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/* Copyright (c) 2011, Peter Barrett
**
** Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for
** any purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the
** above copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
**
** THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL
** WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED
** WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR
** BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
** OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS,
** WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION,
** ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS
** SOFTWARE.
*/

#include "Platform.h"
#include "USBAPI.h"
#include <avr/wdt.h>

#if defined(USBCON)
#ifdef CDC_ENABLED

#if (RAMEND < 1000)
#define SERIAL_BUFFER_SIZE 16
#else
#define SERIAL_BUFFER_SIZE 64
#endif

struct ring_buffer
{
unsigned char buffer[SERIAL_BUFFER_SIZE];
volatile int head;
volatile int tail;
};

ring_buffer cdc_rx_buffer = { { 0 }, 0, 0};

typedef struct
{
u32 dwDTERate;
u8 bCharFormat;
u8 bParityType;
u8 bDataBits;
u8 lineState;
} LineInfo;

static volatile LineInfo _usbLineInfo = { 57600, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 };

#define WEAK __attribute__ ((weak))

extern const CDCDescriptor _cdcInterface PROGMEM;
const CDCDescriptor _cdcInterface =
{
D_IAD(0,2,CDC_COMMUNICATION_INTERFACE_CLASS,CDC_ABSTRACT_CONTROL_MODEL,1),

// CDC communication interface
D_INTERFACE(CDC_ACM_INTERFACE,1,CDC_COMMUNICATION_INTERFACE_CLASS,CDC_ABSTRACT_CONTROL_MODEL,0),
D_CDCCS(CDC_HEADER,0x10,0x01), // Header (1.10 bcd)
D_CDCCS(CDC_CALL_MANAGEMENT,1,1), // Device handles call management (not)
D_CDCCS4(CDC_ABSTRACT_CONTROL_MANAGEMENT,6), // SET_LINE_CODING, GET_LINE_CODING, SET_CONTROL_LINE_STATE supported
D_CDCCS(CDC_UNION,CDC_ACM_INTERFACE,CDC_DATA_INTERFACE), // Communication interface is master, data interface is slave 0
D_ENDPOINT(USB_ENDPOINT_IN (CDC_ENDPOINT_ACM),USB_ENDPOINT_TYPE_INTERRUPT,0x10,0x40),

// CDC data interface
D_INTERFACE(CDC_DATA_INTERFACE,2,CDC_DATA_INTERFACE_CLASS,0,0),
D_ENDPOINT(USB_ENDPOINT_OUT(CDC_ENDPOINT_OUT),USB_ENDPOINT_TYPE_BULK,0x40,0),
D_ENDPOINT(USB_ENDPOINT_IN (CDC_ENDPOINT_IN ),USB_ENDPOINT_TYPE_BULK,0x40,0)
};

int WEAK CDC_GetInterface(u8* interfaceNum)
{
interfaceNum[0] += 2; // uses 2
return USB_SendControl(TRANSFER_PGM,&_cdcInterface,sizeof(_cdcInterface));
}

bool WEAK CDC_Setup(Setup& setup)
{
u8 r = setup.bRequest;
u8 requestType = setup.bmRequestType;

if (REQUEST_DEVICETOHOST_CLASS_INTERFACE == requestType)
{
if (CDC_GET_LINE_CODING == r)
{
USB_SendControl(0,(void*)&_usbLineInfo,7);
return true;
}
}

if (REQUEST_HOSTTODEVICE_CLASS_INTERFACE == requestType)
{
if (CDC_SET_LINE_CODING == r)
{
USB_RecvControl((void*)&_usbLineInfo,7);
return true;
}

if (CDC_SET_CONTROL_LINE_STATE == r)
{
_usbLineInfo.lineState = setup.wValueL;

// auto-reset into the bootloader is triggered when the port, already
// open at 1200 bps, is closed. this is the signal to start the watchdog
// with a relatively long period so it can finish housekeeping tasks
// like servicing endpoints before the sketch ends
if (1200 == _usbLineInfo.dwDTERate) {
// We check DTR state to determine if host port is open (bit 0 of lineState).
if ((_usbLineInfo.lineState & 0x01) == 0) {
*(uint16_t *)0x0800 = 0x7777;
wdt_enable(WDTO_120MS);
} else {
// Most OSs do some intermediate steps when configuring ports and DTR can
// twiggle more than once before stabilizing.
// To avoid spurious resets we set the watchdog to 250ms and eventually
// cancel if DTR goes back high.

wdt_disable();
wdt_reset();
*(uint16_t *)0x0800 = 0x0;
}
}
return true;
}
}
return false;
}


int _serialPeek = -1;
void Serial_::begin(unsigned long baud_count)
{
}

void Serial_::begin(unsigned long baud_count, byte config)
{
}

void Serial_::end(void)
{
}

void Serial_::accept(void)
{
ring_buffer *buffer = &cdc_rx_buffer;
int i = (unsigned int)(buffer->head+1) % SERIAL_BUFFER_SIZE;

// if we should be storing the received character into the location
// just before the tail (meaning that the head would advance to the
// current location of the tail), we're about to overflow the buffer
// and so we don't write the character or advance the head.

// while we have room to store a byte
while (i != buffer->tail) {
int c = USB_Recv(CDC_RX);
if (c == -1)
break; // no more data
buffer->buffer[buffer->head] = c;
buffer->head = i;

i = (unsigned int)(buffer->head+1) % SERIAL_BUFFER_SIZE;
}
}

int Serial_::available(void)
{
ring_buffer *buffer = &cdc_rx_buffer;
return (unsigned int)(SERIAL_BUFFER_SIZE + buffer->head - buffer->tail) % SERIAL_BUFFER_SIZE;
}

int Serial_::peek(void)
{
ring_buffer *buffer = &cdc_rx_buffer;
if (buffer->head == buffer->tail) {
return -1;
} else {
return buffer->buffer[buffer->tail];
}
}

int Serial_::read(void)
{
ring_buffer *buffer = &cdc_rx_buffer;
// if the head isn't ahead of the tail, we don't have any characters
if (buffer->head == buffer->tail) {
return -1;
} else {
unsigned char c = buffer->buffer[buffer->tail];
buffer->tail = (unsigned int)(buffer->tail + 1) % SERIAL_BUFFER_SIZE;
return c;
}
}

void Serial_::flush(void)
{
USB_Flush(CDC_TX);
}

size_t Serial_::write(uint8_t c)
{
/* only try to send bytes if the high-level CDC connection itself
is open (not just the pipe) - the OS should set lineState when the port
is opened and clear lineState when the port is closed.
bytes sent before the user opens the connection or after
the connection is closed are lost - just like with a UART. */

// TODO - ZE - check behavior on different OSes and test what happens if an
// open connection isn't broken cleanly (cable is yanked out, host dies
// or locks up, or host virtual serial port hangs)
if (_usbLineInfo.lineState > 0) {
int r = USB_Send(CDC_TX,&c,1);
if (r > 0) {
return r;
} else {
setWriteError();
return 0;
}
}
setWriteError();
return 0;
}

// This operator is a convenient way for a sketch to check whether the
// port has actually been configured and opened by the host (as opposed
// to just being connected to the host). It can be used, for example, in
// setup() before printing to ensure that an application on the host is
// actually ready to receive and display the data.
// We add a short delay before returning to fix a bug observed by Federico
// where the port is configured (lineState != 0) but not quite opened.
Serial_::operator bool() {
bool result = false;
if (_usbLineInfo.lineState > 0)
result = true;
delay(10);
return result;
}

Serial_ Serial;

#endif
#endif /* if defined(USBCON) */
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