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Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file
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to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
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Troubleshooting
---------------
General Troubleshooting Process
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The following steps should be followed to troubleshoot any failure that you
encounter while running Sqoop.
- Turn on verbose output by executing the same command again and specifying
the +\--verbose+ option. This produces more debug output on the console
which can be inspected to identify any obvious errors.
- Look at the task logs from Hadoop to see if there are any specific failures
recorded there. It is possible that the failure that occurs while task
execution is not relayed correctly to the console.
- Make sure that the necessary input files or input/output tables are present
and can be accessed by the user that Sqoop is executing as or connecting to
the database as. It is possible that the necessary files or tables are present
but the specific user that Sqoop connects as does not have the necessary
permissions to access these files.
- If you are doing a compound action such as populating a Hive table or
partition, try breaking the job into two separate actions to see where the
problem really occurs. For example if an import that creates and populates a
Hive table is failing, you can break it down into two steps - first for doing
the import alone, and the second to create a Hive table without the import
using the +create-hive-table+ tool. While this does not address the original
use-case of populating the Hive table, it does help narrow down the problem
to either regular import or during the creation and population of Hive table.
- Search the mailing lists archives and JIRA for keywords relating to the
problem. It is possible that you may find a solution discussed there that
will help you solve or work-around your problem.
Specific Troubleshooting Tips
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Oracle: Connection Reset Errors
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Problem: When using the default Sqoop connector for Oracle, some data does
get transferred, but during the map-reduce job a lot of errors are reported
as below:
----
11/05/26 16:23:47 INFO mapred.JobClient: Task Id : attempt_201105261333_0002_m_000002_0, Status : FAILED
java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.sql.SQLRecoverableException: IO Error: Connection reset
at com.cloudera.sqoop.mapreduce.db.DBInputFormat.setConf(DBInputFormat.java:164)
at org.apache.hadoop.util.ReflectionUtils.setConf(ReflectionUtils.java:62)
at org.apache.hadoop.util.ReflectionUtils.newInstance(ReflectionUtils.java:117)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask.runNewMapper(MapTask.java:605)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask.run(MapTask.java:322)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.Child$4.run(Child.java:268)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at javax.security.auth.Subject.doAs(Subject.java:396)
at org.apache.hadoop.security.UserGroupInformation.doAs(UserGroupInformation.java:1115)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.Child.main(Child.java:262)
Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.sql.SQLRecoverableException: IO Error: Connection reset
at com.cloudera.sqoop.mapreduce.db.DBInputFormat.getConnection(DBInputFormat.java:190)
at com.cloudera.sqoop.mapreduce.db.DBInputFormat.setConf(DBInputFormat.java:159)
... 9 more
Caused by: java.sql.SQLRecoverableException: IO Error: Connection reset
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CConnection.logon(T4CConnection.java:428)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.PhysicalConnection.<init>(PhysicalConnection.java:536)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CConnection.<init>(T4CConnection.java:228)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CDriverExtension.getConnection(T4CDriverExtension.java:32)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver.connect(OracleDriver.java:521)
at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:582)
at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:185)
at com.cloudera.sqoop.mapreduce.db.DBConfiguration.getConnection(DBConfiguration.java:152)
at com.cloudera.sqoop.mapreduce.db.DBInputFormat.getConnection(DBInputFormat.java:184)
... 10 more
Caused by: java.net.SocketException: Connection reset
at java.net.SocketOutputStream.socketWrite(SocketOutputStream.java:96)
at java.net.SocketOutputStream.write(SocketOutputStream.java:136)
at oracle.net.ns.DataPacket.send(DataPacket.java:199)
at oracle.net.ns.NetOutputStream.flush(NetOutputStream.java:211)
at oracle.net.ns.NetInputStream.getNextPacket(NetInputStream.java:227)
at oracle.net.ns.NetInputStream.read(NetInputStream.java:175)
at oracle.net.ns.NetInputStream.read(NetInputStream.java:100)
at oracle.net.ns.NetInputStream.read(NetInputStream.java:85)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CSocketInputStreamWrapper.readNextPacket(T4CSocketInputStreamWrapper.java:123)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CSocketInputStreamWrapper.read(T4CSocketInputStreamWrapper.java:79)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CMAREngine.unmarshalUB1(T4CMAREngine.java:1122)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CMAREngine.unmarshalSB1(T4CMAREngine.java:1099)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIfun.receive(T4CTTIfun.java:288)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIfun.doRPC(T4CTTIfun.java:191)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoauthenticate.doOAUTH(T4CTTIoauthenticate.java:366)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoauthenticate.doOAUTH(T4CTTIoauthenticate.java:752)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CConnection.logon(T4CConnection.java:366)
... 18 more
----
Solution: This problem occurs primarily due to the lack of a fast random
number generation device on the host where the map tasks execute. On
typical Linux systems this can be addressed by setting the following
property in the +java.security+ file:
----
securerandom.source=file:/dev/../dev/urandom
----
The +java.security+ file can be found under +$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/security+
directory. Alternatively, this property can also be specified on the
command line via:
----
-D mapred.child.java.opts="-Djava.security.egd=file:/dev/../dev/urandom"
----
Please note that it's very important to specify this weird path +/dev/../dev/urandom+
as it is due to a Java bug
http://bugs.sun.com/bugdatabase/view_bug.do?bug_id=6202721[6202721],
or +/dev/urandom+ will be ignored and substituted by +/dev/random+.
