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Calendar Server Extension C. Daboo
Apple Inc.
March 19, 2012
CalDAV: Calendar User Notifications
Abstract
This specification defines an extension to CalDAV that allows the
server to provide notifications to calendar users.
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Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. Open Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3. Conventions Used in This Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
4. Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
4.1. Additional Principal Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
4.1.1. CS:notification-URL Property . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.2. Properties on Notification Resources . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.2.1. CS:notificationtype Property . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.3. XML Element Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.3.1. CS:notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.3.2. CS:notification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.3.3. CS:dtstamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5. Notification Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5.1. System Status Notification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5.1.1. CS:systemstatus Element Definition . . . . . . . . . . 8
5.2. Quota Notification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5.2.1. CS:quotastatus Element Definition . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.3. Resource Changes Notification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5.3.1. CS:resource-change Element Definition . . . . . . . . 11
5.3.2. CS:calendar-changes Element Definition . . . . . . . . 15
5.3.2.1. Handling Recurrences in CS:calendar-changes . . . 17
5.3.3. CS:deleted-details Element Definition . . . . . . . . 18
5.3.4. CS:notify-changes Property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
7. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
8. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
9. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
9.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
9.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Appendix A. Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
A.1. Resource Created . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
A.2. Resource Updated - Property Change . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
A.3. Resource Updated - Parameter Change . . . . . . . . . . . 23
A.4. Resource Updated - Multiple Instances Change . . . . . . . 23
A.5. Resource Updated - Multiple User Change . . . . . . . . . 24
A.6. Resource Deleted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
A.7. Collection Created . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
A.8. Collection Updated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
A.9. Collection Deleted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
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1. Introduction
CalDAV [RFC4791] provides a way for calendar users to store calendar
data and exchange this data via scheduling operations. Based on the
WebDAV [RFC4918] protocol, it also includes the ability to manage
access to calendar data via the WebDAV ACL [RFC3744] extension.
It is often useful for servers to communicate arbitrary information
to calendar users, e.g., system status, message of the day, quota
warnings, changes to shared resources made by others etc. This
specification defines a generic "notification" mechanism that allows
a server to do that. Whilst primarily aimed at CalDAV [RFC4791],
this mechanism has been designed to be adaptable to WebDAV [RFC4918].
2. Open Issues
1. Define specific child elements for system status notification,
e.g. "server-maintenance-period", "server-read-only-period",
"client-upgrade-required".
3. Conventions Used in This Document
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].
When XML element types in the namespaces "DAV:" and
"urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:caldav" are referenced in this document
outside of the context of an XML fragment, the string "DAV:" and
"CALDAV:" will be prefixed to the element type names respectively.
The namespace "http://calendarserver.org/ns/" is used for XML
elements defined in this specification. When XML element types in
that namespace are referenced in this document outside of the context
of an XML fragment, the string "CS:" will be prefixed to the element
type names.
4. Notifications
When this feature is available, a CS:notification-URL (Section 4.1.1)
property appears on principal resources for those principals who are
able to receive notifications. That property specifies a single DAV:
href element whose content refers to a WebDAV collection resource.
Notification "messages" are deposited into this collection and can be
retrieved by clients and acted on accordingly.
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The notification collection referenced by the CS:notification-URL
(Section 4.1.1) property MUST have a DAV:resourcetype property with
DAV:collection and CS:notifications (Section 4.3.1) child elements.
Notification "messages" are XML documents stored as resources in the
notification collection. Each XML document contains a CS:
notification (Section 4.3.2) element as its root. The root element
contains a CS:dtstamp element, and one additional element which
represents the type of notification being conveyed in the message.
That child element will typically contain additional content that
describes the notification.
Each notification resource has a CS:notificationtype (Section 4.2.1)
property which contains as its single child element an empty element
that matches the child element of the notification resource XML
document root. Any attributes on the child element in the XML
document are also present in the property child element.
