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#!/usr/bin/env python
# encoding: utf-8
"""
Extrude requires pySerial installed for this module to work. If you are using Fedora it is available on yum
(run "sudo yum install pyserial"). To actually control the reprap requires write access to the serial device,
running as root is one way to get that access.
Created by Brendan Erwin on 2008-05-21.
Copyright (c) 2008 Brendan Erwin. All rights reserved.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
"""
try:
import serial # Import the pySerial modules.
except:
print('You do not have pySerial installed, which is needed to control the serial port.')
print('Information on pySerial is at:\nhttp://pyserial.wiki.sourceforge.net/pySerial')
import os
import sys
import time
class RepRapArduinoSerialSender:
"""
A utility class for communication with the Arduino from python.
Intended for g-code only. Raises ValueException if the arduino
returns an unexpected response. Usually caused by sending invalid
g-code.
"""
_verbose = False
block = "empty"
def __init__(self, port, baud, verbose=False):
"""
Opens the serial port and prepares for writing.
port MUST be set, and values are operating system dependant.
"""
self._verbose = verbose
if self._verbose:
print >> sys.stdout, "Opening serial port: " + port
#Timeout value 10" max travel, 1RPM, 20 threads/in = 200 seconds
self.ser = serial.Serial(port, baud, timeout=200)
if self._verbose:
print >> sys.stdout, "Serial Open?: " + str(self.ser.isOpen())
print >> sys.stdout, "Baud Rate: " + str(self.ser.baudrate)
def reset(self):
"""
Resets the arduino by droping DTR for 1 second
This will then wait for a response ("ready") and return.
"""
#Reboot the arduino, and wait for it's response
if self._verbose:
print "Resetting arduino..."
self.ser.setDTR(0)
# There is presumably some latency required.
time.sleep(1)
self.ser.setDTR(1)
self.read("Start")
def write(self, block):
"""
Writes one block of g-code out to arduino and waits for an "ok".
This version will wait for an "ok" before returning and prints any intermediate output received.
No error will be raised if non-ok response is received. Loop in read() is infinite if "ok"
does not come back!
This routine also removes all whitespace before sending it to the arduino,
which is handy for gcode, but will screw up if you try to do binary communications.
"""
if self._verbose:
print "> " + block
# The arduino GCode interperter firmware doesn't like whitespace
# and if there's anything other than space and tab, we have other problems.
block=block.strip()
block=block.replace(' ','')
block=block.replace("\t",'')
#Skip blank blocks.
if len(block) == 0:
return
self.ser.write(block + "\n")
self.read("OK")
def read(self, expect=None):
"""
This routine should never be called directly. It's used by write() and reset()
to read a one-line response from the Arduino.
This version will wait for an "ok" before returning and prints any intermediate output received.
No error will be raised if non-ok response is received. Loop is infinite if "ok"
does not come back!
"""
#The g-code firmware returns exactly ONE line per block of gcode sent.
#Unless it is M104, M105 or other code that returns info!!
#It WILL return "ok" once the command has finished sending and completed.
while True:
response = self.ser.readline().strip()
if expect is None:
return
if expect.lower() in response.lower():
if self._verbose:
print "< " + response
return
else:
#Just print the response since it is useful data or an error message
print "< " + response
def close():
"""
Closes the serial port, terminating communications with the arduino.
"""
if self._verbose:
print >> sys.stdout, "Closing serial port."
self.ser.close()
if self._verbose:
print >> sys.stdout, "Serial Open?: " + str(self.ser.isOpen())