🚀 Polymer Apollo Integration
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README.md

Note: For Polymer 1.x checkout branch 1.x

Polymer-Apollo

Join the chat at https://gitter.im/aruntk/polymer npm npm

Polymer apollo integration.

Examples

GitHunt-Polymer - An example of a client-side app built with Polymer and Apollo Client.

NEWS App - A news app built using polymer-apollo

Polymer Apollo Frontpage App - Polymer Apollo Hello World app

Polymer Apollo Meteor App - Github api app using polymer-apollo meteor and synthesis

Table of contents

Installation

npm install --save polymer-apollo apollo-client

Usage

Configuration

//config.js
import ApolloClient, { createNetworkInterface, addTypename } from 'apollo-client';

// Create the apollo client
export const apolloClient = new ApolloClient({
  networkInterface: createNetworkInterface({
    uri: 'http://localhost:8080/graphql',
    transportBatching: true,
  })
});

Usage in components

//my-element.js
// if you want the es5 compiled version use
// import { PolymerApolloMixin } from 'polymer-apollo/es5';
import { PolymerApolloMixin } from 'polymer-apollo';
import { apolloClient } from './config.js';

class MyElement extends PolymerApolloMixin({apolloClient}, Polymer.Element) {
    static get is() {
        return 'my-element'
    }

    get apollo() {
        // Apollo specific options
    }
    ...
});

You can access the apollo-client instance with this.$apollo.client in all your polymer components.

Queries

In the apollo object, add an attribute for each property you want to feed with the result of an Apollo query.

Simple query

Use gql to write your GraphQL queries:

import gql from 'graphql-tag';

Put the gql query directly as the value:

get apollo() {
  return {
    // Simple query that will update the 'hello' polymer property
    hello: gql`{hello}`,
  };
}

Don't forget to initialize your property in your polymer component:

//my-element.js
...
properties : {
    // Initialize your apollo data
    hello: String,
},
...

Server-side, add the corresponding schema and resolver:

export const schema = `
type Query {
  hello: String
}

schema {
  query: Query
}
`;

export const resolvers = {
  Query: {
    hello(root, args, context) {
      return "Hello world!";
    },
  },
};

For more info, visit the apollo doc.

You can then use your property as usual in your polymer component:

<!--my-element.js-->
<dom-module id="my-element">
<template>
  <div class="apollo">
    <h3>Hello</h3>
    <p>
      {{hello}}
    </p>
  </div>
</template>
</dom-module>

Query with parameters

You can add variables (read parameters) to your gql query by declaring query and variables in an object:

Options can be computed properties or static.

Initial values of variables should be given if options are computed, since polymer options wont be triggered if arguments are undefined, which maybe the case during first rendering.

eg

...
static get properties() {
  return {
    computedProp: {
      type: Object,
      computed: 'computeFn(prop1, prop2)'
    }
  };
}
get apollo() {
  return {
    query1: {
      query: someQuery,
      // watches prop1 and prop2 changes
      // you should either initialize values of prop1,prop2 == !undefined or 
      // set an initial value to variables property
      variables: {
        var1: 'blah',
        var2: 'blah blah',
      },
      options: 'computedProp',
    }
  };
}
computeFn: function(prop1, prop2) {
  return { variables: { var1: prop1, var2: prop2 + 10 } };
}
...

. In this graphql variables var1 and var2 change when the polymer properties prop1 and prop2 change (similar to computed feature);

...
static get properties() {
  return {
    computedProp: {
      type: Object,
      computed: 'computeFn(prop1, prop2)'
    }
  };
}
// Apollo-specific options
get apollo() {
  return {
    // Query with parameters
    ping: {
      // gql query
      query: gql`query PingMessage($message: String!) {
      ping(message: $message)
    }`,
      options: 'computedProp',
      variables: {
        message: '',
      },
    },
  };
}
computedFn: function(prop1, prop2) {
  return { variables: { message: `${prop1} ping...`} };
}

In the above example you can use the apollo watchQuery options in the property ping or in the computed function return, like:

  • forceFetch
  • fragments
  • returnPartialData
  • pollInterval
  • ...

See the apollo doc for more details.

For example, you could add the forceFetch apollo option like this:

static get properties() {
  return {
    computedProp: {
      type: Object,
      computed: 'computeFn(prop1, prop2)'
    }
  };
}

get apollo() {
  // Query with parameters
  return {
    pingQuery: {
    query: gql`query PingMessage($message: String!) {
      ping(message: $message)
    }`,
    options: 'computedProp',
    variables: {
      message: 'blah',
    },
    skip: true,
    // Additional options here. static.
    forceFetch: true,
  };
  }
}
computedFn: function(prop1, prop2) {
  // Additional options if added here becomes reactive
  return {
    variables: {
      message: prop1,
    },
    skip: prop2,
  };
}

Don't forget to initialize your property in your polymer component.

