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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
# or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file
# distributed with this work for additional information
# regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file
# to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
# "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
# with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
# software distributed under the License is distributed on an
# KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the
# specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
import os
import signal
from subprocess import Popen, STDOUT, PIPE
from tempfile import gettempdir, NamedTemporaryFile
from typing import Dict
from airflow.exceptions import AirflowException
from airflow.models import BaseOperator
from airflow.utils.decorators import apply_defaults
from airflow.utils.file import TemporaryDirectory
from airflow.utils.operator_helpers import context_to_airflow_vars
class BashOperator(BaseOperator):
Execute a Bash script, command or set of commands.
.. seealso::
For more information on how to use this operator, take a look at the guide:
If BaseOperator.do_xcom_push is True, the last line written to stdout
will also be pushed to an XCom when the bash command completes
:param bash_command: The command, set of commands or reference to a
bash script (must be '.sh') to be executed. (templated)
:type bash_command: str
:param env: If env is not None, it must be a mapping that defines the
environment variables for the new process; these are used instead
of inheriting the current process environment, which is the default
behavior. (templated)
:type env: dict
:param output_encoding: Output encoding of bash command
:type output_encoding: str
On execution of this operator the task will be up for retry
when exception is raised. However, if a sub-command exits with non-zero
value Airflow will not recognize it as failure unless the whole shell exits
with a failure. The easiest way of achieving this is to prefix the command
with ``set -e;``
.. code-block:: python
bash_command = "set -e; python3 '{{ next_execution_date }}'"
template_fields = ('bash_command', 'env')
template_ext = ('.sh', '.bash',)
ui_color = '#f0ede4'
def __init__(
bash_command: str,
env: Dict[str, str] = None,
output_encoding: str = 'utf-8',
*args, **kwargs) -> None:
super().__init__(*args, **kwargs)
self.bash_command = bash_command
self.env = env
self.output_encoding = output_encoding
if kwargs.get('xcom_push') is not None:
raise AirflowException("'xcom_push' was deprecated, use 'BaseOperator.do_xcom_push' instead")
def execute(self, context):
Execute the bash command in a temporary directory
which will be cleaned afterwards
"""'Tmp dir root location: \n %s', gettempdir())
# Prepare env for child process.
env = self.env
if env is None:
env = os.environ.copy()
airflow_context_vars = context_to_airflow_vars(context, in_env_var_format=True)'Exporting the following env vars:\n%s',
'\n'.join(["{}={}".format(k, v)
for k, v in
self.lineage_data = self.bash_command
with TemporaryDirectory(prefix='airflowtmp') as tmp_dir:
with NamedTemporaryFile(dir=tmp_dir, prefix=self.task_id) as tmp_file:
tmp_file.write(bytes(self.bash_command, 'utf_8'))
script_location = os.path.abspath('Temporary script location: %s', script_location)
def pre_exec():
# Restore default signal disposition and invoke setsid
for sig in ('SIGPIPE', 'SIGXFZ', 'SIGXFSZ'):
if hasattr(signal, sig):
signal.signal(getattr(signal, sig), signal.SIG_DFL)
os.setsid()'Running command: %s', self.bash_command)
sub_process = Popen(
self.sub_process = sub_process'Output:')
line = ''
for raw_line in iter(sub_process.stdout.readline, b''):
line = raw_line.decode(self.output_encoding).rstrip()
sub_process.wait()'Command exited with return code %s', sub_process.returncode)
if sub_process.returncode:
raise AirflowException('Bash command failed')
return line
def on_kill(self):'Sending SIGTERM signal to bash process group')
os.killpg(os.getpgid(, signal.SIGTERM)
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