Notifications are automatically generated by the server (perhaps in
response to a action) with an appropriate resource stored in the
notifications collection of the user to whom the notification is
targeted. Clients SHOULD monitor the notification collection looking
for new notification resources. When doing so, clients SHOULD look
at the CS:notificationtype (Section 4.2.1) property to ensure that
the notification is of a type that the client can handle. Once a
client has handled the notification in whatever way is appropriate it
SHOULD delete the notification resource. Clients SHOULD remove
notifications being displayed to a user when the notification
resource is removed from the notification collection, to enable the
user to dismiss a notification on one device and have it
automatically removed from others. Clients MUST ignore all
notifications for types they do not recognize. Servers MAY delete
notification resources on their own if they determine that the
notifications are no longer relevant or valid. Servers MAY coalesce
notifications as appropriate.
Servers MUST prevent clients from adding resources in the
notification collection.
4.1. Additional Principal Properties
This section defines new properties for WebDAV principal resources as
defined in RFC3744 [RFC3744]. These properties are likely to be
protected but the server MAY allow them to be written by appropriate
users.
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4.1.1. CS:notification-URL Property
Name: notification-URL
Namespace: http://calendarserver.org/ns/
Purpose: Identify the URL of the notification collection owned by
the associated principal resource.
Protected: This property SHOULD be protected.
PROPFIND behavior: This property SHOULD NOT be returned by a
PROPFIND allprop request (as defined in Section 14.2 of
[RFC4918]).
COPY/MOVE behavior: This property value SHOULD be preserved in COPY
and MOVE operations.
Description: This property is needed for a client to determine where
the notification collection of the current user is located so that
processing of notification messages can occur. If not present,
then the associated calendar user is not enabled for notification
messages on the server.
Definition:
<!ELEMENT notification-URL (DAV:href)>
4.2. Properties on Notification Resources
The following new WebDAV properties are defined for notification
resources.
4.2.1. CS:notificationtype Property
Name: notificationtype
Namespace: http://calendarserver.org/ns/
Purpose: Identify the type of notification of the corresponding
resource.
Protected: This property MUST be protected.
PROPFIND behavior: This property SHOULD NOT be returned by a
PROPFIND allprop request (as defined in Section 14.2 of
[RFC4918]).
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COPY/MOVE behavior: This property value MUST be preserved in COPY
and MOVE operations.
Description: This property allows a client, via a PROPFIND Depth:1
request, to quickly find notification messages that the client can
handle in a notification collection. The single child element is
the notification resource root element's child defining the
notification itself. This element MUST be empty, though any
attributes on the element in the notification resource MUST be
present in the property element.
Definition:
<!ELEMENT notificationtype ANY>
<!-- Child elements are empty but will have appropriate attributes.
Any valid notification message child element can appear.-->
4.3. XML Element Definitions
4.3.1. CS:notifications
Name: notifications
Namespace: http://calendarserver.org/ns/
Purpose: Indicates a notification collection.
Description: This XML element is used in a DAV:resourcetype element
to indicate that the corresponding resource is a notification
collection.
Definition:
<!ELEMENT notifications EMPTY>
4.3.2. CS:notification
Name: notification
Namespace: http://calendarserver.org/ns/
Purpose: Notification message root element.
Description: The root element used in notification resources.
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Definition:
<!ELEMENT notification (dtstamp, XXX) >
<!-- Any notification type element can appear after
CS:dtstamp -->
4.3.3. CS:dtstamp
Name: dtstamp
Namespace: http://calendarserver.org/ns/
Purpose: Date-time stamp.
Description: Contains the date-time stamp corresponding to the
creation of a notification message, using the format defined in
[RFC3339], or the "compact" format without "-" and ":" characters
between date and time elements, respectively.
Definition:
<!ELEMENT dtstamp (#PCDATA)>
<!-- Value is a date-time in UTZ as per [RFC3339] with
"compact" format allowed.-->
5. Notification Definitions
This section defines a set of common notification types.
5.1. System Status Notification
The system status notification is used to convey a URI and/or textual
description to the user. The assumption is that the URI points to a
webpage where current system status is described in detail, with the
provided description being a summary of that. A "type" attribute on
the element is used to indicate the importance of the current status
notification, and has the values "low", "medium" and "high",
representing the increasing level of importance of the message
respectively.
Servers might have knowledge of specific calendar user language
preferences, in which case it MAY localise the CS:description value
as appropriate based on the calendar user accessing the notification,
but if it does, it SHOULD include an xml:lang attribute on the CS:
description element to indicate what language is being used.
