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#!/bin/bash
VERSION='0.78';
RELEASE_DATE='09 October 2019';
LAST_GIT_COMMIT_SHORTLOG='';
LAST_GIT_COMMIT_DATE='';
################################################################################
# #
# Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Ulrich Meierfrankenfeld #
# Copyright (c) 2011-2012 Gert Hulselmans #
# Copyright (c) 2013-2018 Andrei Borzenkov #
# #
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy #
# of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to #
# deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the #
# rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or #
# sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is #
# furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: #
# #
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in #
# all copies or substantial portions of the Software. #
# #
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR #
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, #
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE #
# AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER #
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING #
# FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS #
# IN THE SOFTWARE. #
# #
################################################################################
# #
# Current developer: Andrei Borzenkov #
# #
# Past developer: Gert Hulselmans #
# Past developer: Ulrich Meierfrankenfeld (meierfra) (ubuntuforums.org) #
# Past contributor: caljohnsmith (ubuntuforums.org) #
# #
# Hosted at: https://github.com/arvidjaar/bootinfoscript #
# Forked from: http://sourceforge.net/projects/bootinfoscript/ #
# #
# The birth of Boot Info Script: #
# http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=837791 #
# #
# Tab width: 8 spaces #
# #
################################################################################
## Check if the script is run with bash as shell interpreter.
if [ -z "$BASH_VERSION" ] ; then
echo 'Boot Info Script needs to be run with bash as shell interpreter.' >&2;
exit 1;
fi
## Display help text ##
#
# ./bootinfoscript -h
# ./bootinfoscript -help
# ./bootinfoscript --help
help () {
cat <<- HELP
Usage Boot Info Script:
-----------------------
Run the script as sudoer:
sudo ${0} <outputfile>
or if your operating system does not use sudo:
su -
${0} <outputfile>
When running the script, without specifying an output file, all the output
is written to the file "RESULTS.txt" in the same folder as the script.
But when run from /bin, /sbin, /usr/bin, or another system folder, the file
"RESULTS.txt" is written to the home directory of the user.
When the file "RESULTS.txt" already exists, the results will be written to
"RESULTS1.txt". If "RESULTS1.txt" exists, the results will be written to
"RESULTS2.txt", ...
To get version number, release date, last git commit and git retrieval date
of this script, use (no root rights needed):
${0} -v
${0} -V
${0} --version
To get this help text, use (no root rights needed):
${0} -h
${0} -help
${0} --help
To automatically gzip a copy of the output file, use (root rights needed):
${0} -g <outputfile>
${0} --gzip <outputfile>
To write the output to stdout instead of a file, use (root rights needed):
${0} --stdout
The last development version of Boot Info Script can be downloaded, with:
(no root rights needed)
${0} --update <filename>
If no filename is specified, the file will be saved in the home dir as
"bootinfoscript_YYYY-MM-DD_hh:mm:ss".
HELP
exit 0;
}
## Download the last development version of BIS from git: ##
#
# ./bootinfoscript --update <filename>
#
# If no filename is specified, the file will be saved in the home dir as
# "bootinfoscript_YYYY-MM-DD_hh:mm:ss".
update () {
local git_ref_url='https://api.github.com/repos/arvidjaar/bootinfoscript/git/refs/heads/master'
local git_commit_url='https://api.github.com/repos/arvidjaar/bootinfoscript/git/commits'
local git_contents_url='https://github.com/arvidjaar/bootinfoscript/raw/master/bootinfoscript'
# Check if date is available.
if [ $(type date > /dev/null 2>&1 ; echo $?) -ne 0 ] ; then
echo '"date" could not be found.' >&2;
exit 1;
fi
# Get current UTC time in YYYY-MM-DD-hh:mm:ss format.
UTC_TIME=$(date --utc "+%Y-%m-%d %T");
if [ ! -z "$1" ] ; then
GIT_BIS_FILENAME="$1";
else
GIT_BIS_FILENAME="${HOME}/bootinfoscript_${UTC_TIME/ /_}"
fi
# Check if wget or curl is available
if [ $(type wget > /dev/null 2>&1 ; echo $?) -eq 0 ] ; then
printf '\nDownloading last development version of Boot Info Script from git:\n\n';
LAST_GIT_COMMIT_ID=$(wget -O - "${git_ref_url}" | sed -ne 's/^.*"sha": "\(.*\)".*$/\1/p');
LAST_GIT_COMMIT=$(wget -O - "${git_commit_url}/$LAST_GIT_COMMIT_ID");
wget -O "${GIT_BIS_FILENAME}" "${git_contents_url}";
elif [ $(type curl > /dev/null 2>&1 ; echo $?) -eq 0 ] ; then
printf 'Downloading last development version of Boot Info Script from git:\n\n';
LAST_GIT_COMMIT_ID=$(curl "${git_ref_url}" | sed -ne 's/^.*"sha": "\(.*\)".*$/\1/p');
LAST_GIT_COMMIT=$(curl "${git_commit_url}/$LAST_GIT_COMMIT_ID");
curl -o "${GIT_BIS_FILENAME}" "${git_contents_url}";
else
printf '"wget" or "curl" could not be found.\nInstall at least one of them and try again.\n' >&2;
exit 1;
fi
# First date is Author, second date is Commit
LAST_GIT_COMMIT_DATE=$(echo "${LAST_GIT_COMMIT}" | sed -ne 's/^[[:space:]]*"date": "\(.*\)"[[:space:]]*$/\1/p' | tail -1);
LAST_GIT_COMMIT_SHORTLOG=$(echo "${LAST_GIT_COMMIT}" | sed -n -e '/^[[:space:]]*"message":/ { s/^[[:space:]]*"message": "\(.*\)",[[:space:]]*$/\1/ ; s/\\n.*$// ; p }');
# Set the retrieval date in just downloaded script.
sed -i -e "4,0 s@LAST_GIT_COMMIT_SHORTLOG='';@LAST_GIT_COMMIT_SHORTLOG='${LAST_GIT_COMMIT_SHORTLOG}';@" \
-e "5,0 s/LAST_GIT_COMMIT_DATE='';/LAST_GIT_COMMIT_DATE='${LAST_GIT_COMMIT_DATE}';/" \
"${GIT_BIS_FILENAME}";
printf '\nThe development version of Boot Info Script is saved as:\n"%s"\n\n' "${GIT_BIS_FILENAME}";
exit 0;
}
## Display version, release, last git commit and git retrieval date of the script when asked: ##
#
# ./bootinfoscript -v
# ./bootinfoscript -V
# ./bootinfoscript --version
version () {
printf '\nBoot Info Script version: %s\nRelease date: %s' "${VERSION}" "${RELEASE_DATE}";
if [ ! -z "${LAST_GIT_COMMIT_SHORTLOG}" ] ; then
printf '\nLast git commit: %s\nCommit date: %s' \
"${LAST_GIT_COMMIT_SHORTLOG}" "${LAST_GIT_COMMIT_DATE}";
fi
printf '\n\n';
exit 0;
}
## Gzip a copy of the output file? ##
gzip_output=0; # off=0
## Write the output to the standard output instead of to a file? ##
stdout_output=0; # off=0
## Get arguments passed to the script. ##
process_args () {
if [ ${#@} -ge 1 ] ; then
# Process arguments.
case "$1" in
-g ) gzip_output=1; if [ ! -z "$2" ] ; then LogFile_cmd="$2"; fi;;
--gzip ) gzip_output=1; if [ ! -z "$2" ] ; then LogFile_cmd="$2"; fi;;
-h ) help;;
-help ) help;;
--help ) help;;
--stdout ) stdout_output=1;;
--update ) update "$2";;
-v ) version;;
-V ) version;;
--version ) version;;
-* ) help;;
* ) LogFile_cmd="$1";;
esac
fi
}
## Get arguments passed to the script. ##
process_args ${@};
## Display version number, release and git retrieval date. ##
printf '\nBoot Info Script %s [%s]' "${VERSION}" "${RELEASE_DATE}";
if [ ! -z "${LAST_GIT_COMMIT_SHORTLOG}" ] ; then
printf '\n Last git commit: %s\n Commit date: %s' \
"${LAST_GIT_COMMIT_SHORTLOG}" "${LAST_GIT_COMMIT_DATE}";
fi
printf '\n\n';
## Check whether Boot Info Script is run with root rights or not. ##
if [ $(type whoami > /dev/null 2>&1 ; echo $?) -ne 0 ] ; then
echo 'Please install "whoami" and run Boot Info Script again.' >&2;
exit 1;
elif [ $(whoami) != 'root' ] ; then
cat <<- EOF >&2
Please use "sudo" or become "root" to run this script.
Run the script as sudoer:
sudo ${0} <outputfile>
or if your operating system does not use sudo:
su -
${0} <outputfile>
For more info, see the help:
${0} --help
EOF
exit 1;
fi
## Check if all necessary programs are available. ##
# Programs that are in /bin or /usr/bin.
Programs='
basename
cat
chown
dd
dirname
expr
fold
grep
gzip
hexdump
ls
mkdir
mktemp
mount
printf
pwd
rm
sed
sort
tr
umount
wc'
# Programs that are in /usr/sbin or /sbin.
Programs_SBIN='
blkid
fdisk
filefrag
losetup'
Check_Prog=1;
for Program in ${Programs} ${Programs_SBIN}; do
if [ $(type ${Program} > /dev/null 2>&1 ; echo $?) -ne 0 ] ; then
echo "\"${Program}\" could not be found." >&2;
Check_Prog=0;
fi
done
## Can we decompress a LZMA stream? ##
#
# The Grub2 (v1.99-2.00) core_dir string is contained in a LZMA stream.
# See if we have xz or lzma installed to decompress the stream.
#
if [ $(type xz > /dev/null 2>&1 ; echo $?) -eq 0 ] ; then
UNLZMA='xz --format=lzma --decompress';
elif [ $(type lzma > /dev/null 2>&1 ; echo $?) -eq 0 ] ; then
UNLZMA='lzma -cd';
else
UNLZMA='none';
fi
## Do we have gawk or (a recent) mawk? ##
#
# If we don't have gawk, look for "mawk v1.3.4" or newer.
#
if [ $(type gawk > /dev/null 2>&1 ; echo $?) -eq 0 ] ; then
# Set awk binary to gawk.
AWK='gawk';
elif [ $(type mawk > /dev/null 2>&1 ; echo $?) -eq 0 ] ; then
MAWK_version="$(mawk -W version 2>&1)";
MAWK_version="${MAWK_version:0:10}";
if [ "${MAWK_version}" = 'mawk 1.3.3' ]; then
printf '"mawk v1.3.3" has known bugs.\nInstall "mawk v1.3.4" or newer from http://invisible-island.net/mawk/ or use "gawk" instead.\n' >&2;
Check_Prog=0;
else
# Set awk binary to mawk (version 1.3.4 or higher).
AWK='mawk';
fi
else
printf 'Install "gawk" or "mawk v1.3.4" (or newer) from http://invisible-island.net/mawk/.\n' >&2;
Check_Prog=0;
fi
if [ ${Check_Prog} -eq 0 ] ; then
printf '\nPlease install the missing program(s) and run Boot Info Script again.\n' >&2;
exit 1;
fi
## List of folders which might contain files used for chainloading. ##
Boot_Codes_Dir='
/
/NST/
'
## List of files whose names will be displayed, if found. ##
Boot_Prog_Normal='
/bootmgr /BOOTMGR
/boot/bcd /BOOT/bcd /Boot/bcd /boot/BCD /BOOT/BCD /Boot/BCD
/Windows/System32/winload.exe /WINDOWS/system32/winload.exe /WINDOWS/SYSTEM32/winload.exe /windows/system32/winload.exe
/Windows/System32/Winload.exe /WINDOWS/system32/Winload.exe /WINDOWS/SYSTEM32/Winload.exe /windows/system32/Winload.exe
/grldr /GRLDR /grldr.mbr /GRLDR.MBR
/ntldr /NTLDR
/NTDETECT.COM /ntdetect.com
/NTBOOTDD.SYS /ntbootdd.sys
/wubildr /ubuntu/winboot/wubildr
/wubildr.mbr /ubuntu/winboot/wubildr.mbr
/ubuntu/disks/root.disk
/ubuntu/disks/home.disk
/ubuntu/disks/swap.disk
/core.img /grub/core.img /boot/grub/core.img
/grub/i386-pc/core.img /boot/grub/i386-pc/core.img
/grub2/core.img /boot/grub2/core.img
/grub2/i386-pc/core.img /boot/grub2/i386-pc/core.img
/burg/core.img /boot/burg/core.img
/ldlinux.sys /syslinux/ldlinux.sys /boot/syslinux/ldlinux.sys
/extlinux.sys /extlinux/extlinux.sys /boot/extlinux/extlinux.sys
/boot/map /map
/DEFAULT.MNU /default.mnu
/IO.SYS /io.sys
/MSDOS.SYS /msdos.sys
/KERNEL.SYS /kernel.sys
/DELLBIO.BIN /dellbio.bin /DELLRMK.BIN /dellrmk.bin
/COMMAND.COM /command.com
'
Boot_Prog_Fat='
/bootmgr
/boot/bcd
/Windows/System32/winload.exe
/grldr
/grldr.mbr
/ntldr
/freeldr.sys
/NTDETECT.COM
/NTBOOTDD.SYS
/wubildr
/wubildr.mbr
/ubuntu/winboot/wubildr
/ubuntu/winboot/wubildr.mbr
/ubuntu/disks/root.disk
/ubuntu/disks/home.disk
/ubuntu/disks/swap.disk
/core.img /grub/core.img /boot/grub/core.img
/grub/i386-pc/core.img /boot/grub/i386-pc/core.img
/grub2/core.img /boot/grub2/core.img
/grub2/i386-pc/core.img /boot/grub2/i386-pc/core.img
/burg/core.img /boot/burg/core.img
/ldlinux.sys /syslinux/ldlinux.sys /boot/syslinux/ldlinux.sys
/extlinux.sys /extlinux/extlinux.sys /boot/extlinux/extlinux.sys
/boot/map /map
/DEFAULT.MNU
/IO.SYS
/MSDOS.SYS
/KERNEL.SYS
/DELLBIO.BIN /DELLRMK.BIN
/COMMAND.COM
'
## List of files whose contents will be displayed. ##
Boot_Files_Normal='
/menu.lst /grub/menu.lst /boot/grub/menu.lst /NST/menu.lst
/grub.cfg /grub/grub.cfg /boot/grub/grub.cfg /grub2/grub.cfg /boot/grub2/grub.cfg
/custom.cfg /grub/custom.cfg /boot/grub/custom.cfg /grub2/custom.cfg /boot/grub2/custom.cfg
/burg.cfg /burg/burg.cfg /boot/burg/burg.cfg
/grub.conf /grub/grub.conf /boot/grub/grub.conf /grub2/grub.conf /boot/grub2/grub.conf
/ubuntu/disks/boot/grub/menu.lst /ubuntu/disks/install/boot/grub/menu.lst /ubuntu/winboot/menu.lst
/boot.ini /BOOT.INI /Boot.ini
/etc/fstab
/etc/lilo.conf /lilo.conf
/syslinux.cfg /syslinux/syslinux.cfg /boot/syslinux/syslinux.cfg
/extlinux.conf /extlinux/extlinux.conf /boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf
/grldr /grub.exe
'
Boot_Files_Fat='
/menu.lst /grub/menu.lst /boot/grub/menu.lst /NST/menu.lst
/grub.cfg /grub/grub.cfg /boot/grub/grub.cfg /grub2/grub.cfg /boot/grub2/grub.cfg
/custom.cfg /grub/custom.cfg /boot/grub/custom.cfg /grub2/custom.cfg /boot/grub2/custom.cfg
/burg.cfg /burg/burg.cfg /boot/burg/burg.cfg
/grub.conf /grub/grub.conf /boot/grub/grub.conf /grub2/grub.conf /boot/grub2/grub.conf
/ubuntu/disks/boot/grub/menu.lst /ubuntu/disks/install/boot/grub/menu.lst /ubuntu/winboot/menu.lst
/boot.ini
/freeldr.ini
/etc/fstab
/etc/lilo.conf /lilo.conf
/syslinux.cfg /syslinux/syslinux.cfg /boot/syslinux/syslinux.cfg
/extlinux.conf /extlinux/extlinux.conf /boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf
/grldr /grub.exe
'
## List of files whose end point (in GiB / GB) will be displayed. ##
GrubError18_Files='
menu.lst grub/menu.lst boot/grub/menu.lst NST/menu.lst
ubuntu/disks/boot/grub/menu.lst
grub.conf grub/grub.conf boot/grub/grub.conf grub2/grub.conf boot/grub2/grub.conf
grub.cfg grub/grub.cfg boot/grub/grub.cfg grub2/grub.cfg boot/grub2/grub.cfg
burg.cfg burg/burg.cfg boot/burg/burg.cfg
core.img grub/core.img boot/grub/core.img
grub/i386-pc/core.img boot/grub/i386-pc/core.img
grub2/core.img boot/grub2/core.img
grub2/i386-pc/core.img boot/grub2/i386-pc/core.img
burg/core.img boot/burg/core.img
stage2 grub/stage2 boot/grub/stage2
boot/vmlinuz* vmlinuz* ubuntu/disks/boot/vmlinuz*
boot/initrd* initrd* ubuntu/disks/boot/initrd*
boot/kernel*.img
initramfs* boot/initramfs*
'
SyslinuxError_Files='
syslinux.cfg syslinux/syslinux.cfg boot/syslinux/syslinux.cfg
extlinux.conf extlinux/extlinux.conf boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf
ldlinux.sys syslinux/ldlinux.sys boot/syslinux/ldlinux.sys
extlinux.sys extlinux/extlinux.sys boot/extlinux/extlinux.sys
*.c32 syslinux/*.c32 boot/syslinux/*.c32
extlinux/*.c32 boot/extlinux/*.c32
'
