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README.md

PHP Kafka client - php-rdkafka

Join the chat at https://gitter.im/arnaud-lb/php-rdkafka

Supported librdkafka versions: >= 0.11 Supported Kafka versions: >= 0.8 Supported PHP versions: 5.6 .. 7.x Build Status

PHP-rdkafka is a thin librdkafka binding providing a working PHP 5 / PHP 7 Kafka client.

It supports the high level and low level consumers, producer, and metadata APIs.

The API ressembles as much as possible to librdkafka's, and is fully documented here.
The source of the documentation can be found here

Table of Contents

  1. Installation
  2. Examples
  3. Usage
  4. Documentation
  5. Credits
  6. License

Installation

https://arnaud-lb.github.io/php-rdkafka-doc/phpdoc/rdkafka.setup.html

Examples

https://arnaud-lb.github.io/php-rdkafka-doc/phpdoc/rdkafka.examples.html

Usage

Configuration parameters used below can found in Librdkafka Configuration reference

Producing

Creating a producer

For producing, we first need to create a producer, and to add brokers (Kafka servers) to it:

<?php
$conf = new RdKafka\Conf();
$conf->set('log_level', (string) LOG_DEBUG);
$conf->set('debug', 'all');
$rk = new RdKafka\Producer($conf);
$rk->addBrokers("10.0.0.1:9092,10.0.0.2:9092");

Producing messages

⚠️ Make sure that your producer follows proper shutdown (see below) to not lose messages.
Next, we create a topic instance from the producer:

<?php

$topic = $rk->newTopic("test");

From there, we can produce as much messages as we want, using the produce method:

<?php

$topic->produce(RD_KAFKA_PARTITION_UA, 0, "Message payload");

The first argument is the partition. RD_KAFKA_PARTITION_UA stands for unassigned, and lets librdkafka choose the partition.
The second argument are message flags and should be either 0
or RD_KAFKA_MSG_F_BLOCK to block produce on full queue. The message payload can be anything.

Proper shutdown

This should be done prior to destroying a producer instance
to make sure all queued and in-flight produce requests are completed
before terminating. Use a reasonable value for $timeout_ms.
⚠️ Not calling flush can lead to message loss!

$rk->flush($timeout_ms);

In case you don't care about sending messages that haven't been sent yet, you can use purge() before calling flush():

// Forget messages that are not fully sent yet
$rk->purge(RD_KAFKA_PURGE_F_QUEUE);

$rk->flush($timeout_ms);

High-level consuming

The RdKafka\KafkaConsumer class supports automatic partition assignment/revocation. See the example here.

Low-level consuming

We first need to create a low level consumer, and to add brokers (Kafka servers) to it:

<?php
$conf = new Conf();
$conf->set('log_level', (string) LOG_DEBUG);
$conf->set('debug', 'all');
$rk = new RdKafka\Consumer($conf);
$rk->addBrokers("10.0.0.1,10.0.0.2");

Next, create a topic instance by calling the newTopic() method, and start consuming on partition 0:

<?php

$topic = $rk->newTopic("test");

// The first argument is the partition to consume from.
// The second argument is the offset at which to start consumption. Valid values
// are: RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_BEGINNING, RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_END, RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_STORED.
$topic->consumeStart(0, RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_BEGINNING);

Next, retrieve the consumed messages:

<?php

while (true) {
    // The first argument is the partition (again).
    // The second argument is the timeout.
    $msg = $topic->consume(0, 1000);
    if (null === $msg || $msg->err === RD_KAFKA_RESP_ERR__PARTITION_EOF) {
        // Constant check required by librdkafka 0.11.6. Newer librdkafka versions will return NULL instead.
        continue;
    } elseif ($msg->err) {
        echo $msg->errstr(), "\n";
        break;
    } else {
        echo $msg->payload, "\n";
    }
}

Low-level consuming from multiple topics / partitions

Consuming from multiple topics and/or partitions can be done by telling librdkafka to forward all messages from these topics/partitions to an internal queue, and then consuming from this queue:

Creating the queue:

<?php
$queue = $rk->newQueue();

Adding topic partitions to the queue:

<?php

$topic1 = $rk->newTopic("topic1");
$topic1->consumeQueueStart(0, RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_BEGINNING, $queue);
$topic1->consumeQueueStart(1, RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_BEGINNING, $queue);

$topic2 = $rk->newTopic("topic2");
$topic2->consumeQueueStart(0, RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_BEGINNING, $queue);

Next, retrieve the consumed messages from the queue:

<?php

while (true) {
    // The only argument is the timeout.
    $msg = $queue->consume(1000);
    if (null === $msg || $msg->err === RD_KAFKA_RESP_ERR__PARTITION_EOF) {
        // Constant check required by librdkafka 0.11.6. Newer librdkafka versions will return NULL instead.
        continue;
    } elseif ($msg->err) {
        echo $msg->errstr(), "\n";
        break;
    } else {
        echo $msg->payload, "\n";
    }
}

Using stored offsets

Broker (default)

librdkafka per default stores offsets on the broker.