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5.1.1. CS:systemstatus Element Definition
Name: systemstatus
Namespace: http://calendarserver.org/ns/
Purpose: Indicates a system status notification.
Description: This XML element is used in a CS:notification element
to describe a system status notification.
Definition:
<!ELEMENT systemstatus (DAV:href?, CS:description?)>
<!ATTLIST systemstatus type (low | medium | high) "low">
<!ELEMENT description CDATA>
<!-- One of DAV:href of CS:description MUST be present -->
Example: This is an example of the body of a notification resource
for an emergency system outage:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:12:53-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:systemstatus type="high">
<D:href>http://example.com/emergency_shutdown.html</D:href>
<CS:description xml:lang='en_US'
>Emergency shutdown now</CS:description>
</CS:systemstatus>
</CS:notification>
Example: This is an example of the WebDAV property on the example
notification resource above:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notificationtype xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:systemstatus type="high" />
</CS:notificationtype>
5.2. Quota Notification
The quota notification is used to convey information about the status
of one or more quotas for the user. The notification contains
elements for different types of quota being reported to the user. In
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some cases these may be warnings (e.g., a user getting to 80% of
their quota limit), or in other cases errors (e.g., a user exceeding
their quota).
5.2.1. CS:quotastatus Element Definition
Name: quotastatus
Namespace: http://calendarserver.org/ns/
Purpose: Indicates a quota status notification.
Description: This XML element is used in a CS:notification element
to describe a quota status notification. The CS:quota-percent-
used element contains an integer greater than or equal to zero.
If the value is greater than or equal to 100, then the user's
quota has been reached or exceeded. The DAV:href element contains
a URI for a webpage where the user can go to get further
information about their quota status or take corrective action.
Definition:
<!ELEMENT quota-status (quota+)>
<!ELEMENT quota (quota-type, quota-percent-used?,
quota-count?, DAV:href?)>
<!ATTLIST quota type (warning | exceeded) "exceeded">
<!ELEMENT quota-type ANY>
<!-- Child elements are application specific -->
<!ELEMENT quota-percent-used CDATA>
<!-- Integer value greater than or equal to zero -->
<!ELEMENT quota-count CDATA>
<!-- Integer value greater than or equal to zero -->
Example: This is an example of the body of a notification resource
for a quota warning:
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:12:53-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:quota-status>
<CS:quota type="warning">
<CS:quota-type><CS:attachments /></CS:quota-type>
<CS:quota-percent-used>80</CS:quota-percent-used>
<D:href>https://example.com/your-account.html</D:href>
</CS:quota>
</CS:quota-status>
</CS:notification>
Example: This is an example of the body of a notification resource
for a quota that has been exceeded, and a count-based limit that
is shown as a warning:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:12:53-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:quota-status>
<CS:quota type="exceeded">
<CS:quota-type><CS:attachments /></CS:quota-type>
<CS:quota-percent-used>102</CS:quota-percent-used>
<D:href>https://example.com/fix-account.html</D:href>
</CS:quota>
<CS:quota type="warning">
<CS:quota-type><CS:events /></CS:quota-type>
<CS:quota-percent-used>82</CS:quota-percent-used>
<CS:quota-count>4980</CS:quota-count>
<D:href>https://example.com/buy-more-space.html</D:href>
</CS:quota>
</CS:quota-status>
</CS:notification>
5.3. Resource Changes Notification
The resource change notification is used to inform the user of new,
updated or deleted resources caused by changes made by someone else
(note: servers MUST NOT generate notifications to users for changes
they themselves make, though the possibility of an automated process
acting on behalf of a user needs to be considered). This
notification can be used by clients to show changes that a user can
acknowledge in their own time. When the notification is present, it
can be displayed on all devices a user is accessing their data from.
When the user acknowledges and dismisses the notification on one
device, other devices SHOULD also remove the notification when they
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next synchronize the notification collection.
A new WebDAV property CS:notify-changes (Section 5.3.4) is defined
for calendar collections. This allows users to enable or disable the
sending of resource change notifications for the calendar and its
child resources. Servers MUST allow users to set this property on a
per-user basis on any calendars accessible to them. Servers MUST
honor the chosen setting to enable or disable change notifications.