## Set output filename ##
if [ ${stdout_output} -eq 1 ] ; then
# The LogFile name is not used when --stdout is specified.
LogFile="";
elif ( [ ! -z "${LogFile_cmd}" ]) ; then
# The RESULTS filename is specified on the commandline.
LogFile=$(basename "${LogFile_cmd}");
# Directory where the RESULTS file will be stored.
Dir=$(dirname "${LogFile_cmd}");
# Check if directory exists.
if [ ! -d "${Dir}" ] ; then
echo "The directory \"${Dir}\" does not exist.";
echo 'Create the directory or specify another path for the output file.';
exit 1;
fi
Dir=$(cd "${Dir}"; pwd);
LogFile="${Dir}/${LogFile}";
else
# Directory containing this script.
Dir=$(cd "$(dirname "$0")"; pwd);
# Set ${Dir} to the home folder of the current user if the script is
# in one of the system folders.
# This allows placement of the script in /bin, /sbin, /usr/bin, ...
# while still having a normal location to write the output file to.
for systemdir in /bin /boot /cdrom /dev /etc /lib /lost+found /opt /proc /sbin /selinux /srv /sys /usr /var; do
if [ $(expr "${Dir}" : ${systemdir}) -ne 0 ] ; then
Dir="${HOME}";
break;
fi
done
# To avoid overwriting existing files, look for a non-existing file:
# RESULT.txt, RESULTS1.txt, RESULTS2.txt, ...
LogFile="${Dir}/RESULTS";
while ( [ -e "${LogFile}${j}.txt" ] ) ; do
if [ x"${j}" = x'' ]; then
j=0;
fi
j=$((${j}+1));
done
LogFile="${LogFile}${j}.txt"; ## The RESULTS file. ##
fi
## Redirect stdout to RESULT File ##
#
# exec 6>&1
# exec > "${LogFile}"
## Create temporary directory ##
Folder=$(mktemp -t -d BootInfo-XXXXXXXX);
## Create temporary filenames. ##
cd ${Folder}
Log=${Folder}/Log # File to record the summary.
Log1=${Folder}/Log1 # Most of the information which is not part of
# the summary is recorded in this file.
Error_Log=${Folder}/Error_Log # File to catch all unusal Standar Errors.
Trash=${Folder}/Trash # File to catch all usual Standard Errors these
# messagges will not be included in the RESULTS.
Mount_Error=${Folder}/Mount_Error # File to catch Mounting Errors.
Unknown_MBR=${Folder}/Unknown_MBR # File to record all unknown MBR and Boot sectors.
Tmp_Log=${Folder}/Tmp_Log # File to temporarily hold some information.
core_img_file=${Folder}/core_img # File to temporarily store an embedded core.img of grub2.
core_img_file_unlzma=${Folder}/core_img_unlzma # File to temporarily store the uncompressed part of core.img of grub2.
core_img_file_type_2=${Folder}/core_img_type_2 # File to temporarily store the core.img module of type 2
PartitionTable=${Folder}/PT # File to store the Partition Table.
FakeHardDrives=${Folder}/FakeHD # File to list devices which seem to have no corresponding drive.
BLKID=${Folder}/BLKID # File to store the output of blkid.
GRUB200_Module=${Folder}/GRUB200_Module # File to store current grub2 module
## Redirect all standard error to the file Error_Log. ##
exec 2> ${Error_Log};
## List of all hard drives ##
#
# Support more than 26 drives.
All_Hard_Drives=$(ls /dev/hd[a-z] /dev/hd[a-z][a-z] /dev/sd[a-z] /dev/sd[a-z][a-z] /dev/xvd[a-z] /dev/vd[a-z] /dev/vd[a-z][a-z] 2>> ${Trash});
## Add found RAID disks to list of hard drives. ##
if [ $(type dmraid >> ${Trash} 2>> ${Trash} ; echo $?) -eq 0 ] ; then
InActiveDMRaid=$(dmraid -si -c);
if [ x"${InActiveDMRaid}" = x"no raid disks" ] || [ x"${InActiveDMRaid}" = x"no block devices found" ] ; then
InActiveDMRaid='';
fi
if [ x"${InActiveDMRaid}" != x'' ] ; then
dmraid -ay ${InActiveDMRaid} >> ${Trash};
fi
All_DMRaid=$(dmraid -sa -c);
if [ x"${All_DMRaid}" != x"no raid disks" ] && [ x"${All_DMRaid}" != x"no block devices found" ] ; then
All_DMRaid=$(echo "{All_DMRaid}" | ${AWK} '{ print "/dev/mapper/"$0 }');
All_Hard_Drives="${All_Hard_Drives} ${All_DMRaid}";
fi
fi
## Arrays to hold information about Partitions: ##
#
# name, starting sector, ending sector, size in sector, partition type,
# filesystem type, UUID, kind(Logical, Primary, Extended), harddrive,
# boot flag, parent (for logical partitions), label,
# system(the partition id according the partition table),
# the device associated with the partition.
declare -a NamesArray StartArray EndArray SizeArray TypeArray FileArray UUIDArray KindArray DriveArray BootArray ParentArray LabelArray SystemArray DeviceArray;
## Arrays to hold information about the harddrives. ##
declare -a HDName FirstPartion LastPartition HDSize HDMBR HDHead HDTrack HDCylinder HDPT HDStart HDEnd HDUUID;
## Array for hard drives formatted as filesystem. ##
declare -a FilesystemDrives;
PI=-1; ## Counter for the identification number of a partition. (each partition gets unique number) ##
HI=0; ## Counter for the identification number of a hard drive. (each hard drive gets unique number) ##
PTFormat='%-10s %4s%14s%14s%14s %3s %s\n'; ## standard format (hexdump) to use for partition table. ##
## Get total number of blocks on a device. ##
#
# Sometimes "fdisk -s" seems to malfunction or isn't supported (busybox fdisk),
# so use "sfdisk -s" if available.
# If sfdisk isn't available, calculate the number of blocks from the number of
# sectors (divide by 2).
fdisks () {
if [ $(type sfdisk >> ${Trash} 2>> ${Trash} ; echo $?) -eq 0 ] ; then
sfdisk -s "$1" 2>> ${Trash};
else
# Calculate the number of blocks from the number of sectors (divide by 2).
fdisk -lu "$1" 2>> ${Trash} | ${AWK} '$0 ~ /, .*, .*, .*/ { print $(NF - 1) / 2 }';
fi
}
## A function which checks whether a file is on a mounted partition. ##
# List of mount points for devices: also allow mount points with spaces.
MountPoints=$(mount \
| ${AWK} -F "\t" '{ if ( ($1 ~ "^/dev") && ($3 != "/") ) { sub(" on ", "\t", $0); sub(" type ", "\t", $0); print $2 } }' \
| sort -u);
FileNotMounted () {
local File=$1 curmp=$2;
IFS_OLD="${IFS}"; # Save original IFS.
IFS=$'\012'; # Set IFS temporarily to newline only, so mount points with spaces can be processed too.
for mp in ${MountPoints}; do
if [ $(expr match "${File}" "${mp}/" ) -ne 0 ] && [ "${mp}" != "${curmp}" ] ; then
IFS="${IFS_OLD}"; # Restore original IFS.
return 1;
fi
done
IFS="${IFS_OLD}"; # Restore original IFS.
return 0;
}
## Function which converts the two digit hexcode to the partition type. ##
#
# The following list is taken from sfdisk -T and
# http://www.win.tue.nl/~aeb/partitions/partition_types-1.html
# is work in progress.
HexToSystem () {
local type=$1 system;
case ${type} in
0) system='Empty';;
1) system='FAT12';;
2) system='XENIX root';;
3) system='XENIX /usr';;
4) system='FAT16 <32M';;
5) system='Extended';;
6) system='FAT16';;
7) system='NTFS / exFAT / HPFS';;
8) system='AIX bootable';;
9) system='AIX data';;
a) system='OS/2 Boot Manager';;
b) system='W95 FAT32';;
c) system='W95 FAT32 (LBA)';;
e) system='W95 FAT16 (LBA)';;
f) system='W95 Extended (LBA)';;
10) system='OPUS';;
11) system='Hidden FAT12';;
12) system='Compaq diagnostics';;
14) system='Hidden FAT16 < 32M';;
16) system='Hidden FAT16';;
17) system='Hidden NTFS / HPFS';;
18) system='AST SmartSleep';;
1b) system='Hidden W95 FAT32';;
1c) system='Hidden W95 FAT32 (LBA)';;
1e) system='Hidden W95 FAT16 (LBA)';;
24) system='NEC DOS';;
27) system='Hidden NTFS (Recovery Environment)';;
2a) system='AtheOS File System';;
2b) system='SyllableSecure';;
32) system='NOS';;
35) system='JFS on OS/2';;
38) system='THEOS';;
39) system='Plan 9';;
3a) system='THEOS';;
3b) system='THEOS Extended';;
3c) system='PartitionMagic recovery';;
3d) system='Hidden NetWare';;
40) system='Venix 80286';;
41) system='PPC PReP Boot';;
42) system='SFS';;
44) system='GoBack';;
45) system='Boot-US boot manager';;
4d) system='QNX4.x';;
4e) system='QNX4.x 2nd part';;
4f) system='QNX4.x 3rd part';;
50) system='OnTrack DM';;
51) system='OnTrack DM6 Aux1';;
52) system='CP/M';;
53) system='OnTrack DM6 Aux3';;
54) system='OnTrack DM6 DDO';;
55) system='EZ-Drive';;
56) system='Golden Bow';;
57) system='DrivePro';;
5c) system='Priam Edisk';;
61) system='SpeedStor';;
63) system='GNU HURD or SysV';;
64) system='Novell Netware 286';;
65) system='Novell Netware 386';;
70) system='DiskSecure Multi-Boot';;
74) system='Scramdisk';;
75) system='IBM PC/IX';;
78) system='XOSL filesystem';;
80) system='Old Minix';;
81) system='Minix / old Linux';;
82) system='Linux swap / Solaris';;
83) system='Linux';;
84) system='OS/2 hidden C: drive';;
85) system='Linux extended';;
86) system='NTFS volume set';;
87) system='NTFS volume set';;
88) system='Linux plaintext';;
8a) system='Linux Kernel (AiR-BOOT)';;
8d) system='Free FDISK hidden Primary FAT12';;
8e) system='Linux LVM';;
90) system='Free FDISK hidden Primary FAT16 <32M';;
91) system='Free FDISK hidden Extended';;
92) system='Free FDISK hidden Primary FAT16';;
93) system='Amoeba/Accidently Hidden Linux';;
94) system='Amoeba bad block table';;
97) system='Free FDISK hidden Primary FAT32';;
98) system='Free FDISK hidden Primary FAT32 (LBA)';;
9a) system='Free FDISK hidden Primary FAT16 (LBA)';;
9b) system='Free FDISK hidden Extended (LBA)';;
9f) system='BSD/OS';;
a0) system='IBM Thinkpad hibernation';;
a1) system='Laptop hibernation';;
a5) system='FreeBSD';;
a6) system='OpenBSD';;
a7) system='NeXTSTEP';;
a8) system='Darwin UFS';;
a9) system='NetBSD';;
ab) system='Darwin boot';;
af) system='HFS / HFS+';;
b0) system='BootStar';;
b1 | b3) system='SpeedStor / QNX Neutrino Power-Safe';;
b2) system='QNX Neutrino Power-Safe';;
b4 | b6) system='SpeedStor';;
b7) system='BSDI fs';;
b8) system='BSDI swap';;
bb) system='Boot Wizard hidden';;
bc) system='Acronis BackUp';;
be) system='Solaris boot';;
bf) system='Solaris';;
c0) system='CTOS';;
c1) system='DRDOS / secured (FAT-12)';;
c2) system='Hidden Linux (PowerBoot)';;
c3) system='Hidden Linux Swap (PowerBoot)';;
c4) system='DRDOS secured FAT16 < 32M';;
c5) system='DRDOS secured Extended';;
c6) system='DRDOS secured FAT16';;
c7) system='Syrinx';;
cb) system='DR-DOS secured FAT32 (CHS)';;
cc) system='DR-DOS secured FAT32 (LBA)';;
cd) system='CTOS Memdump?';;
ce) system='DR-DOS FAT16X (LBA)';;
cf) system='DR-DOS secured EXT DOS (LBA)';;
d0) system='REAL/32 secure big partition';;
da) system='Non-FS data / Powercopy Backup';;
db) system='CP/M / CTOS / ...';;
dd) system='Dell Media Direct';;
de) system='Dell Utility';;
df) system='BootIt';;
e1) system='DOS access';;
e3) system='DOS R/O';;
e4) system='SpeedStor';;
e8) system='LUKS';;
eb) system='BeOS BFS';;
ec) system='SkyOS';;
ee) system='GPT';;
ef) system='EFI (FAT-12/16/32)';;
f0) system='Linux/PA-RISC boot';;
f1) system='SpeedStor';;
f2) system='DOS secondary';;
f4) system='SpeedStor';;
fb) system='VMware VMFS';;
fc) system='VMware VMswap';;
fd) system='Linux raid autodetect';;
fe) system='LANstep';;
ff) system='Xenix Bad Block Table';;
*) system='Unknown';;
esac
echo "${system}";
}
## Function to convert GPT's Partition Type. ##
#
# List from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GUID_Partition_Table#Partition_type_GUIDs
#
# ABCDEFGH-IJKL-MNOP-QRST-UVWXYZabcdef is stored as
# GHEFCDAB-KLIJ-OPMN-QRST-UVWXYZabcdef (without the dashes)
#
# For easy generation of the following list:
# - Save list in a file "Partition_type_GUIDs.txt" in the folowing format:
#
# Partition Type (OS) <TAB> GUID
# Partition Type (OS) <TAB> GUID
# Partition Type (OS) <TAB> GUID
#
# - Then run the following:
#
# gawk -F '\t' '{ GUID=tolower($2); printf " %s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s) system=\"%s\";;\n", substr(GUID,7,1), substr(GUID,8,1), substr(GUID,5,1), substr(GUID,6,1), substr(GUID,3,1), substr(GUID,4,1), substr(GUID,1,1), substr(GUID,2,1), substr(GUID,12,1), substr(GUID,13,1), substr(GUID,10,1), substr(GUID,11,1), substr(GUID,17,1), substr(GUID,18,1), substr(GUID,15,1), substr(GUID,16,1), substr(GUID,20,4), substr(GUID,25,12), $1 } END { print " *) system='-';" }' Partition_type_GUIDs.txt
#
# - Some GUIDs are not unique for one OS. To find them, you can run:
#
# gawk -F "\t" '{print $2}' GUID_Partition_Table_list.txt | sort | uniq -d | grep -f - GUID_Partition_Table_list.txt
#
# Basic data partition (Windows) EBD0A0A2-B9E5-4433-87C0-68B6B72699C7
# Data partition (Linux) EBD0A0A2-B9E5-4433-87C0-68B6B72699C7
# ZFS (Mac OS X) 6A898CC3-1DD2-11B2-99A6-080020736631
# /usr partition (Solaris) 6A898CC3-1DD2-11B2-99A6-080020736631
#
UUIDToSystem () {
local type=$1 system;
case ${type} in
00000000000000000000000000000000) system='Unused entry';;
41ee4d02e733d3119d690008c781f39f) system='MBR partition scheme';;
28732ac11ff8d211ba4b00a0c93ec93b) system='EFI System partition';;
4861682149646f6e744e656564454649) system='BIOS Boot partition';;
dee2bfd3af3ddf11ba40e3a556d89593) system="Intel Fast Flash (iFFS) partition (for Intel Rapid Start technology)";;
## GUIDs that are not unique for one OS ##
a2a0d0ebe5b9334487c068b6b72699c7) system='Data partition (Windows/Linux)';;
c38c896ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='ZFS (Mac OS X) or /usr partition (Solaris)';;
## Windows GUIDs ##
16e3c9e35c0bb84d817df92df00215ae) system='Microsoft Reserved Partition (Windows)';;
# Same GUID as old GUID for "Basic data partition (Linux)"
# a2a0d0ebe5b9334487c068b6b72699c7) system='Basic data partition (Windows)';;
aac808588f7ee04285d2e1e90434cfb3) system='Logical Disk Manager (LDM) metadata partition (Windows)';;
a0609baf3114624fbc683311714a69ad) system='Logical Disk Manager (LDM) data partition (Windows)';;
a4bb94ded106404da16abfd50179d6ac) system='Windows Recovery Environment (Windows)';;
90fcaf377def964e91c32d7ae055b174) system='IBM General Parallel File System (GPFS) partition (Windows)';;
## HP-UX GUIDs ##
1e4c8975eb3ad311b7c17b03a0000000) system='Data partition (HP-UX)';;
28e7a1e2e332d611a6827b03a0000000) system='Service Partition (HP-UX)';;
