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<?php
/**
* \AppserverIo\WebServer\Modules\EnvironmentVariableModule
*
* NOTICE OF LICENSE
*
* This source file is subject to the Open Software License (OSL 3.0)
* that is available through the world-wide-web at this URL:
* http://opensource.org/licenses/osl-3.0.php
*
* PHP version 5
*
* @category Server
* @package WebServer
* @subpackage Modules
* @author Bernhard Wick <bw@appserver.io>
* @copyright 2014 TechDivision GmbH <info@appserver.io>
* @license http://opensource.org/licenses/osl-3.0.php Open Software License (OSL 3.0)
* @link https://github.com/appserver-io/webserver
*/
namespace AppserverIo\WebServer\Modules;
use AppserverIo\Psr\HttpMessage\Protocol;
use AppserverIo\Psr\HttpMessage\RequestInterface;
use AppserverIo\Psr\HttpMessage\ResponseInterface;
use AppserverIo\WebServer\Interfaces\HttpModuleInterface;
use AppserverIo\Server\Dictionaries\ModuleHooks;
use AppserverIo\Server\Exceptions\ModuleException;
use AppserverIo\Server\Dictionaries\ServerVars;
use AppserverIo\Server\Dictionaries\EnvVars;
use AppserverIo\Server\Interfaces\RequestContextInterface;
use AppserverIo\Server\Interfaces\ServerContextInterface;
use AppserverIo\Server\Dictionaries\ModuleVars;
/**
* Class EnvironmentVariableModule
*
* This class implements a module which is able to control server environment variables.
* These can be conditionally set, unset and copied in form an OS context.
*
* @category Server
* @package WebServer
* @subpackage Modules
* @author Bernhard Wick <bw@appserver.io>
* @copyright 2014 TechDivision GmbH <info@appserver.io>
* @license http://opensource.org/licenses/osl-3.0.php Open Software License (OSL 3.0)
* @link https://github.com/appserver-io/webserver
*/
class EnvironmentVariableModule implements HttpModuleInterface
{
/**
* Server variables we support and need
*
* @var array $supportedServerVars
*/
protected $supportedServerVars = array();
/**
* SSL environment variables we support and need
*
* @var array $supportedSslEnvironmentVars
*/
protected $supportedSslEnvironmentVars = array();
/**
* All variables we have to check (sorted by requested URL)
*
* @var array $variables
*/
protected $variables = array();
/**
* The variables as we got it from our basic configuration
*
* @var array $configuredVariables
*/
protected $configuredVariables = array();
/**
* The server's context instance which we preserve for later use
*
* @var \AppserverIo\Server\Interfaces\ServerContextInterface $serverContext The server's context instance
*/
protected $serverContext;
/**
* The request's context instance
*
* @var \AppserverIo\Server\Interfaces\RequestContextInterface $requestContext The request's context instance
*/
protected $requestContext;
/**
* This array will hold all values which one would suspect as part of the PHP $_SERVER array.
* As it will be filled from different sources we better keep it as a flat array here so we can
* easily search for any value we need.
* Filling and refilling will take place in init() and process() as we need it.
