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# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
# or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file
# distributed with this work for additional information
# regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file
# to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
# "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
# with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
calculate_heap_sizes()
{
case "`uname`" in
Linux)
system_memory_in_mb=`free -m | awk '/Mem:/ {print $2}'`
system_cpu_cores=`egrep -c 'processor([[:space:]]+):.*' /proc/cpuinfo`
;;
FreeBSD)
system_memory_in_bytes=`sysctl hw.physmem | awk '{print $2}'`
system_memory_in_mb=`expr $system_memory_in_bytes / 1024 / 1024`
system_cpu_cores=`sysctl hw.ncpu | awk '{print $2}'`
;;
SunOS)
system_memory_in_mb=`prtconf | awk '/Memory size:/ {print $3}'`
system_cpu_cores=`psrinfo | wc -l`
;;
*)
# assume reasonable defaults for e.g. a modern desktop or
# cheap server
system_memory_in_mb="2048"
system_cpu_cores="2"
;;
esac
# some systems like the raspberry pi don't report cores, use at least 1
if [ "$system_cpu_cores" -lt "1" ]
then
system_cpu_cores="1"
fi
# set max heap size based on the following
# max(min(1/2 ram, 1024MB), min(1/4 ram, 8GB))
# calculate 1/2 ram and cap to 1024MB
# calculate 1/4 ram and cap to 8192MB
# pick the max
half_system_memory_in_mb=`expr $system_memory_in_mb / 2`
quarter_system_memory_in_mb=`expr $half_system_memory_in_mb / 2`
if [ "$half_system_memory_in_mb" -gt "1024" ]
then
half_system_memory_in_mb="1024"
fi
if [ "$quarter_system_memory_in_mb" -gt "8192" ]
then
quarter_system_memory_in_mb="8192"
fi
if [ "$half_system_memory_in_mb" -gt "$quarter_system_memory_in_mb" ]
then
max_heap_size_in_mb="$half_system_memory_in_mb"
else
max_heap_size_in_mb="$quarter_system_memory_in_mb"
fi
MAX_HEAP_SIZE="${max_heap_size_in_mb}M"
# Young gen: min(max_sensible_per_modern_cpu_core * num_cores, 1/4 * heap size)
max_sensible_yg_per_core_in_mb="100"
max_sensible_yg_in_mb=`expr $max_sensible_yg_per_core_in_mb "*" $system_cpu_cores`
desired_yg_in_mb=`expr $max_heap_size_in_mb / 4`
if [ "$desired_yg_in_mb" -gt "$max_sensible_yg_in_mb" ]
then
HEAP_NEWSIZE="${max_sensible_yg_in_mb}M"
else
HEAP_NEWSIZE="${desired_yg_in_mb}M"
fi
}
# Determine the sort of JVM we'll be running on.
java_ver_output=`"${JAVA:-java}" -version 2>&1`
jvmver=`echo "$java_ver_output" | awk -F'"' 'NR==1 {print $2}'`
JVM_VERSION=${jvmver%_*}
JVM_PATCH_VERSION=${jvmver#*_}
jvm=`echo "$java_ver_output" | awk 'NR==2 {print $1}'`
case "$jvm" in
OpenJDK)
JVM_VENDOR=OpenJDK
# this will be "64-Bit" or "32-Bit"
JVM_ARCH=`echo "$java_ver_output" | awk 'NR==3 {print $2}'`
;;
"Java(TM)")
JVM_VENDOR=Oracle
# this will be "64-Bit" or "32-Bit"
JVM_ARCH=`echo "$java_ver_output" | awk 'NR==3 {print $3}'`
;;
*)
# Help fill in other JVM values
JVM_VENDOR=other
JVM_ARCH=unknown
;;