Servers can send notifications for calendar object resources, and
ones for calendar collections. Servers SHOULD coalesce notifications
that refer to the same resource into a single notification resource,
containing multiple CS:created, CS:updated or CS:deleted elements all
with the same DAV:href child element value. Servers MAY coalesce
changes to multiple resources into a change notification for the
parent collection of those resources and use a CS:collection-changes
element to indicate the number of individual resources that changed.
5.3.1. CS:resource-change Element Definition
Name: resource-change
Namespace: http://calendarserver.org/ns/
Purpose: Indicates that resources have been created, updated or
deleted.
Description: This XML element is used in a CS:notification element
to describe a resource change notification. It can describe a
change directly to a calendar object resource or to a calendar
collection.
When used for a calendar object resource change, it can contain
one of the CS:created, or CS:deleted elements, or multiple CS:
updated elements, which indicate a created, deleted or updated
resource, respectively. The DAV:href element within those
elements, contains the URI of the changed resource, optional
information about who changed the resource and when that change
was made (the CS:changed-by element), and information specific to
the nature of the change. Servers SHOULD coalesce resource change
notifications for the same resource into a single notification
resource where possible. The CS:updated element optionally
contains CS:content and/or DAV:prop elements to indicate a change
to the body of the resource or resource WebDAV properties,
respectively. The DAV:prop element MAY contain a list of property
elements to indicate which properties changed. The CS:updated
element can also contain zero or more CS:calendar-changes elements
to list details of the changes. If no CS:calendar-changes element
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is present, the specific details are not provided, and clients
will need to assume that some set of changes occurred, but the
server is unwilling to disclose the full details. The CS:deleted
element can also contain zero or more CS:deleted-details elements
to list details of the deleted resource.
When used for a calendar collection change, it can contain a CS:
collection-changes element. The DAV:href element within that
element, contains the URI of the changed calendar collection. The
DAV:prop element indicates a change to WebDAV properties on the
calendar collection resource. The CS:child-created, CS:child-
updated, and CS:child-deleted elements each contain a positive
integer value indicating how many child resources were added,
updated or deleted in the collection, respectively.
Definition:
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<!ELEMENT resource-change (created | updated+ | deleted |
collection-changes)>
<!ELEMENT created (DAV:href, changed-by?, ANY)>
<!ELEMENT updated (DAV:href, changed-by?, content?,
DAV:prop?, calendar-changes*)>
<!ELEMENT content EMPTY>
<!ELEMENT deleted (DAV:href, changed-by?, deleted-details)>
<!ELEMENT changed-by (common-name | (first-name, last-name),
dtstamp?, DAV:href)>
<!ELEMENT common-name CDATA>
<!ELEMENT first-name CDATA>
<!ELEMENT last-name CDATA>
<!-- CS:changed-by indicates who made the change that caused the
notification. CS:first-name and CS:last-name are the first
and last names of the corresponding user. or the
CS:common-name is the overall display name. CS:dtstamp is the
time in UTC when the change was made. The DAV:href element
is the principal URI or email address of the user who made
the change. -->
<!ELEMENT collection-changes (DAV:href, changed-by*, DAV:prop?,
child-created?, child-updated?,
child-deleted?>
<!-- When coalescing changes from multiple users, the changed-by
element can appear more than once. -->
<!ELEMENT child-created CDATA>
<!ELEMENT child-updated CDATA>
<!ELEMENT child-deleted CDATA>
<!-- Each of the three elements above MUST contain a positive,
non-zero integer value indicate the total number of changes
being reported for the collection. -->
Example: This is an example of the body of a notification resource
for changes where one resource has been created:
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:created>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/new.ics</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:common-name>Cyrus Daboo</CS:common-name>
<D:href>/principals/cyrusdaboo</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
</CS:created>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
Example: This is an example of the body of a notification resource
for changes where a resource has been updated twice. One of the
updated resources elements contains additional information
indicating which recurrence instances in the iCalendar data were
changed:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:updated>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/event.ics</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:first-name>Oliver</CS:first-name>
<CS:last-name>Daboo</CS:last-name>
<D:href>mailto:oliver@example.com</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
</CS:updated>
<CS:updated>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/event.ics</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:first-name>Eleanor</CS:first-name>
<CS:last-name>Daboo</CS:last-name>
<D:href>mailto:eleanor@example.com</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
</CS:updated>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
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Example: This is an example of the body of a notification resource
for changes where one resource has been deleted:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:deleted>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/old.ics</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:first-name>Cyrus</CS:first-name>
<CS:last-name>Daboo</CS:last-name>
<D:href>/principals/cyrusdaboo</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
</CS:deleted>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
Example: This example is the same as the previous three, except that
all the individual resource changes have been coalesced into a
single notification about changes to the parent calendar
collection:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:collection-changes>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/</D:href>
<CS:child-created>1</CS:child-created>
<CS:child-updated>2</CS:child-updated>
<CS:child-deleted>1</CS:child-deleted>
</CS:collection-changes>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
5.3.2. CS:calendar-changes Element Definition
Name: calendar-changes
Namespace: http://calendarserver.org/ns/
Purpose: Indicates which portions of an calendar object resource
have changed, or provides details of deleted calendar object
resources.
