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#!/bin/bash
# Memstat.sh is a shell script that calculates linux memory usage for each program / application.
# Script outputs shared and private memory for each program running in linux. Since memory calculation is bit complex,
# this shell script tries best to find more accurate results. Script use 2 files ie /proc//status (to get name of process)
# and /proc//smaps for memory statistic of process. Then script will convert all data into Kb, Mb, Gb using awk.
# This version does NOT need paste or bc.
#Source : http://www.linoxide.com/linux-shell-script/linux-memory-usage-program/
#Parent : http://www.linoxide.com/guide/scripts-pdf.html
# Make sure only root can run our script
if [ "$(id -u)" != "0" ]; then
echo "This script must be run as root" 1>&2
exit 1
fi
### Functions
#This function will count memory statistic for passed PID
get_process_mem ()
{
PID=$1
#we need to check if 2 files exist
if [ -f /proc/$PID/status ];
then
if [ -f /proc/$PID/smaps ];
then
#here we count memory usage, Pss, Private and Shared = Pss-Private
Pss=`cat /proc/$PID/smaps | grep -e "^Pss:" | awk '{ sum+=$2} END {print sum}' `
Private=`cat /proc/$PID/smaps | grep -e "^Private" | awk '{ sum+=$2} END {print sum}'`
#we need to be sure that we count Pss and Private memory, to avoid errors
if [ x"$Rss" != "x" -o x"$Private" != "x" ];
then
let Shared=${Pss}-${Private}
Name=`cat /proc/$PID/status | grep -e "^Name:" |cut -d':' -f2`
#we keep all results in bytes
let Shared=${Shared}*1024
let Private=${Private}*1024
let Sum=${Shared}+${Private}
echo -e "$Private + $Shared = $Sum \t $Name"
fi
fi
fi
}
#this function make conversion from bytes to Kb or Mb or Gb
convert()
{
value=$1
power=0
#if value 0, we make it like 0.00
if [ "$value" = "0" ];
then
value="0.00"
fi
#We make conversion till value bigger than 1024, and if yes we divide by 1024
while [ $(echo "${value}" | awk '{if($1 > 1024) {print 1} else {print 0}}') -eq 1 ]
do
value=$(echo "${value}" | awk '{printf "%.2f", $1 / 1024}')
let power=$power+1
done
#this part get b,kb,mb or gb according to number of divisions
case $power in
0) reg=b;;
1) reg=kb;;
2) reg=mb;;
3) reg=gb;;
esac
echo -n "${value} ${reg} "
}
#to ensure that temp files not exist
[[ -f /tmp/res ]] && rm -f /tmp/res
[[ -f /tmp/res2 ]] && rm -f /tmp/res2
[[ -f /tmp/res3 ]] && rm -f /tmp/res3
#if argument passed script will show statistic only for that pid, of not � we list all processes in /proc/ #and get statistic for all of them, all result we store in file /tmp/res
if [ $# -eq 0 ]
then
pids=`ls /proc | grep -e "[0-9]" | grep -v "[A-Za-z]" `
for i in $pids
do
get_process_mem $i >> /tmp/res
done
else
get_process_mem $1>> /tmp/res
fi
#This will sort result by memory usage
cat /tmp/res | sort -gr -k 5 > /tmp/res2
#this part will get uniq names from process list, and we will add all lines with same process list
#we will count nomber of processes with same name, so if more that 1 process where will be
# process(2) in output
for Name in `cat /tmp/res2 | awk '{print $6}' | sort | uniq`
do
count=`cat /tmp/res2 | awk -v src=$Name '{if ($6==src) {print $6}}'|wc -l| awk '{print $1}'`
if [ $count = "1" ];
then
count=""
else
count="(${count})"
fi
VmSizeKB=`cat /tmp/res2 | awk -v src=$Name '{if ($6==src) { sum+=$1}} END {print sum}'`
VmRssKB=`cat /tmp/res2 | awk -v src=$Name '{if ($6==src) { sum+=$3}} END {print sum}'`
total=`cat /tmp/res2 | awk '{ sum+=$5} END {print sum}'`
Sum=`echo "${VmRssKB} ${VmSizeKB}" | awk '{print $1 + $2}'`
#all result stored in /tmp/res3 file
echo -e "$VmSizeKB + $VmRssKB = $Sum \t ${Name}${count}" >>/tmp/res3
done
#this make sort once more.
cat /tmp/res3 | sort -gr -k 5 | uniq > /tmp/res
#now we print result , first header
echo -e "Private \t + \t Shared \t = \t RAM used \t Program"
#after we read line by line of temp file
while read line
do
echo $line | while read a b c d e f
do
#we print all processes if Ram used if not 0
if [ $e != "0" ]; then
#here we use function that make conversion
echo -en "`convert $a` \t $b \t `convert $c` \t $d \t `convert $e` \t $f"
echo ""
fi
done
done < /tmp/res
#this part print footer, with counted Ram usage
echo "--------------------------------------------------------"
echo -e "\t\t\t\t\t\t `convert $total`"
echo "========================================================"
# we clean temporary file
[[ -f /tmp/res ]] && rm -f /tmp/res
[[ -f /tmp/res2 ]] && rm -f /tmp/res2
[[ -f /tmp/res3 ]] && rm -f /tmp/res3
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