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/**
* Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
* contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
* this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
* The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
* (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
* the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
package org.apache.camel.component.http4;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URI;
import java.net.URISyntaxException;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import org.apache.camel.CamelExchangeException;
import org.apache.camel.Exchange;
import org.apache.camel.Message;
import org.apache.camel.component.file.GenericFile;
import org.apache.camel.component.http4.helper.HttpMethodHelper;
import org.apache.camel.converter.stream.CachedOutputStream;
import org.apache.camel.http.common.HttpHelper;
import org.apache.camel.http.common.HttpOperationFailedException;
import org.apache.camel.http.common.HttpProtocolHeaderFilterStrategy;
import org.apache.camel.impl.DefaultProducer;
import org.apache.camel.spi.HeaderFilterStrategy;
import org.apache.camel.support.SynchronizationAdapter;
import org.apache.camel.util.ExchangeHelper;
import org.apache.camel.util.GZIPHelper;
import org.apache.camel.util.IOHelper;
import org.apache.camel.util.MessageHelper;
import org.apache.camel.util.ObjectHelper;
import org.apache.camel.util.URISupport;
import org.apache.http.Header;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.HttpVersion;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpEntityEnclosingRequestBase;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpRequestBase;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpUriRequest;
import org.apache.http.entity.ByteArrayEntity;
import org.apache.http.entity.ContentType;
import org.apache.http.entity.FileEntity;
import org.apache.http.entity.InputStreamEntity;
import org.apache.http.entity.StringEntity;
import org.apache.http.impl.auth.BasicScheme;
import org.apache.http.protocol.BasicHttpContext;
import org.apache.http.protocol.HttpContext;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
/**
* @version
*/
public class HttpProducer extends DefaultProducer {
private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(HttpProducer.class);
private HttpClient httpClient;
private HttpContext httpContext;
private boolean throwException;
private boolean transferException;
private HeaderFilterStrategy httpProtocolHeaderFilterStrategy = new HttpProtocolHeaderFilterStrategy();
public HttpProducer(HttpEndpoint endpoint) {
super(endpoint);
this.httpClient = endpoint.getHttpClient();
this.httpContext = endpoint.getHttpContext();
this.throwException = endpoint.isThrowExceptionOnFailure();
this.transferException = endpoint.isTransferException();
}
public void process(Exchange exchange) throws Exception {
if (getEndpoint().isClearExpiredCookies() && !getEndpoint().isBridgeEndpoint()) {
// create the cookies before the invocation
getEndpoint().getCookieStore().clearExpired(new Date());
}
// if we bridge endpoint then we need to skip matching headers with the HTTP_QUERY to avoid sending
// duplicated headers to the receiver, so use this skipRequestHeaders as the list of headers to skip
Map<String, Object> skipRequestHeaders = null;
if (getEndpoint().isBridgeEndpoint()) {
exchange.setProperty(Exchange.SKIP_GZIP_ENCODING, Boolean.TRUE);
String queryString = exchange.getIn().getHeader(Exchange.HTTP_QUERY, String.class);
if (queryString != null) {
skipRequestHeaders = URISupport.parseQuery(queryString, false, true);
}
}
HttpRequestBase httpRequest = createMethod(exchange);
Message in = exchange.getIn();
String httpProtocolVersion = in.getHeader(Exchange.HTTP_PROTOCOL_VERSION, String.class);
if (httpProtocolVersion != null) {
// set the HTTP protocol version
int[] version = HttpHelper.parserHttpVersion(httpProtocolVersion);
httpRequest.setProtocolVersion(new HttpVersion(version[0], version[1]));
}
HeaderFilterStrategy strategy = getEndpoint().getHeaderFilterStrategy();
// propagate headers as HTTP headers
for (Map.Entry<String, Object> entry : in.getHeaders().entrySet()) {
String key = entry.getKey();
Object headerValue = in.getHeader(key);
if (headerValue != null) {
// use an iterator as there can be multiple values. (must not use a delimiter, and allow empty values)
final Iterator<?> it = ObjectHelper.createIterator(headerValue, null, true);
// the value to add as request header
final List<String> values = new ArrayList<String>();
// if its a multi value then check each value if we can add it and for multi values they
// should be combined into a single value
while (it.hasNext()) {
String value = exchange.getContext().getTypeConverter().convertTo(String.class, it.next());
// we should not add headers for the parameters in the uri if we bridge the endpoint
// as then we would duplicate headers on both the endpoint uri, and in HTTP headers as well
if (skipRequestHeaders != null && skipRequestHeaders.containsKey(key)) {
continue;
}
if (value != null && strategy != null && !strategy.applyFilterToCamelHeaders(key, value, exchange)) {
values.add(value);
}
}
// add the value(s) as a http request header
if (values.size() > 0) {
// use the default toString of a ArrayList to create in the form [xxx, yyy]
// if multi valued, for a single value, then just output the value as is
String s = values.size() > 1 ? values.toString() : values.get(0);
httpRequest.addHeader(key, s);
}
}
}
//In reverse proxy applications it can be desirable for the downstream service to see the original Host header
//if this option is set, and the exchange Host header is not null, we will set it's current value on the httpRequest
if (getEndpoint().isPreserveHostHeader()) {
String hostHeader = exchange.getIn().getHeader("Host", String.class);
if (hostHeader != null) {
//HttpClient 4 will check to see if the Host header is present, and use it if it is, see org.apache.http.protocol.RequestTargetHost in httpcore
httpRequest.setHeader("Host", hostHeader);
}
}
// lets store the result in the output message.
