_INT16 1 /* 16 bit signed integer */
#define REDIS_RDB_ENC_INT32 2 /* 32 bit signed integer */
#define REDIS_RDB_ENC_LZF 3 /* string compressed with FASTLZ */
/* Scheduled IO opeations flags. */
#define REDIS_IO_LOAD 1
#define REDIS_IO_SAVE 2
/* Generic IO flags */
#define REDIS_IO_ASAP 2
#define REDIS_THREAD_STACK_SIZE (1024*1024*4)
/* Client flags */
#define REDIS_SLAVE 1 /* This client is a slave server */
#define REDIS_MASTER 2 /* This client is a master server */
#define REDIS_MONITOR 4 /* This client is a slave monitor, see MONITOR */
#define REDIS_MULTI 8 /* This client is in a MULTI context */
#define REDIS_BLOCKED 16 /* The client is waiting in a blocking operation */
#define REDIS_IO_WAIT 32 /* The client is waiting for Virtual Memory I/O */
#define REDIS_DIRTY_CAS 64 /* Watched keys modified. EXEC will fail. */
#define REDIS_CLOSE_AFTER_REPLY 128 /* Close after writing entire reply. */
#define REDIS_UNBLOCKED 256 /* This client was unblocked and is stored in
server.unblocked_clients */
/* Client request types */
/* Slave replication state - slave side */
#define REDIS_REPL_NONE 0 /* No active replication */
#define REDIS_REPL_CONNECT 1 /* Must connect to master */
#define REDIS_REPL_TRANSFER 2 /* Receiving .rdb from master */
#define REDIS_REPL_CONNECTED 3 /* Connected to master */
/* Slave replication state - from the point of view of master
* Note that in SEND_BULK and ONLINE state the slave receives new updates
* in its output queue. In the WAIT_BGSAVE state instead the server is waiting
* to start the next background saving in order to send updates to it. */
#define REDIS_REPL_WAIT_BGSAVE_START 3 /* master waits bgsave to start feeding it */
#define REDIS_REPL_WAIT_BGSAVE_END 4 /* master waits bgsave to start bulk DB transmission */
#define REDIS_REPL_SEND_BULK 5 /* master is sending the bulk DB */
#define REDIS_REPL_ONLINE 6 /* bulk DB already transmitted, receive updates */
/* List related stuff */
#define REDIS_HEAD 0
#define REDIS_TAIL 1
/* Sort operations */
#define REDIS_SORT_GET 0
#define REDIS_SORT_ASC 1
#define REDIS_SORTKEY_MAX 1024
/* Log levels */
#define REDIS_DEBUG 0
#define REDIS_NOTICE 2
#define REDIS_LOG_RAW (1<<10) /* Modifier to log without timestamp */
/* Anti-warning macro... */
#define REDIS_NOTUSED(V) ((void) V)
#define ZSKIPLIST_MAXLEVEL 32 /* Should be enough for 2^32 elements */
#define ZSKIPLIST_P 0.25 /* Skiplist P = 1/4 */
/* Append only defines */
/* Zip structure related defaults */
/* Sets operations codes */
#define REDIS_OP_UNION 0
#define REDIS_OP_DIFF 1
#define REDIS_OP_INTER 2
/* Redis maxmemory strategies */
/* Diskstore background saving thread states */
/* We can print the stacktrace, so our assert is defined this way: */
#define redisAssert(_e) ((_e)?(void)0 : (_redisAssert(#_e,__FILE__,__LINE__),_exit(1)))
#define redisPanic(_e) _redisPanic(#_e,__FILE__,__LINE__),_exit(1)
void _redisAssert(char *estr, char *file, int line);
void _redisPanic(char *msg, char *file, int line);
* Data types
/* A redis object, that is a type able to hold a string / list / set */
/* The actual Redis Object */
#define REDIS_LRU_CLOCK_MAX ((1<<21)-1) /* Max value of obj->lru */
#define REDIS_LRU_CLOCK_RESOLUTION 10 /* LRU clock resolution in seconds */
typedef struct redisObject {
unsigned type:4;
unsigned notused:2; /* Not used */
unsigned encoding:4;
unsigned lru:22; /* lru time (relative to server.lruclock) */
int refcount;
void *ptr;
/* VM fields are only allocated if VM is active, otherwise the
* object allocation function will just allocate
* sizeof(redisObjct) minus sizeof(redisObjectVM), so using
* Redis without VM active will not have any overhead. */
} robj;
/* The VM pointer structure - identifies an object in the swap file.
* This object is stored in place of the value
* object in the main key->value hash table representing a database.
* Note that the first fields (type, storage) are the same as the redisObject
* structure so that vmPointer strucuters can be accessed even when casted
* as redisObject structures.
* This is useful as we don't know if a value object is or not on disk, but we
* are always able to read obj->storage to check this. For vmPointer
* structures "type" is set to REDIS_VMPOINTER (even if without this field
* is still possible to check the kind of object from the value of 'storage').*/
typedef struct vmPointer {
unsigned type:4;
unsigned storage:2; /* REDIS_VM_SWAPPED or REDIS_VM_LOADING */
unsigned notused:26;
unsigned int vtype; /* type of the object stored in the swap file */
off_t page; /* the page at witch the object is stored on disk */
off_t usedpages; /* number of pages used on disk */
} vmpointer;
/* Macro used to initalize a Redis object allocated on the stack.