## Linux GUIDs ##
# Same GUID as "Basic data partition (Windows)" GUID
# a2a0d0ebe5b9334487c068b6b72699c7) system='Data partition (Linux)';;
# New GUID to avoid that Linux partitions show up as unformatted partitions in Windows.
af3dc60f838472478e793d69d8477de4) system='Data partition (Linux)';;
0f889da1fc053b4da006743f0f84911e) system='RAID partition (Linux)';;
6dfd5706aba4c44384e50933c84b4f4f) system='Swap partition (Linux)';;
79d3d6e607f5c244a23c238f2a3df928) system='Logical Volume Manager (LVM) partition (Linux)';;
3933a68d0700c060c436083ac8230908) system='Reserved (Linux)';;
## FreeBSD GUIDs ##
9d6bbd83417fdc11be0b001560b84f0f) system='Boot partition (FreeBSD)';;
b47c6e51cf6ed6118ff800022d09712b) system='Data partition (FreeBSD)';;
b57c6e51cf6ed6118ff800022d09712b) system='Swap partition (FreeBSD)';;
b67c6e51cf6ed6118ff800022d09712b) system='Unix File System (UFS) partition (FreeBSD)';;
b87c6e51cf6ed6118ff800022d09712b) system='Vinum volume manager partition (FreeBSD)';;
ba7c6e51cf6ed6118ff800022d09712b) system='ZFS partition (FreeBSD)';;
## Mac OS X GUIDs ##
005346480000aa11aa1100306543ecac) system='Hierarchical File System Plus (HFS+) partition (Mac OS X)';;
005346550000aa11aa1100306543ecac) system='Apple UFS (Mac OS X)';;
# c38c896ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='ZFS (Mac OS X)';;
444941520000aa11aa1100306543ecac) system='Apple RAID partition (Mac OS X)';;
444941524f5faa11aa1100306543ecac) system='Apple RAID partition offline (Mac OS X)';;
746f6f420000aa11aa1100306543ecac) system='Apple Boot partition (Mac OS X)';;
6562614c006caa11aa1100306543ecac) system='Apple Label (Mac OS X)';;
6f6365526576aa11aa1100306543ecac) system='Apple TV Recovery partition (Mac OS X)';;
726f74536761aa11aa1100306543ecac) system="Apple Core Storage (i.e. Lion FileVault) partition (Mac OS X)";;
## Solaris GUIDs ##
45cb826ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='Boot partition (Solaris)';;
4dcf856ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='Root partition (Solaris)';;
6fc4876ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='Swap partition (Solaris)';;
2b648b6ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='Backup partition (Solaris)';;
# c38c896ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='/usr partition (Solaris)';;
e9f28e6ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='/var partition (Solaris)';;
39ba906ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='/home partition (Solaris)';;
a583926ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='Alternate sector (Solaris)';;
3b5a946ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='Reserved partition (Solaris)';;
d130966ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='Reserved partition (Solaris)';;
6707986ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='Reserved partition (Solaris)';;
7f23966ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='Reserved partition (Solaris)';;
c72a8d6ad21db21199a6080020736631) system='Reserved partition (Solaris)';;
## NetBSD GUIDs ##
328df4490eb1dc11b99b0019d1879648) system='Swap partition (NetBSD)';;
5a8df4490eb1dc11b99b0019d1879648) system='FFS partition (NetBSD)';;
828df4490eb1dc11b99b0019d1879648) system='LFS partition (NetBSD)';;
aa8df4490eb1dc11b99b0019d1879648) system='RAID partition (NetBSD)';;
c419b52d0fb1dc11b99b0019d1879648) system='Concatenated partition (NetBSD)';;
ec19b52d0fb1dc11b99b0019d1879648) system='Encrypted partition (NetBSD)';;
## ChromeOS GUIDs ##
5d2a3afe324fa741b725accc3285a309) system="ChromeOS kernel";;
02e2b83c7e3bdd478a3c7ff2a13cfcec) system="ChromeOS rootfs";;
3d750a2e489eb0438337b15192cb1b5e) system="ChromeOS future use";;
## Haiku GUIDs ##
31534642a33bf110802a4861696b7521) system="Haiku BFS (Haiku)";;
## MidnightBSD GUIDs ##
5ee4d5857c23e111b4b3e89a8f7fc3a7) system="Boot partition (MidnightBSD) ";;
5ae4d5857c23e111b4b3e89a8f7fc3a7) system="Data partition (MidnightBSD)";;
5be4d5857c23e111b4b3e89a8f7fc3a7) system="Swap partition (MidnightBSD)";;
8bef94037e23e111b4b3e89a8f7fc3a7) system="Unix File System (UFS) partition (MidnightBSD)";;
5ce4d5857c23e111b4b3e89a8f7fc3a7) system="Vinum volume manager partition (MidnightBSD)";;
5de4d5857c23e111b4b3e89a8f7fc3a7) system="ZFS partition (MidnightBSD)";;
*) system='-';
echo 'Unknown GPT Partiton Type' >> ${Unknown_MBR};
echo ${type} >> ${Unknown_MBR};;
esac
echo "${system}";
}
## Function which inserts a comma every third digit of a number. ##
InsertComma () {
echo $1 | sed -e :a -e 's/\(.*[0-9]\)\([0-9]\{3\}\)/\1,\2/;ta';
}
## Function to read 4 bytes starting at $1 of device $2 and convert result to decimal. ##
Read4Bytes () {
local start=$1 device=$2;
echo $(hexdump -v -s ${start} -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' ${device});
}
## Function to read 8 bytes starting at $1 of device $2 and convert result to decimal. ##
Read8Bytes () {
local start=$1 device=$2;
local first4 second4;
# Get ${first4} and ${second4} bytes at once.
eval $(hexdump -v -s ${start} -n 8 -e '1/4 "first4=%u; " 1/4 "second4=%u"' ${device});
echo $(( ${second4} * 4294967296 + ${first4} ));
}
## Functions to pretty print blkid output. ##
BlkidFormat='%-16s %-38s %-10s %s\n';
BlkidTag () {
echo $(blkid -s $2 -o value $1 2>> ${Trash});
}
PrintBlkid () {
local part=$1 suffix=$2;
if [ x"$(blkid ${part} 2> ${Tmp_Log})" != x'' ] ; then
printf "${BlkidFormat}" "${part}" "$(BlkidTag ${part} UUID)" "$(BlkidTag ${part} TYPE)" "$(BlkidTag ${part} LABEL)" >> ${BLKID}${suffix};
else
# blkid -p is not available on all systems.
# This contructs makes sure the "usage" message is not displayed, but catches the "ambivalent" error.
blkid -p "${part}" 2>&1 | grep "^${part}" >> ${BLKID}${suffix};
fi
}
## Read and display the partition table and check the partition table for errors. ##
#
# This function can be applied iteratively so extended partiton tables can also be processed.
#
# Function arguments:
#
# - arg 1: HI = HI of hard drive
# - arg 2: StartEx = start sector of the extended Partition
# - arg 3: N = number of partitions in table (4 for regular PT, 2 for logical
# - arg 4: PT_file = file for storing the partition table
# - arg 5: format = display format to use for displaying the partition table
# - arg 6: EPI = PI of the primary extended partition containing the extended partition.
# ( equals "" for hard drive)
# - arg 7: LinuxIndex = Last linux index assigned (the number in sdXY).
ReadPT () {
local HI=$1 StartEx=$2 N=$3 PT_file=$4 format=$5 EPI=$6 Base_Sector;
local LinuxIndex=$7 boot size start end type drive system;
local i=0 boot_hex label limit MBRSig;
drive=${HDName[${HI}]};
limit=${HDSize[${HI}]};
dd if=${drive} skip=${StartEx} of=${Tmp_Log} count=1 2>> ${Trash};
MBRSig=$(hexdump -v -s 510 -n 2 -e '"%04x"' ${Tmp_Log});
[[ "${MBRSig}" != 'aa55' ]] && echo 'Invalid MBR Signature found.' >> ${PT_file};
if [[ ${StartEx} -lt ${limit} ]] ; then
# set Base_Sector to 0 for hard drive, and to the start sector of the
# primary extended partition otherwise.
[[ x"${EPI}" = x'' ]] && Base_Sector=0 || Base_Sector=${StartArray[${EPI}]};
for (( i=0; i < N; i++ )) ; do
dd if=${drive} skip=${StartEx} of=${Tmp_Log} count=1 2>> ${Trash};
boot_hex=$(hexdump -v -s $((446+16*${i})) -n 1 -e '"%02x"' ${Tmp_Log});
case ${boot_hex} in
00) boot=' ';;
80) boot='* ';;
*) boot='?';;
esac
# Get amd set: partition type, partition start, and partition size.
eval $(hexdump -v -s $((450+16*${i})) -n 12 -e '1/1 "type=%x; " 3/1 "tmp=%x; " 1/4 "start=%u; " 1/4 "size=%u"' ${Tmp_Log});
if [[ ${size} -ne 0 ]] ; then
if ( ( [ "${type}" = '5' ] || [ "${type}" = 'f' ] ) && [ ${Base_Sector} -ne 0 ] ) ; then
# start sector of an extended partition is relative to the
# start sector of an primary extended partition.
start=$((${start}+${Base_Sector}));
if [[ ${i} -eq 0 ]] ; then
echo 'Extended partition linking to another extended partition.' >> ${PT_file};
fi
ReadPT ${HI} ${start} 2 ${PT_file} "${format}" ${EPI} ${LinuxIndex};
else
((PI++));
if [[ "${type}" = '5' || "${type}" = 'f' ]] ; then
KindArray[${PI}]='E';
else
# Start sector of a logical partition is relative to the
# start sector of directly assocated extented partition.
start=$((${start}+${StartEx}));
[[ ${Base_Sector} -eq 0 ]] && KindArray[${PI}]='P' || KindArray[${PI}]='L';
fi
LinuxIndex=$((${LinuxIndex}+1));
end=$((${start}+${size}-1));
[[ "${HDPT[${HI}]}" = 'BootIt' ]] && label="${NamesArray[${EPI}]}_" || label=${drive};
system=$(HexToSystem ${type});
printf "${format}" "${label}${LinuxIndex}" "${boot}" $(InsertComma ${start}) "$(InsertComma ${end})" "$(InsertComma ${size})" "${type}" "${system}" >> ${PT_file};
NamesArray[${PI}]="${label}${LinuxIndex}";
StartArray[${PI}]=${start};
EndArray[${PI}]=${end};
TypeArray[${PI}]=${type};
SystemArray[${PI}]="${system}";
SizeArray[${PI}]=${size};
BootArray[${PI}]="${boot}";
DriveArray[${PI}]=${HI};
ParentArray[${PI}]=${EPI};
( [[ x"${EPI}" = x'' ]] || [[ x"${DeviceArray[${EPI}]}" != x'' ]] ) && DeviceArray[${PI}]=${drive}${LinuxIndex};
if [[ "${type}" = '5' || "${type}" = 'f' ]] ; then
ReadPT ${HI} ${start} 2 ${PT_file} "${format}" ${PI} 4;
fi
fi
elif ( [ ${Base_Sector} -ne 0 ] && [ ${i} -eq 0 ] ) ; then
echo 'Empty Partition.' >> ${PT_file};
else
LinuxIndex=$((${LinuxIndex}+1));
fi
done
else
echo 'EBR refers to a location outside the hard drive.' >> ${PT_file};
fi
}
## Read the GPT partition table (GUID, EFI) ##
#
# Function arguments:
#
# - arg 1: HI = HI of hard drive
# - arg 2: GPT_file = file for storing the GPT partition table
ReadEFI () {
local HI=$1 GPT_file=$2 drive size N=0 i=0 format label PRStart start end type size system;
local attrs attrstr attrs_other j;
drive="${HDName[${HI}]}";
format='%-10s %5s %14s%14s%14s %s\n';
printf "${format}" 'Partition' 'Attrs' 'Start Sector' 'End Sector' '# of Sectors' 'System' >> ${GPT_file};
HDStart[${HI}]=$( Read8Bytes 552 ${drive});
HDEnd[${HI}]=$( Read8Bytes 560 ${drive});
HDUUID[${HI}]=$( hexdump -v -s 568 -n 16 -e '/1 "%02x"' ${drive});
PRStart=$( Read8Bytes 584 ${drive});
N=$( Read4Bytes 592 ${drive});
PRStart=$(( ${PRStart}*512));
PRSize=$( Read4Bytes 596 ${drive});
for (( i = 0; i < N; i++ )) ; do
type=$(hexdump -v -s $((${PRStart}+${PRSize}*${i})) -n 16 -e '/1 "%02x"' ${drive});
if [ "${type}" != '00000000000000000000000000000000' ] ; then
((PI++));
start=$(Read8Bytes $((${PRStart}+32+${PRSize}*${i})) ${drive});
end=$( Read8Bytes $((${PRStart}+40+${PRSize}*${i})) ${drive});
size=$((${end}-${start}+1));
system=$(UUIDToSystem ${type});
label=${drive}$((${i}+1));
