Apache Accumulo Testing Suites
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bin Add performance test for small scans (#24) Jul 31, 2018
test ACCUMULO-4510 Moved remaining external test code from Accumulo Jan 25, 2017
yarn Updates to Undefined Analyzer made for apache/accumulo#441 Apr 27, 2018
.gitignore ACCUMULO-4510 Refactored Continous Ingest tests Jan 25, 2017
.travis.yml ACCUMULO-4510 Created 'accumulo-testing' command Jan 9, 2017
CONTRIBUTING.md ACCUMULO-4736 Created CONTRIBUTING.md (#10) Nov 3, 2017
README.md Created performance test framework (#21) Jul 23, 2018


Apache Accumulo Testing Suite

Build Status

The Apache Accumulo testing suite contains applications that test and verify the correctness of Accumulo.


In order to run the Apache Accumulo testing suite, you will need Java 8 and Maven installed on your machine as well as an Accumulo instance to use for testing.

  1. First clone this repository.

     git clone git@github.com:apache/accumulo-testing.git
     cd accumulo-testing
  2. All configuation files for the test suite are in conf/. Only the accumulo-testing.properties configuration file needs to be created and edited as all other configuration files are optional. In accumulo-testing.properites, review the properties with test.common.* prefix as these are used by all tests.

     cd conf/
     cp accumulo-testing.properties.example accumulo-testing.properties
     vim accumulo-testing.properties
  3. Tests are run using the accumulo-testing command which is located in the bin/ directory. Run this command without any arguments to view its usage and see available tests.


Random walk test

The random walk test generates client behavior on an Apache Accumulo instance by randomly walking a graph of client operations.

Before running random walk, review the test.common.* properties in accumulo-testing.properties file. A test module must also be specified. See the modules directory for a list of available ones.

The command below will start a single random walker in a local process using the Image.xml module.

    ./bin/accumulo-testing rw-local Image.xml

If you would like to run multiple, distributed random walkers, run the command below to start random walkers in 5 containers in YARN using the Image.xml module.

    ./bin/accumulo-testing rw-yarn 5 Image.xml

This command will create an application in YARN and exit when all containers for the test have started. While its running, you can view logs for each random walker using the YARN resource manager. The YARN application can be killed at any time using the YARN resource manager or command line tool.

Continuous Ingest & Query

The Continuous Ingest test runs many ingest clients that continually create linked lists of data in Accumulo. During ingest, query applications can be run to continuously walk and verify the linked lists and put a query load on Accumulo. At some point, the ingest clients are stopped and a MapReduce job is run to ensure that there are no holes in any linked list.

The nodes in the linked list are random. This causes each linked list to spread across the table. Therefore, if one part of a table loses data, then it will be detected by references in another part of table.

Before running any of the Continuous Ingest applications, make sure that the accumulo-testing.properties file exists in conf/ and review all properties with the test.ci.* prefix.

First, run the command below to create an Accumulo table for the continuous ingest tests. The name of the table is set by the property test.ci.common.accumulo.table (its value defaults to ci) in the file accumulo-testing.properties:

      ./bin/accumulo-testing ci-createtable

The continuous ingest tests have several applications that can either be started in a local process or run in multiple containers across a cluster using YARN. The ci-local command starts a local application which will run continuously until you stop using ctrl-c:

      ./bin/accumulo-testing ci-local <application>

The ci-yarn command starts an application in <num> containers in YARN. All containers will run continuously performing the same work until you kill the application in YARN. The logs for the application can be viewed using the YARN resource manager.

      ./bin/accumulo-testing ci-yarn <num> <application>

Below is a list of available continuous ingest applications. You should run the ingest application first to add data to your table.

  • ingest - Inserts data into Accumulo that will form a random graph.
  • walk - Randomly walks the graph created by ingest application using scanner. Each walker produces detailed statistics on query/scan times.
  • batchwalk - Randomly walks the graph created by ingest using a batch scanner.
  • scan - Scans the graph

The continuous ingest test has two MapReduce jobs that are used to verify and stress Accumulo and have the following command:

      ./bin/accumulo-testing ci-mapred <application>

Below is a list of available MapReduce applications:

  1. verify - Runs a MapReduce job that verifies all data created by continuous ingest. Before running, review all test.ci.verify.* properties. Do not run ingest while running this command as it will cause erroneous reporting of UNDEFINED nodes. Each entry, except for the first batch of entries, inserted by continuous ingest references a previously flushed entry. Since we are referencing flushed entries, they should always exist. The MapReduce job checks that all referenced entries exist. If it finds any that do not exist it will increment the UNDEFINED counter and emit the referenced but undefined node. The MapReduce job produces two other counts: REFERENCED and UNREFERENCED. It is expected that these two counts are non zero. REFERENCED counts nodes that are defined and referenced. UNREFERENCED counts nodes that defined and unreferenced, these are the latest nodes inserted.

  2. moru - Runs a MapReduce job that stresses Accumulo by reading and writing the continuous ingest table. This MapReduce job will write out an entry for every entry in the table (except for ones created by the MapReduce job itself). Stop ingest before running this MapReduce job. Do not run more than one instance of this MapReduce job concurrently against a table.


The agitator will periodically kill the Accumulo master, tablet server, and Hadoop data node processes on random nodes. Before running the agitator you should create accumulo-testing-env.sh in conf/ and review all of the agitator settings. The command below will start the agitator:

        ./bin/accumulo-testing agitator start

You can run this script as root and it will properly start processes as the user you configured in accumulo-testing-env.sh (AGTR_HDFS_USER for the data node and AGTR_ACCUMULO_USER for Accumulo processes). If you run it as yourself and the AGTR_HDFS_USER and AGTR_ACCUMULO_USER values are the same as your user, the agitator will not change users. In the case where you run the agitator as a non-privileged user which isn't the same as AGTR_HDFS_USER or AGTR_ACCUMULO_USER, the agitator will attempt to sudo to these users, which relies on correct configuration of sudo. Also, be sure that your AGTR_HDFS_USER has password-less ssh configured.

Run the command below stop the agitator:

        ./bin/accumulo-testing agitator stop

Performance Test

To run performance test a cluster-control.sh script is needed to assist with starting, stopping, wiping, and confguring an Accumulo instance. This script should define the following functions.

function get_version {
  case $1 in
      # TODO echo accumulo version
      # TODO echo hadoop version
      # TODO echo zookeeper version
      return 1

function start_cluster {
  # TODO start Hadoop and Zookeeper if needed

function setup_accumulo {
  # TODO kill any running Accumulo instance
  # TODO setup a fresh install of Accumulo w/o starting it

function get_config_file {
  local file_to_get=$1
  local dest_dir=$2
  # TODO copy $file_to_get from Accumulo conf dir to $dest_dir

function put_config_file {
  local config_file=$1
  # TODO copy $config_file to Accumulo conf dir

function put_server_code {
  local jar_file=$1
  # TODO add $jar_file to Accumulo's server side classpath.  Could put it in $ACCUMULO_HOME/lib/ext

function start_accumulo {
  # TODO start accumulo

function stop_cluster {
  # TODO kill Accumulo, Hadoop, and Zookeeper

An example script for Uno is provided. To use this doe the following and set UNO_HOME after copying.

cp conf/cluster-control.sh.uno conf/cluster-control.sh

After the cluster control script is setup, the following will run performance test and produce json result files.

./bin/performance-test run <output dir>

There are some utilities for working with the json result files, run the performance-test script with no options to see them.