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import os
import sys
import pwd
import grp
import errno
import signal
try:
from setproctitle import setproctitle as _setproctitle
except ImportError:
_setproctitle = None
CAN_DETACH = True
try:
import resource
except ImportError:
CAN_DETACH = False
DAEMON_UMASK = 0
DAEMON_WORKDIR = "/"
DAEMON_REDIRECT_TO = getattr(os, "devnull", "/dev/nulll")
class LockFailed(Exception):
pass
def get_fdmax(default=None):
fdmax = resource.getrlimit(resource.RLIMIT_NOFILE)[1]
if fdmax == resource.RLIM_INFINITY:
return default
return fdmax
class PIDFile(object):
def __init__(self, path):
self.path = os.path.abspath(path)
def write_pid(self):
open_flags = (os.O_CREAT | os.O_EXCL | os.O_WRONLY)
open_mode = (((os.R_OK | os.W_OK) << 6) |
((os.R_OK) << 3) |
((os.R_OK)))
pidfile_fd = os.open(self.path, open_flags, open_mode)
pidfile = os.fdopen(pidfile_fd, "w")
pid = os.getpid()
pidfile.write("%d\n" % (pid, ))
pidfile.close()
def acquire(self):
try:
self.write_pid()
except OSError, exc:
raise LockFailed(str(exc))
return self
def is_locked(self):
return os.path.exists(self.path)
def release(self):
self.remove()
def read_pid(self):
try:
fh = open(self.path, "r")
except IOError, exc:
if exc.errno == errno.ENOENT:
return
raise
line = fh.readline().strip()
fh.close()
try:
return int(line)
except ValueError:
raise ValueError("PID file %r contents invalid." % self.path)
def remove(self):
try:
os.unlink(self.path)
except OSError, exc:
if exc.errno in (errno.ENOENT, errno.EACCES):
return
raise
def remove_if_stale(self):
try:
pid = self.read_pid()
except ValueError, exc:
sys.stderr.write("Broken pidfile found. Removing it.\n")
self.remove()
return True
if not pid:
self.remove()
return True
try:
os.kill(pid, 0)
except os.error, exc:
if exc.errno == errno.ESRCH:
sys.stderr.write("Stale pidfile exists. Removing it.\n")
self.remove()
return True
return False
def create_pidlock(pidfile):
"""Create and verify pidfile.
If the pidfile already exists the program exits with an error message,
however if the process it refers to is not running anymore, the pidfile
is just deleted.
"""
pidlock = PIDFile(pidfile)
if pidlock.is_locked() and not pidlock.remove_if_stale():
raise SystemExit(
"ERROR: Pidfile (%s) already exists.\n"
"Seems we're already running? (PID: %s)" % (
pidfile, pidlock.read_pid()))
return pidlock
class DaemonContext(object):
_is_open = False
def __init__(self, pidfile=None,
working_directory=DAEMON_WORKDIR, umask=DAEMON_UMASK, **kwargs):
self.working_directory = working_directory
self.umask = umask
def detach(self):
if os.fork() == 0: # first child
os.setsid() # create new session
if os.fork() > 0: # second child
os._exit(0)
else:
os._exit(0)
def open(self):
if self._is_open:
return
self.detach()
os.chdir(self.working_directory)
os.umask(self.umask)
for fd in reversed(range(get_fdmax(default=2048))):
try:
os.close(fd)
except OSError, exc:
if exc.errno != errno.EBADF:
raise
os.open(DAEMON_REDIRECT_TO, os.O_RDWR)
os.dup2(0, 1)
os.dup2(0, 2)
self._is_open = True
def close(self):
if self._is_open:
self._is_open = False
def create_daemon_context(logfile=None, pidfile=None, uid=None, gid=None,
**options):
if not CAN_DETACH:
raise RuntimeError(
"This platform does not support detach.")
# Make sure SIGCLD is using the default handler.
reset_signal("SIGCLD")
set_effective_user(uid=uid, gid=gid)
# Since without stderr any errors will be silently suppressed,
# we need to know that we have access to the logfile.
if logfile:
open(logfile, "a").close()
if pidfile:
# Doesn't actually create the pidfile, but makes sure it's
# not stale.
create_pidlock(pidfile)
defaults = {"umask": lambda: 0,
"working_directory": lambda: os.getcwd()}
for opt_name, opt_default_gen in defaults.items():
if opt_name not in options or options[opt_name] is None:
options[opt_name] = opt_default_gen()
context = DaemonContext(**options)
return context, context.close
def parse_uid(uid):
"""Parse user id.
uid can be an interger (uid) or a string (username), if a username
the uid is taken from the password file.
"""
try:
return int(uid)
except ValueError:
return pwd.getpwnam(uid).pw_uid
def parse_gid(gid):
"""Parse group id.
gid can be an integer (gid) or a string (group name), if a group name
the gid is taken from the password file.
"""
try:
return int(gid)
except ValueError:
return grp.getgrnam(gid).gr_gid
def setegid(gid):
"""Set effective group id."""
gid = parse_gid(gid)
if gid != os.getgid():
os.setegid
def seteuid(uid):
"""Set effective user id."""
uid = parse_uid(uid)
if uid != os.getuid():
os.seteuid(uid)
def set_effective_user(uid=None, gid=None):
"""Change process privileges to new user/group.
If uid and gid is set the effective user/group is set.
If only uid is set, the effective uer is set, and the group is
set to the users primary group.
If only gid is set, the effective group is set.
"""
uid = uid and parse_uid(uid)
gid = gid and parse_gid(gid)
if uid:
# If gid isn't defined, get the primary gid of the uer.
setegid(gid or pwd.getpwuid(uid).pw_gid)
seteuid(uid)
else:
gid and setegid(gid)
def reset_signal(signal_name):
"""Reset signal to the default signal handler.
Does nothing if the platform doesn't support signals,
or the specified signal in particular.
"""
try:
signum = getattr(signal, signal_name)
signal.signal(signum, signal.SIG_DFL)
except (AttributeError, ValueError):
pass
def ignore_signal(signal_name):
"""Ignore signal using :const:`SIG_IGN`.
Does nothing if the platform doesn't support signals,
or the specified signal in particular.
"""
try:
signum = getattr(signal, signal_name)
signal.signal(signum, signal.SIG_IGN)
except (AttributeError, ValueError):
pass
def install_signal_handler(signal_name, handler):
"""Install a handler.
Does nothing if the current platform doesn't support signals,
or the specified signal in particular.
"""
try:
signum = getattr(signal, signal_name)
signal.signal(signum, handler)
except (AttributeError, ValueError):
pass
def strargv(argv):
arg_start = "manage" in argv[0] and 2 or 1
if len(argv) > arg_start:
return " ".join(argv[arg_start:])
return ""
def set_process_title(progname, info=None):
"""Set the ps name for the currently running process.
Only works if :mod:`setproctitle` is installed.
"""
proctitle = "[%s]" % progname
proctitle = info and "%s %s" % (proctitle, info) or proctitle
if _setproctitle:
_setproctitle(proctitle)
return proctitle
def set_mp_process_title(progname, info=None, hostname=None):
"""Set the ps name using the multiprocessing process name.
Only works if :mod:`setproctitle` is installed.
"""
from multiprocessing.process import current_process
if hostname:
progname = "%s@%s" % (progname, hostname.split(".")[0])
return set_process_title("%s:%s" % (progname, current_process().name),
info=info)
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