Provides the XmlReader
to Lua applications using LibXML2.
XmlReader is an
API introduced in C# that is arguably easier to use than SAX. It provides a
pull interface where you control the reader, which is a cursor moving along
the document. Call methods such as
reader:name() to get information about
the current node and
reader:read() to advance to the next. This has the
advantage versus a tree model such as DOM that the whole document does not
need to be loaded into memory at once. The many articles and tutorials
available online referring to XmlReader/XmlTextReader in C#, Java or other
languages should all be useful if you want to better understand this method of
lua-xmlreader depends on the libxml2 library.
- lua-xmlreader-0.1 (2008-01-25)
- first public release
Below is a fairly simple example demonstrating how you extract information from an XML document using an XmlReader. It prints each element along with its attributes.
#! /usr/bin/env lua require('xmlreader') local example_xml = [[ <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <library> <book id='1'> <title>Green Eggs and Ham</title> <author>Dr. Seuss</author> </book> <book id='2'> <title>Where the Wild Things Are</title> <author>Maurice Sendak</author> </book> </library> ]] local r = assert(xmlreader.from_string(example_xml)) while (r:read()) do local leadingws = (' '):rep(r:depth()) if (r:node_type() == 'element') then io.write(('%s%s:'):format(leadingws, r:name())) while (r:move_to_next_attribute()) do io.write((' %s=%q'):format(r:name(), r:value())) end io.write('\n') end end
When executed, this would output:
library: book: id="1" title: author: book: id="2" title: author:
lua-xmlreader is distributed under the MIT license.
Copyright (c) 2008 A.S. Bradbury Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software. THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.