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README.md

Apache Spot (incubating) - User Interface

Provides tools for interactive visualization, noise filters, white listing, and attack heuristics.

Table of Contents

Intended Audience

This document is intended for front end developers who want to contribute to our user interface. To get the most benefit from this guide, you should already have an understanding of the following technologies:

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript
    • ReactJS + Flux
    • D3 library

Getting Started

Here you will find useful information to get you started on how to contribute to our User Interface (UI). For more information on how to use "Apache Spot - User Interface" (Spot UI) please read our User Guide

Technical Documentation

Our UI is built on top of Flux application architecture principles, having an understanding of this pattern is highly recommended, for more information about Flux, please go to Flux web page.

ReactJS + Flux

This architecture allows for modular code that is also scalable and easy to maintain. We have chosen ReactJS to build our UI and on top of that we adopted the Flux pattern as a complement. This allows contributors to get on board quickly as they will find lots of information on the internet.

For more information about ReactJS and Flux, please go to:

From now on we assume you are familiar with ReactJS+Flux applications.

For every path found on this document, "SPOT" refers to the path where Spot UI is installed and "PIPELINE" the pipeline subfolder you want to work on.

Development/Debugging process

  1. Install Spot UI. Follow this guide.
  2. Run Spot UI. Follow this guide.
    1. Set SPOT_DEV env var to 1 to enable GraphiQL UI and run ipython in debug mode.
  3. Start watching for code changes
    1. $ cd SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/
    2. Watch one of the following modules
      1. Suspicous: $ npm run watch-suspicious
      2. Threat Investigation: $ npm run watch-threat_investigation
      3. Storyboard: $ npm run watch-story_board
      4. Ingest Summary: $ npm run watch-ingest-summary for netflow.
  4. Start making code changes

Building modules

At SPOT/ui/ you can:

  • Build all modules: npm run build-all
  • Build Netflow module: npm run build-flow
  • Build DNS module: npm run build-dns
  • Build Proxy module: npm run build-proxy

The build process will create the following files:

  • Suspicious: SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/js/suspicious.bundle.min.js
  • Threat Investigation: SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/js/threat-investigation.bundle.min.js
  • Storyboard: SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/js/storyboard.bundle.min.js
  • Ingest Summary: SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/js/ingest-summary.bundle.min.js for netflow

Each pipeline has the following sections:

  1. Suspicious
  2. Threat Investigation
  3. Storyboard

As an extra, netflow pipeline has:

  1. Ingest Summary

Suspicious

Shows Suspicious data, reads output files from OA.

HTML file:

  • SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/suspicious.html

JavaScript file:

  • SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/js/suspicious.js

JavaScript bundle minified file:

  • SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/js/suspicious.bundle.min.js

Threat Investigation

Tools to manage high risk threats.

HTML file:

  • SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/threat-investigation.html

JavaScript file:

  • SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/js/threat-investigation.js

JavaScript bundle minified file:

  • SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/js/threat-investigation.bundle.min.js

Storyboard

Displays extra information for high risk threats.

HTML file:

  • SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/storyboard.html

JavaScript file:

  • SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/js/storyboard.js

JavaScript bundle minified file:

  • SPOT/ui/PIPELINE/js/storyboard.bundle.min.js

Ingest Summary

Displays statistical information of any ingested data.

HTML file:

  • SPOT/ui/flow/ingest-summary.html

JavaScript file:

  • SPOT/ui/flow/js/ingest-summary.js

JavaScript bundle minified file:

  • SPOT/ui/flow/js/ingest-summary.bundle.min.js

App directory structure

Our code follows the recommendation for ReactJS+Flux applications, the project structure looks like this:

  • For PIPELINE specific directory structure, please go here.
App Actions
Spot actions

SPOT/ui/js/actions/SpotActions.js

Actions that are used through the application

  • UPDATE_DATE

    Broadcasts the new selected date

  • EXPAND_PANEL

    Request a "panel" to "expand" to full-screen mode

  • RESTORE_PANEL

    Request expanded "panel" to "restore" to normal mode

  • TOGGLE_MODE_PANEL

    Request a "panel" to switch to a new "mode"