* Note that this macro is taken near the structure definition to make sure
* we'll update it when the structure is changed, to avoid bugs like
* bug #85 introduced exactly in this way. */
#define initStaticStringObject(_var,_ptr) do { \
_var.refcount = 1; \
_var.type = REDIS_STRING; \
_var.encoding = REDIS_ENCODING_RAW; \
_var.ptr = _ptr; \
} while(0);
typedef struct redisDb {
dict *dict; /* The keyspace for this DB */
dict *expires; /* Timeout of keys with a timeout set */
dict *blocking_keys; /* Keys with clients waiting for data (BLPOP) */
dict *io_keys; /* Keys with clients waiting for DS I/O */
dict *io_negcache; /* Negative caching for disk store */
dict *io_queued; /* Queued IO operations hash table */
dict *watched_keys; /* WATCHED keys for MULTI/EXEC CAS */
int id;
} redisDb;
/* Client MULTI/EXEC state */
typedef struct multiCmd {
robj **argv;
int argc;
struct redisCommand *cmd;
} multiCmd;
typedef struct multiState {
multiCmd *commands; /* Array of MULTI commands */
int count; /* Total number of MULTI commands */
} multiState;
typedef struct blockingState {
robj **keys; /* The key we are waiting to terminate a blocking
* operation such as BLPOP. Otherwise NULL. */
int count; /* Number of blocking keys */
time_t timeout; /* Blocking operation timeout. If UNIX current time
* is >= timeout then the operation timed out. */
robj *target; /* The key that should receive the element,
* for BRPOPLPUSH. */
} blockingState;
/* With multiplexing we need to take per-clinet state.
* Clients are taken in a liked list. */
typedef struct redisClient {
int fd;
redisDb *db;
int dictid;
sds querybuf;
int argc;
robj **argv;
int reqtype;
int multibulklen; /* number of multi bulk arguments left to read */
long bulklen; /* length of bulk argument in multi bulk request */
list *reply;
int sentlen;
time_t lastinteraction; /* time of the last interaction, used for timeout */
int slaveseldb; /* slave selected db, if this client is a slave */
int authenticated; /* when requirepass is non-NULL */
int replstate; /* replication state if this is a slave */
int repldbfd; /* replication DB file descriptor */
long repldboff; /* replication DB file offset */
off_t repldbsize; /* replication DB file size */
multiState mstate; /* MULTI/EXEC state */
blockingState bpop; /* blocking state */
list *io_keys; /* Keys this client is waiting to be loaded from the
* swap file in order to continue. */
list *watched_keys; /* Keys WATCHED for MULTI/EXEC CAS */
dict *pubsub_channels; /* channels a client is interested in (SUBSCRIBE) */
list *pubsub_patterns; /* patterns a client is interested in (SUBSCRIBE) */
/* Response buffer */
int bufpos;
} redisClient;
struct saveparam {
time_t seconds;
int changes;
struct sharedObjectsStruct {
robj *crlf, *ok, *err, *emptybulk, *czero, *cone, *cnegone, *pong, *space,
*colon, *nullbulk, *nullmultibulk, *queued,
*emptymultibulk, *wrongtypeerr, *nokeyerr, *syntaxerr, *sameobjecterr,
*outofrangeerr, *loadingerr, *plus,
*select0, *select1, *select2, *select3, *select4,
*select5, *select6, *select7, *select8, *select9,
*messagebulk, *pmessagebulk, *subscribebulk, *unsubscribebulk, *mbulk3,
*mbulk4, *psubscribebulk, *punsubscribebulk,
/* ZSETs use a specialized version of Skiplists */
typedef struct zskiplistNode {
robj *obj;
double score;
struct zskiplistNode *backward;
struct zskiplistLevel {
struct zskiplistNode *forward;
unsigned int span;
} level[];
} zskiplistNode;
typedef struct zskiplist {
struct zskiplistNode *header, *tail;
unsigned long length;
int level;
} zskiplist;
typedef struct zset {
dict *dict;
zskiplist *zsl;
} zset;
* Redis cluster data structures
#define REDIS_CLUSTER_OK 0 /* Everything looks ok */
#define REDIS_CLUSTER_FAIL 1 /* The cluster can't work */
#define REDIS_CLUSTER_NEEDHELP 2 /* The cluster works, but needs some help */
#define REDIS_CLUSTER_NAMELEN 40 /* sha1 hex length */
#define REDIS_CLUSTER_PORT_INCR 10000 /* Cluster port = baseport + PORT_INCR */
struct clusterNode;
/* clusterLink encapsulates everything needed to talk with a remote node. */
typedef struct clusterLink {
int fd; /* TCP socket file descriptor */
sds sndbuf; /* Packet send buffer */
sds rcvbuf; /* Packet reception buffer */
struct clusterNode *node; /* Node related to this link if any, or NULL */
} clusterLink;
/* Node flags */
#define REDIS_NODE_MASTER 1 /* The node is a master */
#define REDIS_NODE_SLAVE 2 /* The node is a slave */
#define REDIS_NODE_PFAIL 4 /* Failure? Need acknowledge */
#define REDIS_NODE_FAIL 8 /* The node is believed to be malfunctioning */
