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/* Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
* contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
* this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
* The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
* (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
* the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
/**
* @file util_filter.h
* @brief Apache filter library
*/
#ifndef AP_FILTER_H
#define AP_FILTER_H
#include "apr.h"
#include "apr_buckets.h"
#include "httpd.h"
#if APR_HAVE_STDARG_H
#include <stdarg.h>
#endif
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif
/**
* @brief input filtering modes
*/
typedef enum {
/** The filter should return at most readbytes data. */
AP_MODE_READBYTES,
/** The filter should return at most one line of CRLF data.
* (If a potential line is too long or no CRLF is found, the
* filter may return partial data).
*/
AP_MODE_GETLINE,
/** The filter should implicitly eat any CRLF pairs that it sees. */
AP_MODE_EATCRLF,
/** The filter read should be treated as speculative and any returned
* data should be stored for later retrieval in another mode. */
AP_MODE_SPECULATIVE,
/** The filter read should be exhaustive and read until it can not
* read any more.
* Use this mode with extreme caution.
*/
AP_MODE_EXHAUSTIVE,
/** The filter should initialize the connection if needed,
* NNTP or FTP over SSL for example.
*/
AP_MODE_INIT
} ap_input_mode_t;
/**
* @defgroup APACHE_CORE_FILTER Filter Chain
* @ingroup APACHE_CORE
*
* Filters operate using a "chaining" mechanism. The filters are chained
* together into a sequence. When output is generated, it is passed through
* each of the filters on this chain, until it reaches the end (or "bottom")
* and is placed onto the network.
*
* The top of the chain, the code generating the output, is typically called
* a "content generator." The content generator's output is fed into the
* filter chain using the standard Apache output mechanisms: ap_rputs(),
* ap_rprintf(), ap_rwrite(), etc.
*
* Each filter is defined by a callback. This callback takes the output from
* the previous filter (or the content generator if there is no previous
* filter), operates on it, and passes the result to the next filter in the
* chain. This pass-off is performed using the ap_fc_* functions, such as
* ap_fc_puts(), ap_fc_printf(), ap_fc_write(), etc.
*
* When content generation is complete, the system will pass an "end of
* stream" marker into the filter chain. The filters will use this to flush
* out any internal state and to detect incomplete syntax (for example, an
* unterminated SSI directive).
*
* @{
*/
/* forward declare the filter type */
typedef struct ap_filter_t ap_filter_t;
/**
* @name Filter callbacks
*
* This function type is used for filter callbacks. It will be passed a
* pointer to "this" filter, and a "bucket brigade" containing the content
* to be filtered.
*
* In filter->ctx, the callback will find its context. This context is
* provided here, so that a filter may be installed multiple times, each
* receiving its own per-install context pointer.
*
* Callbacks are associated with a filter definition, which is specified
* by name. See ap_register_input_filter() and ap_register_output_filter()
* for setting the association between a name for a filter and its
* associated callback (and other information).
*
* If the initialization function argument passed to the registration
* functions is non-NULL, it will be called iff the filter is in the input
* or output filter chains and before any data is generated to allow the
* filter to prepare for processing.
*
* The bucket brigade always belongs to the caller, but the filter
* is free to use the buckets within it as it sees fit. Normally,
* the brigade will be returned empty. Buckets *may not* be retained
* between successive calls to the filter unless they have been
* "set aside" with a call apr_bucket_setaside. Typically this will
* be done with ap_save_brigade(). Buckets removed from the brigade
* become the responsibility of the filter, which must arrange for
* them to be deleted, either by doing so directly or by inserting
* them in a brigade which will subsequently be destroyed.
*
* For the input and output filters, the return value of a filter should be
* an APR status value. For the init function, the return value should
* be an HTTP error code or OK if it was successful.
*
* @ingroup filter
* @{
*/
typedef apr_status_t (*ap_out_filter_func)(ap_filter_t *f,
apr_bucket_brigade *b);
typedef apr_status_t (*ap_in_filter_func)(ap_filter_t *f,
apr_bucket_brigade *b,
ap_input_mode_t mode,
apr_read_type_e block,
apr_off_t readbytes);
typedef int (*ap_init_filter_func)(ap_filter_t *f);
typedef union ap_filter_func {
ap_out_filter_func out_func;
ap_in_filter_func in_func;
} ap_filter_func;
/** @} */
/**
* Filters have different types/classifications. These are used to group
* and sort the filters to properly sequence their operation.