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Description: This XML element is used in a CS:updated element to
describe how a calendar object resource changed, or in a CS:
deleted element to provide details of a deleted resource. It can
identify the master instance, or individual recurrence instances,
and for each indicate which iCalendar properties and parameters
changed during the update for which the notification was
generated. For details of handling recurrences please see
Section 5.3.2.1.
Definition:
<!ELEMENT calendar-changes (recurrence+) >
<!ELEMENT recurrence
((master | recurrenceid), added?, removed?, changes?)>
<!-- Which instances were affected by the change,
and details on the per-instance changes -->
<!ELEMENT master EMPTY>
<!-- The "master" instance was affected -->
<!ELEMENT recurrenceid CDATA>
<!-- RECURRENCE-ID value in iCalendar form (in UTC if a
non-floating DATE-TIME value) for the affected instance -->
<!ELEMENT added EMPTY>
<!-- The component was added -->
<!ELEMENT removed EMPTY>
<!-- The component was removed -->
<!ELEMENT changes changed-property*>
<!-- Detailed changes in the iCalendar data -->
<!ELEMENT changed-property changed-parameter*>
<!ATTLIST changed-property name PCDATA>
<!-- An iCalendar property changed -->
<!ELEMENT changed-parameter EMPTY>
<!ATTLIST changed-parameter name PCDATA>
<!-- An iCalendar property parameter changed -->
Example: This example indicates that a non-recurring component, or
the master component in a recurring component, was changed and
that the change was to the "SUMMARY" iCalendar property.
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<CS:calendar-changes xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:recurrence>
<CS:master/>
<CS:changes>
<CS:changed-property name="SUMMARY"/>
</CS:changes>
</CS:recurrence>
</CS:calendar-changes>
Example: This example indicates that an instance of a recurring
component was changed and that the change was to the "DTSTART"
iCalendar property.
<CS:calendar-changes xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:recurrence>
<CS:recurrenceid>20111215T160000Z</CS:recurrenceid>
<CS:changes>
<CS:changed-property name="DTSTART"/>
</CS:changes>
</CS:recurrence>
</CS:calendar-changes>
5.3.2.1. Handling Recurrences in CS:calendar-changes
Changes to recurring components can be complex. This section
describes the possible set of changes that could occur, and what the
CS:calendar-changes element will contain as a result.
Master exists, unchanged override added In this case, a CS:
recurrence element will be present, containing a CS:recurrence-id
element with a value equal to the RECURRENCE-ID property value (in
UTC) of the added component. A CS:added element will be present.
There will not be any CS:removed or CS:changes elements.
Master exists, changed override added In this case, a CS:recurrence
element will be present, containing a CS:recurrence-id element
with a value equal to the RECURRENCE-ID property value (in UTC) of
the added component. Both CS:added and CS:changes elements will
be present. There will not be a CS:removed element.