#define REDIS_NODE_MYSELF 16 /* This node is myself */
#define REDIS_NODE_HANDSHAKE 32 /* We have still to exchange the first ping */
#define REDIS_NODE_NOADDR 64 /* We don't know the address of this node */
#define REDIS_NODE_MEET 128 /* Send a MEET message to this node */
#define REDIS_NODE_NULL_NAME "\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000"
struct clusterNode {
char name[REDIS_CLUSTER_NAMELEN]; /* Node name, hex string, sha1-size */
int flags; /* REDIS_NODE_... */
unsigned char slots[REDIS_CLUSTER_SLOTS/8]; /* slots handled by this node */
int numslaves; /* Number of slave nodes, if this is a master */
struct clusterNode **slaves; /* pointers to slave nodes */
struct clusterNode *slaveof; /* pointer to the master node */
time_t ping_sent; /* Unix time we sent latest ping */
time_t pong_received; /* Unix time we received the pong */
char *configdigest; /* Configuration digest of this node */
time_t configdigest_ts; /* Configuration digest timestamp */
char ip[16]; /* Latest known IP address of this node */
int port; /* Latest known port of this node */
clusterLink *link; /* TCP/IP link with this node */
typedef struct clusterNode clusterNode;
typedef struct {
char *configfile;
clusterNode *myself; /* This node */
int node_timeout;
dict *nodes; /* Hash table of name -> clusterNode structures */
clusterNode *migrating_slots_to[REDIS_CLUSTER_SLOTS];
clusterNode *importing_slots_from[REDIS_CLUSTER_SLOTS];
clusterNode *slots[REDIS_CLUSTER_SLOTS];
zskiplist *slots_to_keys;
} clusterState;
/* Redis cluster messages header */
/* Note that the PING, PONG and MEET messages are actually the same exact
* kind of packet. PONG is the reply to ping, in the extact format as a PING,
* while MEET is a special PING that forces the receiver to add the sender
* as a node (if it is not already in the list). */
#define CLUSTERMSG_TYPE_PING 0 /* Ping */
#define CLUSTERMSG_TYPE_PONG 1 /* Pong (reply to Ping) */
#define CLUSTERMSG_TYPE_MEET 2 /* Meet "let's join" message */
#define CLUSTERMSG_TYPE_FAIL 3 /* Mark node xxx as failing */
/* Initially we don't know our "name", but we'll find it once we connect
* to the first node, using the getsockname() function. Then we'll use this
* address for all the next messages. */
typedef struct {
uint32_t ping_sent;
uint32_t pong_received;
char ip[16]; /* IP address last time it was seen */
uint16_t port; /* port last time it was seen */
uint16_t flags;
uint32_t notused; /* for 64 bit alignment */
} clusterMsgDataGossip;
typedef struct {
} clusterMsgDataFail;
union clusterMsgData {
/* PING, MEET and PONG */
struct {
/* Array of N clusterMsgDataGossip structures */
clusterMsgDataGossip gossip[1];
} ping;
/* FAIL */
struct {
clusterMsgDataFail about;
} fail;
typedef struct {
uint32_t totlen; /* Total length of this message */
uint16_t type; /* Message type */
uint16_t count; /* Only used for some kind of messages. */
char sender[REDIS_CLUSTER_NAMELEN]; /* Name of the sender node */
unsigned char myslots[REDIS_CLUSTER_SLOTS/8];
char configdigest[32];
uint16_t port; /* Sender TCP base port */
unsigned char state; /* Cluster state from the POV of the sender */
unsigned char notused[5]; /* Reserved for future use. For alignment. */
union clusterMsgData data;
} clusterMsg;
* Global server state
struct redisServer {
/* General */
pthread_t mainthread;
redisDb *db;
dict *commands; /* Command table hahs table */
aeEventLoop *el;
/* Networking */
int port;
char *bindaddr;
char *unixsocket;
int ipfd;
int sofd;
int cfd;
list *clients;
list *slaves, *monitors;
char neterr[ANET_ERR_LEN];
/* RDB / AOF loading information */
int loading;
off_t loading_total_bytes;
off_t loading_loaded_bytes;
time_t loading_start_time;
/* Fast pointers to often looked up command */
struct redisCommand *delCommand, *multiCommand;
int cronloops; /* number of times the cron function run */
time_t lastsave; /* Unix time of last save succeeede */
/* Fields used only for stats */
time_t stat_starttime; /* server start time */
long long stat_numcommands; /* number of processed commands */
long long stat_numconnections; /* number of connections received */
long long stat_expiredkeys; /* number of expired keys */
long long stat_evictedkeys; /* number of evicted keys (maxmemory) */
long long stat_keyspace_hits; /* number of successful lookups of keys */
long long stat_keyspace_misses; /* number of failed lookups of keys */
size_t stat_peak_memory; /* max used memory record */
/* Configuration */
int verbosity;
int maxidletime;
int dbnum;
int daemonize;
int appendonly;
int appendfsync;