HttpResponse httpResponse = null;
try {
if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
LOG.debug("Executing http {} method: {}", httpRequest.getMethod(), httpRequest.getURI().toString());
}
httpResponse = executeMethod(httpRequest);
int responseCode = httpResponse.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();
LOG.debug("Http responseCode: {}", responseCode);
if (!throwException) {
// if we do not use failed exception then populate response for all response codes
populateResponse(exchange, httpRequest, httpResponse, in, strategy, responseCode);
} else {
boolean ok = HttpHelper.isStatusCodeOk(responseCode, getEndpoint().getOkStatusCodeRange());
if (ok) {
// only populate response for OK response
populateResponse(exchange, httpRequest, httpResponse, in, strategy, responseCode);
} else {
// operation failed so populate exception to throw
throw populateHttpOperationFailedException(exchange, httpRequest, httpResponse, responseCode);
}
}
} finally {
final HttpResponse response = httpResponse;
if (httpResponse != null && getEndpoint().isDisableStreamCache()) {
// close the stream at the end of the exchange to ensure it gets eventually closed later
exchange.addOnCompletion(new SynchronizationAdapter() {
@Override
public void onDone(Exchange exchange) {
try {
EntityUtils.consume(response.getEntity());
} catch (Throwable e) {
// ignore
}
}
});
} else if (httpResponse != null) {
// close the stream now
try {
EntityUtils.consume(response.getEntity());
} catch (Throwable e) {
// ignore
}
}
}
}
@Override
public HttpEndpoint getEndpoint() {
return (HttpEndpoint) super.getEndpoint();
}
protected void populateResponse(Exchange exchange, HttpRequestBase httpRequest, HttpResponse httpResponse,
Message in, HeaderFilterStrategy strategy, int responseCode) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
// We just make the out message is not create when extractResponseBody throws exception
Object response = extractResponseBody(httpRequest, httpResponse, exchange, getEndpoint().isIgnoreResponseBody());
Message answer = exchange.getOut();
answer.setHeader(Exchange.HTTP_RESPONSE_CODE, responseCode);
if (httpResponse.getStatusLine() != null) {
answer.setHeader(Exchange.HTTP_RESPONSE_TEXT, httpResponse.getStatusLine().getReasonPhrase());
}
answer.setBody(response);
// propagate HTTP response headers
Header[] headers = httpResponse.getAllHeaders();
for (Header header : headers) {
String name = header.getName();
String value = header.getValue();
if (name.toLowerCase().equals("content-type")) {
name = Exchange.CONTENT_TYPE;
exchange.setProperty(Exchange.CHARSET_NAME, IOHelper.getCharsetNameFromContentType(value));
}
// use http helper to extract parameter value as it may contain multiple values
Object extracted = HttpHelper.extractHttpParameterValue(value);
if (strategy != null && !strategy.applyFilterToExternalHeaders(name, extracted, exchange)) {
HttpHelper.appendHeader(answer.getHeaders(), name, extracted);
}
}
// endpoint might be configured to copy headers from in to out
// to avoid overriding existing headers with old values just
// filter the http protocol headers
if (getEndpoint().isCopyHeaders()) {
MessageHelper.copyHeaders(exchange.getIn(), answer, httpProtocolHeaderFilterStrategy, false);
}
}
protected Exception populateHttpOperationFailedException(Exchange exchange, HttpRequestBase httpRequest, HttpResponse httpResponse, int responseCode) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
Exception answer;
String uri = httpRequest.getURI().toString();
String statusText = httpResponse.getStatusLine() != null ? httpResponse.getStatusLine().getReasonPhrase() : null;
Map<String, String> headers = extractResponseHeaders(httpResponse.getAllHeaders());
Object responseBody = extractResponseBody(httpRequest, httpResponse, exchange, getEndpoint().isIgnoreResponseBody());
if (transferException && responseBody != null && responseBody instanceof Exception) {
// if the response was a serialized exception then use that
return (Exception) responseBody;
}
// make a defensive copy of the response body in the exception so its detached from the cache
String copy = null;
if (responseBody != null) {
copy = exchange.getContext().getTypeConverter().convertTo(String.class, exchange, responseBody);
}
Header locationHeader = httpResponse.getFirstHeader("location");
if (locationHeader != null && (responseCode >= 300 && responseCode < 400)) {
answer = new HttpOperationFailedException(uri, responseCode, statusText, locationHeader.getValue(), headers, copy);
} else {
answer = new HttpOperationFailedException(uri, responseCode, statusText, null, headers, copy);
}
return answer;
}
/**
* Strategy when executing the method (calling the remote server).