//my-element.js
...
static get properties() {
    // Initialize your apollo data
    ping: String,
},
...

Server-side, add the corresponding schema and resolver:

export const schema = `
type Query {
  ping(message: String!): String
}

schema {
  query: Query
}
`;

export const resolvers = {
  Query: {
    ping(root, { message }, context) {
      return `Answering ${message}`;
    },
  },
};

And then use it in your polymer component:

<dom-module id="my-element">
<template>
  <div class="apollo">
    <h3>Ping</h3>
    <p>
      {{ping}}
    </p>
  </div>
</template>
</dom-module>

options

Options can be added in two ways - computed and static.

For computed options you may want to give initial values since

computing function is not invoked until all dependent properties are defined (!== undefined). So each dependent properties should have a default value defined in properties (or otherwise be initialized to a non-undefined value) to ensure the property is computed.

from polymer doc https://www.polymer-project.org/1.0/docs/devguide/observers#computed-properties

computed eg.

...
static get properties() {
  return {
    computedProp: {
      type: Object,
      computed: 'computeFn(prop1, prop2)'
    }
  };
}
get apollo() {
  return {
  // Query with parameters
  ping: {
    query: gql`query PingMessage($message: String!) {
      ping(message: $message)
    }`,
    options: 'computedProp',
    // Additional options here. static.
    forceFetch: true,
  };
  }
}
computedFn: function(prop1, prop2) {
  // Additional options if added here becomes reactive
  return {
    variables: {
      message: prop1,
    },
    skip: prop2,
  };
}

static eg.

get apollo() {
  return {
  // Query with parameters
  ping: {
    query: gql`query PingMessage($message: String!) {
      ping(message: $message)
    }`,
    options: {
      variables: {
        message: 'hai',
      },
      skip: true,
    },
  },
    // Additional options here. static. you can add skip here also
    forceFetch: true,
  };
}

Advanced Options

Options

You can add these to options/directly to the ping property in the above example if you dont want them to be polymer reactive.

  • skip Used to set the state of the query subscribtion. Check example below.
  • loadingKey will update the component data property you pass as the value. You should initialize this property to false in properties. When the query is loading, this property will be set to true and as soon as it no longer is, the property will be set to false.
Hooks

These are the available advanced options you can use:

  • error(error) is a hook called when there are errors, error being an Apollo error object with either a graphQLErrors property or a networkError property.
  • success(result) is a hook called when query/subscription returns successfully. Note. result = { data, loading, networkStatus}
  • watchLoading(isLoading) is a hook called when the loading state of the query changes.
...
static get properties() {
  return {
    computedProp: {
      type: Object,
      computed: 'computeFn(prop1, prop2)'
    }
  };
}
// Apollo-specific options
get apollo() {
  return {
  // Advanced query with parameters
  pingMessage: {
    query: gql`query PingMessage($message: String!) {
      ping(message: $message)
    }`,
    // Reactive parameters
    options: 'computedProp',

    // Loading state
    // loadingKey is the name of the data property
    // that will be unset when the query is loading
    // and set when it no longer is.
    loadingKey: 'loadingQueriesCount',
    // Error handling
    error(error) {
      console.error('We\'ve got an error!', error);
    },
    success(result) {
      console.error('Success.!', result); // result is of the format { data, loading, networkStatus };
    },
    // watchLoading will be called whenever the loading state changes
    watchLoading(isLoading) {
      // isLoading is a boolean
    },
  },
  };
}
computedFn: function(prop1, prop2) {
  return { variables: { message: `${prop1} ping...`}, skip: prop2 };
}

Refetch Query

Use $apollo.refetch(key);

<paper-icon-button on-tap="refetchTags" icon="refresh"></paper-icon-button>
// Apollo-specific options
{
  // 'tags' property of your polymer element
  tags: {
    query: gql`query tagList {
      tags {
        id,
        label
      }
    }`,
  },
},
refetchTags(){
   this.$apollo.refetch("tags");
}

Reactive Query Example

Here is a reactive query example using polling:

...
static get properties() {
  return {
    computedProp: {
      type: Object,
      computed: 'computeFn(prop1, prop2)'
    }
  };
}
// Apollo-specific options
get apollo() {
  return {
  // 'tags' property of your polymer element
  tags: {
    query: gql`query tagList {
      tags {
        id,
        label
      }
    }`,
    options: 'computedProp',
  },
  };
}
computedFn: function(prop1, prop2) {
  return {
    variables: { var1: prop1 },
    pollInterval: prop2, // ms
  };
}