Suspicious actions

SPOT/ui/js/actions/EdInActions.js

Suspicious related actions

  • UPDATE_FILTER

    Broadcasts the new filter being applied

  • RELOAD_SUSPICIOUS

    Request to reload suspicious data

  • RELOAD_DETAILS

    Request to reload details data

  • RELOAD_DETAILS_VISUAL

    Request to reload visual details data

  • HIGHLIGHT_THREAT

    Request to highlight a threat

  • UNHIGHLIGHT_THREAT

    Request to stop highlighting a threat

  • SELECT_THREAT

    Broadcasts the threat being selected

  • SELECT_SRC_IP

    Broadcasts the IP being selected

Storyboard actions

SPOT/ui/js/actions/StoryboardActions.js

Defines actions that belong to storyboard section

  • RELOAD_COMMENTS

    Request to reload comments data

  • SELECT_COMMENT

    Broadcasts the comment being selected

App Components
SPOT/ui/js/components/ChartMixin.react.js

This mixin takes care of deciding when a chart must be built and/or drawn. A component using this mixin must provide two methods:

  • buildChart()

    Runs any initialization code. Gets called when no errors where found, and component has loaded new data.

  • draw()

    Here is were the chart gets drawn. Gets called when no error where found, and data is available.

It must be used along with ContentLoaderMixin.react.js as it does not defines a render method.

In order to decide when to build and draw a chart, it will look for special properties on the component's state, state.error, state.loading, state.data.

SPOT/ui/js/components/ContentLoaderMixin.react.js

Deals with showing and hiding a loading spinner. A component using this mixing must provide a method:

  • renderContent()

    Renders the actual component's content

In order to render the loading spinner, this mixin checks the content of state.loading property. If state.error is present, it will be rendered instead of calling renderContent().

SPOT/ui/js/components/DateInput.react.js

A component that allows user to pick a date. After selecting the date this component will trigger an UPDATE_DATE action from SpotActions.

SPOT/ui/js/components/DendrogramMixin.react.js

This mixin takes care of the creation of dendrogram charts, more specific components should be created in order to gather data to feed this mixing.

While executing the render function, this component will look for this.state.root which should be an object like:

{
  name: 'Node Label',
  children: [
              ...
  ]
}

Each node element in the "children" list has the same structure.

Note:

"children" property could be empty or omitted.

SPOT/ui/js/components/DetailsPanelMixin.react.js

Extends GridPanelMixin.react.js and defines common functionality for those details grid panels from suspicious, such as an empty message and attaches change event listener to a store. Final components should only worry about providing custom cell render functions. For more information on custom render functions, go here.

SPOT/ui/js/components/ExecutiveThreatBriefingPanel.react.js

Renders a list of available comments added using our threat investigation section. As soon as user selects a comment it will trigger a SELECT_COMMENT action from StoryBoardActions at the same as a summary is shown for selected comment. Listen for change events from CommentsStore.

SPOT/ui/js/components/GridPanelMixin.react.js

A helper component which renders a table. It allows for customization on final components.

While executing the render function, this component looks for:

  • this.state.data

    An array of objects to be rendered as rows in the table body.

  • this.state.error

    A custom error message to display.

  • this.state.headers

    An object holding human readable labels for table headers.

  • this.state.loading

    When true, mixin will display a loading indicator.

  • this.state.selectedRows

    A list of data elements that should have extra CSS class to show a selected state.

A custom render function can be defined for individual cells. A render function must follow this naming convention:

...
_render_{CELL_NAME}_cell : function () {
    ...
}
...

If no custom cell render is provided, a default function will be used to render the cell value as plain text.

Each table row support the following events:

  • onClick

    Subscribe to this element by adding a _onClickRow function to the final component.

  • onMouseEnter

    Subscribe to this element by adding a _onMouseEnterRow function to the final component.

  • onMouseLeave

    Subscribe to this element by adding a _onMouseLeaveRow function to the final component.

SPOT/ui/js/components/IPythonNotebookPanel.react.js

Helper component that makes it easy to render an IPython Notebook.

It listen for date changes on and uses that date to build the PATH to a ipynb file.

Properties:

  • title: Used as an ID to listen for TOGGLE_MODE_PANEL actions
  • date: The initial date
  • ipynb: The ipynb file to be rendered
SPOT/ui/js/components/Panel.react.js

A component to wrap content and deal with general panel events.

Properties:

  • title: Panel's title.
  • reloadable: true when panel can be reloaded, false otherwise.
  • onReload: Callback to execute when user clicks the reload button.
  • expandable: true when panel can be expanded/restored, false otherwise.
  • toggleable: true when panel can toggle between modes, false otherwise.