*
* @var array $serverVars
*/
protected $serverBackreferences = array();
/**
*
* @var array $dependencies The modules we depend on
*/
protected $dependencies = array();
/**
* Defines the module name
*
* @var string
*/
const MODULE_NAME = 'environmentVariable';
/**
* The default operand we will check all conditions against if none was given explicitly
*
* @const string DEFAULT_OPERAND
*/
const DEFAULT_OPERAND = '@$HTTP_USER_AGENT';
/**
* Initiates the module
*
* @param \AppserverIo\Server\Interfaces\ServerContextInterface $serverContext The server's context instance
*
* @return bool
* @throws \AppserverIo\Server\Exceptions\ModuleException
*/
public function init(ServerContextInterface $serverContext)
{
// We have to throw a ModuleException on failure, so surround the body with a try...catch block
try {
// Save the server context for later re-use
$this->serverContext = $serverContext;
// Register our dependencies
$this->dependencies = array(
'virtualHost'
);
$this->supportedServerVars = array(
'headers' => array(
Protocol::HEADER_STATUS,
Protocol::HEADER_DATE,
Protocol::HEADER_CONNECTION,
Protocol::HEADER_CONNECTION_VALUE_CLOSE,
Protocol::HEADER_CONNECTION_VALUE_KEEPALIVE,
Protocol::HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE,
Protocol::HEADER_CONTENT_DISPOSITION,
Protocol::HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH,
Protocol::HEADER_CONTENT_ENCODING,
Protocol::HEADER_CACHE_CONTROL,
Protocol::HEADER_PRAGMA,
Protocol::HEADER_PROXY_CONNECTION,
Protocol::HEADER_X_FORWARD,
Protocol::HEADER_LAST_MODIFIED,
Protocol::HEADER_EXPIRES,
Protocol::HEADER_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE,
Protocol::HEADER_LOCATION,
Protocol::HEADER_X_POWERED_BY,
Protocol::HEADER_COOKIE,
Protocol::HEADER_SET_COOKIE,
Protocol::HEADER_HOST,
Protocol::HEADER_ACCEPT,
Protocol::HEADER_ACCEPT_CHARSET,
Protocol::HEADER_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE,
Protocol::HEADER_ACCEPT_ENCODING,
Protocol::HEADER_USER_AGENT,
Protocol::HEADER_REFERER,
Protocol::HEADER_KEEP_ALIVE,
Protocol::HEADER_SERVER,
Protocol::HEADER_WWW_AUTHENTICATE,
Protocol::HEADER_AUTHORIZATION,
Protocol::HEADER_X_REQUESTED_WITH,
Protocol::HEADER_ACCESS_CONTROL_ALLOW_ORIGIN,
Protocol::HEADER_ACCESS_CONTROL_ALLOW_CREDENTIALS,
Protocol::STATUS_REASONPHRASE_UNASSIGNED
)
);
$this->supportedSslEnvironmentVars = array(
EnvVars::HTTPS,
EnvVars::SSL_PROTOCOL,
EnvVars::SSL_SESSION_ID,
EnvVars::SSL_CIPHER,
EnvVars::SSL_CIPHER_EXPORT,
EnvVars::SSL_CIPHER_USEKEYSIZE,
EnvVars::SSL_CIPHER_ALGKEYSIZE,
EnvVars::SSL_COMPRESS_METHOD,
EnvVars::SSL_VERSION_INTERFACE,
EnvVars::SSL_VERSION_LIBRARY,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_M_VERSION,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_M_SERIAL,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_S_DN,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_X509,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_I_DN,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_I_DN_X509,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_V_START,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_V_END,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_V_REMAIN,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_A_SIG,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_A_KEY,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_CERT,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_CERT_CHAIN_N,
EnvVars::SSL_CLIENT_VERIFY,
EnvVars::SSL_SERVER_M_VERSION,
EnvVars::SSL_SERVER_M_SERIAL,
EnvVars::SSL_SERVER_S_DN,
EnvVars::SSL_SERVER_S_DN_X509,
EnvVars::SSL_SERVER_I_DN,
EnvVars::SSL_SERVER_I_DN_X509,
EnvVars::SSL_SERVER_V_START,
EnvVars::SSL_SERVER_V_END,
EnvVars::SSL_SERVER_A_SIG,
EnvVars::SSL_SERVER_A_KEY,
EnvVars::SSL_SERVER_CERT,
EnvVars::SSL_TLS_SNI
);
// Get the variables which came from our configuration. There might be more coming from preceding modules
// which we will load within the process() method.