# Partition attributes are 8 bytes long and bash arithmetic is signed.
# High bits are used by Windows which automatically overflows computed
# 64 bit number. As we are interested in low bits only, just check it
# and output the rest verbatim if present.
attrs=$(hexdump -v -s $((${PRStart}+48+${PRSize}*${i})) -n 1 -e '/1 "%02x"' ${drive});
attrs_other=$(hexdump -v -s $((${PRStart}+49+${PRSize}*${i})) -n 7 -e '/1 "%02x"' ${drive});
if (( 0x${attrs} & 1 )) ; then
attrstr='R';
else
attrstr=' ';
fi
if (( 0x${attrs} & 2 )) ; then
attrstr="N${attrstr}";
else
attrstr=" ${attrstr}";
fi
if (( 0x${attrs} & 4 )) ; then
attrstr="B${attrstr}";
else
attrstr=" ${attrstr}";
fi
if (( 0x${attrs} & 8 )) || [ ${attrs_other} != '00000000000000' ] ; then
attrstr="+$attrstr";
echo >> ${Unknown_MBR};
echo "${label}: unknown GPT attributes" >> ${Unknown_MBR};
for (( j = 12; j >= 0; j -= 2 )) ; do
printf '%s' ${attrs_other:j:2} >> ${Unknown_MBR}
done
echo ${attrs} >> ${Unknown_MBR}
fi
printf "${format}" "${label}" "${attrstr}" "$(InsertComma ${start})" "$(InsertComma ${end})" "$(InsertComma ${size})" "${system}" >> ${GPT_file};
NamesArray[${PI}]=${label};
DeviceArray[${PI}]=${label};
StartArray[${PI}]=${start};
TypeArray[${PI}]=${type};
SizeArray[${PI}]=${size};
SystemArray[${PI}]=${system};
EndArray[${PI}]=${end};
DriveArray[${PI}]=${HI};
KindArray[${PI}]='P';
ParentArray[${PI}]='';
fi
done
echo >> ${GPT_file};
echo 'Attributes: R=Required, N=No Block IO, B=Legacy BIOS Bootable, +=More bits set' >> ${GPT_file};
}
## Read the Master Partition Table of BootIt NG. ##
#
# Function arguments:
#
# - arg 1: HI = HI of hard drive
# - arg 2: MPT_file = file for storing the MPT
ReadEMBR () {
local HI=$1 MPT_file=$2 drive size N=0 i=0 BINGIndex label start end type format;
local BINGUnknown system StoredPI FirstPI=${FirstPartition[$1]} LastPI=${PI} New;
drive="${HDName[${HI}]}";
format='%-18s %4s%14s%14s%14s %3s %-15s %3s %2s\n';
printf "${format}" 'Partition' 'Boot' 'Start Sector' 'End Sector' '# of Sectors' 'Id' 'System' 'Ind' '?' >> ${MPT_file};
N=$(hexdump -v -s 534 -n 1 -e '"%u"' ${drive});
for (( i = 0; i < N; i++ )) ; do
New=1;
BINGUnknown=$(hexdump -v -s $((541+28*${i})) -n 1 -e '"%x"' ${drive});
start=$( hexdump -v -s $((542+28*${i})) -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' ${drive});
end=$( hexdump -v -s $((546+28*${i})) -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' ${drive});
BINGIndex=$( hexdump -v -s $((550+28*${i})) -n 1 -e '"%u"' ${drive});
type=$( hexdump -v -s $((551+28*${i})) -n 1 -e '"%x"' ${drive});
size=$(( ${end}-${start}+1));
label=$( hexdump -v -s $((552+28*${i})) -n 15 -e '"%_u"' ${drive}| sed -e 's/nul[^$]*//');
system=$( HexToSystem ${type});
printf "${format}" "${label}" "-" "$(InsertComma ${start})" "$(InsertComma ${end})" "$(InsertComma ${size})" "${type}" "${system}" "${BINGIndex}" "${BINGUnknown}" >> ${MPT_file};
StoredPI=${PI};
for (( j = FirstPI; j <= LastPI; j++ )); do
if (( ${StartArray[${j}]} == ${start} )) ; then
PI=${j};
New=0;
break;
fi
done
if [ ${New} -eq 1 ] ; then
((PI++));
StoredPI=${PI};
StartArray[${PI}]=${start};
TypeArray[${PI}]=${type};
SizeArray[${PI}]=${size};
SystemArray[${PI}]=${system};
EndArray[${PI}]=${end};
DriveArray[${PI}]=${HI};
fi
NamesArray[${PI}]=${label};
if ( [ ${type} = 'f' ] || [ ${type} = '5' ] ) ; then
KindArray[${PI}]='E';
ParentArray[${PI}]=${PI};
ReadPT ${HI} ${start} 2 ${MPT_file} "${format}" ${PI} 4;
else
KindArray[${PI}]='P';
ParentArray[${PI}]='';
fi
PI=${StoredPI};
done
}
## Check partition table for errors. ##
#
# This function checks whether:
# - there are any overlapping partitions
# - the logical partitions are inside the extended partition
#
# Function arguments:
#
# - arg 1: PI_first = PI of first partition to consider
# - arg 2: PI_last = PI of last partition to consider
# - arg 3: CHK_file = file for the error messages
# - arg 4: HI = HI of containing hard drive
CheckPT () {
local PI_first=$1 PI_last=$2 CHK_file=$3 HI=$4;
local Si Ei Sj Ej Ki Kj i j k cyl track head cyl_bound sec_bound;
cyl=${HDCylinder[${HI}]};
track=${HDTrack[${HI}]};
head=${HDHead[${HI}]};
cyl_bound=$((cyl * track * head));
sec_bound=${HDSize[${HI}]};
for (( i = PI_first; i <= PI_last; i++ )); do
Si=${StartArray[${i}]};
Ei=${EndArray[${i}]};
Ki=${KindArray[${i}]};
Ni=${NamesArray[${i}]};
if [[ "${Ei}" -gt "${sec_bound}" ]] ; then
echo "${Ni} ends after the last sector of ${HDName[${HI}]}" >> ${CHK_file};
elif [[ "${Ei}" -gt "${cyl_bound}" ]] ; then
echo "${Ni} ends after the last cylinder of ${HDName[${HI}]}" >> ${Trash};
fi
if [[ ${Ki} = "L" ]] ; then
k=${ParentArray[${i}]};
Sk=${StartArray[${k}]};
Ek=${EndArray[${k}]};
Nk=${NamesArray[${k}]};
[[ ${Si} -le ${Sk} || ${Ei} -gt ${Ek} ]] && echo "the logical partition ${Ni} is not contained in the extended partition ${Nk}" >> ${CHK_file};
fi
for (( j = i+1; j <= PI_last; j++ )); do
Sj=${StartArray[${j}]};
Ej=${EndArray[${j}]};
Kj=${KindArray[${j}]};
Nj=${NamesArray[${j}]};
( !( ( [ "${Ki}" = 'L' ] && [ "${Kj}" = 'E' ] ) || ( [ "${Ki}" = 'E' ] && [ "${Kj}" = 'L' ] ) ) \
&& ( ( [ "${Si}" -lt "${Sj}" ] && [ "${Sj}" -lt "${Ei}" ] ) || ( [ "${Sj}" -lt "${Si}" ] && [ "${Si}" -lt "${Ej}" ] ) ) ) \
&& echo "${Ni} overlaps with ${Nj}" >> ${CHK_file};
done
done
}
## Syslinux ##
#
# Determine the exact Syslinux version ("SYSLINUX - version - date"), display
# the offset to the second stage, check the internal checksum (if not correct,
# the ldlinux.sys file, probably moved), display the directory to which
# Syslinux is installed.
syslinux_info () {
local partition=$1;
# Magic number used by Syslinux:
local LDLINUX_MAGIC='fe02b23e';
local LDLINUX_BSS LDLINUX_SECTOR2 ADV_2SECTORS;
local sect1ptr0_offset sect1ptr0 sect1ptr1 tmp;
local magic_offset syslinux_version syslinux_dir;
# Patch area variables:
local pa_version pa_size pa_hexdump_format pa_magic pa_instance pa_data_sectors;
local pa_adv_sectors pa_dwords pa_checksum pa_maxtransfer pa_epaoffset;
local pa_ldl_sectors pa_dir_inode;
# Extended patch area variables:
local epa_size epa_hexdump_format epa_advptroffset epa_diroffset epa_dirlen;
local epa_subvoloffset epa_subvollen epa_secptroffset epa_secptrcnt;
local epa_sect1ptr0 epa_sect1ptr1 epa_raidpatch epa_syslinuxbanner;
# ADV magic numbers:
local ADV_MAGIC_HEAD='a52f2d5a'; # Head signature
local ADV_MAGIC_TAIL='64bf28dd'; # Tail signature
local ADV_MAGIC_CHECKSUM=$((0xa3041767)); # Magic used for calculation ADV checksum
# ADV variables:
local ADVoffset ADV_calculated_checksum ADV_read_checksum ADVentry_offset;
local tag='999' tag_len label;
local csum;
# Clear previous Syslinux message string.
Syslinux_Msg='';
# Read first 512 bytes of partition and convert to hex (ldlinux.bss)
LDLINUX_BSS=$(hexdump -v -n512 -e '/1 "%02x"' ${partition});
# Look for LDLINUX_MAGIC: bytes 504-507
if [ "${LDLINUX_BSS:1008:8}" = "${LDLINUX_MAGIC}" ] ; then
# Syslinux 4.04-pre5 and higher.
pa_version=4; # Syslinux 4.xx patch area
# The offset of Sect1Load in LDLINUX_BSS can be found by doing a
# bitwise XOR of bytes 508-509 (little endian) with 0x1b << 9.
# sect1ptr0_offset starts 2 bytes furter than Sect1Load.
sect1ptr0_offset=$(( ( 0x${LDLINUX_BSS:1018:2}${LDLINUX_BSS:1016:2} ^ ( 0x1b << 9 ) ) + 2 ));
# Get "boot sector offset" (in sectors) of sector 1 ptr LSW: sect1ptr0
# Get "boot sector offset" (in sectors) of sector 1 ptr MSW: sect1ptr1
eval $(hexdump -v -s ${sect1ptr0_offset} -n 10 -e '1/4 "sect1ptr0=%u; " 1/2 "tmp=%u; " 1/4 "sect1ptr1=%u;"' ${partition});
else
# Check if bytes 508-509 = "7f00".
if [ "${LDLINUX_BSS:1016:4}" = '7f00' ] ; then
# Syslinux 3.xx
pa_version=3; # Syslinux 3.xx patch area
# Get "boot sector offset" (in sectors) of sector 1 ptr LSW: sect1ptr0
eval $(hexdump -v -s 504 -n 4 -e '1/4 "sect1ptr0=%u;"' ${partition});
else
# Syslinux 4.00 - Syslinux 4.04-pre4.
pa_version=4; # Syslinux 4.xx patch area
# Search for offset to sect1ptr0 (only found in Syslinux 4.xx)
# 66 b8 xx xx xx xx 66 ba xx xx xx xx bb 00
# [sect1ptr0] [sect1ptr1]
#
# Start searching for this hex string after the DOS superblock: byte 0x5a = 90
eval $(echo ${LDLINUX_BSS:180:844} \
| ${AWK} '{ mask_offset=match($0,"66b8........66ba........bb00"); \
if (mask_offset == "0") { print "sect1ptr0_offset=0;" } \
else { print "sect1ptr0_offset=" (mask_offset -1 ) / 2 + 2 + 90 } }');
if [ ${sect1ptr0_offset} -ne 0 ] ; then
# Syslinux 4.00 - Syslinux 4.04-pre4.
# Get "boot sector offset" (in sectors) of sector 1 ptr LSW: sect1ptr0
# Get "boot sector offset" (in sectors) of sector 1 ptr MSW: sect1ptr1
eval $(hexdump -v -s ${sect1ptr0_offset} -n 10 -e '1/4 "sect1ptr0=%u; " 1/2 "tmp=%u; " 1/4 "sect1ptr1=%u;"' ${partition});
else
Syslinux_Msg='No evidence that this is realy a Syslinux boot sector.';
return;
fi
fi
fi
Syslinux_Msg="Syslinux looks at sector ${sect1ptr0} of ${partition} for its second stage.";
# Start reading 0.5MiB (more than enough) from second sector of the Syslinux
# bootloader (= first sector of ldlinux.sys).
dd if=${partition} of=${Tmp_Log} skip=${sect1ptr0} count=1000 bs=512 2>> ${Trash};
# Get second sector of the Syslinux bootloader (= first sector of ldlinux.sys)
# and convert to hex.
LDLINUX_SECTOR2=$(hexdump -v -n 512 -e '/1 "%02x"' ${Tmp_Log});
# Look for LDLINUX_MAGIC (8 bytes aligned) in sector 2 of the Syslinux bootloader.
for (( magic_offset = $((0x10)); magic_offset < $((0x50)); magic_offset = magic_offset + 8 )); do
if [ "${LDLINUX_SECTOR2:$(( ${magic_offset} * 2 )):8}" = ${LDLINUX_MAGIC} ] ; then
if [ ${pa_version} -eq 4 ] ; then
# Syslinux 4.xx patch area.
# Patch area size: 4+4+2+2+4+4+2+2 = 4*4 + 4*2 = 24 bytes
pa_size='24';
# Get pa_magic, pa_instance, pa_data_sectors, pa_adv_sectors, pa_dwords, pa_checksum, pa_maxtransfer and pa_epaoffset.
pa_hexdump_format='1/4 "pa_magic=0x%04x; " 1/4 "pa_instance=0x%04x; " 1/2 "pa_data_sectors=%u; " 1/2 "pa_adv_sectors=%u; " 1/4 "pa_dwords=0x%u; " 1/4 "pa_checksum=0x%04x; " 1/2 "pa_maxtransfer=%u; " 1/2 "pa_epaoffset=%u;"';
eval $(hexdump -v -s ${magic_offset} -n ${pa_size} -e "${pa_hexdump_format}" ${Tmp_Log});
else
# Syslinux 3.xx patch area.
# Patch area size: 4+4+2+2+4+4 = 4*4 + 2*2 = 20 bytes
pa_size='20';
# Get pa_magic, pa_instance, pa_dwords, pa_ldl_sectors and pa_checksum.
# - pa_dwords: Total dwords starting at ldlinux_sys not including ADVs.
# - pa_ldl_sectors: Number of sectors - (bootsec + sector2) but including any ADVs.
pa_hexdump_format='1/4 "pa_magic=0x%04x; " 1/4 "pa_instance=0x%04x; " 1/2 "pa_dwords=%u; " 1/2 "pa_ldl_sectors=%u; " 1/4 "pa_checksum=0x%04x; " 1/4 "pa_dir_inode=%u;"';
eval $(hexdump -v -s ${magic_offset} -n ${pa_size} -e "${pa_hexdump_format}" ${Tmp_Log});
# Calulate pa_data_sectors: number of sectors (not including ldlinux.bss = first sector of Syslinux).
# - divide by 128 (128 dwords / 512 byte sector)
pa_data_sectors=$(( ${pa_dwords} / 128 ));
# If total dwords is not exactly a multiple of 128, round up the number of sectors (add 1).
if [ $(( ${pa_dwords}%128 )) -ne 0 ] ; then
pa_data_sectors=$(( ${pa_data_sectors} + 1 ));
fi
# Some Syslinux 4.00-pre?? releases are different:
# - have Syslinux 3.xx signature: bytes 508-509 = "7f00".
# - have the "boot sector offset" (in sectors) of sector 1 ptr LSW (bytes 504-507)
# for sect1ptr0, like Syslinux 3.xx.
# - have like Syslinux 4.xx, the same location for pa_data_sectors.
#
# If pa_dwords is less than 1024, it contains the value of pa_data_sectors:
# - if less and pa_words would really be pa_words: ldlinux.sys would be smaller than 4 kiB
# - if more and pa_words would really be pa_data_sectors: ldlinux.sys would be more than 500 kiB
if [ ${pa_dwords} -lt 1024 ] ; then
pa_data_sectors=${pa_dwords};
fi
fi
# Get the "SYSLINUX - version - date" string.
syslinux_version=$(hexdump -v -e '"%_p"' -s 2 -n $(( ${magic_offset} - 2 )) ${Tmp_Log});
syslinux_version="${syslinux_version% \.*}";
# Overwrite the "boot sector type" variable, which was set before calling this function,
# with a more exact Syslinux version number.
BST="${syslinux_version}";
# Check integrity of Syslinux:
# - Checksum starting at ldlinux.sys, stopping before the ADV part.
# - checksum start = LDLINUX_MAGIC - [sum of dwords].
# - add each dword to the checksum value.
# - the value of the checksum after adding all dwords of ldlinux.sys should be 0.
csum=$(hexdump -v -n $(( ${pa_data_sectors} * 512)) -e '/4 "%u\n"' ${Tmp_Log} \
| ${AWK} 'BEGIN { csum=4294967296-1051853566 } { csum=(csum + $1)%4294967296 } END {print csum}' );
if [ ${csum} -ne 0 ] ; then
Syslinux_Msg="${Syslinux_Msg} The integrity check of Syslinux failed.";
return;
fi
if [ ${pa_version} -eq 4 ] ; then
# Extended patch area size: 11*2 = 22 bytes
epa_size='22';
# Get epa_advptroffset, epa_diroffset, epa_dirlen, epa_subvoloffset, epa_subvollen,
# epa_secptroffset, epa_secptrcnt, epa_sect1ptr0, epa_sect1ptr1 and epa_raidpatch.
epa_hexdump_format='1/2 "epa_advptroffset=%u; " 1/2 "epa_diroffset=%u; " 1/2 "epa_dirlen=%u; " 1/2 "epa_subvoloffset=%u; " 1/2 "epa_subvollen=%u; " 1/2 "epa_secptroffset=%u; " 1/2 "epa_secptrcnt=%u; " 1/2 "epa_sect1ptr0=%u; " 1/2 "epa_sect1ptr1=%u; " 1/2 "epa_raidpatch=%u; " 1/2 "epa_syslinuxbanner=%u;"';
eval $(hexdump -v -s ${pa_epaoffset} -n ${epa_size} -e "${epa_hexdump_format}" ${Tmp_Log});
# Get the Syslinux install directory.
syslinux_dir=$(hexdump -v -e '"%_p"' -s ${epa_diroffset} -n ${epa_dirlen} ${Tmp_Log});
syslinux_dir=${syslinux_dir%%\.*};
Syslinux_Msg="${Syslinux_Msg} ${syslinux_version:0:8} is installed in the ${syslinux_dir} directory.";
# In Syslinux 4.04 and higher, the whole Syslinux banner is not in the first sector of ldlinux.sys.
# Only the "SYSLINUX - version" string is still located in the first sector.
# epa_syslinuxbanner points to the whole "SYSLINUX - version - date" string.
if [ ${epa_syslinuxbanner} -lt $(( ${pa_data_sectors} * 512 )) ] ; then
# Get the "SYSLINUX - version - date" string.
tmp=$(hexdump -v -e '"%_p"' -s $(( ${epa_syslinuxbanner} + 2 )) -n 100 ${Tmp_Log});
# Check if we have Syslinux 4.04 or higher, which suppport the epa_syslinuxbanner field
# by comparing the first 8 bytes ("SYSLINUX") of the Syslinux banner from sector 1 with
# the 8 bytes to which epa_syslinuxbanner points.
if [ x"${tmp:0:8}" = x"${syslinux_version:0:8}" ] ; then
syslinux_version="${tmp%%\.No DEFAULT*}";
# Overwrite the "boot sector type" variable, which was set before calling this function,
# with a more exact Syslinux version number.
BST="${syslinux_version}";
fi
fi
# ADV stuff starts here.
if [ ${pa_adv_sectors} -ne 2 ] ; then
Syslinux_Msg="${Syslinux_Msg} There are ${pa_adv_sectors} ADV sectors instead of 2.";
return;
fi
# Get the ADV offset.
ADVoffset=$(( pa_data_sectors * 512 ));
