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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#
# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
# or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file
# distributed with this work for additional information
# regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file
# to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
# "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
# with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
# software distributed under the License is distributed on an
# "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
# KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the
# specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
from collections import OrderedDict
from typing import Dict
import unicodecsv as csv
from tempfile import NamedTemporaryFile
import MySQLdb
from airflow.hooks.hive_hooks import HiveCliHook
from airflow.hooks.mysql_hook import MySqlHook
from airflow.models import BaseOperator
from airflow.utils.decorators import apply_defaults
class MySqlToHiveTransfer(BaseOperator):
"""
Moves data from MySql to Hive. The operator runs your query against
MySQL, stores the file locally before loading it into a Hive table.
If the ``create`` or ``recreate`` arguments are set to ``True``,
a ``CREATE TABLE`` and ``DROP TABLE`` statements are generated.
Hive data types are inferred from the cursor's metadata. Note that the
table generated in Hive uses ``STORED AS textfile``
which isn't the most efficient serialization format. If a
large amount of data is loaded and/or if the table gets
queried considerably, you may want to use this operator only to
stage the data into a temporary table before loading it into its
final destination using a ``HiveOperator``.
:param sql: SQL query to execute against the MySQL database. (templated)
:type sql: str
:param hive_table: target Hive table, use dot notation to target a
specific database. (templated)
:type hive_table: str
:param create: whether to create the table if it doesn't exist
:type create: bool
:param recreate: whether to drop and recreate the table at every
execution
:type recreate: bool
:param partition: target partition as a dict of partition columns
and values. (templated)
:type partition: dict
:param delimiter: field delimiter in the file
:type delimiter: str
:param quoting: controls when quotes should be generated by csv writer,
It can take on any of the csv.QUOTE_* constants.
:type quoting: str
:param quotechar: one-character string used to quote fields
containing special characters.
:type quotechar: str
:param escapechar: one-character string used by csv writer to escape
the delimiter or quotechar.
:type escapechar: str
:param mysql_conn_id: source mysql connection
:type mysql_conn_id: str
:param hive_conn_id: destination hive connection
:type hive_conn_id: str
:param tblproperties: TBLPROPERTIES of the hive table being created
:type tblproperties: dict
"""
template_fields = ('sql', 'partition', 'hive_table')
template_ext = ('.sql',)
ui_color = '#a0e08c'
@apply_defaults
def __init__(
self,
sql: str,
hive_table: str,
create: bool = True,
recreate: bool = False,
partition: Dict = None,
delimiter: str = chr(1),
quoting: str = None,
quotechar: str = '"',
escapechar: str = None,
mysql_conn_id: str = 'mysql_default',
hive_cli_conn_id: str = 'hive_cli_default',
tblproperties: Dict = None,
*args, **kwargs) -> None:
super().__init__(*args, **kwargs)
self.sql = sql
self.hive_table = hive_table
self.partition = partition
self.create = create
self.recreate = recreate
self.delimiter = str(delimiter)
self.quoting = quoting or csv.QUOTE_MINIMAL
self.quotechar = quotechar
self.escapechar = escapechar
self.mysql_conn_id = mysql_conn_id
self.hive_cli_conn_id = hive_cli_conn_id
self.partition = partition or {}
self.tblproperties = tblproperties
@classmethod
def type_map(cls, mysql_type):
t = MySQLdb.constants.FIELD_TYPE
d = {
t.BIT: 'INT',
t.DECIMAL: 'DOUBLE',
t.NEWDECIMAL: 'DOUBLE',
t.DOUBLE: 'DOUBLE',
t.FLOAT: 'DOUBLE',
t.INT24: 'INT',
t.LONG: 'BIGINT',
t.LONGLONG: 'DECIMAL(38,0)',
t.SHORT: 'INT',
t.TINY: 'SMALLINT',
t.YEAR: 'INT',
t.TIMESTAMP: 'TIMESTAMP',
}
return d[mysql_type] if mysql_type in d else 'STRING'
def execute(self, context):
hive = HiveCliHook(hive_cli_conn_id=self.hive_cli_conn_id)
mysql = MySqlHook(mysql_conn_id=self.mysql_conn_id)
self.log.info("Dumping MySQL query results to local file")
conn = mysql.get_conn()
cursor = conn.cursor()
cursor.execute(self.sql)
with NamedTemporaryFile("wb") as f:
csv_writer = csv.writer(f, delimiter=self.delimiter,
quoting=self.quoting,
quotechar=self.quotechar,
escapechar=self.escapechar,
encoding="utf-8")
field_dict = OrderedDict()
for field in cursor.description:
field_dict[field[0]] = self.type_map(field[1])
csv_writer.writerows(cursor)
f.flush()
cursor.close()
conn.close()
self.log.info("Loading file into Hive")
hive.load_file(
f.name,
self.hive_table,
field_dict=field_dict,
create=self.create,
partition=self.partition,
delimiter=self.delimiter,
recreate=self.recreate,
tblproperties=self.tblproperties)
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