$this->configuredVariables = $this->serverContext->getServerConfig()->getEnvironmentVariables();
} catch (\Exception $e) {
// Re-throw as a ModuleException
throw new ModuleException($e);
}
}
/**
* Returns the request's context instance
*
* @return \AppserverIo\Server\Interfaces\RequestContextInterface
*/
public function getRequestContext()
{
return $this->requestContext;
}
/**
* Implement's module logic for given hook
*
* @param \AppserverIo\Psr\HttpMessage\RequestInterface $request A request object
* @param \AppserverIo\Psr\HttpMessage\ResponseInterface $response A response object
* @param \AppserverIo\Server\Interfaces\RequestContextInterface $requestContext A requests context instance
* @param int $hook The current hook to process logic for
*
* @return bool
* @throws \AppserverIo\Server\Exceptions\ModuleException
*/
public function process(RequestInterface $request, ResponseInterface $response, RequestContextInterface $requestContext, $hook)
{
// In php an interface is, by definition, a fixed contract. It is immutable.
// So we have to declair the right ones afterwards...
/**
* @var $request \AppserverIo\Psr\HttpMessage\RequestInterface
*/
/**
* @var $response \AppserverIo\Psr\HttpMessage\ResponseInterface
*/
// if false hook is coming do nothing
if (ModuleHooks::REQUEST_POST !== $hook) {
return;
}
// We have to throw a ModuleException on failure, so surround the body with a try...catch block
try {
// set request context as member property for further usage
$this->requestContext = $requestContext;
// Reset the $serverBackreferences array to avoid mixups of different requests
$this->serverBackreferences = array();
// Resolve all used backreferences which are NOT linked to the query string.
// We will resolve query string related backreferences separately as we are not able to cache them
// as easily as, say, the URI
// We also have to resolve all the changes rules in front of us made, so build up the backreferences
// IN the loop.
// TODO switch to backreference request not prefill as it might be faster
$this->fillContextBackreferences();
$this->fillHeaderBackreferences($request);
$this->fillSslEnvironmentBackreferences();
// Get the environment variables as the array they are within the config.
// We have to also collect any volative rules which might be set on request base.
// We might not even get anything, so prepare our rules accordingly
$volatileEnvironmentVariables = array();
if ($requestContext->hasModuleVar(ModuleVars::VOLATILE_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES)) {
$volatileEnvironmentVariables = $requestContext->getModuleVar(ModuleVars::VOLATILE_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES);
}
// Build up the complete ruleset, volatile rules up front
$variables = array_merge($this->configuredVariables, $volatileEnvironmentVariables);
// Only act if we got something
if (is_array($variables)) {
// Convert the rules to our internally used objects
foreach ($variables as $variable) {
// Make that condition handling only if there even are conditions
if (! empty($variable['condition'])) {
// Get the operand
$condition = $variable['condition'] . $this->getDefaultOperand();
if (strpos($condition, '@') !== false) {
// Get the pieces of the condition
$conditionPieces = array();
preg_match_all('`(.*?)@(\$[0-9a-zA-Z_\-]+)`', $condition, $conditionPieces);
// Check the condition and continue for the next variable if we do not match
if (! isset($this->serverBackreferences[$conditionPieces[2][0]])) {
continue;
}
// Do we have a match? Get the potential backreferences
$conditionBackreferences = array();
if (preg_match('`' . $conditionPieces[1][0] . '`', $this->serverBackreferences[$conditionPieces[2][0]], $conditionBackreferences) !== 1) {
continue;
}
}
}
// We have to split up the definition string, if we do not find a equal character we have to fail
if (! strpos($variable['definition'], '=')) {
throw new ModuleException('Invalid definition ' . $variable['definition'] . 'missing "=".');
}
// Get the variable name and its value from the definition string
$varName = $this->filterVariableName(strstr($variable['definition'], '=', true));
$value = substr(strstr($variable['definition'], '='), 1);
// We also have to resolve backreferences for the value part of the definition, as people might want
// to pass OS environment vars to the server vars
if (strpos($value, '$') !== false) {
// Get the possible backreference (might as well be something else) and resolve it if needed
// TODO tell them if we do not find a backreference to resolve, might be a problem
$possibleBackreferences = array();
preg_match('`\$.+?`', $value, $possibleBackreferences);
foreach ($possibleBackreferences as $possibleBackreference) {
if ($backrefValue = getenv($possibleBackreference)) {
// Do we have a backreference which is a server or env var?