*
* The types have a particular sort order, which allows us to insert them
* into the filter chain in a determistic order. Within a particular grouping,
* the ordering is equivalent to the order of calls to ap_add_*_filter().
*/
typedef enum {
/** These filters are used to alter the content that is passed through
* them. Examples are SSI or PHP. */
AP_FTYPE_RESOURCE = 10,
/** These filters are used to alter the content as a whole, but after all
* AP_FTYPE_RESOURCE filters are executed. These filters should not
* change the content-type. An example is deflate. */
AP_FTYPE_CONTENT_SET = 20,
/** These filters are used to handle the protocol between server and
* client. Examples are HTTP and POP. */
AP_FTYPE_PROTOCOL = 30,
/** These filters implement transport encodings (e.g., chunking). */
AP_FTYPE_TRANSCODE = 40,
/** These filters will alter the content, but in ways that are
* more strongly associated with the connection. Examples are
* splitting an HTTP connection into multiple requests and
* buffering HTTP responses across multiple requests.
*
* It is important to note that these types of filters are not
* allowed in a sub-request. A sub-request's output can certainly
* be filtered by ::AP_FTYPE_RESOURCE filters, but all of the "final
* processing" is determined by the main request. */
AP_FTYPE_CONNECTION = 50,
/** These filters don't alter the content. They are responsible for
* sending/receiving data to/from the client. */
AP_FTYPE_NETWORK = 60
} ap_filter_type;
/**
* This is the request-time context structure for an installed filter (in
* the output filter chain). It provides the callback to use for filtering,
* the request this filter is associated with (which is important when
* an output chain also includes sub-request filters), the context for this
* installed filter, and the filter ordering/chaining fields.
*
* Filter callbacks are free to use ->ctx as they please, to store context
* during the filter process. Generally, this is superior over associating
* the state directly with the request. A callback should not change any of
* the other fields.
*/
typedef struct ap_filter_rec_t ap_filter_rec_t;
typedef struct ap_filter_provider_t ap_filter_provider_t;
/**
* @brief This structure is used for recording information about the
* registered filters. It associates a name with the filter's callback
* and filter type.
*
* At the moment, these are simply linked in a chain, so a ->next pointer
* is available.
*
* It is used for any filter that can be inserted in the filter chain.
* This may be either a httpd-2.0 filter or a mod_filter harness.
* In the latter case it contains dispatch, provider and protocol information.
* In the former case, the new fields (from dispatch) are ignored.
*/
struct ap_filter_rec_t {
/** The registered name for this filter */
const char *name;
/** The function to call when this filter is invoked. */
ap_filter_func filter_func;
/** The function to call directly before the handlers are invoked
* for a request. The init function is called once directly
* before running the handlers for a request or subrequest. The
* init function is never called for a connection filter (with
* ftype >= AP_FTYPE_CONNECTION). Any use of this function for
* filters for protocols other than HTTP is specified by the
* module supported that protocol.
*/
ap_init_filter_func filter_init_func;
/** The next filter_rec in the list */
struct ap_filter_rec_t *next;
/** Providers for this filter */
ap_filter_provider_t *providers;
/** The type of filter, either AP_FTYPE_CONTENT or AP_FTYPE_CONNECTION.
* An AP_FTYPE_CONTENT filter modifies the data based on information
* found in the content. An AP_FTYPE_CONNECTION filter modifies the
* data based on the type of connection.
*/
ap_filter_type ftype;
/** Trace level for this filter */
int debug;
/** Protocol flags for this filter */
unsigned int proto_flags;
};
/**
* @brief The representation of a filter chain.
*
* Each request has a list
* of these structures which are called in turn to filter the data. Sub
* requests get an exact copy of the main requests filter chain.
*/
struct ap_filter_t {
/** The internal representation of this filter. This includes
* the filter's name, type, and the actual function pointer.
*/
ap_filter_rec_t *frec;
/** A place to store any data associated with the current filter */
void *ctx;
/** The next filter in the chain */
ap_filter_t *next;
/** The request_rec associated with the current filter. If a sub-request
* adds filters, then the sub-request is the request associated with the
* filter.