# Get the ADV.
ADV_2SECTORS=$(hexdump -v -s ${ADVoffset} -n 1024 -e '/1 "%02x"' ${Tmp_Log});
# Check if the 2 ADV sectors are exactly the same.
if [ "${ADV_2SECTORS:0:1024}" != "${ADV_2SECTORS:1024:1024}" ] ; then
Syslinux_Msg="${Syslinux_Msg} The 2 ADV sectors are not the same (corrupt).";
return;
fi
# Check if the ADV area contains the ADV head and tail magic.
if ( [ "${ADV_2SECTORS:0:8}" = "${ADV_MAGIC_HEAD}" ] && [ "${ADV_2SECTORS:1016:8}" = "${ADV_MAGIC_TAIL}" ] ) ; then
# Caculate the ADV checksum.
ADV_calculated_checksum=$(hexdump -v -s $(( ${ADVoffset} + 8 )) -n $((512 - 3*4)) -e '/4 "%u\n"' ${Tmp_Log} \
| ${AWK} 'BEGIN { csum='${ADV_MAGIC_CHECKSUM}' } { csum=(csum - $1 + 4294967296)%4294967296 } END { print csum }');
ADV_read_checksum=$(hexdump -s $(( ${ADVoffset} + 4 )) -n 4 -e '/4 "%u\n"' ${Tmp_Log});
if [ ${ADV_calculated_checksum} -eq ${ADV_read_checksum} ] ; then
# Get the info stored in the ADV area:
#
# maximum 2 entries can be stored in the ADV, which have the following layout:
# - byte 1 : tag ==> 0 = no entry, 1 = boot-once entry, 2 = menu-save entry
# - byte 2 : tag_len ==> length of label string
# - byte 3 - (3 + tag_len) : label ==> label name that will be used
# First entry starts a offset 8.
ADVentry_offset=8;
until eval $(hexdump -s $(( ${ADVoffset} + ${ADVentry_offset} )) -n $((512 - 3*4)) \
-e '1/1 "tag=%u; " 1/1 "tag_len=%u; label='\''" 498 "%_p"' ${Tmp_Log};
printf "'");
[ ${tag} -eq 0 ] ; do
if [ ${tag_len} -gt 0 ] ; then
label=${label:0:${tag_len}};
fi
case ${tag} in
1) Syslinux_Msg="${Syslinux_Msg} ${syslinux_version:0:8}'s ADV is set to boot label \"${label}\" next boot only.";;
2) Syslinux_Msg="${Syslinux_Msg} ${syslinux_version:0:8}'s ADV is set to boot label \"${label}\" by default.";;
esac
# Adjust the ADVentry_offset, so it points to the next entry.
ADVentry_offset=$(( ${ADVentry_offset} + ${tag_len} + 2 ));
done
else
Syslinux_Msg="${Syslinux_Msg} The integrity check of the ADV area failed.";
fi
else
Syslinux_Msg="${Syslinux_Msg} The ADV head and tail magic bytes were not found.";
fi
fi
return;
fi
done
# LDLINUX_MAGIC not found.
Syslinux_Msg="${Syslinux_Msg} It is very unlikely that Syslinux is (still) installed. The second stage could not be found.";
}
## Grub Legacy ##
#
# Determine the embeded location of stage 2 in a stage 1 file,
# look for the stage 2 and, if found, determine the
# the location and the path of the embedded menu.lst.
stage2_loc () {
local stage1="$1" HI;
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 68 -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' "${stage1}");
dr=$(hexdump -v -s 64 -n 1 -e '1/1 "%u"' "${stage1}");
pa='T';
Grub_Version='';
for HI in ${!HDName[@]}; do
hdd=${HDName[${HI}]};
if [ ${offset} -lt ${HDSize[HI]} ] ; then
tmp=$(dd if=${hdd} skip=${offset} count=1 2>> ${Trash} | hexdump -v -n 4 -e '"%x"');
if [[ "${tmp}" = '3be5652' || "${tmp}" = 'bf5e5652' ]] ; then
# stage2 files were found.
dd if=${hdd} skip=$((offset+1)) count=1 of=${Tmp_Log} 2>> ${Trash};
pa=$(hexdump -v -s 10 -n 1 -e '"%d"' ${Tmp_Log});
stage2_hdd=${hdd};
Grub_String=$(hexdump -v -s 18 -n 94 -e '"%_u"' ${Tmp_Log});
Grub_Version=$(echo ${Grub_String} | sed -e 's/nul[^$]*//');
BL=${BL}${Grub_Version};
menu=$(echo ${Grub_String} | sed -e 's/[^\/]*//' -e 's/nul[^$]*//');
menu=${menu%% *};
fi
fi
done
dr=$((${dr}-127));
Stage2_Msg="looks at sector ${offset}";
if [ "${dr}" -eq 128 ] ; then
Stage2_Msg="${Stage2_Msg} of the same hard drive";
else
Stage2_Msg="${Stage2_Msg} on boot drive #${dr}";
fi
Stage2_Msg="${Stage2_Msg} for the stage2 file";
if [ "${pa}" = "T" ] ; then
# no stage 2 file found.
Stage2_Msg="${Stage2_Msg}, but no stage2 files can be found at this location.";
else
pa=$((${pa}+1));
Stage2_Msg="${Stage2_Msg}. A stage2 file is at this location on ${stage2_hdd}. Stage2 looks on";
if [ "${pa}" -eq 256 ] ; then
Stage2_Msg="${Stage2_Msg} the same partition";
else
Stage2_Msg="${Stage2_Msg} partition #${pa}";
fi
Stage2_Msg="${Stage2_Msg} for ${menu}.";
fi
}
## Grub2 ##
#
# Collect fragments of core.img using information encoded in the first
# block (diskboot.img).
#
grub2_read_blocklist () {
local hdd="$1";
local core_img_file="$2";
local sector_nr_low sector_nr_high sector_nr fragment_size;
local fragment_offset=1 block_list=500;
# Assemble fragments from "hdd" passed to grub2_info.
# Each block list entry is 12 bytes long and consists of
# 8 bytes = fragment start absolute disk offset in sectors of 512 bytes
# 2 bytes = fragment size in sectors of 512 bytes
# 2 bytes = memory segment to load fragment into
# Entries start at the end of the first sector of core.img and
# go down. End marker is all zeroes.
#
# Blocklists were changed to 64 bit in 2006, so all versions BIS detects
# should have it.
#
# Older versions of hexdump do not support 8 byte integers, so read
# high and low words separately.
while [ ${block_list} -gt 12 ] ; do
sector_nr_low=$(hexdump -v -n 4 -s ${block_list} -e '1/4 "%u"' ${core_img_file});
sector_nr_high=$(hexdump -v -n 4 -s $((block_list+4)) -e '1/4 "%u"' ${core_img_file});
let "sector_nr = (sector_nr_high << 32) + sector_nr_low";
if [ ${sector_nr} -eq 0 ] ; then
return;
fi
fragment_size=$(hexdump -v -n 2 -s $((block_list+8)) -e '1/2 "%u"' ${core_img_file});
dd if="${hdd}" of=${core_img_file} skip=${sector_nr} seek=${fragment_offset} count=${fragment_size} 2>> ${Trash} || return;
let "fragment_offset += fragment_size";
let "block_list -= 12";
done
}
## Grub2 ##
#
# Determine the embeded module name. This function implements manual
# parsing of ELF information to avoid dependency on binutils or similar.
#
grub2_modname ()
{
local modfile=$1;
local file_size=$2;
local e_ehsize sht_offset sht_entsize sht_num sht_shdrndx sht_strtab;
local sht_strtabsize s_nameidx s_type s_name m_offset m_size;
local i=0;
# ELF header is at least 52 bytes in size
if [ "${file_size}" -lt 52 ] ; then
return;
fi
# ELF Magic + CLASS32 + LSB + VERSION
if [ "$(hexdump -n 7 -e '4/1 "%02x" 3/1 "%x"' "${modfile}")" != '7f454c46111' ] ; then
return;
fi
# RELOCATABLE + MACHINE + VERSION
if [ "$(hexdump -s 16 -n 8 -e '2/2 "%x" 1/4 "%x"' "${modfile}")" != '131' ] ; then
return;
fi
# ELF header size
e_ehsize=$(hexdump -s 40 -n 2 -e '"%u"' "${modfile}")
if [ "${e_ehsize}" -lt 52 -o "${e_ehsize}" -gt "${file_size}" ] ; then
return;
fi
# Offset of section headers table
sht_offset=$(hexdump -s 32 -n 4 -e '"%u"' "${modfile}")
if [ "${sht_offset}" -lt "${e_ehsize}" -o "${sht_offset}" -ge "${file_size}" ] ; then
return;
fi
# Size of section header
sht_entsize=$(hexdump -s 46 -n 2 -e '"%u"' "${modfile}")
# Number of section headers
sht_num=$(hexdump -s 48 -n 2 -e '"%u"' "${modfile}")
if [ "${sht_entsize}" -eq 0 -o "${sht_num}" -eq 0 -o $((sht_offset + sht_entsize*sht_num)) -gt "${file_size}" ] ; then
return;
fi
# Index of section names string table
sht_shdrndx=$(hexdump -s 50 -n 2 -e '"%u"' "${modfile}")
if [ "${sht_shdrndx}" -ge "${sht_num}" ] ; then
return;
fi
# Offset of section names string table
sht_strtab=$(hexdump -s $((sht_offset + $((sht_shdrndx*sht_entsize)) + 16)) -n 4 -e '"%u"' "${modfile}");
if [ "${sht_strtab}" -lt "${e_ehsize}" -o "${sht_strtab}" -ge "${file_size}" ] ; then
return;
fi
# Size of section names string table
sht_strtabsize=$(hexdump -s $((sht_offset + $((sht_shdrndx*sht_entsize)) + 20)) -n 4 -e '"%u"' "${modfile}");
if [ "${sht_strtabsize}" -eq 0 -o "${sht_strtabsize}" -gt "$((file_size-sht_strtab))" ] ; then
return;
fi
while [ "${i}" -lt $((sht_entsize*sht_num)) ] ; do
s_nameidx=$(hexdump -s $((sht_offset + i)) -n 4 -e '"%u"' "${modfile}");
if [ "${s_nameidx}" -lt "${sht_strtabsize}" ] ; then
s_type=$(hexdump -s $((sht_offset + i + 4)) -n 4 -e '"%u"' "${modfile}");
# PROGBITS
if [ "${s_type}" -eq 1 ] ; then
s_name=$(hexdump -s $((sht_strtab + s_nameidx)) -n "${sht_strtabsize}" -e "1/${sht_strtabsize} \"%s\"" "${modfile}");
if [ "${s_name}" = '.modname' ] ; then
m_offset=$(hexdump -s $((sht_offset + i + 16)) -n 4 -e '"%u"' "${modfile}");
m_size=$(hexdump -s $((sht_offset + i + 20)) -n 4 -e '"%u"' "${modfile}");
if [ $((m_offset + m_size)) -lt "${file_size}" ] ; then
hexdump -s "${m_offset}" -n "${m_size}" -e "/${m_size} \"%s\"" "${modfile}";
return
fi
fi
fi
fi
: $((i+=sht_entsize))
done
# Display "???" as indication that parsing failed
printf '%s' '???'
return
}
## Grub2 ##
#
# Determine the (embeded) location of core.img for a Grub2 boot.img file,
# determine the path of the grub2 directory and look for an embedded config file.
#
grub2_info () {
local stage1="$1" hdd="$2";
# When $grub2_version is "1.99-2.00", we want to override this value
# with a more exact value later (needs to be a global variable).
grub2_version="$3";
# Have we got plain file or need to collect full core.img from blocklists?
local core_source="$4";
local sector_offset drive_offset directory_offset sector_nr drive_nr drive_nr_hex;
local partition core_dir embedded_config HI magic core_img_found=0 embedded_config_found=0;
local total_module_size kernel_image_size compressed_size offset_lzma lzma_uncompressed_size;
local grub_module_info_offset grub_module_magic grub_modules_offset grub_modules_size;
local grub_module_type grub_module_size grub_module_header_offset grub_modules_end_offset;
local lzma_compressed_size reed_solomon_redundancy reed_solomon_length boot_dev boot_drive;
local core_img_flavour='detect' modname all_modules need_core_prologue=0;
local grub_module_header_next;
> ${core_img_file_type_2}
case "${grub2_version}" in
1.96) sector_offset='68'; drive_offset='76'; directory_offset='553';;
1.97-1.98) sector_offset='92'; drive_offset='100'; directory_offset='540';;
1.99|1.99-2.00|2.00) sector_offset='92'; drive_offset='100';;
esac
# Offset to core.img (in sectors).
sector_nr=$(hexdump -v -s ${sector_offset} -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' "${stage1}" 2>> ${Trash});
# BIOS drive number on which grub2 looks for its second stage (=core.img):
# - "0xff" means that grub2 will use the BIOS drive number passed via the DL register.
# - if this value isn't "0xff", that value will used instead.
# Since version 1.97 GRUB2 is using only 0xff. We cannot reliably determine BIOS numbers
# anyway, so just skip core.img detection in this case.
drive_nr_hex=$(hexdump -v -s ${drive_offset} -n 1 -e '"0x%02x"' "${stage1}" 2>> ${Trash});
drive_nr=$(( ${drive_nr_hex} - 127 ));
if [ "${drive_nr_hex}" != '0xff' ] ; then
Grub2_Msg="is configured to load core.img from BIOS drive ${drive_nr} (${drive_nr_hex}) instead of using the boot drive passed by the BIOS";
return
fi
Grub2_Msg="looks at sector ${sector_nr} of the same hard drive for core.img";
for HI in ${!HDName[@]} ; do
# If the drive name passed to grub2_info matches the drive name of the current
# value of HDName, see if the sector offset to core.img is smaller than the
# total number of sectors of that drive.
if [ ${hdd} = ${HDName[${HI}]} ] ; then
if [ ${sector_nr} -lt ${HDSize[HI]} ] ; then
if [ "${core_source}" = 'file' ] ; then
# Use "file" passed to grub2_info directly.
dd if="${stage1}" of=${core_img_file} skip=${sector_nr} count=1024 2>> ${Trash};
else
# Use "hdd" passed to grub2_info.
# First make sure to collect core.img fragments. Read the first block of
# core.img and assemble it further from blocklists
dd if="${hdd}" of=${core_img_file} skip=${sector_nr} count=1 2>> ${Trash};
grub2_read_blocklist "${hdd}" ${core_img_file};
fi
magic=$(hexdump -v -n 4 -e '/1 "%02x"' ${core_img_file});
# 5256be1b - upstream diskboot.S
# 5256be6f - unknown
# 52e82801 - Ubuntu diskboot.S with conditional message
# 52bff481 - RHEL7 diskboot.S with patched out message
# 5256be63 - trustedgrub2 1.4
# 5256be56 - diskboot.S with mjg TPM patches (e.g. in openSUSE Tumbleweed)
case "${magic}" in
'5256be1b'|'5256be6f'|'52e82801'|'52bff481'|'5256be63'|'5256be56')
core_img_found=1;;
esac
if [ ${core_img_found} -eq 1 ] ; then
if ( [ "${grub2_version}" = '1.99' ] || [ "${grub2_version}" = '1.99-2.00' ] || [ "${grub2_version}" = '2.00' ] ) ; then
# Find the last 8 bytes of lzma_decode to find the offset of the lzma_stream:
# - v1.99: "d1 e9 df fe ff ff 00 00"
# - v2.00: "d1 e9 df fe ff ff 66 90" (pad bytes NOP)
# "d1 e9 df fe ff ff 8d" (pad bytes LEA ...)
#
# arvidjaar@gmail.com:
# final directive in startup_raw.S is .p2align 4 which
# (at least using current GCC/GAS) adds lea instructions
# (8d...). Exact format and length apparently depend on pad
# size and may be on toolkit version. So just accept anything
# starting with lea.
#
# FIXME what if it ends on exact 16 byte boundary?
eval $(hexdump -v -n 10000 -e '1/1 "%02x"' ${core_img_file} | \
${AWK} '{ found_at=match($0, "d1e9dffeffff" ); if (found_at == "0") { print "offset_lzma=0" } \
else { print "offset_lzma=" ((found_at - 1 ) / 2 ) + 8 "; lzma_decode_last8bytes=" substr($0,found_at,16) ";" } }');
if [ "${grub2_version}" = '1.99-2.00' ] ; then
if ( [ "${lzma_decode_last8bytes}" = "d1e9dffeffff6690" ] || [ "${lzma_decode_last8bytes:0:14}" = "d1e9dffeffff8d" ] ) ; then
grub2_version='2.00';
else
grub2_version='1.99';
fi
fi
else
# Grub2 (v1.96 and v1.97-1.98).
partition=$(hexdump -v -s 532 -n 1 -e '"%d"' ${core_img_file});
core_dir=$(hexdump -v -s ${directory_offset} -n 64 -e '"%_u"' ${core_img_file} | sed 's/nul[^$]*//');
