A filesystem implemented in userspace (using FUSE), inspired by the way Git is designed. Only works on Linux, since macOS implements userspace filesystems differently. Seamlessly versions files on save, without any additional machinery: traps save events in the editor, and writes out to a mount point, in the form of loose objects.
- Zlib (>= 1.2)
- FUSE (>= 2.6)
- pkg-config (>= 0.25)
- Linux kernel (>= 2.6.15)
For the first run, you need two directories:
- A git directory where the data will be stored.
- An empty directory to use as the mountpoint.
$ cd /tmp $ mkdir gitdir mountp $ phoneixfs mount gitdir mountp
Use the mountpoint as you see fit. Data will be written to the gitdir on umount: you can use it for subsequent mounts.
Now, everything in mountpoint is versioned. To access older revisions of FILE, use FILE@REV syntax, where REV is the number of revisions in the past you want to access. For example:
$ echo "hello" >file1 $ echo "goodbye" >file1 $ echo "another hello" >file1 $ cat file1 another hello $ cat file1@1 goodbye $ cat file1@2 hello
Finally, to umount:
$ fusermount -u mountp
Uses a B+ tree to keep track of the filesystem tree, and a modified version of packfile v3/ packfile index v2 for storing revision information.
gitdir/.git/loose/contains zlib-deflated versions of content blobs, named by the SHA-1 digest of the content.
gitdir/fstreeis a raw dump of the B+ tree in a custom format.
gitdir/master.idxare the packfile and packfile index respectively. During an unmount, the files in
gitdir/.git/loose/are packed up, and an index is generated.
/tmp/phoenixfs.logis the debug log
master.idx, master.pack, and fstree are enough to recreate the entire versioned filesystem. The files in
gitdir/.git/loose/ can be removed after unmount.
Notes on the filesystem tree:
(dr: directory record | fr: file record | vfr: versioned file record)
dr just contains a name and node pointer referencing vfrs. drs are inserted directly into the root node.
vfr contains the path of the file, a list of frs representing the various versions of the file (fixed at REV_TRUNCATE), and a HEAD pointer to keep track of the latest version of the file.
The B+ tree is keyed by the CRC32 hash of the path of the vfr/ dr, a design decision inspired by Btrfs.
An fr, vfr, and dr (corresponding to its path) are created when a new file is created on the filesystem. Empty directories are not tracked: no dr is created for empty directories.
The following invocations don't work:
$ cp file1@1 file1 # FILE@REV can't be treated like a file
Simply fork the project on GitHub and send pull requests.