Master exists, override changed In this case, a CS:recurrence
element will be present, containing a CS:recurrence-id element
with a value equal to the RECURRENCE-ID property value (in UTC) of
the added component. A CS:changes element will be present. There
will not be any CS:added or CS:removed elements.
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Master exists, override removed In this case, a CS:recurrence
element will be present, containing a CS:recurrence-id element
with a value equal to the RECURRENCE-ID property value (in UTC) of
the added component. A CS:removed element will be present. There
will not be a CS:added element. A CS:changes element will only be
present if the removed component differs from the "derived" master
instance.
Master exists, override cancelled In this case, a CS:recurrence
element will be present, containing a CS:recurrence-id element
with a value equal to the RECURRENCE-ID property value (in UTC) of
the added component. A CS:removed element will be present. There
will not be any CS:added or CS:changes element. There will also
be a CS:master element present, with an appropriate CS:changes
element, likely covering a change to "RRULE" or addition of
"EXDATE" properties.
Master does not exist, override added In this case, a CS:recurrence
element will be present, containing a CS:recurrence-id element
with a value equal to the RECURRENCE-ID property value (in UTC) of
the added component. A CS:added element will be present. There
will not be a CS:removed or CS:changes element.
Master does not exist, override changed In this case, a CS:
recurrence element will be present, containing a CS:recurrence-id
element with a value equal to the RECURRENCE-ID property value (in
UTC) of the added component. A CS:changes element will be
present. There will not be any CS:added or CS:removed elements.
Master does not exist, override removed In this case, a CS:
recurrence element will be present, containing a CS:recurrence-id
element with a value equal to the RECURRENCE-ID property value (in
UTC) of the added component. A CS:removed element will be
present. There will not be any CS:added or CS:changes element.
5.3.3. CS:deleted-details Element Definition
Name: deleted-details
Namespace: http://calendarserver.org/ns/
Purpose: Provides summary information about a deleted resource or
collection.
Description: This XML element is used in a CS:deleted element to
describe useful information about a deleted resource or
collection, so clients can provide a meaningful notification
message to users. This element has two variants: one for deletion
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of a calendar object resource, the other for deletion of a
calendar collection.
Definition:
<!ELEMENT deleted-details ((deleted-component,
deleted-summary,
deleted-next-instance?,
deleted-had-more-instances?) |
deleted-displayname)>
<!-- deleted-displayname is used for a collection delete, the other
elements used for a resource delete. -->
<!ELEMENT deleted-component CDATA>
<!-- The main calendar component type of the deleted
resource, e.g., "VEVENT", "VTODO" -->
<!ELEMENT deleted-summary CDATA>
<!-- Indicates the "SUMMARY" of the next future instance at the
time of deletion, or the previous instance if no future
instances existed at the time of deletion. -->
<!ELEMENT deleted-next-instance CDATA>
<!ATTLIST deleted-next-instance tzid PCDATA>
<!-- If present, indicates when the next deleted instance would
have occurred. For a VEVENT that would be the DTSTART value,
for a VTODO that would be either DTSTART or DUE, if present.
In each case the value must match the value in the iCalendar
data, and any TZID iCalendar property parameter value must
be included in the tzid XML element attribute value. -->
<!ELEMENT deleted-had-more-instances EMPTY>
<!-- If present indicates that there was more than one future
instances still to occur at the time of deletion. -->
<!ELEMENT deleted-displayname CDATA>
<!-- The DAV:getdisplayname property for the collection that
was deleted. -->
Example: This example indicates deletion of a non-recurring event
that was yet to occur at the time of deletion.
<CS:deleted-details xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:deleted-component>VEVENT</CS:deleted-component>
<CS:deleted-summary>Birthday Party</CS:deleted-summary>
<CS:deleted-next-instance tzid="America/New_York
>20120505T120000</CS:deleted-next-instance>
</CS:deleted-details>
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Example: This example indicates deletion of a calendar.
<CS:deleted-details xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:deleted-displayname>Holidays</CS:deleted-displayname>
</CS:deleted-details>
5.3.4. CS:notify-changes Property
Name: notify-changes
Namespace: http://calendarserver.org/ns/
Purpose: Allows a user to specify whether resource change
notifications are generated by the server.