*/
request_rec *r;
/** The conn_rec associated with the current filter. This is analogous
* to the request_rec, except that it is used for connection filters.
*/
conn_rec *c;
};
/**
* Get the current bucket brigade from the next filter on the filter
* stack. The filter returns an apr_status_t value. If the bottom-most
* filter doesn't read from the network, then ::AP_NOBODY_READ is returned.
* The bucket brigade will be empty when there is nothing left to get.
* @param filter The next filter in the chain
* @param bucket The current bucket brigade. The original brigade passed
* to ap_get_brigade() must be empty.
* @param mode The way in which the data should be read
* @param block How the operations should be performed
* ::APR_BLOCK_READ, ::APR_NONBLOCK_READ
* @param readbytes How many bytes to read from the next filter.
*/
AP_DECLARE(apr_status_t) ap_get_brigade(ap_filter_t *filter,
apr_bucket_brigade *bucket,
ap_input_mode_t mode,
apr_read_type_e block,
apr_off_t readbytes);
/**
* Pass the current bucket brigade down to the next filter on the filter
* stack. The filter returns an apr_status_t value. If the bottom-most
* filter doesn't write to the network, then ::AP_NOBODY_WROTE is returned.
* @param filter The next filter in the chain
* @param bucket The current bucket brigade
*
* @remark Ownership of the brigade is retained by the caller. On return,
* the contents of the brigade are UNDEFINED, and the caller must
* either call apr_brigade_cleanup or apr_brigade_destroy on
* the brigade.
*/
AP_DECLARE(apr_status_t) ap_pass_brigade(ap_filter_t *filter,
apr_bucket_brigade *bucket);
/**
* Pass the current bucket brigade down to the next filter on the filter
* stack checking for filter errors. The filter returns an apr_status_t value.
* Returns ::OK if the brigade is successfully passed
* ::AP_FILTER_ERROR on a filter error
* ::HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR on all other errors
* @param r The request rec
* @param bucket The current bucket brigade
* @param fmt The format string. If NULL defaults to "ap_pass_brigade returned"
* @param ... The arguments to use to fill out the format string
* @remark Ownership of the brigade is retained by the caller. On return,
* the contents of the brigade are UNDEFINED, and the caller must
* either call apr_brigade_cleanup or apr_brigade_destroy on
* the brigade.
*/
AP_DECLARE(apr_status_t) ap_pass_brigade_fchk(request_rec *r,
apr_bucket_brigade *bucket,
const char *fmt,
...);
/**
* This function is used to register an input filter with the system.
* After this registration is performed, then a filter may be added
* into the filter chain by using ap_add_input_filter() and simply
* specifying the name.
*
* @param name The name to attach to the filter function
* @param filter_func The filter function to name
* @param filter_init The function to call before the filter handlers
are invoked
* @param ftype The type of filter function, either ::AP_FTYPE_CONTENT_SET or
* ::AP_FTYPE_CONNECTION
* @see add_input_filter()
*/
AP_DECLARE(ap_filter_rec_t *) ap_register_input_filter(const char *name,
ap_in_filter_func filter_func,
ap_init_filter_func filter_init,
ap_filter_type ftype);
/** @deprecated @see ap_register_output_filter_protocol */
AP_DECLARE(ap_filter_rec_t *) ap_register_output_filter(const char *name,
ap_out_filter_func filter_func,
ap_init_filter_func filter_init,
ap_filter_type ftype);
/* For httpd-?.? I suggest replacing the above with
#define ap_register_output_filter(name,ffunc,init,ftype) \
ap_register_output_filter_protocol(name,ffunc,init,ftype,0)
*/
/**
* This function is used to register an output filter with the system.
* After this registration is performed, then a filter may be added
* directly to the filter chain by using ap_add_output_filter() and
* simply specifying the name, or as a provider under mod_filter.
*
* @param name The name to attach to the filter function
* @param filter_func The filter function to name
* @param filter_init The function to call before the filter handlers
* are invoked
* @param ftype The type of filter function, either ::AP_FTYPE_CONTENT_SET or
* ::AP_FTYPE_CONNECTION
* @param proto_flags Protocol flags: logical OR of AP_FILTER_PROTO_* bits
* @return the filter rec
* @see ap_add_output_filter()
*/
AP_DECLARE(ap_filter_rec_t *) ap_register_output_filter_protocol(
const char *name,
ap_out_filter_func filter_func,
ap_init_filter_func filter_init,
ap_filter_type ftype,
unsigned int proto_flags);
/**
* Adds a named filter into the filter chain on the specified request record.