Here is how the server-side looks like:

export const schema = `
type Tag {
  id: Int
  label: String
}

type Query {
  tags: [Tag]
}

schema {
  query: Query
}
`;

// Fake word generator
import casual from 'casual';

// Let's generate some tags
var id = 0;
var tags = [];
for (let i = 0; i < 42; i++) {
  addTag(casual.word);
}

function addTag(label) {
  let t = {
    id: id++,
    label,
  };
  tags.push(t);
  return t;
}

export const resolvers = {
  Query: {
    tags(root, args, context) {
      return tags;
    },
  },
};

Skip query example

...
static get properties() {
  return {
    computedProp: {
      type: Object,
      computed: 'computeFn(prop1, prop2)'
    }
  };
}

// Apollo-specific options
get apollo() {
  return {
  // 'tags' property of your polymer element
  tags: {
    query: gql`query tagList {
      tags {
        id,
        label
      }
    }`,
    options: 'computedProp',
  },
  };
}
computedFn: function(prop1, prop2) {
  return {
    variables: { var1: prop1 },
    skip: prop2, // Boolean
  };
}

Fragments

import gql from 'graphql-tag';

const fragment = gql`fragment CommonFields on tags {
  id,
  label
}`;

Embed the fragment in your query document directly with:

import gql from 'graphql-tag';
// Apollo-specific options
return {
  // 'tags' property of your polymer element
  tags: {
    query: gql`query tagList {
      tags: tags(rate: 0) {
        ...CommonFields
      },
      besttags: tags(rate: 10) {
        ...CommonFields
      }
    }
    ${fragment}`
  },
}

Mutations

Mutations are queries that changes your data state on your apollo server. For more info, visit the apollo doc.

  addTag() {
    // We save the user input in case of an error
    const newTag = this.newTag;
    // We clear it early to give the UI a snappy feel
    this.newTag = '';
    // Call to the graphql mutation
    this.$apollo.mutate({
      // Query
      mutation: gql`mutation ($label: String!) {
        addTag(label: $label) {
          id
          label
        }
      }`,
      // Parameters
      variables: {
        label: newTag,
      },
      // Update the cache with the result
      // 'tagList' is the name of the query declared before
      // that will be updated with the optimistic response
      // and the result of the mutation
      updateQueries: {
        tagList: (previousQueryResult, { mutationResult }) => {
          // We incorporate any received result (either optimistic or real)
          // into the 'tagList' query we set up earlier
          return {
            tags: [...previousQueryResult.tags, mutationResult.data.addTag],
          };
        },
      },
      // Optimistic UI
      // Will be treated as a 'fake' result as soon as the request is made
      // so that the UI can react quickly and the user be happy
      optimisticResponse: {
        __typename: 'Mutation',
        addTag: {
          __typename: 'Tag',
          id: -1,
          label: newTag,
        },
      },
    }).then((data) => {
      // Result
      console.log(data);
    }).catch((error) => {
      // Error
      console.error(error);
      // We restore the initial user input
      this.set("newTag",newTag);
    });
  },
},

Server-side:

export const schema = `
type Tag {
  id: Int
  label: String
}

type Query {
  tags: [Tag]
}

type Mutation {
  addTag(label: String!): Tag
}

schema {
  query: Query
  mutation: Mutation
}
`;

// Fake word generator
import faker from 'faker';

// Let's generate some tags
var id = 0;
var tags = [];
for (let i = 0; i < 42; i++) {
  addTag(faker.random.word());
}

function addTag(label) {
  let t = {
    id: id++,
    label,
  };
  tags.push(t);
  return t;
}

export const resolvers = {
  Query: {
    tags(root, args, context) {
      return tags;
    },
  },
  Mutation: {
    addTag(root, { label }, context) {
      console.log(`adding tag '${label}'`);
      return addTag(label);
    },
  },
};

Subscriptions

To make enable the websocket-based subscription, a bit of additional setup is required:

import ApolloClient, { createNetworkInterface } from 'apollo-client';
// New Imports
import { Client } from 'subscriptions-transport-ws';
import { print } from 'graphql-tag/printer';

// quick way to add the subscribe and unsubscribe functions to the network interface
const addGraphQLSubscriptions = (networkInterface, wsClient) => Object.assign(networkInterface, {
  subscribe: (request, handler) => wsClient.subscribe({
    query: print(request.query),
    variables: request.variables,
  }, handler),
  unsubscribe: (id) => {
    wsClient.unsubscribe(id);
  },
});

// Create the network interface
const networkInterface = createNetworkInterface({
  uri: 'http://localhost:3000/graphql',
  transportBatching: true,
});

// Create the subscription websocket client
const wsClient = new Client('ws://localhost:3030');

// Extend the network interface with the subscription client
const networkInterfaceWithSubscriptions = addGraphQLSubscriptions(
  networkInterface,
  wsClient,
);

// Create the apollo client with the new network interface
export const apolloClient = new ApolloClient({
  networkInterface: networkInterfaceWithSubscriptions,
});

// Your app is now subscription-ready!