Protected: This property MUST NOT be protected.
PROPFIND behavior: This property SHOULD NOT be returned by a
PROPFIND allprop request (as defined in Section 14.2 of
[RFC4918]).
COPY/MOVE behavior: This property value MUST be preserved in COPY
and MOVE operations.
Description: This property allows a user to enable or disable the
server generation of resource change notifications for the
calendar collection, and all its child resources, on which the
property resides. If the property is not present on a calendar
collection, the client and server MUST assume that resource change
notifications are enabled.
Definition:
<!ELEMENT notify-changes (true|false)>
<!ELEMENT true EMPTY>
<!ELEMENT false EMPTY>
<!-- true - notifications enabled,
false - notifications disabled -->
6. Security Considerations
Some notification mechanisms might allow a user to trigger a
notification to be delivered to other users (e.g., an invitation to
share a calendar). In such cases servers MUST ensure that suitable
limits are placed on the number and frequency of such user generated
notifications.
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TBD: More?
7. IANA Considerations
This document does not require any actions on the part of IANA.
8. Acknowledgments
This specification is the result of discussions between the various
Apple calendar server and client teams.
9. References
9.1. Normative References
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
[RFC3339] Klyne, G., Ed. and C. Newman, "Date and Time on the
Internet: Timestamps", RFC 3339, July 2002.
[RFC4918] Dusseault, L., "HTTP Extensions for Web Distributed
Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV)", RFC 4918, June 2007.
9.2. Informative References
[RFC3744] Clemm, G., Reschke, J., Sedlar, E., and J. Whitehead, "Web
Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV)
Access Control Protocol", RFC 3744, May 2004.
[RFC4791] Daboo, C., Desruisseaux, B., and L. Dusseault,
"Calendaring Extensions to WebDAV (CalDAV)", RFC 4791,
March 2007.
Appendix A. Examples
This section provides more detailed examples of resource change
notifications for illustrative purposes only.
A.1. Resource Created
This is an example of the body of a notification resource where one
resource has been created.
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:created>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/new.ics</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:first-name>Cyrus</CS:first-name>
<CS:last-name>Daboo</CS:last-name>
<D:href>/principals/cyrusdaboo</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
</CS:created>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
A.2. Resource Updated - Property Change
This is an example of the body of a notification resource where one
non-recurring event has had its "DTSTART" and "SUMMARY" iCalendar
property values changed.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:updated>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/new.ics</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:first-name>Cyrus</CS:first-name>
<CS:last-name>Daboo</CS:last-name>
<D:href>/principals/cyrusdaboo</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
<CS:calendar-changes>
<CS:recurrence>
<CS:master/>
<CS:changes>
<CS:changed-property name="DTSTART"/>
<CS:changed-property name="SUMMARY"/>
</CS:changes>
</CS:recurrence>
</CS:calendar-changes>
</CS:updated>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
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A.3. Resource Updated - Parameter Change
This is an example of the body of a notification resource where one
non-recurring event has had the "PARTSTAT" iCalendar property
parameter on an "ATTENDEE" property changed, and a "TRANSP" property
added.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:updated>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/new.ics</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:first-name>Cyrus</CS:first-name>
<CS:last-name>Daboo</CS:last-name>
<D:href>/principals/cyrusdaboo</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
<CS:calendar-changes>
<CS:recurrence>
<CS:master/>
<CS:added>
<CS:changed-property name="TRANSP"/>
</CS:added>
<CS:changes>
<CS:changed-property name="ATTENDEE">
<CS:changed-parameter name="PARTSTAT"/>
</CS:changed-property>
</CS:changes>
</CS:recurrence>
</CS:calendar-changes>
</CS:updated>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
A.4. Resource Updated - Multiple Instances Change
This is an example of the body of a notification resource where two
instances of a recurring event have their "DTSTART" and "SUMMARY"
iCalendar property values changed.
