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// Intel 8259A programmable interrupt controllers.
#include "types.h"
#include "x86.h"
#include "traps.h"
// I/O Addresses of the two programmable interrupt controllers
#define IO_PIC1 0x20 // Master (IRQs 0-7)
#define IO_PIC2 0xA0 // Slave (IRQs 8-15)
#define IRQ_SLAVE 2 // IRQ at which slave connects to master
// Current IRQ mask.
// Initial IRQ mask has interrupt 2 enabled (for slave 8259A).
static ushort irqmask = 0xFFFF & ~(1<<IRQ_SLAVE);
static void
pic_setmask(ushort mask)
{
irqmask = mask;
outb(IO_PIC1+1, mask);
outb(IO_PIC2+1, mask >> 8);
}
void
pic_enable(int irq)
{
pic_setmask(irqmask & ~(1<<irq));
}
// Initialize the 8259A interrupt controllers.
void
pic_init(void)
{
// mask all interrupts
outb(IO_PIC1+1, 0xFF);
outb(IO_PIC2+1, 0xFF);
// Set up master (8259A-1)
// ICW1: 0001g0hi
// g: 0 = edge triggering, 1 = level triggering
// h: 0 = cascaded PICs, 1 = master only
// i: 0 = no ICW4, 1 = ICW4 required
outb(IO_PIC1, 0x11);
// ICW2: Vector offset
outb(IO_PIC1+1, IRQ_OFFSET);
// ICW3: (master PIC) bit mask of IR lines connected to slaves
// (slave PIC) 3-bit # of slave's connection to master
outb(IO_PIC1+1, 1<<IRQ_SLAVE);
// ICW4: 000nbmap
// n: 1 = special fully nested mode
// b: 1 = buffered mode
// m: 0 = slave PIC, 1 = master PIC
// (ignored when b is 0, as the master/slave role
// can be hardwired).
// a: 1 = Automatic EOI mode
// p: 0 = MCS-80/85 mode, 1 = intel x86 mode
outb(IO_PIC1+1, 0x3);
// Set up slave (8259A-2)
outb(IO_PIC2, 0x11); // ICW1
outb(IO_PIC2+1, IRQ_OFFSET + 8); // ICW2
outb(IO_PIC2+1, IRQ_SLAVE); // ICW3
// NB Automatic EOI mode doesn't tend to work on the slave.
// Linux source code says it's "to be investigated".
outb(IO_PIC2+1, 0x3); // ICW4
// OCW3: 0ef01prs
// ef: 0x = NOP, 10 = clear specific mask, 11 = set specific mask
// p: 0 = no polling, 1 = polling mode
// rs: 0x = NOP, 10 = read IRR, 11 = read ISR
outb(IO_PIC1, 0x68); // clear specific mask
outb(IO_PIC1, 0x0a); // read IRR by default
outb(IO_PIC2, 0x68); // OCW3
outb(IO_PIC2, 0x0a); // OCW3
if(irqmask != 0xFFFF)
pic_setmask(irqmask);
}
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