Listen for SpotStore events:

  • EXPAND_PANEL

    Makes panel expand and take over available space on screen by hiding extra panels.

  • RESTORE_PANEL

    Restores panel and makes every panel visible.

  • TOGGLE_MODE_PANEL

    Make panel toggle switch to a new mode.

SPOT/ui/js/components/PanelRow.react.js

A panel container that allows expand/restore feature to work properly. Listens for EXPAND_PANEL/RESTORE_PANEL events on child panels and reacts in the same way, either expanding or restoring.

SPOT/ui/js/components/PolloNetworkViewMixin.react.js

This mixin takes care of the creation of force directed graph charts, more specific components should be created in order to gather data to feed this mixing.

This component will look for this.state.data which should be an object like:

{
  maxNodes,
  nodes: [
      { ... },
      ...
  ],
  links: [
      { ... }
  ]
}

Each node element must look like:

{
    id: "UNIQUE_NODE_ID",
    label: "NODE_LABEL",
    internalIp: true,
    hits: 121
}

internalIp field is used internal to render this node as a diamond, true, or circle, false.

hits counts the number of times this node is referenced on raw data. It serves as a input to calculate the size of the node.

SPOT/ui/js/components/SuspiciousGridMixin.react.js

Defines common functionality for a Suspicious grid panels, such as an empty message, attaches change event listener to a store, popover events and events to highlight rows when mouse over a row. Final components should only worry about providing custom cell render functions. For more information on custom render functions, go here.

Also, provides a _renderRepCell helper to make it easy to render reputation information.

Extends GridPanelMixin and provides event handlers for:

  • onMouseClick

    Uses SpotActions. Starts SELECT_THREAT action, loads threat details by starting RELOAD_DETAILS action.

  • onMouseEnter

    Starts HIGHLIGHT_THREAT on SpotActions.

  • onMouseLeave

    Starts UNHIGHLIGHT_THREAT on SpotActions.

SPOT/ui/js/components/TimelineMixin.react.js

This mixin takes care of the creation of timeline charts, more specific components should be created in order to gather data to feed this mixing.

While executing the render function, this component will look for this.state.root which should be an object like:

{
  name: 'Node Label',
  children: [
              ...
  ]
}

Each node element in the "children" list has the same structure.

Note:

"children" property could be empty or omitted.

App Constants
SPOT/ui/js/constants/SpotConstants.js

Defines constant values for action names, panel identifiers, panel modes, notebook source path, etc.

Actions

UPDATE_FILTER

UPDATE_DATE

EXPAND_PANEL

RESTORE_PANEL

TOGGLE_MODE_PANEL

DETAILS_MODE

VISUAL_DETAILS_MODE

RELOAD_SUSPICIOUS

RELOAD_DETAILS

RELOAD_VISUAL_DETAILS

HIGHLIGHT_THREAT

UNHIGHLIGHT_THREAT

SELECT_THREAT

SELECT_IP

RELOAD_COMMENTS

SELECT_COMMENT

Panel Identifiers

SUSPICIOUS_PANEL

NETVIEW_PANEL

NOTEBOOK_PANEL

DETAILS_PANEL

COMMENTS_PANEL

INCIDENT_PANEL

IMPACT_ANALYSIS_PANEL

GLOBE_VIEW_PANEL

TIMELINE_PANEL

Misc

MAX_SUSPICIOUS_ROWS

NOTEBOOKS_PATH

App Dispatchers
SPOT/ui/js/dispatchers/SpotDispatcher.js

As per Flux architecture, Spot defines its own action dispatcher.

App Stores

_SPOT/ui/js/stores/

SPOT/ui/js/stores/SpotStores.js

Provides methods to emit, listen and stop listening for following actions:

  • UPDATE_DATE
  • EXPAND_PANEL
  • RESTORE_PANEL
  • TOGGLE_MODE_PANEL
SPOT/ui/js/stores/JsonStore.js

This store makes it easy to retrieve JSON data from server.