* The filter will be installed with the specified context pointer.
*
* Filters added in this way will always be placed at the end of the filters
* that have the same type (thus, the filters have the same order as the
* calls to ap_add_filter). If the current filter chain contains filters
* from another request, then this filter will be added before those other
* filters.
*
* To re-iterate that last comment. This function is building a FIFO
* list of filters. Take note of that when adding your filter to the chain.
*
* @param name The name of the filter to add
* @param ctx Context data to provide to the filter
* @param r The request to add this filter for (or NULL if it isn't associated with a request)
* @param c The connection to add the fillter for
*/
AP_DECLARE(ap_filter_t *) ap_add_input_filter(const char *name, void *ctx,
request_rec *r, conn_rec *c);
/**
* Variant of ap_add_input_filter() that accepts a registered filter handle
* (as returned by ap_register_input_filter()) rather than a filter name
*
* @param f The filter handle to add
* @param ctx Context data to provide to the filter
* @param r The request to add this filter for (or NULL if it isn't associated with a request)
* @param c The connection to add the fillter for
*/
AP_DECLARE(ap_filter_t *) ap_add_input_filter_handle(ap_filter_rec_t *f,
void *ctx,
request_rec *r,
conn_rec *c);
/**
* Returns the filter handle for use with ap_add_input_filter_handle.
*
* @param name The filter name to look up
*/
AP_DECLARE(ap_filter_rec_t *) ap_get_input_filter_handle(const char *name);
/**
* Add a filter to the current request. Filters are added in a FIFO manner.
* The first filter added will be the first filter called.
* @param name The name of the filter to add
* @param ctx Context data to set in the filter
* @param r The request to add this filter for (or NULL if it isn't associated with a request)
* @param c The connection to add this filter for
* @note If adding a connection-level output filter (i.e. where the type
* is >= AP_FTYPE_CONNECTION) during processing of a request, the request
* object r must be passed in to ensure the filter chains are modified
* correctly. f->r will still be initialized as NULL in the new filter.
*/
AP_DECLARE(ap_filter_t *) ap_add_output_filter(const char *name, void *ctx,
request_rec *r, conn_rec *c);
/**
* Variant of ap_add_output_filter() that accepts a registered filter handle
* (as returned by ap_register_output_filter()) rather than a filter name
*
* @param f The filter handle to add
* @param ctx Context data to set in the filter
* @param r The request to add this filter for (or NULL if it isn't associated with a request)
* @param c The connection to add the filter for
* @note If adding a connection-level output filter (i.e. where the type
* is >= AP_FTYPE_CONNECTION) during processing of a request, the request
* object r must be passed in to ensure the filter chains are modified
* correctly. f->r will still be initialized as NULL in the new filter.
*/
AP_DECLARE(ap_filter_t *) ap_add_output_filter_handle(ap_filter_rec_t *f,
void *ctx,
request_rec *r,
conn_rec *c);
/**
* Returns the filter handle for use with ap_add_output_filter_handle.
*
* @param name The filter name to look up
*/
AP_DECLARE(ap_filter_rec_t *) ap_get_output_filter_handle(const char *name);
/**
* Remove an input filter from either the request or connection stack
* it is associated with.
* @param f The filter to remove
*/
AP_DECLARE(void) ap_remove_input_filter(ap_filter_t *f);
/**
* Remove an output filter from either the request or connection stack
* it is associated with.
* @param f The filter to remove
*/
AP_DECLARE(void) ap_remove_output_filter(ap_filter_t *f);
/* The next two filters are for abstraction purposes only. They could be
* done away with, but that would require that we break modules if we ever
* want to change our filter registration method. The basic idea, is that
* all filters have a place to store data, the ctx pointer. These functions
* fill out that pointer with a bucket brigade, and retrieve that data on
* the next call. The nice thing about these functions, is that they
* automatically concatenate the bucket brigades together for you. This means
* that if you have already stored a brigade in the filters ctx pointer, then
* when you add more it will be tacked onto the end of that brigade. When
* you retrieve data, if you pass in a bucket brigade to the get function,
* it will append the current brigade onto the one that you are retrieving.