fi
if [ "${grub2_version}" = '1.99' ] ; then
# For Grub2 (v1.99), the core_dir is just at the beginning of the compressed part of core.img.
# Get grub_total_module_size : byte 0x208-0x20b of embedded core.img ==> byte 520
# Get grub_kernel_image_size : byte 0x20c-0x20f of embedded core.img ==> byte 524
# Get grub_compressed_size : byte 0x210-0x213 of embedded core.img ==> byte 528
# Get grub_install_dos_part : byte 0x214-0x218 of embedded core.img ==> byte 532 --> only 1 byte needed (partition)
eval $(hexdump -v -s 520 -n 13 -e '1/4 "total_module_size=%u; " 1/4 "kernel_image_size=%u; " 1/4 "compressed_size=%u; " 1 "partition=%d;"' ${core_img_file});
# Do we have xz or lzma installed?
if [ "${UNLZMA}" != 'none' ] ; then
if [ ${offset_lzma} -ne 0 ] ; then
# Correct the offset to the lzma stream, when 8 subsequent bytes of zeros are at the start of this offset.
if [ $(hexdump -v -s ${offset_lzma} -n 8 -e '1/1 "%02x"' ${core_img_file}) = '0000000000000000' ] ; then
offset_lzma=$(( ${offset_lzma} + 8 ));
fi
# Calculate the uncompressed size to which the compressed lzma stream needs to be expanded.
lzma_uncompressed_size=$(( ${total_module_size} + ${kernel_image_size} - ${offset_lzma} + 512 ));
# Make lzma header (13 bytes): ${lzma_uncompressed_size} must be displayed in little endian format.
printf '\x5d\x00\x00\x01\x00'$( printf '%08x' $((${lzma_uncompressed_size} - ${offset_lzma} + 512 )) \
| ${AWK} '{printf "\\x%s\\x%s\\x%s\\x%s", substr($0,7,2), substr($0,5,2), substr($0,3,2), substr($0,1,2)}' )'\x00\x00\x00\x00' > ${Tmp_Log};
# Get lzma_stream, add it after the lzma header and decompress it.
dd if=${core_img_file} bs=${offset_lzma} skip=1 count=$((${lzma_uncompressed_size} / ${offset_lzma} + 1)) 2>> ${Trash} \
| cat ${Tmp_Log} - | ${UNLZMA} 2>> ${Trash} > ${core_img_file_unlzma};
# Get core dir.
core_dir=$( hexdump -v -n 64 -e '"%_c"' ${core_img_file_unlzma} );
# Remove "\0"s at the end.
core_dir="${core_dir%%\\0*}";
# Offset of the grub_module_info structure in the uncompressed part.
grub_module_info_offset=$(( ${kernel_image_size} - ${offset_lzma} + 512 ));
eval $(hexdump -v -n 12 -s ${grub_module_info_offset} -e '"grub_module_magic=" 4/1 "%_c" 1/4 "; grub_modules_offset=%u; " 1/4 "grub_modules_size=%u;"' ${core_img_file_unlzma});
# Check for the existence of the grub_module_magic.
if [ x"${grub_module_magic}" = x'mimg' ] ; then
# Embedded grub modules found.
grub_modules_end_offset=$(( ${grub_module_info_offset} + ${grub_modules_size} ));
grub_module_header_offset=$(( ${grub_module_info_offset} + ${grub_modules_offset} ));
# Traverse through the list of modules and check if it is a config module.
while [ ${grub_module_header_offset} -lt ${grub_modules_end_offset} ] ; do
eval $(hexdump -v -n 8 -s ${grub_module_header_offset} -e '1/4 "grub_module_type=%u; " 1/4 "grub_module_size=%u;"' ${core_img_file_unlzma});
if [ ${grub_module_type} -eq 2 ] ; then
# This module is an embedded config file.
embedded_config_found=1;
embedded_config=$( hexdump -v -n $(( ${grub_module_size} - 8 )) -s $(( ${grub_module_header_offset} + 8 )) -e '"%_c"' ${core_img_file_unlzma} );
# Remove "\0" at the end.
embedded_config=$( printf "${embedded_config%\\0}" );
break;
fi
grub_module_header_offset=$(( ${grub_module_header_offset} + ${grub_module_size} ));
done
fi
fi
else
# When xz or lzma isn't available, we can't get the core_dir, but we still can show some info.
core_dir='??';
echo 'To be able to see for which directory Grub2 (v1.99) looks for, install "xz" or "lzma".' >&2;
fi
elif [ "${grub2_version}" = '2.00' ] ; then
# For Grub2 (v2.00), the core_dir is stored in the compressed part of core.img in the same
# way as the modules and embedded config file.
# Get grub_compressed_size : byte 0x208-0x20b of embedded core.img ==> byte 520
# Get grub_uncompressed_size : byte 0x20c-0x20f of embedded core.img ==> byte 524
# Get grub_reed_solomon_redundancy : byte 0x210-0x213 of embedded core.img ==> byte 528
# Get grub_no_reed_solomon_length : byte 0x214-0x217 of embedded core.img ==> byte 532
# Get grub_boot_dev : byte 0x218-0x21a of embedded core.img ==> byte 536 ( should also contain the grub_boot_drive field )
# Get grub_boot_drive : byte 0x21b of embedded core.img ==> byte 539
eval $(hexdump -v -s 520 -n 20 -e '1/4 "lzma_compressed_size=%u; " 1/4 "lzma_uncompressed_size=%u; " 1/4 "reed_solomon_redundancy=%u; " 1/4 "reed_solomon_length=%u; boot_dev=" 3/1 "%x" 1 "; boot_drive=%d;"' ${core_img_file});
# Do we have xz or lzma installed?
if [ "${UNLZMA}" != 'none' ] ; then
if [ ${offset_lzma} -ne 0 ] ; then
# Grub2 pads the start of the lzma stream to a 16 bytes boundary.
# Correct the offset to the lzma stream if necessary
# Current GCC adds lea instructions as pad bytes
padsize=$(( (((${offset_lzma} + 15) >> 4) << 4) - ${offset_lzma} ));
if ( [ ${padsize} -gt 0 ] ) ; then
offset_lzma=$(( ${offset_lzma} + ${padsize} ));
fi
# Make lzma header (13 bytes): ${lzma_uncompressed_size} must be displayed in little endian format.
printf '\x5d\x00\x00\x01\x00'$( printf '%08x' ${lzma_uncompressed_size} \
| ${AWK} '{printf "\\x%s\\x%s\\x%s\\x%s", substr($0,7,2), substr($0,5,2), substr($0,3,2), substr($0,1,2)}' )'\x00\x00\x00\x00' > ${Tmp_Log};
# Get lzma_stream, add it after the lzma header and decompress it.
dd if=${core_img_file} bs=${offset_lzma} skip=1 count=${lzma_compressed_size} 2>> ${Trash} \
| cat ${Tmp_Log} - | ${UNLZMA} 2>> ${Trash} > ${core_img_file_unlzma};
# Get offset to the grub_module_info structure in the uncompressed part.
eval $(hexdump -v -s 19 -n 4 -e '1/4 "grub_module_info_offset=%u;"' ${core_img_file_unlzma});
eval $(hexdump -v -n 12 -s ${grub_module_info_offset} -e '"grub_module_magic=" 4/1 "%_c" 1/4 "; grub_modules_offset=%u; " 1/4 "grub_modules_size=%u;"' ${core_img_file_unlzma});
# Check for the existence of the grub_module_magic.
if [ x"${grub_module_magic}" = x'mimg' ] ; then
# Embedded grub modules found.
grub_modules_end_offset=$(( ${grub_module_info_offset} + ${grub_modules_size} ));
grub_module_header_offset=$(( ${grub_module_info_offset} + ${grub_modules_offset} ));
# Traverse through the list of modules and check if it is a config module.
# Upstream GRUB2 supports following module types:
# 0 - ELF modules; may be included multiple times
# 1 - memory disk image; should be included just once
# 2 - embedded initial configuration code; should be included just once
# 3 - initial value of ${prefix} variable. Device part may be omitted,
# in which case device is guessed at startup
# 4 - public GPG keyring used for file signature checking;
# may be included multiple times
#
# All parts are optional (although in practice
# at least drivers for disk and filesystem must be
# present).
#
# Since RPM version 2.00-10 fedora includes patch that
# inserts additional module type after the first one,
# thus shifting all numbers starting with 1. So
# embedded config and prefix become 3 and 4 on fedora.
while [ ${grub_module_header_offset} -lt ${grub_modules_end_offset} ] ; do
if [ $(( ${grub_modules_end_offset} - ${grub_module_header_offset} )) -lt 8 ] ; then
echo 'Remaining space in GRUB2 module list too short for a module' >&2;
all_modules="${all_modules} <short>";
need_core_prologue=1;
break
fi
eval $( hexdump -v -n 8 -s ${grub_module_header_offset} -e '1/4 "grub_module_type=%u; " 1/4 "grub_module_size=%u;"' ${core_img_file_unlzma} );
# Next module is always aligned on 4 bytes boundary on i386,
# but sometimes grub stores shorter size. Make sure to adjust it.
grub_module_header_next=$(( ${grub_module_header_offset} + 8 + (((${grub_module_size} - 8 + 3) >> 2) << 2) ));
if [ ${grub_module_header_next} -gt ${grub_modules_end_offset} ] ; then
printf 'GRUB2 module size too large; skipping remaining modules. Size left: %d\n' $(( {grub_modules_end_offset} - ${grub_module_header_offset} )) >&2;
all_modules="${all_modules} <skipped>";
need_core_prologue=1;
break
fi
if [ ${grub_module_type} -eq 0 ] ; then
# Regular ELF module
dd count=$(( grub_module_size - 8 )) skip=$(( grub_module_header_offset + 8 )) if=${core_img_file_unlzma} of=${GRUB200_Module} bs=1 2>> ${Trash};
modname=$(grub2_modname ${GRUB200_Module} $(( grub_module_size - 8 )));
if [ -n "${modname}" ] ; then
all_modules="${all_modules} ${modname}";
need_core_prologue=1;
fi
elif [ ${grub_module_type} -eq 1 ] ; then
# "stale" ELF module on fedora or memory disk everywhere else
if [ ${core_img_flavour} = 'detect' ] ; then
if [ "$(hexdump -v -n 4 -s $((grub_module_header_offset+8)) -e '"%c"' ${core_img_file_unlzma})" = $'\x7f''ELF' ] ; then
# fedora "stale" ELF module
# TODO display Fedora stale modules
core_img_flavour='fedora';
else
core_img_flavour='upstream';
fi
fi
elif [ ${grub_module_type} -eq 2 ] ; then
# memory disk on fedora or embedded config everywhere else
if [ ${core_img_flavour} = 'detect' ] ; then
# Normally core.img will have prefix which is easier to detect,
# so leave detection as last resort.
dd if=${core_img_file_unlzma} of=${core_img_file_type_2} bs=1 skip=$((grub_module_header_offset+8)) count=$((grub_module_size-8)) 2>> ${Trash};
fi
if [ ${core_img_flavour} = 'upstream' ] ; then
# This module is an embedded config file.
embedded_config_found=1;
need_core_prologue=1;
# Remove padding starting with the first "\0" at the end.
embedded_config=$( hexdump -v -n $(( ${grub_module_size} - 8 )) -s $(( ${grub_module_header_offset} + 8 )) -e '"%_c"' ${core_img_file_unlzma} | sed -e 's/\(\\0\).*$//');
fi
elif [ ${grub_module_type} -eq 3 ] ; then
# embedded config on fedora or prefix everywhere else
if [ ${core_img_flavour} = 'detect' ] ; then
# if it looks like file name, assume prefix
if [[ "$(hexdump -v -n 1 -s $(( grub_module_header_offset + 8 )) -e '"%c"' ${core_img_file_unlzma})" == [/\(] ]] ; then
core_img_flavour='upstream';
else
core_img_flavour='fedora';
fi
fi
if [ ${core_img_flavour} = 'upstream' ] ; then
# This module contains the prefix.
# Get core dir.
# Remove padding "\0"'s at the end.
core_dir=$( hexdump -v -n $(( ${grub_module_size} - 8 )) -s $(( ${grub_module_header_offset} + 8 )) -e '"%_c"' ${core_img_file_unlzma} | sed -e 's/\(\\0\)\+$//');
elif [ ${core_img_flavour} = 'fedora' ] ; then
# This module is an embedded config file.
embedded_config_found=1;
need_core_prologue=1;
# Remove padding starting with the first "\0" at the end.
embedded_config=$( hexdump -v -n $(( ${grub_module_size} - 8 )) -s $(( ${grub_module_header_offset} + 8 )) -e '"%_c"' ${core_img_file_unlzma} | sed -e 's/\(\\0\).*$//');
fi
elif [ ${grub_module_type} -eq 4 ] ; then
# prefix on fedora or GPG keyring everywhere else
if [ ${core_img_flavour} = 'detect' ] ; then
# if it looks like file name, assume prefix
# GPG ring normall has \x99 as first byte
if [[ "$(hexdump -v -n 1 -s $(( grub_module_header_offset + 8 )) -e '"%c"' ${core_img_file_unlzma})" == [/\(] ]] ; then
core_img_flavour='fedora';
else
core_img_flavour='upstream';
fi
fi
if [ ${core_img_flavour} = 'fedora' ] ; then
# This module contains the prefix.
# Get core dir.
# Remove padding "\0"'s at the end.
core_dir=$( hexdump -v -n $(( ${grub_module_size} - 8 )) -s $(( ${grub_module_header_offset} + 8 )) -e '"%_c"' ${core_img_file_unlzma} | sed -e 's/\(\\0\)\+$//');
elif [ ${core_img_flavour} = 'upstream' ] ; then
# TODO list GPG keyring
:
fi
fi
grub_module_header_offset=${grub_module_header_next};
done
fi
fi
else
# When xz or lzma isn't available, we can't get the core_dir, but we still can show some info.
core_dir='??';
echo 'To be able to see for which directory Grub2 (v2.00) looks for, install "xz" or "lzma".' >&2;
fi
fi
fi
fi
fi
done
if [ "${grub2_version}" = '2.00' ] ; then
if [ -s ${core_img_file_type_2} ] ; then
if [ "${core_img_flavour}" = 'detect' ] ; then
# Neither type 1, 3 or 4 modules were present. So we have either
# embedded config or memory disk.
if type file > /dev/null 2>&1 ; then
if [[ "$(LC_ALL=C file ${core_img_file_type_2})" == *"ASCII text"* ]] ; then
# upstream embedded config
core_img_flavour='upstream';
fi
fi
fi
if [ ${core_img_flavour} = 'upstream' ] ; then
embedded_config_found=1;
need_core_prologue=1;
# Remove padding starting with the first "\0" at the end.
embedded_config=$( hexdump -v -e '"%_c"' ${core_img_file_type_2} | sed -e 's/\(\\0\).*$//' );
fi
fi
fi
if [ ${core_img_found} -eq 0 ] ; then
# core.img not found.
Grub2_Msg="${Grub2_Msg}, but core.img can not be found at this location";
else
# core.img found.
Grub2_Msg="${Grub2_Msg}. core.img is at this location";
# In GRUB 2.00 core.img prefix is optional
if [ -n "${core_dir}" ]; then
Grub2_Msg="${Grub2_Msg} and looks for ${core_dir}";
if [ -n "${partition}" ]; then
partition=$(( ${partition} + 1 ));
if [ ${partition} -eq 255 ] ; then
Grub2_Msg="${Grub2_Msg} on this drive";
else
Grub2_Msg="${Grub2_Msg} in partition ${partition}";
fi
fi
fi
if [ ${need_core_prologue} -eq 1 ] ; then
Grub2_Msg=$(printf "${Grub2_Msg}. It also embeds following components:");
fi
if [ -n "${all_modules}" ] ; then
all_modules="${all_modules# }";
Grub2_Msg=$(printf "${Grub2_Msg}\n\nmodules\n--------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n${all_modules}\n--------------------------------------------------------------------------------");
fi
if [ ${embedded_config_found} -eq 1 ] ; then
# Embedded config file found.
Grub2_Msg=$(printf "${Grub2_Msg}\n\nconfig script\n--------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n${embedded_config}\n--------------------------------------------------------------------------------");
fi
fi
}
## Get embedded menu for grub4dos (grldr/grub.exe) and wee (installed in the MBR). ##
#
# Function arguments:
#
# - arg 1: source = file (grub4dos) / device (WEE)
# - arg 2: titlename = first part of the title that needs to be displayed
#
get_embedded_menu () {
local source=$1 titlename=$2;
# Check if magic bytes that go before the embedded menu, are present.
offset_menu=$(dd if="${source}" count=4 bs=128k 2>> ${Trash} | hexdump -v -e '/1 "%02x"' | grep -b -o 'b0021ace000000000000000000000000');
if [ -n "${offset_menu}" ] ; then
# Magic found.
titlebar_gen "${titlename}" " embedded menu";
echo '--------------------------------------------------------------------------------' >> "${Log1}";
# Calcutate the exact offset to the embedded menu.
offset_menu=$(( ( ${offset_menu%:*} / 2 ) + 16 ));
dd if="${source}" count=1 skip=1 bs=${offset_menu} 2>> ${Trash} | ${AWK} 'BEGIN { RS="\0" } { if (NR == 1) print $0 }' >> "${Log1}";
echo '--------------------------------------------------------------------------------' >> "${Log1}";