Use the $apollo.subscribe() method to subscribe to a GraphQL subscription that will get killed automatically when the component is detached. To disable this feature set onReady = true. :

attached() {
  const subQuery = gql`subscription tags($type: String!) {
    tagAdded(type: $type) {
      id
      label
      type
    }
  }`;

  const observer = this.$apollo.subscribe({
    query: subQuery,
    variables: {
      type: 'City',
    },
  });

  observer.subscribe({
    next(data) {
      console.log(data);
    },
    error(error) {
      console.error(error);
    },
  });
},

You can declare subscriptions in the apollo option with the subscribe keyword:

static get properties() {
  return {
    cityComputed: {
      type: Object,
      computed: 'getCity(city)'
    }
  };
}
get apollo() {
  return {
  // Subscriptions
  subscribe: {
    // When a tag is added
    tags: {
      query: gql`subscription tags($type: String!) {
        tagAdded(type: $type) {
          id
          label
          type
        }
      }`,
      options: 'cityComputed',
      // Reactive variables

      // Success hook
      success(data) {
        console.log(data);
        // Let's update the local data
        this.tags.push(data.tagAdded);
      },
    },
  },
  };
}
getCity(city) {
    return {
      variables: {
        // This works just like regular queries
        // and will re-subscribe with the right variables
        // each time the values change
        type: city,
      },
    };
}

You can then access the subscription ObservableQuery object with this.$apollo.subscriptions.<name>.

Pagination with fetchMore

Use the fetchMore() method on the query:

<template>
  <div>
    <h2>Pagination</h2>
    <div class="tag-list" hidden="{{!tagsPage}}">
      <template is="dom-repeat" items="[[tagsPage.tags]]" as="tag">
        <div class="tag-list-item">
          {{ tag.id }} - {{ tag.label }} - {{ tag.type }}
        </div>
      </template>
      <div class="actions">
        <paper-button hidden="{{!showMoreEnabled}}" on-tap="showMore">Show more</paper-button>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { PolymerApolloMixin } from 'polymer-apollo';
import { apolloClient } from './config.js';
import gql from 'graphql-tag';

class MyElement extends PolymerApolloMixin({apolloClient}, Polymer.Element) {
  static get is() {
    return 'example-element'
  }
  static get properties() {
    return {
      page: {
        type: Number,
        value: 0,
      },
      pageSize: {
        type: Number,
        value: 10,
      },
      showMoreEnabled: {
        type: Number,
        value: true,
      },
    }
  }
  get apollo() {
    return {
    // Pages
    tagsPage: {
      // GraphQL Query
      query: gql`query tagsPage ($page: Int!, $pageSize: Int!) {
        tagsPage(page: $page, size: $pageSize) {
          tags {
            id
            label
            type
          }
          hasMore
        }
      }`,
      options: {
        // Initial variables
        variables: {
          page: 'page',
          pageSize: 'pageSize',
        },
      },

    },
    };
  }
  showMore() {
    this.page ++;
    // Fetch more data and transform the original result
    this.$apollo.queries.tagsPage.fetchMore({
      // New variables
      variables: {
        page: this.page,
        pageSize: 20,
      },
      // Transform the previous result with new data
      updateQuery: (previousResult, { fetchMoreResult }) => {
        const newTags = fetchMoreResult.data.tagsPage.tags;
        const hasMore = fetchMoreResult.data.tagsPage.hasMore;

        this.showMoreEnabled = hasMore;

        return {
          tagsPage: {
            // Merging the tag list
            tags: [...previousResult.tagsPage.tags, ...newTags],
            hasMore,
          },
        };
      },
    });
  }
};
</script>

Similar to fetchMore the following methods can be used. for queries $apollo.queries[name] for subscriptions $apollo.subscriptions[name]

  • refetch()
  • fetchMore()
  • updateQuery()
  • startPolling()
  • stopPolling()
  • subscribeToMore()
  • currentResult()
  • variables : an object containing variables used to get this result.
  • loading : boolean, useful if you set notifyOnNetworkStatusChange to true in query options.
  • networkStatus : the status of the request ,useful if you set notifyOnNetworkStatusChange to true in query options

Like it?

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Raise an issue!

Contributors

Anthony Hinsinger (@atoy40)

Arun Kumar T K (@aruntk)

Edward Watson (@edge0701)