*/
/**
* prepare a bucket brigade to be setaside. If a different brigade was
* set-aside earlier, then the two brigades are concatenated together.
* @param f The current filter
* @param save_to The brigade that was previously set-aside. Regardless, the
* new bucket brigade is returned in this location.
* @param b The bucket brigade to save aside. This brigade is always empty
* on return
* @param p Ensure that all data in the brigade lives as long as this pool
*/
AP_DECLARE(apr_status_t) ap_save_brigade(ap_filter_t *f,
apr_bucket_brigade **save_to,
apr_bucket_brigade **b, apr_pool_t *p);
/**
* Flush function for apr_brigade_* calls. This calls ap_pass_brigade
* to flush the brigade if the brigade buffer overflows.
* @param bb The brigade to flush
* @param ctx The filter to pass the brigade to
* @note this function has nothing to do with FLUSH buckets. It is simply
* a way to flush content out of a brigade and down a filter stack.
*/
AP_DECLARE_NONSTD(apr_status_t) ap_filter_flush(apr_bucket_brigade *bb,
void *ctx);
/**
* Flush the current brigade down the filter stack.
* @param f The filter we are passing to
* @param bb The brigade to flush
*/
AP_DECLARE(apr_status_t) ap_fflush(ap_filter_t *f, apr_bucket_brigade *bb);
/**
* Write a buffer for the current filter, buffering if possible.
* @param f the filter we are writing to
* @param bb The brigade to buffer into
* @param data The data to write
* @param nbyte The number of bytes in the data
*/
#define ap_fwrite(f, bb, data, nbyte) \
apr_brigade_write(bb, ap_filter_flush, f, data, nbyte)
/**
* Write a buffer for the current filter, buffering if possible.
* @param f the filter we are writing to
* @param bb The brigade to buffer into
* @param str The string to write
*/
#define ap_fputs(f, bb, str) \
apr_brigade_puts(bb, ap_filter_flush, f, str)
/**
* Write a character for the current filter, buffering if possible.
* @param f the filter we are writing to
* @param bb The brigade to buffer into
* @param c The character to write
*/
#define ap_fputc(f, bb, c) \
apr_brigade_putc(bb, ap_filter_flush, f, c)
/**
* Write an unspecified number of strings to the current filter
* @param f the filter we are writing to
* @param bb The brigade to buffer into
* @param ... The strings to write
*/
AP_DECLARE_NONSTD(apr_status_t) ap_fputstrs(ap_filter_t *f,
apr_bucket_brigade *bb,
...)
AP_FN_ATTR_SENTINEL;
/**
* Output data to the filter in printf format
* @param f the filter we are writing to
* @param bb The brigade to buffer into
* @param fmt The format string
* @param ... The arguments to use to fill out the format string
*/
AP_DECLARE_NONSTD(apr_status_t) ap_fprintf(ap_filter_t *f,
apr_bucket_brigade *bb,
const char *fmt,
...)
__attribute__((format(printf,3,4)));
/**
* set protocol requirements for an output content filter
* (only works with AP_FTYPE_RESOURCE and AP_FTYPE_CONTENT_SET)
* @param f the filter in question
* @param proto_flags Logical OR of AP_FILTER_PROTO_* bits
*/
AP_DECLARE(void) ap_filter_protocol(ap_filter_t* f, unsigned int proto_flags);
/** Filter changes contents (so invalidating checksums/etc) */
#define AP_FILTER_PROTO_CHANGE 0x1
/** Filter changes length of contents (so invalidating content-length/etc) */
#define AP_FILTER_PROTO_CHANGE_LENGTH 0x2
/** Filter requires complete input and can't work on byteranges */
#define AP_FILTER_PROTO_NO_BYTERANGE 0x4
/** Filter should not run in a proxy */
#define AP_FILTER_PROTO_NO_PROXY 0x8
/** Filter makes output non-cacheable */
#define AP_FILTER_PROTO_NO_CACHE 0x10
/** Filter is incompatible with "Cache-Control: no-transform" */
#define AP_FILTER_PROTO_TRANSFORM 0x20
/**
* @}
*/
#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif
#endif /* !AP_FILTER_H */
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