int no_appendfsync_on_rewrite;
int shutdown_asap;
int activerehashing;
char *requirepass;
/* Persistence */
long long dirty; /* changes to DB from the last save */
long long dirty_before_bgsave; /* used to restore dirty on failed BGSAVE */
time_t lastfsync;
int appendfd;
int appendseldb;
char *pidfile;
pid_t bgsavechildpid;
pid_t bgrewritechildpid;
int bgsavethread_state;
pthread_mutex_t bgsavethread_mutex;
pthread_t bgsavethread;
sds bgrewritebuf; /* buffer taken by parent during oppend only rewrite */
sds aofbuf; /* AOF buffer, written before entering the event loop */
struct saveparam *saveparams;
int saveparamslen;
char *dbfilename;
int rdbcompression;
char *appendfilename;
/* Logging */
char *logfile;
int syslog_enabled;
char *syslog_ident;
int syslog_facility;
/* Replication related */
int isslave;
/* Slave specific fields */
char *masterauth;
char *masterhost;
int masterport;
redisClient *master; /* client that is master for this slave */
int replstate; /* replication status if the instance is a slave */
off_t repl_transfer_left; /* bytes left reading .rdb */
int repl_transfer_s; /* slave -> master SYNC socket */
int repl_transfer_fd; /* slave -> master SYNC temp file descriptor */
char *repl_transfer_tmpfile; /* slave-> master SYNC temp file name */
time_t repl_transfer_lastio; /* unix time of the latest read, for timeout */
int repl_serve_stale_data; /* Serve stale data when link is down? */
/* Limits */
unsigned int maxclients;
unsigned long long maxmemory;
int maxmemory_policy;
int maxmemory_samples;
/* Blocked clients */
unsigned int bpop_blocked_clients;
unsigned int cache_blocked_clients;
list *unblocked_clients; /* list of clients to unblock before next loop */
list *cache_io_queue; /* IO operations queue */
int cache_flush_delay; /* seconds to wait before flushing keys */
/* Sort parameters - qsort_r() is only available under BSD so we
* have to take this state global, in order to pass it to sortCompare() */
int sort_desc;
int sort_alpha;
int sort_bypattern;
/* Virtual memory configuration */
int ds_enabled; /* backend disk in redis.conf */
char *ds_path; /* location of the disk store on disk */
unsigned long long cache_max_memory;
/* Zip structure config */
size_t hash_max_zipmap_entries;
size_t hash_max_zipmap_value;
size_t list_max_ziplist_entries;
size_t list_max_ziplist_value;
size_t set_max_intset_entries;
size_t zset_max_ziplist_entries;
size_t zset_max_ziplist_value;
time_t unixtime; /* Unix time sampled every second. */
/* Virtual memory I/O threads stuff */
/* An I/O thread process an element taken from the io_jobs queue and
* put the result of the operation in the io_done list. While the
* job is being processed, it's put on io_processing queue. */
list *io_newjobs; /* List of VM I/O jobs yet to be processed */
list *io_processing; /* List of VM I/O jobs being processed */
list *io_processed; /* List of VM I/O jobs already processed */
list *io_ready_clients; /* Clients ready to be unblocked. All keys loaded */
pthread_mutex_t io_mutex; /* lock to access io_jobs/io_done/io_thread_job */
pthread_cond_t io_condvar; /* I/O threads conditional variable */
pthread_attr_t io_threads_attr; /* attributes for threads creation */
int io_active_threads; /* Number of running I/O threads */
int vm_max_threads; /* Max number of I/O threads running at the same time */
/* Our main thread is blocked on the event loop, locking for sockets ready
* to be read or written, so when a threaded I/O operation is ready to be
* processed by the main thread, the I/O thread will use a unix pipe to
* awake the main thread. The followings are the two pipe FDs. */
int io_ready_pipe_read;
int io_ready_pipe_write;
/* Virtual memory stats */
unsigned long long vm_stats_used_pages;
unsigned long long vm_stats_swapped_objects;
unsigned long long vm_stats_swapouts;
unsigned long long vm_stats_swapins;
/* Pubsub */
dict *pubsub_channels; /* Map channels to list of subscribed clients */
list *pubsub_patterns; /* A list of pubsub_patterns */
/* Misc */
unsigned lruclock:22; /* clock incrementing every minute, for LRU */
unsigned lruclock_padding:10;
/* Cluster */
int cluster_enabled;
clusterState cluster;
typedef struct pubsubPattern {
redisClient *client;
robj *pattern;
} pubsubPattern;
typedef void redisCommandProc(redisClient *c);
typedef int *redisGetKeysProc(struct redisCommand *cmd, robj **argv, int argc, int *numkeys, int flags);
struct redisCommand {
char *name;
redisCommandProc *proc;
int arity;
int flags;
/* Use a function to determine keys arguments in a command line.