fi
}
## Show the location (offset) of a file on a disk ##
#
# Function arguments:
#
# - arg 1: filename1
# - arg 2: filename2
# - arg 3: filename3
# - ......
#
# Return values:
#
# - 0: None of the provided filenames was found.
# - 1: At least one of the provided filenames was found.
last_block_of_file () {
local display='0';
local BlockSize Fragments Filefrag_Format EndGiByte EndGByte;
# Remove an existing ${Tmp_Log} log.
rm -f ${Tmp_Log};
# "$@" contains all function arguments (filenames).
for file in "$@" ; do
if [[ -f "${file}" ]] && [[ -s "${file}" ]] && FileNotMounted "${mountname}/${file}" "${mountname}" ; then
# There are 4 versions of e2fsprogs filefrag output.
# In all cases final line could be "1 extent" instead.
#
# v1
# Blocksize of file %s is %d
# File size of %s is %lld (%d blocks)
# %s: %d extents found[, perfection would be %d extent%s]
#
# v2
# Blocksize of file %s is %d
# File size of %s is %lld (%d blocks)
# First block: %ld
# Last block: %ld
# %s: %d extents found[, perfection would be %d extent%s]
#
# v3
# File size of %s is %lld (%ld block%s, blocksize %d)
# ext logical physical expected length flags
# 0 nnn nnn nnn xxx
# 1 nnn nnn nnn nnn xxx
# ...
# %s: %d extents found[, perfection would be %d extent%s]
#
# v4
# File size of %s is %llu (%lu block%s of %d bytes)
# ext: logical_offset: physical_offset: length: expected: flags:
# 0: nnn.. nnn: nnn.. nnn: nnn: xxx
# 1: nnn.. nnn: nnn.. nnn: nnn: nnn: xxx
# ...
# %s: %d extents found[, perfection would be %d extent%s]
#
# FIXME e2fsprogs filefrag output "Last block:", not "Last Block:".
# Was there yet another filefrag implementation?
#
# XXX Original code metioned filefrag output that can show last
# block but not number of extents. Unless there was some other
# implementation of filefrag, it does not match e2fsprogs sources.
#
# XXX Can we hit files with spaces (field count is wrong then)?
eval $(filefrag -v "${file}" \
| ${AWK} -F ' ' 'BEGIN { blocksize=0; expected=0; extents=0; ext_ind=0; last_ext_loc=0; ext_length=0; filefrag_format=""; last_block=0 } \
{ if ( $1 == "Blocksize" ) { blocksize=$6; filefrag_format="v1"; }; \
if ( filefrag_format == "v1" ) { \
if ( $1$2 ~ "LastBlock:" ) { last_block = $3 }; \
} else if ( $(NF-1) == "blocksize" ) { \
blocksize = substr($NF,0,length($NF) - 1); \
filefrag_format = "v3"; \
} else if ( $(NF) == "bytes)" ) { \
blocksize = $(NF-1); \
filefrag_format = "v4"; \
FS=" *|: *|[.][.] *"; \
} \
if ( expected != 0 ) { \
if ( filefrag_format == "v3" && ext_ind == $1 ) { \
if ( last_ext_loc < $3 ) { \
last_ext_loc = $3; \
if ( substr($0, expected, 1) == " " ) { \
ext_length = $4; } \
else { \
ext_length = $5; \
} \
} \
} else if ( filefrag_format == "v4" && ext_ind == $2 ) { \
if ( last_block < $6 ) { \
last_block = $6; \
} \
} \
ext_ind += 1; \
} else { \
if ( filefrag_format == "v3" && $4 == "expected" ) { \
expected= index($0,"expected") + 7; \
} else if ( filefrag_format == "v4" && $2 == "ext" ) { \
expected = 1; \
} \
} \
if ( $3 == "extents" ) { \
extents = $2; \
} else if ( $3 == "extent" ) { \
extents = 1; \
} \
} \
END { \
if ( filefrag_format == "v3" ) { \
last_block = last_ext_loc + ext_length; \
} \
printf "BlockSize=" blocksize "; Fragments=" extents "; Filefrag_Format=" filefrag_format "; "; \
if ( last_block == 0 ) { \
printf "EndGiByte=??; EndGByte=??;" \
} else { \
EndByte = last_block * blocksize + 512 * '${start}'; \
printf "EndGiByte=%.9f; EndGByte=%.9f;", EndByte / 1024 ^ 3, EndByte / 1000 ^ 3; \
} \
}');
if [ "${Filefrag_Format}" = '' ] ; then
echo "Unknown filefrag output format" >&2;
return 0;
fi
if [ "${BlockSize}" -ne 0 ] ; then
if [ "${Fragments}" -eq 0 ] ; then
printf "%14s = %-14s %s\n" "${EndGiByte}" "${EndGByte}" "${file}" >> ${Tmp_Log};
else
printf "%14s = %-14s %-45s %2s\n" "${EndGiByte}" "${EndGByte}" "${file}" "${Fragments}" >> ${Tmp_Log};
fi
fi
# Return 1, when we find at least one of the provided filenames,
# so we know that we need to display the content of ${Tmp_Log} later.
display=1;
fi
done
return ${display};
}
## Get_Partition_Info search a partition for information relevant for booting. ##
#
# Function arguments:
#
# - arg 1: log = local version of RESULT.txt
# - arg 2: log1 = local version of log1
# - arg 3: part = device for the partition
# - arg 4: name = descriptive name for the partition
# - arg 5: mountname = path where partition will be mounted.
# - arg 6: kind = kind of the partition
# - arg 7: start = starting sector of the partition
# - arg 8: end = ending sector of the partition
# - arg 9: system = system of the partition
# - arg 10: PI = PI of the partition, (equal to "", if not a regular partition)
Get_Partition_Info() {
local Log="$1" Log1="$2" part="$3" name="$4" mountname="$5" kind="$6" start="$7" end="$8" system="$9" PI="${10}";
local line size=$((end-start)) BST='' BSI='' BFI='' OS='' BootFiles='' Bytes80_to_83='' Bytes80_to_81='' offset='';
local offset_menu='' part_no_mount=0 com32='' com32_version='';
echo "Searching ${name} for information... ";
PrintBlkid ${part};
# Type of filesystem according to blkid.
type=$(BlkidTag ${part} TYPE);
[ "${system}" = 'BIOS Boot partition' ] && type='BIOS Boot partition';
[ -n ${PI} ] && FileArray[${PI}]=${type};
# Display partition subtitle of 80 characters width.
line='________________________________________________________________________________';
line=${line:$(( ${#name} + 2 ))};
printf '%s: %s\n\n' "${name}" "${line}" >> "${Log}";
# Directory where the partition will be mounted.
mkdir -p "${mountname}";
# Check for extended partion.
if ( [ "${kind}" = 'E' ] && [ x"${type}" = x'' ] ) ; then
type='Extended Partition';
# Don't display the error message from blkid for extended partition.
cat ${Tmp_Log} >> ${Trash};
else
cat ${Tmp_Log} >&2;
fi
# Display the File System Type.
echo " File system: ${type}" >> "${Log}";
# Get bytes 0x80-0x83 of the Volume Boot Record (VBR).
Bytes80_to_83=$(hexdump -v -n 4 -s $((0x80)) -e '4/1 "%02x"' ${part});
# Get bytes 0x80-0x81 of the Volume Boot Record (VBR).
Bytes80_to_81="${Bytes80_to_83:0:4}";
case ${Bytes80_to_81} in
0069) BST='ISOhybrid (Syslinux 3.72-3.73)';;
010f) BST='HP Recovery';;
019d) BST='BSD4.4: FAT32';;
0211) BST='Dell Utility: FAT16';;
0488) BST="Grub2's core.img";;
0689) BST='Syslinux 3.00-3.52';
syslinux_info ${part};
BSI="${BSI} ${Syslinux_Msg}";;
0734) BST='Dos_1.0';;
0745) BST='Windows Vista: FAT32';;
089e) BST='MSDOS5.0: FAT16';;
08cd) BST='Windows 2000/XP: NTFS';;
0b60) BST='Dell Utility: FAT16';;
0bd0) BST='MSWIN4.1: FAT32';;
0e00) BST='Dell Utility: FAT16';;
0fb6) BST='ISOhybrid with partition support (Syslinux 3.82-3.86)';;
2a00) BST='ReactOS';;
2d5e) BST='Dos 1.1';;
31c0) BST='Syslinux 4.03 or higher';
syslinux_info ${part} '4.03';
BSI="${BSI} ${Syslinux_Msg}";;
31d2) BST="Grub2's core.img";;
3a5e) BST='Recovery: FAT32';;
407c) BST='ISOhybrid (Syslinux 3.82-4.04)';;
4216) BST='Grub4Dos: NTFS';;
4445) BST='Dell Restore: FAT32';;
55aa) case ${Bytes80_to_83} in
55aa750a) BST='Grub4Dos: FAT32';;
55aa7506) # Get bytes 0x110-0x111 of the Volume Boot Record (VBR).
Bytes110_to_111=$(hexdump -v -n 2 -s $((0x110)) -e '2/1 "%02x"' ${part});
case "${Bytes110_to_111}" in
9090) BST='Windows Vista: NTFS';;
2810) BST='Windows 7/2008: NTFS';;
0a13) BST='Windows 8/2012: NTFS';;
esac;;
esac;;
55cd) BST='FAT32';;
5626) BST='Grub4Dos: EXT2/3/4';;
638b) BST='Freedos: FAT32';;
6616) BST='Windows 7/2008: FAT16';;
696e) BST='FAT16';;
6974) BST='BootIt: FAT16';;
6f65) BST='BootIt: FAT16';;
6f6e) BST='-';; # 'MSWIN4.1: Fat 32'
6f74) BST='FAT32';;
7405) BST='Windows 7/2008: FAT32';;
7815) case ${Bytes80_to_83} in
7815b106) BST='Syslinux 3.53-3.86';
syslinux_info ${part};
BSI="${BSI} ${Syslinux_Msg}";;
7815* ) BST='FAT32';;
esac;;
7cc6) BST='MSWIN4.1: FAT32';;
# 7cc6) BST='Win_98';;
7e1e) BST='Grub4Dos: FAT12/16';;
8a56) BST='Acronis SZ: FAT32';;
83e1) BST='ISOhybrid with partition support (Syslinux 4.00-4.04)';;
8ec0) BST='Windows XP: NTFS';;
8ed0) BST='Dell Recovery: FAT32';;
b106) BST='Syslinux 4.00-4.02';
syslinux_info ${part};
BSI="${BSI} ${Syslinux_Msg}";;
b600) BST='Dell Utility: FAT16';;
b6c6) BST='ISOhybrid with partition support (Syslinux 3.81)';;
b6d1) BST='Windows XP: FAT32';;
e2f7) BST='FAT32, Non Bootable';;
e879) BST='ISOhybrid (Syslinux 3.74-3.80)';;
e9d8) BST='Windows Vista/7: NTFS';;
f6c1) BST='Windows 8/2012: FAT32';;
f6f6) BST='- (cleared BS by FDISK)';;
fa33) BST='Windows XP: NTFS';;
fbc0) BST='ISOhybrid (Syslinux 3.81)';;
## If Grub or Grub 2 is in the boot sector, investigate the embedded information. ##
48b4) BST='Grub2 (v1.96)';
grub2_info ${part} ${drive} '1.96' 'partition';
BSI="${BSI} Grub2 (v1.96) is installed in the boot sector of ${name} and ${Grub2_Msg}.";;
7c3c) BST='Grub2 (v1.97-1.98)';
grub2_info ${part} ${drive} '1.97-1.98' 'partition';
BSI="${BSI} Grub2 (v1.97-1.98) is installed in the boot sector of ${name} and ${Grub2_Msg}.";;
0020) BST='Grub2 (v1.99-2.00)';
grub2_info ${part} ${drive} '1.99-2.00' 'partition';
BSI="${BSI} Grub2 (v${grub2_version}) is installed in the boot sector of ${name} and ${Grub2_Msg}.";;
aa75 | 5272) BST='Grub Legacy';
stage2_loc ${part};
BSI="${BSI} Grub Legacy (v${Grub_Version}) is installed in the boot sector of ${name} and ${Stage2_Msg}";;
## If Lilo is in the VBR, look for map file ##
8053) BST='LILO';
# 0x20-0x23 contains the offset of /boot/map.
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 32 -n 4 -e '"%u"' ${part});
BSI="${BSI} LILO is installed in boot sector of ${part} and looks at sector ${offset} of ${drive} for the \"map\" file,";
# check whether offset is on the hard drive.
if [ ${offset} -lt ${size} ] ; then
tmp=$(dd if=${drive} skip=${offset} count=1 2>> ${Trash} | hexdump -v -s 508 -n 4 -e '"%_p"');
if [ "${tmp}" = 'LILO' ] ; then
BSI="${BSI} and the \"map\" file was found at this location.";
else
BSI="${BSI} but the \"map\" file was not found at this location.";
fi
else
BSI="${BSI} but the \"map\" file was not found at this location.";
fi;;
0000) # If the first two bytes are zero, the boot sector does not contain any boot loader.
BST='-';;
esac
if [ x"${BST}" = 'x' ] ; then
BST='Unknown';
printf "Unknown BootLoader on ${name}\n\n" >> ${Unknown_MBR};
hexdump -n 512 -C ${part} >> ${Unknown_MBR};
echo >> ${Unknown_MBR};
fi
# Display the boot sector type.
echo " Boot sector type: ${BST}" >> "${Log}";
## Investigate the Boot Parameter Block (BPB) of a NTFS partition. ##
if [ "${type}" = 'ntfs' ] ; then
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 28 -n 4 -e '"%u"' ${part});
BPB_Part_Size=$(hexdump -v -s 40 -n 4 -e '"%u"' ${part})
Comp_Size=$(( (${BPB_Part_Size} - ${size}) / 256 ))
SectorsPerCluster=$(hexdump -v -s 13 -n 1 -e '"%d"' ${part});
MFT_Cluster=$(hexdump -v -s 48 -n 4 -e '"%d"' ${part});
MFT_Sector=$(( ${MFT_Cluster} * ${SectorsPerCluster} ));
# Track=$(hexdump -v -s 24 -n 2 -e '"%u"' ${part})'' # Number of sectors per track.
# Heads=$(hexdump -v -s 26 -n 2 -e '"%u"' ${part})'' # Number of heads.
#
# if [ "${Heads}" -ne 255 ] || [ "${Track}" -ne 63 ] ; then
# BSI="${BSI} Geometry: ${Heads} Heads and ${Track} sectors per Track."
# fi
if [[ "${MFT_Sector}" -lt "${size}" ]] ; then
MFT_FILE=$(dd if=${part} skip=${MFT_Sector} count=1 2>> ${Trash} | hexdump -v -n 4 -e '"%_u"');
else
MFT_FILE='';
fi
MFT_Mirr_Cluster=$(hexdump -v -s 56 -n 4 -e '"%d"' ${part});
MFT_Mirr_Sector=$(( ${MFT_Mirr_Cluster} * ${SectorsPerCluster} ));
if [[ "${MFT_Mirr_Sector}" -lt "${size}" ]] ; then
MFT_Mirr_FILE=$(dd if=${part} skip=${MFT_Mirr_Sector} count=1 2>> ${Trash} | hexdump -v -n 4 -e '"%_u"');
else
MFT_Mirr_FILE='';
fi
if ( [ "${offset}" -eq "${start}" ] && [ "${MFT_FILE}" = 'FILE' ] && [ "${MFT_Mirr_FILE}" = 'FILE' ] && [ "${Comp_Size}" -eq 0 ] ) ; then
BSI="${BSI} No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.";
else
if [[ "${offset}" -ne "${start}" ]] ; then
BSI="${BSI} According to the info in the boot sector, ${name} starts at sector ${offset}.";
if [[ "${offset}" -ne 63 && "${offset}" -ne 2048 && "${offset}" -ne 0 || "${kind}" != 'L' ]] ; then
BSI="${BSI} But according to the info from fdisk, ${name} starts at sector ${start}.";
fi
fi
if [[ "${MFT_FILE}" != "FILE" ]] ; then
BSI="${BSI} The info in boot sector on the starting sector of the MFT is wrong.";
printf "MFT Sector of ${name}\n\n" >> ${Unknown_MBR};
dd if=${part} skip=${MFT_Sector} count=1 2>> ${Trash} | hexdump -C >> ${Unknown_MBR};
fi
if [[ "${MFT_Mirr_FILE}" != 'FILE' ]] ; then
BSI="${BSI} The info in the boot sector on the starting sector of the MFT Mirror is wrong.";
fi
if [[ "${Comp_Size}" -ne 0 ]] ; then
BSI="${BSI} According to the info in the boot sector, ${name} has ${BPB_Part_Size} sectors, but according to the info from fdisk, it has ${size} sectors.";
fi
fi
fi
## Investigate the Boot Parameter Block (BPB) of (some) FAT partition. ##
# Identifies Fat Bootsectors which are used for booting.
# if [[ "${Bytes80_to_81}" = '7cc6' || "${Bytes80_to_81}" = '7815' || "${Bytes80_to_81}" = 'b6d1' || "${Bytes80_to_81}" = '7405' || "${Bytes80_to_81}" = '6974' || "${Bytes80_to_81}" = '0bd0' || "${Bytes80_to_81}" = '089e' ]] ;
if [[ "${type}" = 'vfat' ]] ; then
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 28 -n 4 -e '"%d\n"' ${part}); # Starting sector the partition according to BPB.