File offsets (deprecated)

If you're using local file for offset storage, then by default the file is created in the current directory, with a name based on the topic and the partition. The directory can be changed by setting the offset.store.path configuration property.

Consumer settings

Low-level consumer: auto commit settings

To manually control the offset, set enable.auto.offset.store to false.
The settings auto.commit.interval.ms and auto.commit.enable will control
if the stored offsets will be auto committed to the broker and in which interval.

High-level consumer: auto commit settings

To manually control the offset, set enable.auto.commit to false.

High level consumer: max.poll.interval.ms

Maximum allowed time between calls to consume messages for high-level consumers.
If this interval is exceeded the consumer is considered failed and the group will
rebalance in order to reassign the partitions to another consumer group member.

Consumer group id (general)

group.id is responsible for setting your consumer group ID and it should be unique (and should not change). Kafka uses it to recognize applications and store offsets for them.

<?php

$topicConf = new RdKafka\TopicConf();
$topicConf->set("auto.commit.interval.ms", 1e3);

$topic = $rk->newTopic("test", $topicConf);

$topic->consumeStart(0, RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_STORED);

Interesting configuration parameters

Librdkafka Configuration reference

queued.max.messages.kbytes

librdkafka will buffer up to 1GB of messages for each consumed partition by default. You can lower memory usage by reducing the value of the queued.max.messages.kbytes parameter on your consumers.

topic.metadata.refresh.sparse and topic.metadata.refresh.interval.ms

Each consumer and producer instance will fetch topics metadata at an interval defined by the topic.metadata.refresh.interval.ms parameter. Depending on your librdkafka version, the parameter defaults to 10 seconds, or 600 seconds.

librdkafka fetches the metadata for all topics of the cluster by default. Setting topic.metadata.refresh.sparse to the string "true" makes sure that librdkafka fetches only the topics he uses.

Setting topic.metadata.refresh.sparse to "true", and topic.metadata.refresh.interval.ms to 600 seconds (plus some jitter) can reduce the bandwidth a lot, depending on the number of consumers and topics.

internal.termination.signal

This setting allows librdkafka threads to terminate as soon as librdkafka is done with them. This effectively allows your PHP processes / requests to terminate quickly.

When enabling this, you have to mask the signal like this:

<?php
// once
pcntl_sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, array(SIGIO));
// any time
$conf->set('internal.termination.signal', SIGIO);

socket.blocking.max.ms (librdkafka < 1.0.0)

Maximum time a broker socket operation may block. A lower value improves responsiveness at the expense of slightly higher CPU usage.

Reducing the value of this setting improves shutdown speed. The value defines the maximum time librdkafka will block in one iteration of a read loop. This also defines how often the main librdkafka thread will check for termination.

queue.buffering.max.ms

This defines the maximum and default time librdkafka will wait before sending a batch of messages. Reducing this setting to e.g. 1ms ensures that messages are sent ASAP, instead of being batched.

This has been seen to reduce the shutdown time of the rdkafka instance, and of the PHP process / request.

Performance / Low-latency settings

Here is a configuration optimized for low latency. This allows a PHP process / request to send messages ASAP and to terminate quickly.

<?php

$conf = new \RdKafka\Conf();
$conf->set('socket.timeout.ms', 50); // or socket.blocking.max.ms, depending on librdkafka version
if (function_exists('pcntl_sigprocmask')) {
    pcntl_sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, array(SIGIO));
    $conf->set('internal.termination.signal', SIGIO);
} else {
    $conf->set('queue.buffering.max.ms', 1);
}

$producer = new \RdKafka\Producer($conf);
$consumer = new \RdKafka\Consumer($conf);

It is advised to call poll at regular intervals to serve callbacks. In php-rdkafka:3.x
poll was also called during shutdown, so not calling it in regular intervals might
lead to a slightly longer shutdown. The example below polls until there are no more events in the queue:

$producer->produce(...);
while ($producer->getOutQLen() > 0) {
    $producer->poll(1);
}

Documentation

https://arnaud-lb.github.io/php-rdkafka-doc/phpdoc/book.rdkafka.html
The source of the documentation can be found here

Asking for Help

If the documentation is not enough, feel free to ask a questions on the php-rdkafka channels on Gitter or Google Groups.

Stubs

Because your IDE is not able to auto discover php-rdkadka api you can consider usage of external package providing a set of stubs for php-rdkafka classes, functions and constants: kwn/php-rdkafka-stubs

Contributing

If you would like to contribute, thank you :)

Before you start, please take a look at the CONTRIBUTING document to see how to get your changes merged in.

Credits

Documentation copied from librdkafka.

Authors: see contributors.

License

php-rdkafka is released under the MIT license.

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