ESpec for Phoenix web framework.
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README.md

ESpec.Phoenix

Build Status Hex.pm

ESpec helpers for Phoenix web framework.

Read about ESpec here.

ESpec.Phoenix is a lightweight wrapper around ESpec which brings BDD to Phoenix web framework.

Use ESpec.Phoenix the same way as ExUnit in you Phoenix application.

There is rumbrella project from great Programming Phoenix book. One can find a lot of usefull examples there!

Contents

Installation

Add espec_phoenix to dependencies in the mix.exs file:

def deps do
  ...
  {:espec_phoenix, "~> 0.6.10", only: :test},
  #{:espec_phoenix, github: "antonmi/espec_phoenix", only: :test}, to get the latest version
  ...
end
mix deps.get

Set preferred_cli_env for espec in the mix.exs file:

def project do
  ...
  preferred_cli_env: [espec: :test],
  ...
end

Run:

MIX_ENV=test mix espec_phoenix.init

The task creates spec/spec_helper.exs, phoenix_helper.exs and espec_phoenix_extend.ex.

Also you need to checkout your Ecto sandbox mode before each example and checkin it after. So spec_helper.exs should look like:

#require phoenix_helper.exs
Code.require_file("#{__DIR__}/phoenix_helper.exs")

ESpec.configure fn(config) ->
  config.before fn(_tags) ->
    :ok = Ecto.Adapters.SQL.Sandbox.checkout(YourApp.Repo)
  end

  config.finally fn(_shared) ->
    Ecto.Adapters.SQL.Sandbox.checkin(YourApp.Repo, [])
  end
end

The espec_phoenix_extend.ex file contains ESpec.Phoenix.Extend module. Use this module to import or alias additional modules in your specs.

Migration from previous versions

There is no other matchers and helpers then ESpec and Phoenix have.

I've decided to remove all the custom assertions for 'changeset', 'conn' and 'content'. The reason is to make specs more explicit like people used to see using ExUnit.

If you still want to use them, check out the espec_phoenix_helpers project.

Model specs

Use 'model' tag to identify model specs:

use ESpec.Phoenix, model: YourModel

What ESpec.Phoenix does behind the scene is the following:

  1. Uses ModelHelpers.
defmodule ModelHelpers do
  defmacro __using__(_args) do
    quote do
      import Ecto
      import Ecto.Changeset, except: [change: 1, change: 2]
      import Ecto.Query
    end
  end
end
  1. Calls ESpec.Phoenix.Extend.model function extending your spec module.

Note! We don't import change/1 and change/2 functions from Ecto.Changeset because they conflicts with ESpec functions. If you want to use them, call them directly with module prefix (Ecto.Changeset.change).

Model spec example:

defmodule Rumbl.UserSpec do
  use ESpec.Phoenix, model: User, async: true
  alias Rumbl.User

  @valid_attrs %{name: "A User", username: "eva", password: "secret"}
  @invalid_attrs %{}

  context "validation" do
    it "checks changeset with valid attributes" do
      changeset = User.changeset(%User{}, @valid_attrs)
      assert changeset.valid?
    end

    it "checks changeset with long username" do
      attrs = Map.put(@valid_attrs, :username, String.duplicate("a", 30))
      assert {:username, "should be at most 20 character(s)"} in
             errors_on(%User{}, attrs)
    end
  end
end

It is a good practice to place specs with side effects (db access) to another module:

defmodule Rumbl.UserRepoSpec do
  use ESpec.Phoenix, model: User, async: true
  alias Rumbl.User

  @valid_attrs %{name: "A User", username: "eva"}

  describe "converting unique_constraint on username to error" do
    before do: insert_user(username: "eric")
    let :changeset do
      attrs = Map.put(@valid_attrs, :username, "eric")
      User.changeset(%User{}, attrs)
    end

    it do: expect(Repo.insert(changeset)).to be_error_result

    context "when name has been already taken" do
      let :new_changeset do
        {:error, changeset} = Repo.insert(changeset)
        changeset
      end

      it "has error" do
        error = {:username, {"has already been taken", []}}
        expect(new_changeset.errors).to have(error)
      end
    end
  end
end

Controller specs

Controller specs are integration tests that tests interactions among all parts of your application. Use 'controller' tag to identify controller specs:

use ESpec.Phoenix, controller: YourController

Your module will be extended with ESpec.Phoenix.ModelHelpers and also with ESpec.Phoenix.ControllerHelpers:

defmodule ControllerHelpers do
  defmacro __using__(_args) do
    quote do
      import Plug.Conn
      import Phoenix.ConnTest, except: [conn: 0, build_conn: 0]

      def build_conn, do: Phoenix.ConnTest.build_conn()
    end
  end
end

Note! Deprecated Phoenix.ConnTest.conn/0 function is not imported.