BPB_Part_Size=$(hexdump -v -s 32 -n 4 -e '"%d"' ${part}); # Partition size in sectors according to BPB.
Comp_Size=$(( (BPB_Part_Size - size)/256 )) # This number will be unequal to zero, if the 2
# partions sizes differ by more than 255 sectors.
#Track=$(hexdump -v -s 24 -n 2 -e '"%u"' ${part})'' # Number of sectors per track.
#Heads=$(hexdump -v -s 26 -n 2 -e '"%u"' ${part})'' # Number of heads
#if [[ "${Heads}" -ne 255 || "${Track}" -ne 63 ]] ; then # Checks for an usual geometry.
# BSI=$(echo ${BSI}" "Geometry: ${Heads} Heads and ${Track} sectors per Track.) ### Report unusal geometry
#fi;
# Check whether Partitons starting sector and the Partition Size of BPB and fdisk agree.
if [[ "${offset}" -eq "${start}" && "${Comp_Size}" -eq "0" ]] ; then
BSI="${BSI} No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block."; # If they agree.
else # If they don't agree.
if [[ "${offset}" -ne "${start}" ]] ; then # If partition starting sector disagrees.
# Display the starting sector according to the BPB.
BSI="${BSI} According to the info in the boot sector, ${name} starts at sector ${offset}.";
# Check whether partition is a logcial partition and if its starting sector value is a 63 or 2048.
if [[ "${offset}" -ne "63" && "${offset}" -ne "2048" || "${kind}" != "L" ]] ; then
# If not, display starting sector according to fdisk.
BSI="${BSI} But according to the info from fdisk, ${name} starts at sector ${start}.";
else
# This is quite common occurence, and only matters if one tries to boot Windows from a logical partition.
BSI="${BSI} But according to the info from fdisk, ${name} starts at sector ${start}. \"63\" and \"2048\" are quite common values for the starting sector of a logical partition and they only need to be fixed when you want to boot Windows from a logical partition.";
fi
fi
# If partition sizes from BPB and FDISK differ by more than 255 sector, display both sizes.
if [[ "${Comp_Size}" -ne "0" ]] ; then
BSI="${BSI} According to the info in the boot sector, ${name} has ${BPB_Part_Size} sectors.";
if [[ "$BPB_Part_Size" -ne 0 ]] ; then
BSI="${BSI}. But according to the info from the partition table, it has ${size} sectors.";
fi # Don't display a warning message in the common case BPB_Part_Size=0.
fi
fi # End of BPB Error if-then-else.
fi # End of Investigation of the BPB of vfat partitions.
## Display boot sector info. ##
printf ' Boot sector info: ' >> "${Log}";
printf "${BSI}\n" | fold -s -w 55 | sed -e '/^-------------------------\.\?$/ d' -e '2~1s/.*/ &/' >> "${Log}";
## Exclude partitions which contain no information, or which we (currently) don't know how to accces. ##
case "${type}" in
'BIOS Boot partition' ) part_no_mount=1;;
'crypto_LUKS' ) part_no_mount=1;;
'Extended Partition' ) part_no_mount=1;;
'linux_raid_member' ) part_no_mount=1;;
'LVM2_member' ) part_no_mount=1;;
'swap' ) part_no_mount=1;;
'unknown volume type' ) part_no_mount=1;;
'zfs_member' ) part_no_mount=1;;
'' ) part_no_mount=1;;
esac
if [ "${part_no_mount}" -eq 0 ] ; then
# Look for a mount point of the current partition.
# If multiple mount points are found, use the one with the shortest pathname.
CheckMount=$(mount | ${AWK} -F "\t" '$0 ~ "^'${part}' " { sub(" on ", "\t", $0); sub(" type ", "\t", $0); print $2 }' | sort | ${AWK} '{ print $0; exit}');
# Check whether partition is already mounted.
if [ x"${CheckMount}" != x'' ] ; then
if [ "${CheckMount}" = "/" ] ; then
mountname='';
else
# If yes, use the existing mount point.
mountname="${CheckMount}";
fi
fi
# Clear mount errors for previous partition
> ${Mount_Error}
# Try to mount the partition.
if [ x"${CheckMount}" != x'' ] || mount -r -t "${type}" ${part} "${mountname}" 2>> ${Mount_Error} \
|| ( [ "${type}" = ntfs ] && ntfs-3g -o ro ${part} "${mountname}" 2>> ${Mount_Error} ) ; then
# If partition is mounted, try to identify the Operating System (OS) by looking for files specific to the OS.
OS='';
grep -q "W.i.n.d.o.w.s. .V.i.s.t.a" "${mountname}"/{windows,Windows,WINDOWS}/{System32,system32}/{Winload,winload}.exe 2>> ${Trash} && OS='Windows Vista';
grep -q "W.i.n.d.o.w.s. .7" "${mountname}"/{windows,Windows,WINDOWS}/{System32,system32}/{Winload,winload}.exe 2>> ${Trash} && OS='Windows 7';
grep -q "w.i.n.8._." "${mountname}"/{windows,Windows,WINDOWS}/{System32,system32}/{Winload,winload}.exe 2>> ${Trash} && OS='Windows 8';
for WinOS in 'MS-DOS' 'MS-DOS 6.22' 'MS-DOS 6.21' 'MS-DOS 6.0' 'MS-DOS 5.0' 'MS-DOS 4.01' 'MS-DOS 3.3' 'Windows 98' 'Windows 95'; do
grep -q "${WinOS}" "${mountname}"/{IO.SYS,io.sys} 2>> ${Trash} && OS="${WinOS}";
done
[ -s "${mountname}/Windows/System32/config/SecEvent.Evt" ] || [ -s "${mountname}/WINDOWS/system32/config/SecEvent.Evt" ] || [ -s "${mountname}/WINDOWS/system32/config/secevent.evt" ] || [ -s "${mountname}/windows/system32/config/secevent.evt" ] && OS='Windows XP';
[ -s "${mountname}/ReactOS/system32/config/SecEvent.Evt" ] && OS='ReactOS';
[ -s "${mountname}/etc/issue" ] && OS=$(sed -e 's/\\. //g' -e 's/\\.//g' -e 's/^[ \t]*//' "${mountname}"/etc/issue);
[ -s "${mountname}/etc/slackware-version" ] && OS=$(sed -e 's/\\. //g' -e 's/\\.//g' -e 's/^[ \t]*//' "${mountname}"/etc/slackware-version);
[ -s "${mountname}/etc/redhat-release" ] && OS=$(cat "${mountname}"/etc/redhat-release | tr -d '\n');
[ -s "${mountname}/etc/os-release" ] && grep -q '^PRETTY_NAME=' "${mountname}/etc/os-release" && OS=$(eval "$(grep '^PRETTY_NAME=' "${mountname}"/etc/os-release)"; printf '%s' "${PRETTY_NAME}" | tr -d '\n');
## Search for the files in ${Bootfiles} ##
#
# If found, display their content.
BootFiles='';
if [ "${type}" = 'vfat' ] ; then
Boot_Files=${Boot_Files_Fat};
else
Boot_Files=${Boot_Files_Normal};
fi
for file in ${Boot_Files} ; do
if [ -f "${mountname}${file}" ] && [ -s "${mountname}${file}" ] && FileNotMounted "${mountname}${file}" "${mountname}" ; then
BootFiles="${BootFiles} ${file}";
# Check whether the file is a symlink.
if ! [ -h "${mountname}${file}" ] ; then
# if not a symlink, display content.
if ( [ ${file} = '/grldr' ] || [ ${file} = '/grub.exe' ] ) ; then
# Display the embedded menu of grub4dos.
get_embedded_menu "${mountname}${file}" "${name}${file}";
else
titlebar_gen "${name}" ${file}; # Generates a titlebar above each file listed.
echo '--------------------------------------------------------------------------------' >> "${Log1}";
cat "${mountname}${file}" >> "${Log1}";
echo '--------------------------------------------------------------------------------' >> "${Log1}";
fi
fi
fi
done
## Search for Wubi partitions. ##
if [ -f "${mountname}/ubuntu/disks/root.disk" ] ; then
Wubi=$(losetup -a | ${AWK} '$3 ~ "(/host/ubuntu/disks/root.disk)" { print $1; exit }' | sed 's/.$//' );
# check whether Wubi already has a loop device.
if [[ x"${Wubi}" = x'' ]] ; then
Wubi=$(losetup -f --show "${mountname}/ubuntu/disks/root.disk" );
WubiDev=0;
else
WubiDev=1;
fi
if [ x"${Wubi}" != x'' ] ; then
Get_Partition_Info "${Log}"x "${Log1}"x "${Wubi}" "${name}/Wubi" "Wubi/${mountname}" 'Wubi' 0 0 'Wubi' '';
# Remove Wubu loop device, if created by BIS.
[[ ${WubiDev} -eq 0 ]] && losetup -d "${Wubi}";
else
echo "Found Wubi on ${name}. But could not create a loop device." >&2;
fi
fi
## Search for the filenames in ${Boot_Prog}. ##
#
# If found displays their names.
if [ "${type}" = 'vfat' ] ; then
# Check FAT filesystems for EFI boot files.
for file in "${mountname}"/efi/{,*/}*/{*.efi,grub.cfg}; do
# Remove "${mountname}" part of the filename.
file="${file#${mountname}}";
if [ -f "${mountname}${file}" ] && [ -s "${mountname}${file}" ] && FileNotMounted "${mountname}${file}" "${mountname}" ; then
BootFiles="${BootFiles} ${file}";
# display content.
if [ ${file##*/} = 'grub.cfg' ] ; then
titlebar_gen "${name}" ${file}; # Generates a titlebar above each file listed.
echo '--------------------------------------------------------------------------------' >> "${Log1}";
cat "${mountname}${file}" >> "${Log1}";
echo '--------------------------------------------------------------------------------' >> "${Log1}";
fi
fi
done
# Other boot program files.
Boot_Prog=${Boot_Prog_Fat};
else
Boot_Prog=${Boot_Prog_Normal};
fi
for file in ${Boot_Prog} ; do
if [ -f "${mountname}${file}" ] && [ -s "${mountname}${file}" ] && FileNotMounted "${mountname}${file}" "${mountname}" ; then
BootFiles="${BootFiles} ${file}";
fi
done
## Search for files containing boot codes. ##
# Loop through all directories which might contain boot_code files.
for file in ${Boot_Codes_Dir} ; do
# If such directory exist ...
if [ -d "${mountname}${file}" ] && FileNotMounted "${mountname}${file}" "${mountname}" ; then
# Look at the content of that directory.
for loader in $( ls "${mountname}${file}" ) ; do
# If it is a file ...
if [ -f "${mountname}${file}${loader}" ] && [ -s "${mountname}${file}${loader}" ] ; then
# Bootpart code has "BootPart" written at 0x101
sig=$(hexdump -v -s 257 -n 8 -e '8/1 "%_p"' "${mountname}${file}${loader}");
if [ "${sig}" = 'BootPart' ] ; then
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 241 -n 4 -e '"%d"' "${mountname}${file}${loader}");
dr=$(hexdump -v -s 111 -n 1 -e '"%d"' "${mountname}${file}${loader}");
dr=$((dr - 127));
BFI="${BFI} BootPart in the file ${file}${loader} is trying to chainload sector #${offset} on boot drive #${dr}";
fi
# Grub Legacy, Grub2 (v1.96) and Grub2 (v1.99) have "GRUB" written at 0x17f.
sig=$(hexdump -v -s 383 -n 4 -e '4/1 "%_p"' "${mountname}${file}${loader}");
if [ "${sig}" = 'GRUB' ] ; then
sig2=$(hexdump -v -n 2 -e '/1 "%02x"' "${mountname}${file}${loader}");
# Distinguish Grub Legacy and Grub2 (v1.96) by the first two bytes.
case "${sig2}" in
eb48) stage2_loc "${mountname}${file}${loader}";
BFI="${BFI} Grub Legacy (v${Grub_Version}) in the file ${file}${loader} ${Stage2_Msg}";;
eb4c) grub2_info "${mountname}${file}${loader}" ${drive} 1.96 'file';
BFI="${BFI} Grub2 (v1.96) in the file ${file}${loader} ${Grub2_Msg}.";;
eb63) grub2_info "${mountname}${file}${loader}" ${drive} 1.99 'file';
BFI="${BFI} Grub2 (v1.99) in the file ${file}${loader} ${Grub2_Msg}.";;
esac
fi
# Grub2 (v1.97-1.98) has "GRUB" written at 0x188.
sig=$(hexdump -v -s 392 -n 4 -e '4/1 "%_p"' "${mountname}${file}${loader}");
if [ "${sig}" = 'GRUB' ]; then
grub2_info "${mountname}${file}${loader}" ${drive} 1.97-1.98 'file';
BFI="${BFI} Grub2 (v1.97-1.98) in the file ${file}${loader} ${Grub2_Msg}.";
fi
# Grub2 (v2.00) has "GRUB" written at 0x180.
sig=$(hexdump -v -s 384 -n 4 -e '4/1 "%_p"' "${mountname}${file}${loader}");
if [ "${sig}" = 'GRUB' ]; then
grub2_info "${mountname}${file}${loader}" ${drive} 2.00 'file';
BFI="${BFI} Grub2 (v2.00) in the file ${file}${loader} ${Grub2_Msg}.";
fi
fi
done # End of loop through the files in a particular Boot_Code_Directory.
fi
done # End of the loop through the Boot_Code_Directories.
## Show the location (offset on disk) of all files in: ##
# - the GrubError18_Files list
# - the SyslinuxError_Files list
cd "${mountname}/";
if [ $( last_block_of_file ${GrubError18_Files} ; echo $? ) -ne 0 ] ; then
titlebar_gen "${name}" ': Location of files loaded by Grub';
printf "%11sGiB - GB%13sFile%33sFragment(s)\n\n" ' ' ' ' ' ' >> "${Log1}";
cat ${Tmp_Log} >> "${Log1}";
fi
if [ $( last_block_of_file ${SyslinuxError_Files} ; echo $? ) -ne 0 ] ; then
titlebar_gen "${name}" ': Location of files loaded by Syslinux';
printf "%11sGiB - GB%13sFile%33sFragment(s)\n\n" ' ' ' ' ' ' >> "${Log1}";
cat ${Tmp_Log} >> "${Log1}";
fi
rm -f ${Tmp_Log};
# Display the version of the COM32(R) modules of Syslinux.
for com32 in *.c32 syslinux/*.c32 extlinux/*.c32 boot/syslinux/*.c32 boot/extlinux/*.c32 ; do
if [ -f "${com32}" ] ; then
# First 5 bytes of the COM32(R) module are a magic number (used by Syslinux too).
com32_version=$(hexdump -n 5 -e '/1 "%02x"' "${com32}");
case ${com32_version} in
b8fe4ccd21) printf ' %-35s: COM32R module (v4.xx)\n' "${com32}" >> ${Tmp_Log};;
b8ff4ccd21) printf ' %-35s: COM32R module (v3.xx)\n' "${com32}" >> ${Tmp_Log};;
*) printf ' %-35s: not a COM32/COM32R module\n' "${com32}" >> ${Tmp_Log};;
esac
fi
done
if [ -f ${Tmp_Log} ] ; then
titlebar_gen "${name}" ': Version of COM32(R) files used by Syslinux';
cat ${Tmp_Log} >> "${Log1}";
fi
cd "${Folder}";
echo > ${Tmp_Log};
if [[ x"${BFI}" != x'' ]] ; then
printf " Boot file info: " >> "${Log}";
printf "${BFI}\n" | fold -s -w 55 | sed -e '/^-------------------------$/ d' -e '2~1s/.*/ &/' >> "${Log}";
fi
printf " Operating System: " >> "${Log}";
echo "${OS}" | fold -s -w 55 | sed -e '2~1s/.*/ &/' >> "${Log}";
printf " Boot files: " >> "${Log}";
echo ${BootFiles} | fold -s -w 55 | sed -e '2~1s/.*/ &/' >> "${Log}";
# If partition was mounted by the script.
if [ x"${CheckMount}" = x'' ] ; then
umount "${mountname}" || umount -l "${mountname}";
fi
# If partition failed to mount.
else
printf " Mounting failed: " >> "${Log}"