* Used both for diskstore preloading and Redis Cluster. */
redisGetKeysProc *getkeys_proc;
/* What keys should be loaded in background when calling this command? */
int firstkey; /* The first argument that's a key (0 = no keys) */
int lastkey; /* THe last argument that's a key */
int keystep; /* The step between first and last key */
long long microseconds, calls;
struct redisFunctionSym {
char *name;
unsigned long pointer;
typedef struct _redisSortObject {
robj *obj;
union {
double score;
robj *cmpobj;
} u;
} redisSortObject;
typedef struct _redisSortOperation {
int type;
robj *pattern;
} redisSortOperation;
/* DIsk store threaded I/O request message */
typedef struct iojob {
int type; /* Request type, REDIS_IOJOB_* */
redisDb *db;/* Redis database */
robj *key; /* This I/O request is about this key */
robj *val; /* the value to swap for REDIS_IOJOB_SAVE, otherwise this
* field is populated by the I/O thread for REDIS_IOJOB_LOAD. */
time_t expire; /* Expire time for this key on REDIS_IOJOB_LOAD */
} iojob;
/* IO operations scheduled -- check dscache.c for more info */
typedef struct ioop {
int type;
redisDb *db;
robj *key;
time_t ctime; /* This is the creation time of the entry. */
} ioop;
/* Structure to hold list iteration abstraction. */
typedef struct {
robj *subject;
unsigned char encoding;
unsigned char direction; /* Iteration direction */
unsigned char *zi;
listNode *ln;
} listTypeIterator;
/* Structure for an entry while iterating over a list. */
typedef struct {
listTypeIterator *li;
unsigned char *zi; /* Entry in ziplist */
listNode *ln; /* Entry in linked list */
} listTypeEntry;
/* Structure to hold set iteration abstraction. */
typedef struct {
robj *subject;
int encoding;
int ii; /* intset iterator */
dictIterator *di;
} setTypeIterator;
/* Structure to hold hash iteration abstration. Note that iteration over
* hashes involves both fields and values. Because it is possible that
* not both are required, store pointers in the iterator to avoid
* unnecessary memory allocation for fields/values. */
typedef struct {
int encoding;
unsigned char *zi;
unsigned char *zk, *zv;
unsigned int zklen, zvlen;
dictIterator *di;
dictEntry *de;
} hashTypeIterator;
#define REDIS_HASH_KEY 1
* Extern declarations
extern struct redisServer server;
extern struct sharedObjectsStruct shared;
extern dictType setDictType;
extern dictType zsetDictType;
extern dictType clusterNodesDictType;
extern double R_Zero, R_PosInf, R_NegInf, R_Nan;
dictType hashDictType;
* Functions prototypes
/* Utils */
long long ustime(void);
/* networking.c -- Networking and Client related operations */
redisClient *createClient(int fd);
void closeTimedoutClients(void);
void freeClient(redisClient *c);
void resetClient(redisClient *c);
void sendReplyToClient(aeEventLoop *el, int fd, void *privdata, int mask);
void addReply(redisClient *c, robj *obj);
void *addDeferredMultiBulkLength(redisClient *c);
void setDeferredMultiBulkLength(redisClient *c, void *node, long length);
void addReplySds(redisClient *c, sds s);
void processInputBuffer(redisClient *c);
void acceptTcpHandler(aeEventLoop *el, int fd, void *privdata, int mask);
void acceptUnixHandler(aeEventLoop *el, int fd, void *privdata, int mask);
void readQueryFromClient(aeEventLoop *el, int fd, void *privdata, int mask);
void addReplyBulk(redisClient *c, robj *obj);
void addReplyBulkCString(redisClient *c, char *s);
void addReplyBulkCBuffer(redisClient *c, void *p, size_t len);
void addReplyBulkLongLong(redisClient *c, long long ll);
void acceptHandler(aeEventLoop *el, int fd, void *privdata, int mask);
void addReply(redisClient *c, robj *obj);
void addReplySds(redisClient *c, sds s);
void addReplyError(redisClient *c, char *err);
void addReplyStatus(redisClient *c, char *status);
void addReplyDouble(redisClient *c, double d);
void addReplyLongLong(redisClient *c, long long ll);
void addReplyMultiBulkLen(redisClient *c, long length);
void *dupClientReplyValue(void *o);
void getClientsMaxBuffers(unsigned long *longest_output_list,
unsigned long *biggest_input_buffer);
#ifdef __GNUC__
void addReplyErrorFormat(redisClient *c, const char *fmt, ...)
__attribute__((format(printf, 2, 3)));
void addReplyStatusFormat(redisClient *c, const char *fmt, ...)
__attribute__((format(printf, 2, 3)));
void addReplyErrorFormat(redisClient *c, const char *fmt, ...);
void addReplyStatusFormat(redisClient *c, const char *fmt, ...);
/* List data type */
void listTypeTryConversion(robj *subject, robj *value);
void listTypePush(robj *subject, robj *value, int where);
robj *listTypePop(robj *subject, int where);
unsigned long listTypeLength(robj *subject);
listTypeIterator *listTypeInitIterator(robj *subject, int index, unsigned char direction);
void listTypeReleaseIterator(listTypeIterator *li);
int listTypeNext(listTypeIterator *li, listTypeEntry *entry);
robj *listTypeGet(listTypeEntry *entry);
void listTypeInsert(listTypeEntry *entry, robj *value, int where);
int listTypeEqual(listTypeEntry *entry, robj *o);