*
* @param httpRequest the http Request to execute
* @return the response
* @throws IOException can be thrown
*/
protected HttpResponse executeMethod(HttpUriRequest httpRequest) throws IOException {
HttpContext localContext = new BasicHttpContext();
if (getEndpoint().isAuthenticationPreemptive()) {
BasicScheme basicAuth = new BasicScheme();
localContext.setAttribute("preemptive-auth", basicAuth);
}
if (httpContext != null) {
localContext = new BasicHttpContext(httpContext);
}
return httpClient.execute(httpRequest, localContext);
}
/**
* Extracts the response headers
*
* @param responseHeaders the headers
* @return the extracted headers or <tt>null</tt> if no headers existed
*/
protected static Map<String, String> extractResponseHeaders(Header[] responseHeaders) {
if (responseHeaders == null || responseHeaders.length == 0) {
return null;
}
Map<String, String> answer = new HashMap<String, String>();
for (Header header : responseHeaders) {
answer.put(header.getName(), header.getValue());
}
return answer;
}
/**
* Extracts the response from the method as a InputStream.
*/
protected Object extractResponseBody(HttpRequestBase httpRequest, HttpResponse httpResponse, Exchange exchange, boolean ignoreResponseBody) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
HttpEntity entity = httpResponse.getEntity();
if (entity == null) {
return null;
}
InputStream is = entity.getContent();
if (is == null) {
return null;
}
Header header = httpResponse.getFirstHeader(Exchange.CONTENT_ENCODING);
String contentEncoding = header != null ? header.getValue() : null;
if (!exchange.getProperty(Exchange.SKIP_GZIP_ENCODING, Boolean.FALSE, Boolean.class)) {
is = GZIPHelper.uncompressGzip(contentEncoding, is);
}
// Honor the character encoding
String contentType = null;
header = httpResponse.getFirstHeader("content-type");
if (header != null) {
contentType = header.getValue();
// find the charset and set it to the Exchange
HttpHelper.setCharsetFromContentType(contentType, exchange);
}
// if content type is a serialized java object then de-serialize it back to a Java object
if (contentType != null && contentType.equals(HttpConstants.CONTENT_TYPE_JAVA_SERIALIZED_OBJECT)) {
// only deserialize java if allowed
if (getEndpoint().getComponent().isAllowJavaSerializedObject() || getEndpoint().isTransferException()) {
return HttpHelper.deserializeJavaObjectFromStream(is, exchange.getContext());
} else {
// empty response
return null;
}
} else {
if (!getEndpoint().isDisableStreamCache()) {
// wrap the response in a stream cache so its re-readable
InputStream response = null;
if (!ignoreResponseBody) {
response = doExtractResponseBodyAsStream(is, exchange);
}
return response;
} else {
// use the response stream as-is
return is;
}
}
}
private static InputStream doExtractResponseBodyAsStream(InputStream is, Exchange exchange) throws IOException {
// As httpclient is using a AutoCloseInputStream, it will be closed when the connection is closed
// we need to cache the stream for it.
CachedOutputStream cos = null;
try {
// This CachedOutputStream will not be closed when the exchange is onCompletion
cos = new CachedOutputStream(exchange, false);
IOHelper.copy(is, cos);
// When the InputStream is closed, the CachedOutputStream will be closed
return cos.getWrappedInputStream();
} catch (IOException ex) {
// try to close the CachedOutputStream when we get the IOException
try {
cos.close();
} catch (IOException ignore) {
//do nothing here
}
throw ex;
} finally {
IOHelper.close(is, "Extracting response body", LOG);
}
}
/**
* Creates the HttpMethod to use to call the remote server, either its GET or POST.