Oracle: Case-Sensitive Catalog Query Errors
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Problem: While working with Oracle you may encounter problems when Sqoop can
not figure out column names. This happens because the catalog queries that
Sqoop uses for Oracle expect the correct case to be specified for the
user name and table name.
One example, using --hive-import and resulting in a NullPointerException:
----
1/09/21 17:18:49 INFO manager.OracleManager: Time zone has been set to
GMT
11/09/21 17:18:49 DEBUG manager.SqlManager: Using fetchSize for next
query: 1000
11/09/21 17:18:49 INFO manager.SqlManager: Executing SQL statement:
SELECT t.* FROM addlabel_pris t WHERE 1=0
11/09/21 17:18:49 DEBUG manager.OracleManager$ConnCache: Caching
released connection for jdbc:oracle:thin:
11/09/21 17:18:49 ERROR sqoop.Sqoop: Got exception running Sqoop:
java.lang.NullPointerException
java.lang.NullPointerException
at com.cloudera.sqoop.hive.TableDefWriter.getCreateTableStmt(TableDefWriter.java:148)
at com.cloudera.sqoop.hive.HiveImport.importTable(HiveImport.java:187)
at com.cloudera.sqoop.tool.ImportTool.importTable(ImportTool.java:362)
at com.cloudera.sqoop.tool.ImportTool.run(ImportTool.java:423)
at com.cloudera.sqoop.Sqoop.run(Sqoop.java:144)
at org.apache.hadoop.util.ToolRunner.run(ToolRunner.java:65)
at com.cloudera.sqoop.Sqoop.runSqoop(Sqoop.java:180)
at com.cloudera.sqoop.Sqoop.runTool(Sqoop.java:219)
at com.cloudera.sqoop.Sqoop.runTool(Sqoop.java:228)
at com.cloudera.sqoop.Sqoop.main(Sqoop.java:237)
----
.Solution:
. Specify the user name, which Sqoop is connecting as, in upper case (unless
it was created with mixed/lower case within quotes).
. Specify the table name, which you are working with, in upper case (unless
it was created with mixed/lower case within quotes).
MySQL: Connection Failure
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Problem: While importing a MySQL table into Sqoop, if you do not have
the necessary permissions to access your MySQL database over the network,
you may get the below connection failure.
----
Caused by: com.mysql.jdbc.exceptions.jdbc4.CommunicationsException: Communications link failure
----
Solution: First, verify that you can connect to the database from the node where
you are running Sqoop:
----
$ mysql --host=<IP Address> --database=test --user=<username> --password=<password>
----
If this works, it rules out any problem with the client network configuration
or security/authentication configuration.
Add the network port for the server to your my.cnf file +/etc/my.cnf+:
----
[mysqld]
port = xxxx
----
Set up a user account to connect via Sqoop.
Grant permissions to the user to access the database over the network:
(1.) Log into MySQL as root +mysql -u root -p<ThisIsMyPassword>+.
(2.) Issue the following command:
----
mysql> grant all privileges on test.* to 'testuser'@'%' identified by 'testpassword'
----
Note that doing this will enable the testuser to connect to the
MySQL server from any IP address. While this will work, it is not
advisable for a production environment. We advise consulting with your
DBA to grant the necessary privileges based on the setup topology.
If the database server's IP address changes, unless it is bound to
a static hostname in your server, the connect string passed into Sqoop
will also need to be changed.
Oracle: ORA-00933 error (SQL command not properly ended)
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Problem: While working with Oracle you may encounter the below problem
when the Sqoop command explicitly specifies the --driver
<driver name> option. When the driver option is included in
the Sqoop command, the built-in connection manager selection defaults to the
generic connection manager, which causes this issue with Oracle. If the
driver option is not specified, the built-in connection manager selection
mechanism selects the Oracle specific connection manager which generates
valid SQL for Oracle and uses the driver "oracle.jdbc.OracleDriver".
----
ERROR manager.SqlManager: Error executing statement:
java.sql.SQLSyntaxErrorException: ORA-00933: SQL command not properly ended
----
Solution: Omit the option --driver oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver and then
re-run the Sqoop command.
MySQL: Import of TINYINT(1) from MySQL behaves strangely
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Problem: Sqoop is treating TINYINT(1) columns as booleans, which is for example
causing issues with HIVE import. This is because by default the MySQL JDBC connector
maps the TINYINT(1) to java.sql.Types.BIT, which Sqoop by default maps to Boolean.
Solution: A more clean solution is to force MySQL JDBC Connector to stop
converting TINYINT(1) to java.sql.Types.BIT by adding +tinyInt1isBit=false+ into your
JDBC path (to create something like +jdbc:mysql://localhost/test?tinyInt1isBit=false+).
Another solution would be to explicitly override the column mapping for the datatype
TINYINT(1) column. For example, if the column name is foo, then pass the following
option to Sqoop during import: --map-column-hive foo=tinyint. In the case of non-Hive
imports to HDFS, use --map-column-java foo=integer.