void listTypeDelete(listTypeEntry *entry);
void listTypeConvert(robj *subject, int enc);
void unblockClientWaitingData(redisClient *c);
int handleClientsWaitingListPush(redisClient *c, robj *key, robj *ele);
void popGenericCommand(redisClient *c, int where);
void unwatchAllKeys(redisClient *c);
void initClientMultiState(redisClient *c);
void freeClientMultiState(redisClient *c);
void queueMultiCommand(redisClient *c, struct redisCommand *cmd);
void touchWatchedKey(redisDb *db, robj *key);
void touchWatchedKeysOnFlush(int dbid);
/* Redis object implementation */
void decrRefCount(void *o);
void incrRefCount(robj *o);
void freeStringObject(robj *o);
void freeListObject(robj *o);
void freeSetObject(robj *o);
void freeZsetObject(robj *o);
void freeHashObject(robj *o);
robj *createObject(int type, void *ptr);
robj *createStringObject(char *ptr, size_t len);
robj *dupStringObject(robj *o);
int isObjectRepresentableAsLongLong(robj *o, long long *llongval);
robj *tryObjectEncoding(robj *o);
robj *getDecodedObject(robj *o);
size_t stringObjectLen(robj *o);
robj *createStringObjectFromLongLong(long long value);
robj *createListObject(void);
robj *createZiplistObject(void);
robj *createSetObject(void);
robj *createIntsetObject(void);
robj *createHashObject(void);
robj *createZsetObject(void);
robj *createZsetZiplistObject(void);
int getLongFromObjectOrReply(redisClient *c, robj *o, long *target, const char *msg);
int checkType(redisClient *c, robj *o, int type);
int getLongLongFromObjectOrReply(redisClient *c, robj *o, long long *target, const char *msg);
int getDoubleFromObjectOrReply(redisClient *c, robj *o, double *target, const char *msg);
int getLongLongFromObject(robj *o, long long *target);
char *strEncoding(int encoding);
int compareStringObjects(robj *a, robj *b);
int equalStringObjects(robj *a, robj *b);
unsigned long estimateObjectIdleTime(robj *o);
/* Synchronous I/O with timeout */
int syncWrite(int fd, char *ptr, ssize_t size, int timeout);
int syncRead(int fd, char *ptr, ssize_t size, int timeout);
int syncReadLine(int fd, char *ptr, ssize_t size, int timeout);
int fwriteBulkString(FILE *fp, char *s, unsigned long len);
int fwriteBulkDouble(FILE *fp, double d);
int fwriteBulkLongLong(FILE *fp, long long l);
int fwriteBulkObject(FILE *fp, robj *obj);
int fwriteBulkCount(FILE *fp, char prefix, int count);
/* Replication */
void replicationFeedSlaves(list *slaves, int dictid, robj **argv, int argc);
void replicationFeedMonitors(list *monitors, int dictid, robj **argv, int argc);
int syncWithMaster(void);
void updateSlavesWaitingBgsave(int bgsaveerr);
void replicationCron(void);
/* Generic persistence functions */
void startLoading(FILE *fp);
void loadingProgress(off_t pos);
void stopLoading(void);
/* RDB persistence */
int rdbLoad(char *filename);
int rdbSaveBackground(char *filename);
void rdbRemoveTempFile(pid_t childpid);
int rdbSave(char *filename);
int rdbSaveObject(FILE *fp, robj *o);
off_t rdbSavedObjectLen(robj *o);
off_t rdbSavedObjectPages(robj *o);
robj *rdbLoadObject(int type, FILE *fp);
void backgroundSaveDoneHandler(int exitcode, int bysignal);
int rdbSaveKeyValuePair(FILE *fp, robj *key, robj *val, time_t expireitme, time_t now);
int rdbLoadType(FILE *fp);
time_t rdbLoadTime(FILE *fp);
robj *rdbLoadStringObject(FILE *fp);
int rdbSaveType(FILE *fp, unsigned char type);
int rdbSaveLen(FILE *fp, uint32_t len);
/* AOF persistence */
void flushAppendOnlyFile(void);
void feedAppendOnlyFile(struct redisCommand *cmd, int dictid, robj **argv, int argc);
void aofRemoveTempFile(pid_t childpid);
int rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground(void);
int loadAppendOnlyFile(char *filename);
void stopAppendOnly(void);
int startAppendOnly(void);
void backgroundRewriteDoneHandler(int exitcode, int bysignal);
/* Sorted sets data type */
/* Struct to hold a inclusive/exclusive range spec. */
typedef struct {
double min, max;
int minex, maxex; /* are min or max exclusive? */
} zrangespec;
zskiplist *zslCreate(void);
void zslFree(zskiplist *zsl);
zskiplistNode *zslInsert(zskiplist *zsl, double score, robj *obj);
unsigned char *zzlInsert(unsigned char *zl, robj *ele, double score);
int zslDelete(zskiplist *zsl, double score, robj *obj);
zskiplistNode *zslFirstInRange(zskiplist *zsl, zrangespec range);
double zzlGetScore(unsigned char *sptr);
void zzlNext(unsigned char *zl, unsigned char **eptr, unsigned char **sptr);
void zzlPrev(unsigned char *zl, unsigned char **eptr, unsigned char **sptr);
unsigned int zsetLength(robj *zobj);
void zsetConvert(robj *zobj, int encoding);
/* Core functions */
void freeMemoryIfNeeded(void);
int processCommand(redisClient *c);
void setupSignalHandlers(void);
struct redisCommand *lookupCommand(sds name);
struct redisCommand *lookupCommandByCString(char *s);
void call(redisClient *c, struct redisCommand *cmd);
int prepareForShutdown();
void redisLog(int level, const char *fmt, ...);
void usage();
void updateDictResizePolicy(void);
