A drop-in replacement for Underscore.js delivering performance, bug fixes, and additional features.
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Lo-Dash v0.10.0

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A drop-in replacement* for Underscore.js, from the devs behind jsPerf.com, delivering performance, bug fixes, and additional features.

Lo-Dash’s performance is gained by avoiding slower native methods, instead opting for simplified non-ES5 compliant methods optimized for common usage, and by leveraging function compilation to reduce the number of overall function calls.


Dive in

We’ve got API docs, benchmarks, and unit tests.

Create your own benchmarks at jsPerf, or search for existing ones.

For a list of upcoming features, check out our roadmap.


For more information check out these screencasts over Lo-Dash:



Lo-Dash has been tested in at least Chrome 523, Firefox 116, IE 6-10, Opera 9.25-12, Safari 3-6, Node.js 0.4.8-0.8.14, Narwhal 0.3.2, RingoJS 0.8, and Rhino 1.7RC5.

Custom builds

Custom builds make it easy to create lightweight versions of Lo-Dash containing only the methods you need. To top it off, we handle all method dependency and alias mapping for you.

  • Backbone builds, with only methods required by Backbone, may be created using the backbone modifier argument.
lodash backbone
  • CSP builds, supporting default Content Security Policy restrictions, may be created using the csp modifier argument. The csp modifier is an alais of the mobile modifier. Chrome extensions will require sandboxing or the use of either the csp, mobile, or underscore build.
lodash csp
  • Legacy builds, tailored for older browsers without ES5 support, may be created using the legacy modifier argument.
lodash legacy
  • Mobile builds, with IE < 9 bug fixes and method compilation removed, may be created using the mobile modifier argument.
lodash mobile
  • Strict builds, with _.bindAll, _.defaults, and _.extend in strict mode, may be created using the strict modifier argument.
lodash strict
  • Underscore builds, tailored for projects already using Underscore, may be created using the underscore modifier argument.
lodash underscore

Custom builds may be created using the following commands:

  • Use the category argument to pass comma separated categories of methods to include in the build.
    Valid categories (case-insensitive) are “arrays”, “chaining”, “collections”, “functions”, “objects”, and “utilities”.
lodash category=collections,functions
lodash category="collections, functions"
  • Use the exports argument to pass comma separated names of ways to export the LoDash function.
    Valid exports are “amd”, “commonjs”, “global”, “node”, and “none”.
lodash exports=amd,commonjs,node
lodash exports="amd, commonjs, node"
  • Use the iife argument to specify code to replace the immediately-invoked function expression that wraps Lo-Dash.
lodash iife="!function(window,undefined){%output%}(this)"
  • Use the include argument to pass comma separated method/category names to include in the build.
lodash include=each,filter,map
lodash include="each, filter, map"
  • Use the minus argument to pass comma separated method/category names to remove from those included in the build.
lodash underscore minus=result,shuffle
lodash underscore minus="result, shuffle"
  • Use the plus argument to pass comma separated method/category names to add to those included in the build.
lodash backbone plus=random,template
lodash backbone plus="random, template"
  • Use the template argument to pass the file path pattern used to match template files to precompile.
lodash template="./*.jst"
  • Use the settings argument to pass the template settings used when precompiling templates.
lodash settings="{interpolate:/\\{\\{([\\s\\S]+?)\\}\\}/g}"
  • Use the moduleId argument to specify the AMD module ID of Lo-Dash, which defaults to “lodash”, used by precompiled templates.
lodash moduleId="underscore"

All arguments, except legacy with csp or mobile, may be combined.
Unless specified by -o or --output, all files created are saved to the current working directory.

The following options are also supported:

  • -c, --stdout     Write output to standard output
  • -d, --debug       Write only the debug output
  • -h, --help         Display help information
  • -m, --minify     Write only the minified output
  • -o, --output     Write output to a given path/filename
  • -s, --silent     Skip status updates normally logged to the console
  • -V, --version   Output current version of Lo-Dash

The lodash command-line utility is available when Lo-Dash is installed as a global package (i.e. npm install -g lodash).

Installation and usage

In browsers:

<script src="lodash.js"></script>

Using npm:

npm install lodash

npm install -g lodash
npm link lodash

To avoid potential issues, update npm before installing Lo-Dash:

npm install npm -g

In Node.js and RingoJS v0.8.0+:

var _ = require('lodash');

Note: If Lo-Dash is installed globally, run npm link lodash in your project’s root directory before requiring it.

In RingoJS v0.7.0-:

var _ = require('lodash')._;

In Rhino:


In an AMD loader like RequireJS:

  'paths': {
    'underscore': 'path/to/lodash'
['underscore'], function(_) {

Resolved Underscore.js issues

  • Allow iteration of objects with a length property [#799, test]
  • Fix cross-browser object iteration bugs [#60, #376, test]
  • Methods should work on pages with incorrectly shimmed native methods [#7, #742, test]
  • _.isEmpty should support jQuery/MooTools DOM query collections [#690, test]
  • _.isObject should avoid V8 bug #2291 [#605, test]
  • _.keys should work with arguments objects cross-browser [#396, test]
  • _.range should coerce arguments to numbers [#634, #683, test]

Release Notes


Compatibility Warnings

  • Made _.defaults and _.extend iterate only own properties of source objects to align with ES6 Object.assign
  • Renamed _.lateBind to _.bindKey


  • Added the build commands used to custom build copyright/license headers
  • Added _.assign
  • Ensured the underscore build of _.find returns the first, not last, matched value
  • Ensured _defaults, _.extends, and _.merge work with _.reduce
  • Made Lo-Dash’s npm package installation work with more system configurations
  • Made _.extend an alias of _.assign
  • Optimized _.contains, _.defaults, _.extend, and _.filter
  • Restricted _.where to iterate only own properties of the source object
  • Updated backbone build Lo-Dash method dependencies

The full changelog is available here.


Lo-Dash is part of the BestieJS “Best in Class” module collection. This means we promote solid browser/environment support, ES5 precedents, unit testing, and plenty of documentation.