Below is an example of controller specs:

defmodule Rumbl.VideoControllerSpec do
  use ESpec.Phoenix, controller: VideoController, async: true

  describe "with logged user" do
    let :user, do: insert_user(username: "max")
    let! :user_video, do: insert_video(user, title: "funny cats")
    let! :other_video, do: insert_video(insert_user(username: "other"), title: "another video")

    let :response do
      assign(build_conn, :current_user, user)
      |> get(video_path(build_conn, :index))
    end

    it "lists all user's videos on index" do
      expect(html_response(response, 200)).to match(~r/Listing videos/)
    end

    it "has user_video title" do
      expect(response.resp_body).to have(user_video.title)
    end

    it "does not have other_video title" do
      expect(response.resp_body).not_to have(other_video.title)
    end
  end
end

Please note that due to the fact it's integraton tests, you can actually use it without specifying controller:

defmodule Rumbl.VideoControllerRequestSpec do
  use ESpec.Phoenix, controller: true

  describe "with logged user" do
    let! :user_video, do: insert_video(user, title: "funny cats")

    let :response do
      build_conn |> get("/videos")
    end

    it "lists all user's videos on index" do
      expect(response.resp_body).to match(~r/Listing videos/)
    end
  end
end

View specs

View specs also are extended with ESpec.Phoenix.ControllerHelpers and also imports Phoenix.View.

Example

defmodule Rumbl.VideoViewSpec do
  use ESpec.Phoenix, async: true, view: VideoView

  let :videos do
    [%Rumbl.Video{id: "1", title: "dogs"},
      %Rumbl.Video{id: "2", title: "cats"}]
  end

  describe "index.html" do
    let :content do
      render_to_string(Rumbl.VideoView, "index.html", conn: build_conn, videos: videos)
    end

    it do: expect(content).to have("Listing videos")

    it "has video titles" do
      for video <- videos do
        expect(content).to have(video.title)
      end
    end
  end
end

Channel specs

use ESpec.Phoenix, channel: YourChannel

Channel specs uses Phoenix.ChannelTest and ESpec.Phoenix.ModelsHelpers. Use 'model' tag to identify model specs:

Example

defmodule Rumbl.Channels.VideoChannelSpec do
  use ESpec.Phoenix, channel: Rumbl.VideoChannel

  before do
    Ecto.Adapters.SQL.Sandbox.mode(Rumbl.Repo, {:shared, self()})
  end

  let! :user, do: insert_user(name: "Rebecca")
  let! :video, do: insert_video(user, title: "Testing")

  before do
    token = Phoenix.Token.sign(@endpoint, "user socket", user.id)
    {:ok, socket} = connect(Rumbl.UserSocket, %{"token" => token})

    {:shared, socket: socket}
  end

  before do
    for body <- ~w(one two) do
      video
      |> build_assoc(:annotations, %{body: body})
      |> Repo.insert!()
    end
  end

  before do
    {:ok, reply, socket} = subscribe_and_join(shared[:socket], "videos:#{video.id}", %{})
    {:shared, reply: reply, socket: socket}
  end

  it do: expect shared[:socket].assigns.video_id |> to(eq video.id)
  it do: assert %{annotations: [%{body: "one"}, %{body: "two"}]} = shared[:reply]
end

Extensions

espec_phoenix_helpers - assertions and helpers that used to be part of this project but were extracted out test_that_json_espec - matchers for testing JSON

Contributing

Contributions are welcome and appreciated!

Request a new feature by creating an issue.

Create a pull request with new features or fixes.

To run specs:

mix espec

There is a rumbl application with specs inside. Run mix deps.get in rumbl folder. Change database settings in test_app/config/test.exs. Run tests with mix test and mix espec.