int htNeedsResize(dict *dict);
void oom(const char *msg);
void populateCommandTable(void);
void resetCommandTableStats(void);
/* Disk store */
int dsOpen(void);
int dsClose(void);
int dsSet(redisDb *db, robj *key, robj *val, time_t expire);
robj *dsGet(redisDb *db, robj *key, time_t *expire);
int dsDel(redisDb *db, robj *key);
int dsExists(redisDb *db, robj *key);
void dsFlushDb(int dbid);
int dsRdbSaveBackground(char *filename);
int dsRdbSave(char *filename);
/* Disk Store Cache */
void dsInit(void);
void vmThreadedIOCompletedJob(aeEventLoop *el, int fd, void *privdata, int mask);
void lockThreadedIO(void);
void unlockThreadedIO(void);
void freeIOJob(iojob *j);
void queueIOJob(iojob *j);
void waitEmptyIOJobsQueue(void);
void processAllPendingIOJobs(void);
int blockClientOnSwappedKeys(redisClient *c, struct redisCommand *cmd);
int dontWaitForSwappedKey(redisClient *c, robj *key);
void handleClientsBlockedOnSwappedKey(redisDb *db, robj *key);
int cacheFreeOneEntry(void);
void cacheScheduleIOAddFlag(redisDb *db, robj *key, long flag);
void cacheScheduleIODelFlag(redisDb *db, robj *key, long flag);
int cacheScheduleIOGetFlags(redisDb *db, robj *key);
void cacheScheduleIO(redisDb *db, robj *key, int type);
void cacheCron(void);
int cacheKeyMayExist(redisDb *db, robj *key);
void cacheSetKeyMayExist(redisDb *db, robj *key);
void cacheSetKeyDoesNotExist(redisDb *db, robj *key);
void cacheForcePointInTime(void);
/* Set data type */
robj *setTypeCreate(robj *value);
int setTypeAdd(robj *subject, robj *value);
int setTypeRemove(robj *subject, robj *value);
int setTypeIsMember(robj *subject, robj *value);
setTypeIterator *setTypeInitIterator(robj *subject);
void setTypeReleaseIterator(setTypeIterator *si);
int setTypeNext(setTypeIterator *si, robj **objele, int64_t *llele);
robj *setTypeNextObject(setTypeIterator *si);
int setTypeRandomElement(robj *setobj, robj **objele, int64_t *llele);
unsigned long setTypeSize(robj *subject);
void setTypeConvert(robj *subject, int enc);
/* Hash data type */
void convertToRealHash(robj *o);
void hashTypeTryConversion(robj *subject, robj **argv, int start, int end);
void hashTypeTryObjectEncoding(robj *subject, robj **o1, robj **o2);
int hashTypeGet(robj *o, robj *key, robj **objval, unsigned char **v, unsigned int *vlen);
robj *hashTypeGetObject(robj *o, robj *key);
int hashTypeExists(robj *o, robj *key);
int hashTypeSet(robj *o, robj *key, robj *value);
int hashTypeDelete(robj *o, robj *key);
unsigned long hashTypeLength(robj *o);
hashTypeIterator *hashTypeInitIterator(robj *subject);
void hashTypeReleaseIterator(hashTypeIterator *hi);
int hashTypeNext(hashTypeIterator *hi);
int hashTypeCurrent(hashTypeIterator *hi, int what, robj **objval, unsigned char **v, unsigned int *vlen);
robj *hashTypeCurrentObject(hashTypeIterator *hi, int what);
robj *hashTypeLookupWriteOrCreate(redisClient *c, robj *key);
/* Pub / Sub */
int pubsubUnsubscribeAllChannels(redisClient *c, int notify);
int pubsubUnsubscribeAllPatterns(redisClient *c, int notify);
void freePubsubPattern(void *p);
int listMatchPubsubPattern(void *a, void *b);
/* Configuration */
void loadServerConfig(char *filename);
void appendServerSaveParams(time_t seconds, int changes);
void resetServerSaveParams();
/* db.c -- Keyspace access API */
int removeExpire(redisDb *db, robj *key);
void propagateExpire(redisDb *db, robj *key);
int expireIfNeeded(redisDb *db, robj *key);
time_t getExpire(redisDb *db, robj *key);
void setExpire(redisDb *db, robj *key, time_t when);
robj *lookupKey(redisDb *db, robj *key);
robj *lookupKeyRead(redisDb *db, robj *key);
robj *lookupKeyWrite(redisDb *db, robj *key);
robj *lookupKeyReadOrReply(redisClient *c, robj *key, robj *reply);
robj *lookupKeyWriteOrReply(redisClient *c, robj *key, robj *reply);
int dbAdd(redisDb *db, robj *key, robj *val);
int dbReplace(redisDb *db, robj *key, robj *val);
int dbExists(redisDb *db, robj *key);
robj *dbRandomKey(redisDb *db);
int dbDelete(redisDb *db, robj *key);
long long emptyDb();
int selectDb(redisClient *c, int id);
void signalModifiedKey(redisDb *db, robj *key);
void signalFlushedDb(int dbid);
unsigned int GetKeysInSlot(unsigned int hashslot, robj **keys, unsigned int count);
/* API to get key arguments from commands */
int *getKeysFromCommand(struct redisCommand *cmd, robj **argv, int argc, int *numkeys, int flags);
void getKeysFreeResult(int *result);
int *noPreloadGetKeys(struct redisCommand *cmd,robj **argv, int argc, int *numkeys, int flags);
int *renameGetKeys(struct redisCommand *cmd,robj **argv, int argc, int *numkeys, int flags);
int *zunionInterGetKeys(struct redisCommand *cmd,robj **argv, int argc, int *numkeys, int flags);
/* Cluster */
void clusterInit(void);
unsigned short crc16(const char *buf, int len);
unsigned int keyHashSlot(char *key, int keylen);
clusterNode *createClusterNode(char *nodename, int flags);
int clusterAddNode(clusterNode *node);
void clusterCron(void);