The internal state for this store will look like:

{
    loading: false,
    data: ... // Whatever we got from server
}

When loading is true, store is waiting for the server's response. If any error is send by remote server, the store will look for that error code in its errorMessages object and a friendly message will be stored under error.

errorMessages: {}

A final Store could define custom error messages for different response status code by adding properties to this object. When no custom error is found, a default one would be used.

setFilter(name, value)

Every filter set would be used to replace placeholders on the endpoint, ie say we have a filter named "foo" with a value of "bar" and an endpoint like "/some/path/${foo}", when the time comes, a request to the server will be made to "/some/path/bar".

resetData()

Clear every filter and data.

setData()

Replaces any stored data and broadcast that change.

getData()

Retrieves data.

addChangeEventListener(callback)

Attaches a listener for data changes.

removeChangeEventListener(callback)

Detaches listener.

reload()

Makes proper filter replacements to endpoint and request data from server.

SPOT/ui/js/stores/RestStore.js

This store makes it easy to retrieve data delimited files from server. A quick note, the name RestStore comes from a former version.

The internal state for a store can be retrieved by calling the getData method and it looks like:

{
  loading: false,
  headers: {
    header1: "Label for header 1",
    ...
    headerN: "Label for header N"
  },
  data: [
    {
      header1: "Value for header1",
      ...,
      headerN: "Value for headerN"
    }
  ],
  error: undefined
}

When loading is true, store is waiting for the server's response. If any error is send by remote server, the store will look for that error code in its errorMessages object and a friendly message will be stored under error.

By default this mixin works with comma separated files (CSV), however a special property called _parser is available to set a custom parser. A parser must pass the d3's csv parser duck test.

errorMessages: {}

A final Store could define custom error messages for different response status code by adding properties to this object. When no custom error is found, a default one would be used.

headers: {}

Custom headers could be defined by adding properties to this object.

_parser

A D3 DSV like parser.

setFilter(name, value)

Every filter set would be used to replace placeholders on the endpoint, ie say we have a filter named "foo" with a value of "bar" and an endpoint like "/some/path/${foo}", when the time comes, a request to the server will be made to "/some/path/bar".

resetData()

Clear every filter and data.

setData()

Replaces any stored data and broadcast that change.

getData()

Retrieves data.

addChangeEventListener(callback)

Attaches a listener for data changes.

removeChangeEventListener(callback)

Detaches listener.

reload()

Makes proper filter replacements to endpoint and request data from server. _parser is used to parse the server's response.

SPOT/ui/js/stores/SpotStore.js

Stores global data

Provides methods to emit, listen and stop listening for following actions:

  • UPDATE_DATE
  • EXPAND_PANEL
  • RESTORE_PANEL
  • TOGGLE_MODE_PANEL
App Utils
SPOT/ui/js/utils/CategoryLauout.js

A layout to build D3 charts that positions nodes on a canvas. Nodes belonging to the same category are placed together.

DateUtils.js

Date related utilities.

calcDate(date, delta, unit)

Returns a new date object. The result is calculated by adding/subtracting "delta" "unit's" (days, months, years) to the original date.

formatDate(date)

Returns the first 10 digits of a date in an ISO format.

parseDate(dateStr)

Creates a date object from a string that looks like "1985-01-12".

SPOT/ui/js/utils/SpotUtils.js

IP_V4_REGEX : RegExp

To test if something is an IP v4.

CSS_RISK_CLASSES : Object

A mapper between a risk number a CSS class.

{'3': 'danger', '2': 'warning', '1': 'info', '0': 'default', '-1': 'default'}

getCurrentDate()

Gets a date object based on the content of the URL, or current date if no date is present on URL.

getDateString()

Returns the first 10 digits of a date in an ISO format.

getCurentFilter()

Gets the content of the "filter" URL parameter.

getUrlParam(name)

Get the value of the "name" URL parameter.

setUrlParam(name, value)

Sets/Updates the "name" URL parameter.

parseReputation(rawReps)

Creates an object holding reputation data from a string that looks like:

"GTI:High:3::REP_SERVICE1:MyRep:1:CAT1|GROUP1;CAT2|GROUP2; ... ;CATN|GROUPN:: ... ::REP_SERVICEN:REP_STRN:-1"

The object looks like:

{
    "GTI": {
        "text": "High",
        "value": 3,
        "cssClass": 'danger',
        "categories": null
    },
    "REP_SERVICE1": {
        "text": "MyRep",
        "value": 1,
        "cssClass": "info",
        "categories": [
            {
                "name": "CAT1",
                "group" "GROUP1"
            },
            {
                "name": "CAT2",
                "group" "GROUP2"
            },
            ...
            {
                "name": "CATN",
                "group" "GROUPN"
            }
        ]
    },

    ...,

    "REP_SERVICEN": {
        "text": "REP_STRN",
        "value": -1
    },
}

CSS class names came from SpotUtils.CSS_RISK_CLASSES.

getHighestReputation(reps)

Gets the highest reputation value from a structure like the one returned by SpotUtils.parseReputation.

