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Allow your users to build custom forms on the fly on your Apostrophe site


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Apostrophe Forms

npm i apostrophe-forms


Enable the modules in your app.js file as with other modules:

// in app.js
modules: {
  // ...,
  'apostrophe-forms': {
    // Best practice: set to first or last so that inputs are nested in labels
    // and easier to style
    optionLabelPosition: 'last'
  'apostrophe-forms-widgets': {},
  // Enable only the field widgets that your application needs to make it
  // easier for application/website managers.
  'apostrophe-forms-text-field-widgets': {},
  'apostrophe-forms-textarea-field-widgets': {},
  'apostrophe-forms-file-field-widgets': {},
  'apostrophe-forms-select-field-widgets': {},
  'apostrophe-forms-radio-field-widgets': {},
  'apostrophe-forms-checkboxes-field-widgets': {},
  'apostrophe-forms-boolean-field-widgets': {},
  'apostrophe-forms-conditional-widgets': {},
  // END of field widgets
  'apostrophe-email': {
    // See the email tutorial for required configuration.
  'apostrophe-permissions': {
    construct: function(self, options) {
      // Required if you want file fields to work on public pages.
      self.addPublic([ 'edit-attachment' ]);

In the page, widget, or other template, add only the main widget module to the configuration in an area or singleton.


  {{ apos.area(, 'body', {
    widgets: {
      'apostrophe-forms': {}
  }) }}


By default, submissions are saved to a new MongoDB collection, aposFormSubmissions. If you do not want submissions saved to this collection, add the saveSubmissions: false option to the apostrophe-forms module.

Form submission triggers a 'submission' event that you can listen for and handle in an additional method if you choose. The callback for that event is provided the arguments, req, form, output, response where form is the form object, output is the data received, and response is an initially empty object to be sent back to the browser. Handlers may modify that object to return custom data to the browser. The default logic in the browser does not require any data in the response.

The module also emits browser events on submission (apostrophe-forms:submission-form) and submission failure (apostrophe-forms:submission-failed). On success the object passed to the apostrophe-forms:submission-form event handlers includes form and res properties. On failure the object passed to the apostrophe-forms:submission-failed event includes err, form and res properties. If reCAPTCHA is enabled (see [Using reCAPTCHA for user validation (#Using-reCAPTCHA-for-user-validation)), it emits an event on submission with an unchecked reCAPTCHA (apostrophe-forms:submissions-missing-recaptcha). All three events are attached to the document body element.


If apostrophe-email is configured, submissions can be sent to multiple email addresses as well. In the "After-Submission" tab, enter a comma-separated list of email addresses to the "Email Address(es) for Results" field. If not using this feature, set the emailSubmissions: false on the apostrophe-forms module to hide the related field on forms.


Disabling the starter styles

Starter styles for user-facing forms are included in a forms.less file. These offer some spacing as well as styling for error states. If you do not want to use these, pass the disableBaseStyles: true option to apostrophe-forms-widgets. This file can also be used to identify the error state classes that you should style in your project.

'apostrophe-forms-widgets': {
  disableBaseStyles: true

Custom class prefix

Need more control over your styling? You can include your own class prefix that will be in included on most of the labels, inputs, and message/error elements within the forms. The class that is created uses the BEM convention. You add the prefix you want in the apostrophe-forms configuration.

'apostrophe-forms': {
  classPrefix: 'my-form'

This results in a class like my-form__input being added to input elements in the form, for example.

Controlling the option label position

The apostrophe-forms-checkboxes-field-widgets and apostrophe-forms-radio-field-widgets modules both support optionLabelPosition. If optionLabelPosition is set to 'first' or 'last', the input elements for both radio and checkbox inputs are nested inside the label, with the label's text appearing first or last as appropriate. If no relevant option is set, for backwards compatibility the input is not nested in the label checkboxLabel. This can be explicitly chosen by setting the appropriate option to 'legacy'. This is more difficult to style, so we recommend setting optionLabelPosition to first or last. You may set the option for both modules by setting it for apostrophe-forms-base-field-widgets, which they both inherit from.

'apostrophe-forms-checkboxes-field-widgets': {
  optionLabelPosition: 'first',
'apostrophe-forms-radio-field-widgets': {
  optionLabelPosition: 'last',
// OR, we can set it for both in one place
'apostrophe-forms-base-field-widgets': {
  optionLabelPosition: 'first',

Using reCAPTCHA for user validation

Google's reCAPTCHA is built in as an option. You will first need to set up a reCAPTCHA site up on their website using the version two option. Make sure your domains are configured (using "localhost" for local development) and make note of the site key and secret key. Those should be added as options to apostrophe-forms:

// in app.js
modules: {
  // ...,
  'apostrophe-forms': {
    recaptchaSecret: 'YOUR SECRET KEY',
    recaptchaSite: 'YOUR SITE KEY'
  // ...,

To make these options configurable by end-users, you can use apostrophe-override-options to make global fields set these for you. This would look something like:

// in app.js
modules: {
  'apostrophe-override-options': {},
// in lib/modules/apostrophe-global/index.js
module.exports = {
  addFields: [
      name: 'recaptchaSecret',
      label: 'reCAPTCHA Secret',
      type: 'string'
      name: 'recaptchaSite',
      label: 'reCAPTCHA Site',
      type: 'string'
  overrideOptions: {
    editable: {
      'apos.apostrophe-forms.recaptchaSite': 'recaptchaSite',
      'apos.apostrophe-forms.recaptchaSecret': 'recaptchaSecret'

The reCAPTCHA field will then be present on all fields. There is an open issue to improve this to allow form-level disabling.

Adding project-level form widgets

The form widget included here cover most basic form needs, but you may want to include others, such as structural widgets to create columns within your form.

To override the widgets available in a form, set the formWidgets option on apostrophe-forms to an object enabling the widgets as you would in any area options. You will need to include the form field widgets here (allowing you to exclude some as well). See the full list in the index.js file in the contents schema object.

If you're looking to create a sub-widget that also contains all of the field widgets to do a multi-column treatment you will need to also pass the form field widgets in as options to an area or areas there as well.


Allow your users to build custom forms on the fly on your Apostrophe site




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