esac
# Override these to set the amount of memory to allocate to the JVM at
# start-up. For production use you may wish to adjust this for your
# environment. MAX_HEAP_SIZE is the total amount of memory dedicated
# to the Java heap; HEAP_NEWSIZE refers to the size of the young
# generation. Both MAX_HEAP_SIZE and HEAP_NEWSIZE should be either set
# or not (if you set one, set the other).
#
# The main trade-off for the young generation is that the larger it
# is, the longer GC pause times will be. The shorter it is, the more
# expensive GC will be (usually).
#
# The example HEAP_NEWSIZE assumes a modern 8-core+ machine for decent pause
# times. If in doubt, and if you do not particularly want to tweak, go with
# 100 MB per physical CPU core.
#MAX_HEAP_SIZE="4G"
#HEAP_NEWSIZE="800M"
if [ "x$MAX_HEAP_SIZE" = "x" ] && [ "x$HEAP_NEWSIZE" = "x" ]; then
calculate_heap_sizes
else
if [ "x$MAX_HEAP_SIZE" = "x" ] || [ "x$HEAP_NEWSIZE" = "x" ]; then
echo "please set or unset MAX_HEAP_SIZE and HEAP_NEWSIZE in pairs (see cassandra-env.sh)"
exit 1
fi
fi
# Specifies the default port over which Cassandra will be available for
# JMX connections.
JMX_PORT="7199"
# Here we create the arguments that will get passed to the jvm when
# starting cassandra.
# enable assertions. disabling this in production will give a modest
# performance benefit (around 5%).
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -ea"
# add the jamm javaagent
if [ "$JVM_VENDOR" != "OpenJDK" -o "$JVM_VERSION" \> "1.6.0" ] \
|| [ "$JVM_VERSION" = "1.6.0" -a "$JVM_PATCH_VERSION" -ge 23 ]
then
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -javaagent:$CASSANDRA_HOME/lib/jamm-0.2.5.jar"
fi
# enable thread priorities, primarily so we can give periodic tasks
# a lower priority to avoid interfering with client workload
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:+UseThreadPriorities"
# allows lowering thread priority without being root. see
# http://tech.stolsvik.com/2010/01/linux-java-thread-priorities-workaround.html
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:ThreadPriorityPolicy=42"
# min and max heap sizes should be set to the same value to avoid
# stop-the-world GC pauses during resize, and so that we can lock the
# heap in memory on startup to prevent any of it from being swapped
# out.
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Xms${MAX_HEAP_SIZE}"
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Xmx${MAX_HEAP_SIZE}"
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Xmn${HEAP_NEWSIZE}"
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError"
# set jvm HeapDumpPath with CASSANDRA_HEAPDUMP_DIR
if [ "x$CASSANDRA_HEAPDUMP_DIR" != "x" ]; then
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:HeapDumpPath=$CASSANDRA_HEAPDUMP_DIR/cassandra-`date +%s`-pid$$.hprof"
fi
startswith() { [ "${1#$2}" != "$1" ]; }
if [ "`uname`" = "Linux" ] ; then
# reduce the per-thread stack size to minimize the impact of Thrift
# thread-per-client. (Best practice is for client connections to
# be pooled anyway.) Only do so on Linux where it is known to be
# supported.
# u34 and greater need 180k
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Xss180k"
fi
echo "xss = $JVM_OPTS"
# GC tuning options
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:+UseParNewGC"
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC"
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:+CMSParallelRemarkEnabled"
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:SurvivorRatio=8"
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:MaxTenuringThreshold=1"
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:CMSInitiatingOccupancyFraction=75"
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:+UseCMSInitiatingOccupancyOnly"
# GC logging options -- uncomment to enable
# JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:+PrintGCDetails"
# JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:+PrintGCDateStamps"
# JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:+PrintHeapAtGC"
# JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:+PrintTenuringDistribution"
# JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:+PrintGCApplicationStoppedTime"
# JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:+PrintPromotionFailure"
# JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -XX:PrintFLSStatistics=1"
# JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Xloggc:/var/log/cassandra/gc-`date +%s`.log"
# uncomment to have Cassandra JVM listen for remote debuggers/profilers on port 1414
# JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Xdebug -Xnoagent -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,server=y,suspend=n,address=1414"
# Prefer binding to IPv4 network intefaces (when net.ipv6.bindv6only=1). See
# http://bugs.sun.com/bugdatabase/view_bug.do?bug_id=6342561 (short version:
# comment out this entry to enable IPv6 support).
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true"
# jmx: metrics and administration interface
#
# add this if you're having trouble connecting:
# JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Djava.rmi.server.hostname=<public name>"
#
# see
# https://blogs.oracle.com/jmxetc/entry/troubleshooting_connection_problems_in_jconsole
# for more on configuring JMX through firewalls, etc. (Short version:
# get it working with no firewall first.)
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.port=$JMX_PORT"
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.ssl=false"
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.authenticate=false"
JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS $JVM_EXTRA_OPTS"
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