clusterNode *getNodeByQuery(redisClient *c, struct redisCommand *cmd, robj **argv, int argc, int *hashslot, int *ask);
/* Git SHA1 */
char *redisGitSHA1(void);
char *redisGitDirty(void);
/* Commands prototypes */
void authCommand(redisClient *c);
void pingCommand(redisClient *c);
void echoCommand(redisClient *c);
void setCommand(redisClient *c);
void setnxCommand(redisClient *c);
void setexCommand(redisClient *c);
void getCommand(redisClient *c);
void delCommand(redisClient *c);
void existsCommand(redisClient *c);
void setbitCommand(redisClient *c);
void getbitCommand(redisClient *c);
void setrangeCommand(redisClient *c);
void getrangeCommand(redisClient *c);
void incrCommand(redisClient *c);
void decrCommand(redisClient *c);
void incrbyCommand(redisClient *c);
void decrbyCommand(redisClient *c);
void selectCommand(redisClient *c);
void randomkeyCommand(redisClient *c);
void keysCommand(redisClient *c);
void dbsizeCommand(redisClient *c);
void lastsaveCommand(redisClient *c);
void saveCommand(redisClient *c);
void bgsaveCommand(redisClient *c);
void bgrewriteaofCommand(redisClient *c);
void shutdownCommand(redisClient *c);
void moveCommand(redisClient *c);
void renameCommand(redisClient *c);
void renamenxCommand(redisClient *c);
void lpushCommand(redisClient *c);
void rpushCommand(redisClient *c);
void lpushxCommand(redisClient *c);
void rpushxCommand(redisClient *c);
void linsertCommand(redisClient *c);
void lpopCommand(redisClient *c);
void rpopCommand(redisClient *c);
void llenCommand(redisClient *c);
void lindexCommand(redisClient *c);
void lrangeCommand(redisClient *c);
void ltrimCommand(redisClient *c);
void typeCommand(redisClient *c);
void lsetCommand(redisClient *c);
void saddCommand(redisClient *c);
void sremCommand(redisClient *c);
void smoveCommand(redisClient *c);
void sismemberCommand(redisClient *c);
void scardCommand(redisClient *c);
void spopCommand(redisClient *c);
void srandmemberCommand(redisClient *c);
void sinterCommand(redisClient *c);
void sinterstoreCommand(redisClient *c);
void sunionCommand(redisClient *c);
void sunionstoreCommand(redisClient *c);
void sdiffCommand(redisClient *c);
void sdiffstoreCommand(redisClient *c);
void syncCommand(redisClient *c);
void flushdbCommand(redisClient *c);
void flushallCommand(redisClient *c);
void sortCommand(redisClient *c);
void lremCommand(redisClient *c);
void rpoplpushCommand(redisClient *c);
void infoCommand(redisClient *c);
void mgetCommand(redisClient *c);
void monitorCommand(redisClient *c);
void expireCommand(redisClient *c);
void expireatCommand(redisClient *c);
void getsetCommand(redisClient *c);
void ttlCommand(redisClient *c);
void persistCommand(redisClient *c);
void slaveofCommand(redisClient *c);
void debugCommand(redisClient *c);
void msetCommand(redisClient *c);
void msetnxCommand(redisClient *c);
void zaddCommand(redisClient *c);
void zincrbyCommand(redisClient *c);
void zrangeCommand(redisClient *c);
void zrangebyscoreCommand(redisClient *c);
void zrevrangebyscoreCommand(redisClient *c);
void zcountCommand(redisClient *c);
void zrevrangeCommand(redisClient *c);
void zcardCommand(redisClient *c);
void zremCommand(redisClient *c);
void zscoreCommand(redisClient *c);
void zremrangebyscoreCommand(redisClient *c);
void multiCommand(redisClient *c);
void execCommand(redisClient *c);
void discardCommand(redisClient *c);
void blpopCommand(redisClient *c);
void brpopCommand(redisClient *c);
void brpoplpushCommand(redisClient *c);
void appendCommand(redisClient *c);
void strlenCommand(redisClient *c);
void zrankCommand(redisClient *c);
void zrevrankCommand(redisClient *c);
void hsetCommand(redisClient *c);
void hsetnxCommand(redisClient *c);
void hgetCommand(redisClient *c);
void hmsetCommand(redisClient *c);
void hmgetCommand(redisClient *c);
void hdelCommand(redisClient *c);
void hlenCommand(redisClient *c);
void zremrangebyrankCommand(redisClient *c);
void zunionstoreCommand(redisClient *c);
void zinterstoreCommand(redisClient *c);
void hkeysCommand(redisClient *c);
void hvalsCommand(redisClient *c);
void hgetallCommand(redisClient *c);
void hexistsCommand(redisClient *c);
void configCommand(redisClient *c);
void hincrbyCommand(redisClient *c);
void subscribeCommand(redisClient *c);
void unsubscribeCommand(redisClient *c);
void psubscribeCommand(redisClient *c);
void punsubscribeCommand(redisClient *c);
void publishCommand(redisClient *c);
void watchCommand(redisClient *c);
void unwatchCommand(redisClient *c);
void clusterCommand(redisClient *c);
void restoreCommand(redisClient *c);
void migrateCommand(redisClient *c);
void dumpCommand(redisClient *c);
void objectCommand(redisClient *c);
void clientCommand(redisClient *c);
#if defined(__GNUC__)
void *calloc(size_t count, size_t size) __attribute__ ((deprecated));
void free(void *ptr) __attribute__ ((deprecated));
void *malloc(size_t size) __attribute__ ((deprecated));
void *realloc(void *ptr, size_t size) __attribute__ ((deprecated));
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