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This is a tool for estimating the Truck Factor of GitHub projects, using information from commit history. Truck Factor (also known as Bus Factor or Lottery Number) is the minimal number of developers that have to be hit by a truck (or leave) before a project is incapacitated.


The scripts for extract commit information from git repositories are implemented using Shell and AWK. So, the execution environment must support those script languages. Optionally, the Ruby interpreter is required if you decide to use the Linguist library to automatically discard files like documentation and third-party libraries. See the specific Linguist requirements in linguist page.


To use docker you can change the git_repository_path in .env file.


Get the last version of the truckfactor-tool

To run the tool to perform these steps:

  1. Clone the repository to be analysed.

    • example: git clone
  2. Build the necessary Java code.

    • commands: cd Truck-Factor/gittruckfactor; mvn package
  • docker: cd Truck-Factor/gittruckfactor; docker compose jar
  1. Execute the scripts to extract information from the git repository to be analyzed:

    1. Extract commit and file information.

      • command: ./scripts/ <git_repository_path>
      • example: ./scripts/ git/Truck-Factor
      • docker: docker compose commit_info
    2. Extract files to be discard using Linguist library (Optional)

      • command: ./scripts/ <git_repository_path>
      • example: ./scripts/ git/Truck-Factor
      • docker: docker compose linguist
  2. Execute the gittruckfactor tool.

    • command: java –jar gittruckfactor-1.0.jar <git_repository_path> <git_repository_fullname>
    • example: java –jar gittruckfactor-1.0.jar git/Truck-Factor aserg-ufmg/Truck-Factor
    • docker: docker compose execute

Optional Settings

Repository specifc information can be provided using the files in the folder repo_info, which can improve the TF calculation results. The additional information supported are:

  • Filtered files (filtered-files.txt): set files that must be discard before start the TF calculation.
    • Info pattern: <git_repository_fullname>;<file_path>;<filter_info>
  • Aliases (alias.txt): set developers aliases.
    • Info pattern: <git_repository_fullname>;<developer_alias1>;<developer_alias2>
  • Modules (modules.txt): map files to modules.
    • Info pattern: <git_repository_fullname>;<file_path>;<module_name>
      • Module calculation not implemented yet.

Run-time settings

Algorithm's variables can be set by modifying the file.


Here are the TF values as estimated by this tool for some popular GitHub projects (using data from November, 2016):

  • FreeCodeCamp: 1
  • Bootstrap: 3
  • D3: 1
  • React: 4
  • AngularJS: 6
  • Font-Awesome: 1
  • jquery: 4
  • electron: 1
  • tensorflow: 2
  • docker: 13
  • meteor: 5
  • swift: 5
  • vue: 1
  • rails: 11
  • atom: 4

More Info

Guilherme Avelino, Leonardo Passos, Andre Hora, Marco Tulio Valente. A Novel Approach for Estimating Truck Factors. In 24th International Conference on Program Comprehension (ICPC), pages 1-10, 2016.