The tracing can help identify not only what is happening but also what is not happening when your program is running. We will use a simple program to learn how to navigate and read some of the tracing information you can find in the trace tool.
Review this post to gain basic skills.
You have two options with this code. First uncomment the CPU profile lines to generate a CPU profile.
pprof.StartCPUProfile(os.Stdout) defer pprof.StopCPUProfile() // trace.Start(os.Stdout) // defer trace.Stop()
This will let you run a profile first. Leverage the lessons learned in the other sections.
$ ./trace > p.out $ go tool pprof p.out
Then run a trace by uncommenting the other lines of code.
// pprof.StartCPUProfile(os.Stdout) // defer pprof.StopCPUProfile() trace.Start(os.Stdout) defer trace.Stop()
Once you run the program.
$ ./trace > t.out $ go tool trace t.out
Then explore the trace tooling by building the program with these different find functions.
n := find(topic, docs) // n := findConcurrent(topic, docs) // n := findConcurrentSem(topic, docs) // n := findNumCPU(topic, docs) // n := findActor(topic, docs)
Using this function allows you to see how to add custom tasks and regions. This requires Go version 1.11.
// n := findNumCPUTasks(topic, docs)
Note that goroutines in "syscall" state consume an OS thread, other goroutines do not (except for goroutines that called runtime.LockOSThread, which is, unfortunately, not visible in the profile).
Note that goroutines in "IO wait" state do NOT consume an OS thread. They are parked on the non-blocking network poller.
All material is licensed under the Apache License Version 2.0, January 2004.