*
* @param exchange the exchange
* @return the created method as either GET or POST
* @throws URISyntaxException is thrown if the URI is invalid
* @throws Exception is thrown if error creating RequestEntity
*/
protected HttpRequestBase createMethod(Exchange exchange) throws Exception {
// creating the url to use takes 2-steps
String url = HttpHelper.createURL(exchange, getEndpoint());
URI uri = HttpHelper.createURI(exchange, url, getEndpoint());
// get the url from the uri
url = uri.toASCIIString();
// execute any custom url rewrite
String rewriteUrl = HttpHelper.urlRewrite(exchange, url, getEndpoint(), this);
if (rewriteUrl != null) {
// update url and query string from the rewritten url
url = rewriteUrl;
uri = new URI(url);
}
// create http holder objects for the request
HttpEntity requestEntity = createRequestEntity(exchange);
HttpMethods methodToUse = HttpMethodHelper.createMethod(exchange, getEndpoint(), requestEntity != null);
HttpRequestBase method = methodToUse.createMethod(url);
LOG.trace("Using URL: {} with method: {}", url, method);
if (methodToUse.isEntityEnclosing()) {
((HttpEntityEnclosingRequestBase) method).setEntity(requestEntity);
if (requestEntity != null && requestEntity.getContentType() == null) {
LOG.debug("No Content-Type provided for URL: {} with exchange: {}", url, exchange);
}
}
// there must be a host on the method
if (method.getURI().getScheme() == null || method.getURI().getHost() == null) {
throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid uri: " + uri
+ ". If you are forwarding/bridging http endpoints, then enable the bridgeEndpoint option on the endpoint: " + getEndpoint());
}
return method;
}
/**
* Creates a holder object for the data to send to the remote server.
*
* @param exchange the exchange with the IN message with data to send
* @return the data holder
* @throws CamelExchangeException is thrown if error creating RequestEntity
*/
protected HttpEntity createRequestEntity(Exchange exchange) throws CamelExchangeException {
Message in = exchange.getIn();
if (in.getBody() == null) {
return null;
}
HttpEntity answer = in.getBody(HttpEntity.class);
if (answer == null) {
try {
Object data = in.getBody();
if (data != null) {
String contentTypeString = ExchangeHelper.getContentType(exchange);
ContentType contentType = null;
//Check the contentType is valid or not, If not it throws an exception.
//When ContentType.parse parse method parse "multipart/form-data;boundary=---------------------------j2radvtrk",
//it removes "boundary" from Content-Type; I have to use contentType.create method.
if (contentTypeString != null) {
// using ContentType.parser for charset
if (contentTypeString.indexOf("charset") > 0) {
contentType = ContentType.parse(contentTypeString);
} else {
contentType = ContentType.create(contentTypeString);
}
}
if (contentTypeString != null && HttpConstants.CONTENT_TYPE_JAVA_SERIALIZED_OBJECT.equals(contentTypeString)) {
if (!getEndpoint().getComponent().isAllowJavaSerializedObject()) {
throw new CamelExchangeException("Content-type " + org.apache.camel.http.common.HttpConstants.CONTENT_TYPE_JAVA_SERIALIZED_OBJECT + " is not allowed", exchange);
}
// serialized java object
Serializable obj = in.getMandatoryBody(Serializable.class);
// write object to output stream
ByteArrayOutputStream bos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
HttpHelper.writeObjectToStream(bos, obj);
ByteArrayEntity entity = new ByteArrayEntity(bos.toByteArray());
entity.setContentType(HttpConstants.CONTENT_TYPE_JAVA_SERIALIZED_OBJECT);
IOHelper.close(bos);
answer = entity;
} else if (data instanceof File || data instanceof GenericFile) {
// file based (could potentially also be a FTP file etc)
File file = in.getBody(File.class);
if (file != null) {
if (contentType != null) {
answer = new FileEntity(file, contentType);
} else {
answer = new FileEntity(file);
}
}
} else if (data instanceof String) {
// be a bit careful with String as any type can most likely be converted to String
// so we only do an instanceof check and accept String if the body is really a String
// do not fallback to use the default charset as it can influence the request
// (for example application/x-www-form-urlencoded forms being sent)
String charset = IOHelper.getCharsetName(exchange, false);
if (charset == null && contentType != null) {
// okay try to get the charset from the content-type
Charset cs = contentType.getCharset();
if (cs != null) {
charset = cs.name();
}
}
StringEntity entity = new StringEntity((String) data, charset);
if (contentType != null) {
entity.setContentType(contentType.toString());
}
answer = entity;
}
// fallback as input stream
if (answer == null) {
// force the body as an input stream since this is the fallback
InputStream is = in.getMandatoryBody(InputStream.class);
String length = in.getHeader(Exchange.CONTENT_LENGTH, String.class);
InputStreamEntity entity = null;
if (ObjectHelper.isEmpty(length)) {
entity = new InputStreamEntity(is, -1);
} else {
entity = new InputStreamEntity(is, Long.parseLong(length));
}
if (contentType != null) {
entity.setContentType(contentType.toString());
}
answer = entity;
}
}
} catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
throw new CamelExchangeException("Error creating RequestEntity from message body", exchange, e);
} catch (IOException e) {
throw new CamelExchangeException("Error serializing message body", exchange, e);
}
}
return answer;
}
public HttpClient getHttpClient() {
return httpClient;
}
public void setHttpClient(HttpClient httpClient) {
this.httpClient = httpClient;
}
}
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