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Embed the Mozilla Rhino Javascript interpreter into Ruby

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README.rdoc

therubyrhino

DESCRIPTION:

Embed the Mozilla Rhino Javascript interpreter into Ruby

FEATURES/PROBLEMS:

  • Evaluate Javascript from with in Ruby

  • Embed your Ruby objects into the Javascript world

SYNOPSIS:

  1. Javascript goes into Ruby

  2. Ruby Objects goes into Javascript

  3. Our shark's in the Javascript!

require 'rhino'

# evaluate some simple javascript

eval_js "7 * 6" #=> 42

# that's quick and dirty, but if you want more control over your # environment, use a Context:

Rhino::Context.open do |cxt|
  cxt['foo'] = "bar"
  cxt.eval('foo') # => "bar"
end

# evaluate a ruby function from javascript

Rhino::Context.open do |context|
  context["say"] = lambda {|word, times| word * times}
  context.eval("say("Hello", 3)") #=> HelloHelloHello
end

# embed a ruby object into your javascript environment

class MyMath
  def plus(lhs, rhs)
    lhs + rhs
  end
end

Rhino::Context.open do |context|
  context["math"] = MyMath.new
  context.eval("math.plus(20,22)") #=> 42
end

# make a ruby object be your javascript environment

math = MyMath.new
Rhino::Context.open(:with => math) do |context|
  context.eval("plus(20,22)") #=> 42
end

#or the equivalent

math.eval_js("plus(20,22)")

# Configure your embedding setup

# Make your standard objects (Object, String, etc...) immutable
Rhino::Context.open(:sealed => true) do |context|
  context.eval("Object.prototype.toString = function() {}") # this is an error!
end

#Turn on Java integration from javascript (probably a bad idea)
Rhino::Context.open(:java => true) do |context|
  context.eval("java.lang.System.exit()") #it's dangerous!
end

#limit the number of instructions that can be executed in order to prevent
#rogue scripts
Rhino::Context.open do |context|
  context.instruction_limit = 100000
  context.eval("while (true);") # => Error!
end

Different ways of loading javascript source

In addition to just evaluating strings, you can also use streams such as files.

# evaluate bytes read from any File/IO object:

File.open("mysource.js") do |file|
  eval_js file, "mysource.js"
end

# or load it by filename

Rhino::Context.open do |context|
  context.load("mysource.js")
end

Safe by default

The Ruby Rhino is designed to let you evaluate javascript as safely as possible unless you tell it to do something more dangerous. The default context is a hermetically sealed javascript environment with only the standard javascript objects and functions. Nothing from the ruby world is accessible at all.

For ruby objects that you explicitly embed into javascript, only the public methods *defined in their classes* are exposed by default. E.g.

class A
  def a
    "a"
  end
end

class B < A
  def b
    "b"
  end
end

Rhino::Context.open do |cxt|
  cxt['a'] = A.new
  cxt['b'] = B.new
  cxt.eval("a.a()") # => 'a'
  cxt.eval("b.b()") # => 'b'
  cxt.eval("b.a()") # => 'TypeError: undefined property 'a' is not a function'
end

REQUIREMENTS:

  • JRuby >= 1.3.0

INSTALL:

  • jgem install therubyrhino

LICENSE:

(The MIT License)

Copyright © 2009 Charles Lowell

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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