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:updated>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/new.ics</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:first-name>Cyrus</CS:first-name>
<CS:last-name>Daboo</CS:last-name>
<D:href>/principals/cyrusdaboo</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
<CS:calendar-changes>
<CS:recurrence>
<CS:recurrenceid>20120209T170000Z</CS:recurrenceid>
<CS:changes>
<CS:changed-property name="DTSTART"/>
<CS:changed-property name="SUMMARY"/>
</CS:changes>
</CS:recurrence>
<CS:recurrence>
<CS:recurrenceid>20120210T170000Z</CS:recurrenceid>
<CS:changes>
<CS:changed-property name="DTSTART"/>
<CS:changed-property name="SUMMARY"/>
</CS:changes>
</CS:recurrence>
</CS:calendar-changes>
</CS:updated>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
A.5. Resource Updated - Multiple User Change
This is an example of the body of a notification resource where two
instances of a recurring event have their "DTSTART" and "SUMMARY"
iCalendar property values changed. Each instance was changed by a
different user.
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:updated>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/new.ics</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:first-name>Cyrus</CS:first-name>
<CS:last-name>Daboo</CS:last-name>
<D:href>/principals/cyrusdaboo</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
<CS:calendar-changes>
<CS:recurrence>
<CS:recurrenceid>20120209T170000Z</CS:recurrenceid>
<CS:changes>
<CS:changed-property name="DTSTART"/>
<CS:changed-property name="SUMMARY"/>
</CS:changes>
</CS:recurrence>
</CS:calendar-changes>
</CS:updated>
<CS:updated>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/new.ics</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:first-name>Eric</CS:first-name>
<CS:last-name>York</CS:last-name>
<D:href>/principals/ericyork</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
<CS:calendar-changes>
<CS:recurrence>
<CS:recurrenceid>20120210T170000Z</CS:recurrenceid>
<CS:changes>
<CS:changed-property name="DTSTART"/>
<CS:changed-property name="SUMMARY"/>
</CS:changes>
</CS:recurrence>
</CS:calendar-changes>
</CS:updated>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
A.6. Resource Deleted
This is an example of the body of a notification resource where one
resource has been deleted. The resource was a VEVENT whose next
occurrence was in the future on 20120210T170000Z.
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:deleted>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/new.ics</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:first-name>Cyrus</CS:first-name>
<CS:last-name>Daboo</CS:last-name>
<D:href>/principals/cyrusdaboo</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
<CS:deleted-details>
<CS:deleted-component>VEVENT</CS:deleted-component>
<CS:deleted-summary>CalDAV Meeting</CS:deleted-summary>
<CS:deleted-next-instance
>20120210T170000Z</CS:deleted-next-instance>
</CS:deleted-details>
</CS:deleted>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
A.7. Collection Created
This is an example of the body of a notification resource where a
calendar collection has been created.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:created>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/new-calendar/</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:first-name>Cyrus</CS:first-name>
<CS:last-name>Daboo</CS:last-name>
<D:href>/principals/cyrusdaboo</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
</CS:created>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
A.8. Collection Updated
This is an example of the body of a notification resource where
coalesced changes in a calendar collection are shown. In this case 1
child resource was created, 2 updated, and 1 deleted.
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:collection-changes>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/calendar/</D:href>
<CS:child-created>1</CS:child-created>
<CS:child-updated>2</CS:child-updated>
<CS:child-deleted>1</CS:child-deleted>
</CS:collection-changes>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
A.9. Collection Deleted
This is an example of the body of a notification resource where a
calendar collection has been deleted.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CS:notification xmlns:D="DAV:"
xmlns:CS="http://calendarserver.org/ns/">
<CS:dtstamp>2011-12-09T11:51:14-05:00</CS:dtstamp>
<CS:resource-change>
<CS:deleted>
<D:href>http://example.com/cyrus/old-calendar/</D:href>
<CS:changed-by>
<CS:first-name>Cyrus</CS:first-name>
<CS:last-name>Daboo</CS:last-name>
<D:href>/principals/cyrusdaboo</D:href>
</CS:changed-by>
<CS:deleted-details>
<CS:deleted-displayname>Holidays</CS:deleted-displayname>
</CS:deleted-details>
</CS:deleted>
</CS:resource-change>
</CS:notification>
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Author's Address
Cyrus Daboo
Apple Inc.
1 Infinite Loop
Cupertino, CA 95014
USA
Email: cyrus@daboo.name
URI: http://www.apple.com/
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