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aliyun-oss
Aliyun OSS

Alibaba Cloud is the 3rd largest cloud infrastructure provider in the world. It provides its own storage solution known as OSS, Object Storage Service. This document describes how to use OSS as Druid deep storage.

Installation

Use the pull-deps tool shipped with Druid to install the aliyun-oss-extensions extension, as described here on middle manager and historical nodes.

java -classpath "{YOUR_DRUID_DIR}/lib/*" org.apache.druid.cli.Main tools pull-deps -c org.apache.druid.extensions.contrib:aliyun-oss-extensions:{YOUR_DRUID_VERSION}

Enabling

After installation, add this aliyun-oss-extensions extension to druid.extensions.loadList in common.runtime.properties and then restart middle manager and historical nodes.

Configuration

First add the following OSS configurations to common.runtime.properties

Property Description Required
druid.oss.accessKey The AccessKey ID of the account to be used to access the OSS bucket yes
druid.oss.secretKey The AccessKey Secret of the account to be used to access the OSS bucket yes
druid.oss.endpoint The endpoint URL of your OSS storage.
If your Druid cluster is also hosted in the same region on Alibaba Cloud as the region of your OSS bucket, it's recommended to use the internal network endpoint url, so that any inbound and outbound traffic to the OSS bucket is free of charge.
yes

To use OSS as deep storage, add the following configurations:

Property Description Required
druid.storage.type Global deep storage provider. Must be set to oss to make use of this extension. yes
druid.storage.oss.bucket Storage bucket name. yes
druid.storage.oss.prefix Folder where segments will be published to. druid/segments is recommended. No

If OSS is used as deep storage for segment files, it's also recommended saving index logs in the OSS too. To do this, add following configurations:

Property Description Required
druid.indexer.logs.type Global deep storage provider. Must be set to oss to make use of this extension. yes
druid.indexer.logs.oss.bucket The bucket used to keep logs. It could be the same as druid.storage.oss.bucket yes
druid.indexer.logs.oss.prefix Folder where log files will be published to. druid/logs is recommended. no

Reading data from OSS

Currently, Web Console does not support ingestion from OSS, but it could be done by submitting an ingestion task with OSS's input source configuration.

Below shows the configurations of OSS's input source.

OSS Input Source

property description Required
type This should be oss. yes
uris JSON array of URIs where OSS objects to be ingested are located.
For example, oss://{your_bucket}/{source_file_path}
uris or prefixes or objects must be set
prefixes JSON array of URI prefixes for the locations of OSS objects to be ingested. Empty objects starting with one of the given prefixes will be skipped. uris or prefixes or objects must be set
objects JSON array of OSS Objects to be ingested. uris or prefixes or objects must be set
properties Properties Object for overriding the default OSS configuration. See below for more information. no (defaults will be used if not given)

OSS Object

Property Description Default Required
bucket Name of the OSS bucket None yes
path The path where data is located. None yes

Properties Object

Property Description Default Required
accessKey The Password Provider or plain text string of this OSS InputSource's access key None yes
secretKey The Password Provider or plain text string of this OSS InputSource's secret key None yes
endpoint The endpoint of this OSS InputSource None no

Reading from a file

Say that the file rollup-data.json, which can be found under Druid's quickstart/tutorial directory, has been uploaded to a folder druid in your OSS bucket, the bucket for which your Druid is configured. In this case, the uris property of the OSS's input source can be used for reading, as shown:

{
  "type" : "index_parallel",
  "spec" : {
    "dataSchema" : {
      "dataSource" : "rollup-tutorial-from-oss",
      "timestampSpec": {
        "column": "timestamp",
        "format": "iso"
      },
      "dimensionsSpec" : {
        "dimensions" : [
          "srcIP",
          "dstIP"
        ]
      },
      "metricsSpec" : [
        { "type" : "count", "name" : "count" },
        { "type" : "longSum", "name" : "packets", "fieldName" : "packets" },
        { "type" : "longSum", "name" : "bytes", "fieldName" : "bytes" }
      ],
      "granularitySpec" : {
        "type" : "uniform",
        "segmentGranularity" : "week",
        "queryGranularity" : "minute",
        "intervals" : ["2018-01-01/2018-01-03"],
        "rollup" : true
      }
    },
    "ioConfig" : {
      "type" : "index_parallel",
      "inputSource" : {
        "type" : "oss",
        "uris" : [
          "oss://{YOUR_BUCKET_NAME}/druid/rollup-data.json"
        ]
      },
      "inputFormat" : {
        "type" : "json"
      },
      "appendToExisting" : false
    },
    "tuningConfig" : {
      "type" : "index_parallel",
      "maxRowsPerSegment" : 5000000,
      "maxRowsInMemory" : 25000
    }
  }
}

By posting the above ingestion task spec to http://{YOUR_ROUTER_IP}:8888/druid/indexer/v1/task, an ingestion task will be created by the indexing service to ingest.

Reading files in folders

If we want to read files in a same folder, we could use the prefixes property to specify the folder name where Druid could find input files instead of specifying file URIs one by one.

...
    "ioConfig" : {
      "type" : "index_parallel",
      "inputSource" : {
        "type" : "oss",
        "prefixes" : [
          "oss://{YOUR_BUCKET_NAME}/2020", "oss://{YOUR_BUCKET_NAME}/2021"
        ]
      },
      "inputFormat" : {
        "type" : "json"
      },
      "appendToExisting" : false
    }
...

The spec above tells the ingestion task to read all files under 2020 and 2021 folders.

Reading from other buckets

If you want to read from files in buckets which are different from the bucket Druid is configured, use objects property of OSS's InputSource for task submission as below:

...
    "ioConfig" : {
      "type" : "index_parallel",
      "inputSource" : {
        "type" : "oss",
        "objects" : [
          {"bucket": "YOUR_BUCKET_NAME", "path": "druid/rollup-data.json"}
        ]
      },
      "inputFormat" : {
        "type" : "json"
      },
      "appendToExisting" : false
    }
...

Reading with customized accessKey

If the default druid.oss.accessKey is not able to access a bucket, properties could be used to customize these secret information as below:

...
    "ioConfig" : {
      "type" : "index_parallel",
      "inputSource" : {
        "type" : "oss",
        "objects" : [
          {"bucket": "YOUR_BUCKET_NAME", "path": "druid/rollup-data.json"}
        ],
        "properties": {
          "endpoint": "YOUR_ENDPOINT_OF_BUCKET",
          "accessKey": "YOUR_ACCESS_KEY",
          "secretKey": "YOUR_SECRET_KEY"
        }
      },
      "inputFormat" : {
        "type" : "json"
      },
      "appendToExisting" : false
    }
...

This properties could be applied to any of uris, objects, prefixes property above.

Troubleshooting

When using OSS as deep storage or reading from OSS, the most problems that users will encounter are related to OSS permission. Please refer to the official OSS permission troubleshooting document to find a solution.