$value = str_replace($possibleBackreference, $backrefValue, $value);
} elseif (isset($conditionBackreferences[(int) substr($possibleBackreference, 1)])) {
// We got no backreference from any of the server or env vars, so maybe we got
// something from the preg_match
$value = str_replace($possibleBackreference, $conditionBackreferences[(int) substr($possibleBackreference, 1)], $value);
}
}
}
// If the value is "null" we will unset the variable
if ($value === 'null') {
// Unset the variable and continue with the next environment variable
if ($requestContext->hasEnvVar($varName)) {
$requestContext->unsetEnvVar($varName);
}
continue;
}
// Take action according to the needed definition
$requestContext->setEnvVar($varName, $value);
}
}
} catch (\Exception $e) {
// Re-throw as a ModuleException
throw new ModuleException($e);
}
}
/**
* Will return the default operand of this action
*
* @return string
*/
protected function getDefaultOperand()
{
return self::DEFAULT_OPERAND;
}
/**
* Will fill the header variables into our pre-collected $serverVars array
*
* @param \AppserverIo\Psr\HttpMessage\RequestInterface $request The request instance
*
* @return void
*/
protected function fillHeaderBackreferences(RequestInterface $request)
{
$headerArray = $request->getHeaders();
// Iterate over all header vars we know and add them to our serverBackreferences array
foreach ($this->supportedServerVars['headers'] as $supportedServerVar) {
// As we got them with another name, we have to rename them, so we will not have to do this on the fly
if (@isset($headerArray[$supportedServerVar])) {
$this->serverBackreferences['$' . $supportedServerVar] = $headerArray[$supportedServerVar];
// Also create for the "dynamic" substitution syntax
$this->serverBackreferences['$' . $supportedServerVar] = $headerArray[$supportedServerVar];
}
}
}
/**
* Will fill the SSL environment variables into the backreferences.
* These are empty as long as the SSL module is not loaded.
*
* @return void TODO Get this vars from the SSL module as soon as it exists
*/
protected function fillSslEnvironmentBackreferences()
{
// Iterate over all SSL environment variables and fill them into our backreferences
foreach ($this->supportedSslEnvironmentVars as $supportedSslEnvironmentVar) {
$this->serverBackreferences['$' . $supportedSslEnvironmentVar . ''] = '';
}
}
/**
* Initiates the module
*
* @throws \AppserverIo\Server\Exceptions\ModuleException
*
* @return void
*/
protected function fillContextBackreferences()
{
foreach ($this->getRequestContext()->getServerVars() as $varName => $serverVar) {
// Prefill the value
$this->serverBackreferences['$' . $varName] = $serverVar;
}
}
/**
* Return's an array of module names which should be executed first
*
* @return array The array of module names
*/
public function getDependencies()
{
return $this->dependencies;
}
/**
* Returns the module name
*
* @return string The module name
*/
public function getModuleName()
{
return self::MODULE_NAME;
}
/**
* Will filter a given var name and sanitize it
*
* @param string $varName The name of the variable to filter
*
* @return string
*/
protected function filterVariableName($varName)
{
// Strtoupper it for a start
$tmp = strtoupper($varName);
// Replace all the characters we do not want with and underscore (as Apache does it)
$tmp = preg_replace('/[^A-Z0-9_]/', '_', $tmp);
return $tmp;
}
/**
* Prepares the module for upcoming request in specific context
*
* @return bool
* @throws \AppserverIo\Server\Exceptions\ModuleException
*/
public function prepare()
{
// nothing to prepare for this module
}
}