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JWT Middleware for Gin framework
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README.md

JWT Middleware for Gin Framework

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This is a middleware for Gin framework.

It uses jwt-go to provide a jwt authentication middleware. It provides additional handler functions to provide the login api that will generate the token and an additional refresh handler that can be used to refresh tokens.

Usage

Download and install using go module:

export GO111MODULE=on
go get github.com/appleboy/gin-jwt/v2

Import it in your code:

import "github.com/appleboy/gin-jwt/v2"

Download and install without using go module:

go get github.com/appleboy/gin-jwt

Import it in your code:

import "github.com/appleboy/gin-jwt"

Example

Please see the example file and you can use ExtractClaims to fetch user data.

package main

import (
	"log"
	"net/http"
	"os"
	"time"

	"github.com/appleboy/gin-jwt/v2"
	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
)

type login struct {
	Username string `form:"username" json:"username" binding:"required"`
	Password string `form:"password" json:"password" binding:"required"`
}

var identityKey = "id"

func helloHandler(c *gin.Context) {
	claims := jwt.ExtractClaims(c)
	user, _ := c.Get(identityKey)
	c.JSON(200, gin.H{
		"userID":   claims[identityKey],
		"userName": user.(*User).UserName,
		"text":     "Hello World.",
	})
}

// User demo
type User struct {
	UserName  string
	FirstName string
	LastName  string
}

func main() {
	port := os.Getenv("PORT")
	r := gin.New()
	r.Use(gin.Logger())
	r.Use(gin.Recovery())

	if port == "" {
		port = "8000"
	}

	// the jwt middleware
	authMiddleware, err := jwt.New(&jwt.GinJWTMiddleware{
		Realm:       "test zone",
		Key:         []byte("secret key"),
		Timeout:     time.Hour,
		MaxRefresh:  time.Hour,
		IdentityKey: identityKey,
		PayloadFunc: func(data interface{}) jwt.MapClaims {
			if v, ok := data.(*User); ok {
				return jwt.MapClaims{
					identityKey: v.UserName,
				}
			}
			return jwt.MapClaims{}
		},
		IdentityHandler: func(c *gin.Context) interface{} {
			claims := jwt.ExtractClaims(c)
			return &User{
				UserName: claims[identityKey].(string),
			}
		},
		Authenticator: func(c *gin.Context) (interface{}, error) {
			var loginVals login
			if err := c.ShouldBind(&loginVals); err != nil {
				return "", jwt.ErrMissingLoginValues
			}
			userID := loginVals.Username
			password := loginVals.Password

			if (userID == "admin" && password == "admin") || (userID == "test" && password == "test") {
				return &User{
					UserName:  userID,
					LastName:  "Bo-Yi",
					FirstName: "Wu",
				}, nil
			}

			return nil, jwt.ErrFailedAuthentication
		},
		Authorizator: func(data interface{}, c *gin.Context) bool {
			if v, ok := data.(*User); ok && v.UserName == "admin" {
				return true
			}

			return false
		},
		Unauthorized: func(c *gin.Context, code int, message string) {
			c.JSON(code, gin.H{
				"code":    code,
				"message": message,
			})
		},
		// TokenLookup is a string in the form of "<source>:<name>" that is used
		// to extract token from the request.
		// Optional. Default value "header:Authorization".
		// Possible values:
		// - "header:<name>"
		// - "query:<name>"
		// - "cookie:<name>"
		// - "param:<name>"
		TokenLookup: "header: Authorization, query: token, cookie: jwt",
		// TokenLookup: "query:token",
		// TokenLookup: "cookie:token",

		// TokenHeadName is a string in the header. Default value is "Bearer"
		TokenHeadName: "Bearer",

		// TimeFunc provides the current time. You can override it to use another time value. This is useful for testing or if your server uses a different time zone than your tokens.
		TimeFunc: time.Now,
	})

	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal("JWT Error:" + err.Error())
	}

	r.POST("/login", authMiddleware.LoginHandler)

	r.NoRoute(authMiddleware.MiddlewareFunc(), func(c *gin.Context) {
		claims := jwt.ExtractClaims(c)
		log.Printf("NoRoute claims: %#v\n", claims)
		c.JSON(404, gin.H{"code": "PAGE_NOT_FOUND", "message": "Page not found"})
	})

	auth := r.Group("/auth")
	// Refresh time can be longer than token timeout
	auth.GET("/refresh_token", authMiddleware.RefreshHandler)
	auth.Use(authMiddleware.MiddlewareFunc())
	{
		auth.GET("/hello", helloHandler)
	}

	if err := http.ListenAndServe(":"+port, r); err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
}

Demo

Please run _example/server.go file and listen 8000 port.

go run _example/server.go

Download and install httpie CLI HTTP client.

Login API

http -v --json POST localhost:8000/login username=admin password=admin

Output screenshot

api screenshot

Refresh token API

http -v -f GET localhost:8000/auth/refresh_token "Authorization:Bearer xxxxxxxxx"  "Content-Type: application/json"

Output screenshot

api screenshot

Hello world

Please login as admin and password as admin

http -f GET localhost:8000/auth/hello "Authorization:Bearer xxxxxxxxx"  "Content-Type: application/json"

Response message 200 OK:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Length: 24
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
Date: Sat, 19 Mar 2016 03:02:57 GMT

{
  "text": "Hello World.",
  "userID": "admin"
}

Authorization

Please login as test and password as test

http -f GET localhost:8000/auth/hello "Authorization:Bearer xxxxxxxxx"  "Content-Type: application/json"

Response message 403 Forbidden:

HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden
Content-Length: 62
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
Date: Sat, 19 Mar 2016 03:05:40 GMT
Www-Authenticate: JWT realm=test zone

{
  "code": 403,
  "message": "You don't have permission to access."
}

Cookie Token

Use these options for setting the JWT in a cookie. See the Mozilla documentation for more information on these options.

	SendCookie:       true,
	SecureCookie:     false, //non HTTPS dev environments
	CookieHTTPOnly:   true,  // JS can't modify
	CookieDomain:     "localhost:8080",
	CookieName:       "token", // default jwt
	TokenLookup:      "cookie:token",

Adding a route to the LogoutHandler route will the deletion of the auth cookie, effectively logging the user out. The LoginResponse object can optionally be set to customize the response of this endpoint.

Login Flow

  1. Authenticator: handles the login logic. On success LoginResponse is called, on failure Unauthorized is called.
  2. LoginResponse: optional, allows setting a custom response such as a redirect.

JWT Flow

  1. PayloadFunc: maps the claims in the JWT.
  2. IdentityHandler: extracts identity from claims.
  3. Authorizator: receives identity and handles authorization logic.
  4. Unauthorized: handles unauthorized logic.
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