celery is a distributed task queue framework for Django.
It is used for executing tasks asynchronously, routed to one or more worker servers, running concurrently using multiprocessing.
It is designed to solve certain problems related to running websites demanding high-availability and performance.
It is perfect for filling caches, posting updates to twitter, mass downloading data like syndication feeds or web scraping. Use-cases are plentiful. Implementing these features asynchronously using celery is easy and fun, and the performance improvements can make it more than worthwhile.
- Uses AMQP messaging (RabbitMQ, ZeroMQ) to route tasks to the worker servers.
- You can run as many worker servers as you want, and still be guaranteed that the task is only executed once.
- Tasks are executed concurrently using the Python 2.6 multiprocessing module (also available as a back-port to older python versions)
- Supports periodic tasks, which makes it a (better) replacement for cronjobs.
- When a task has been executed, the return value is stored using either a MySQL/Oracle/PostgreSQL/SQLite database, memcached, or Tokyo Tyrant back-end.
- If the task raises an exception, the exception instance is stored, instead of the return value.
- All tasks has a Universally Unique Identifier (UUID), which is the task id, used for querying task status and return values.
- Supports task-sets, which is a task consisting of several sub-tasks. You can find out how many, or if all of the sub-tasks has been executed. Excellent for progress-bar like functionality.
- Has a map like function that uses tasks, called dmap.
- However, you rarely want to wait for these results in a web-environment. You'd rather want to use Ajax to poll the task status, which is available from a URL like celery/<task_id>/status/. This view returns a JSON-serialized data structure containing the task status, and the return value if completed, or exception on failure.
You can install celery either via the Python Package Index (PyPI) or from source.
To install using pip,:
$ pip install celery
To install using easy_install,:
$ easy_install celery
If you have downloaded a source tarball you can install it by doing the following,:
$ python setup.py build # python setup.py install # as root
Have to write a cool tutorial, but here is some simple usage info.
Note If you're running SQLite as the database back-end, celeryd will only be able to process one message at a time, this is because SQLite doesn't allow concurrent writes.
>>> from celery.task import tasks >>> from celery.log import setup_logger >>> def do_something(some_arg, **kwargs): ... logger = setup_logger(**kwargs) ... logger.info("Did something: %s" % some_arg) ... return 42 >>> task.register(do_something, "do_something")
>>> from celery.task import delay_task >>> delay_task("do_something", some_arg="foo bar baz")
>>> from celery.task import delay_task >>> result = delay_task("do_something", some_arg="foo bar baz") >>> result.ready() False >>> result.get() # Waits until the task is done. 42 >>> result.status() 'DONE'
If the task raises an exception, the tasks status will be FAILURE, and result.result will contain the exception instance raised.
$ cd mydjangoproject $ env DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=settings celeryd [....] [2009-04-23 17:44:05,115: INFO/Process-1] Did something: foo bar baz [2009-04-23 17:44:05,118: INFO/MainProcess] Waiting for queue.
celery has an auto-discovery feature like the Django Admin, that automatically loads any tasks.py module in the applications listed in settings.INSTALLED_APPS.
A good place to add this command could be in your urls.py,
from celery.task import tasks tasks.autodiscover()
Then you can add new tasks in your applications tasks.py module,
from celery.task import tasks from celery.log import setup_logger from clickcounter.models import ClickCount def increment_click(for_url, **kwargs): logger = setup_logger(**kwargs) clicks_for_url, cr = ClickCount.objects.get_or_create(url=for_url) clicks_for_url.clicks = clicks_for_url.clicks + 1 clicks_for_url.save() logger.info("Incremented click count for %s (not at %d)" % ( for_url, clicks_for_url.clicks) tasks.register(increment_click, "increment_click")
Periodic tasks are tasks that are run every n seconds. They don't support extra arguments. Here's an example of a periodic task:
>>> from celery.task import tasks, PeriodicTask >>> from datetime import timedelta >>> class MyPeriodicTask(PeriodicTask): ... name = "foo.my-periodic-task" ... run_every = timedelta(seconds=30) ... ... def run(self, **kwargs): ... logger = self.get_logger(**kwargs) ... logger.info("Running periodic task!") ... >>> tasks.register(MyPeriodicTask)
For periodic tasks to work you need to add celery to INSTALLED_APPS, and issue a syncdb.
This software is licensed under the New BSD License. See the LICENSE file in the top distribution directory for the full license text.