Pipeline directory structure

Actions
Netflow Actions
SPOT/ui/flow/js/actions/InSumActions.js
  • RELOAD_INGEST_SUMMARY

    Request to reload ingest summary data

Components
Netflow Components

SPOT/ui/js/flow/components/

Suspicious
Storyboard
  • IncidentProgressionPanel.react.js

  • Impact AnalysisPanel.react.js

  • GlobeViewPanel.react.js

  • TimelinePanel.react.js

    See TimelineMixin.react.js

Ingest Summary
  • IngestSummaryPanel.react.js
DNS Components

SPOT/ui/js/dns/components/

Suspicious
Storyboard
Proxy Components

_SPOT/ui/js/proxy/components/

Suspicious
Storyboard
Stores
Netflow Stores

SPOT/ui/js/flow/stores/

Suspicious
  • SpotStore.js

  • SuspiciousStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_FILTER
    • UPDATE_DATE
    • RELOAD_SUSPICIOUS
    • HIGHLIGHT_THREAT
    • UNHIGHLIGHT_THREAT
    • SELECT_THREAT
  • DetailsStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_DATE
    • SELECT_THREAT
    • RELOAD_SUSPICIOUS
    • RELOAD_DETAILS
  • ChrodsDiagramStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_DATE
    • SELECT_IP
    • RELOAD_DETAILS_VISUAL
Storyboard
  • SpotStore.js

  • CommentsStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_DATE
    • RELOAD_COMMENTS
  • IncidentProgressionStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_DATE
    • SELECT_COMMENT
  • ImpactAnalysisStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_DATE
    • SELECT_COMMENT
  • GlobeViewStore.js

    Extends JsonStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_DATE
    • SELECT_COMMENT
  • TimelineStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

Actions > - UPDATE_DATE > - SELECT_COMMENT

Ingest Summary
Notebook

spot-oa/ui/flow/js/stores/NotebookStore.js

spot-oa/ui/flow/js/components/ScoreNotebook.react.js

DNS Stores

SPOT/ui/js/dns/stores/

Suspicious
  • SpotStore.js

  • SuspiciousStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_FILTER
    • UPDATE_DATE
    • RELOAD_SUSPICIOUS
    • HIGHLIGHT_THREAT
    • UNHIGHLIGHT_THREAT
    • SELECT_THREAT
  • DetailsStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_DATE
    • SELECT_THREAT
    • RELOAD_SUSPICIOUS
    • RELOAD_DETAILS
  • DendrogramStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_DATE
    • SELECT_IP
    • RELOAD_SUSPICIOUS
    • RELOAD_DETAILS_VISUAL
Storyboard

Actions > - UPDATE_DATE > - SELECT_COMMENT > - RELOAD_COMMENTS

Notebook

spot-oa/ui/dns/js/stores/NotebookStore.js

spot-oa/ui/dns/js/components/ScoreNotebook.react.js

Proxy Stores

SPOT/ui/js/proxy/

Suspicious
  • SpotStore.js

  • SuspiciousStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_FILTER
    • UPDATE_DATE
    • RELOAD_SUSPICIOUS
    • HIGHLIGHT_THREAT
    • UNHIGHLIGHT_THREAT
    • SELECT_THREAT
  • DetailsStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_DATE
    • SELECT_THREAT
    • RELOAD_SUSPICIOUS
    • RELOAD_DETAILS
Storyboard
  • SpotStore.js

  • CommentsStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_DATE
    • RELOAD_COMMENTS
  • TimelineStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_DATE
    • SELECT_COMMENT
  • IncidentProgressionStore.js

    Extends RestStore.js

    Actions

    • UPDATE_DATE
    • SELECT_COMMENT
    • RELOAD_COMMENTS
Notebook

spot-oa/ui/proxy/js/stores/NotebookStore.js

spot-oa/ui/proxy/js/components/ScoreNotebook.react.js