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Kannada Roots

The associated csv file (here is a Google spreadsheet, and here is the file on Github) is based on the list of verbal roots compiled by the thirteenth-century grammarian Kēśirāja (or Kēśava) in his Śabdamaṇidarpaṇaṁ. The edition used is A. Shanker Kedilaya’s, printed in the Annals of Oriental Research (Madras) from 1964 to 1977. It has been checked against the edition of T. V. Venkatachala Sastry (Kannada Sahitya Parishattu, Bangalore, 2015).

This file uses the ISO-15919 system of transliteration for Kannada.

Downloading the CSV from Google Sheets

curl -o kannadaroots.csv https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1UFs3DxcffDlKXRoOXiKZNpRqtTY0SvJRQD7FL7BVa3Y/export?format=csv&id=1UFs3DxcffDlKXRoOXiKZNpRqtTY0SvJRQD7FL7BVa3Y&gid=0

Document structure

The spreadsheet has (so far) 7 columns:

  1. No.: The serial number assigned by Shanker Kedilaya.
  2. Root: The form of the verbal root given by Kēśirāja. (Sometimes Shanker Kedilaya lists other forms or readings, which are given in column 7.)
  3. Meaning (Sanskrit): Kēśirāja’s Sanskrit gloss of the root.
  4. Meaning (English): Shanker Kedilaya’s English translation.
  5. Class: Kēśirāja organizes the roots into classes; generally they are defined by the final consonant (disregarding any final vowels), hence ‘kanta’ for roots with a final -k, etc. But the roots ending in -isu and -cu are generally secondary and fall into different classes.
  6. Compound: If the root is compound, the individual components are given here, separated by a plus sign.
  7. Textual notes: Shanker Kedilaya’s notes on the root.

What next?

  • Continue to clean up the text (fix OCR errors, etc.).
  • References (and preferably links) to Kannada dictionaries.
  • Morphological data (past and non-past stems, etc.).

License

This is a work-in-progress distributed under the MIT License. Initial OCR, formatting, editing, etc. was done by Andrew Ollett.

About

Kēśirāja’s list of Kannada roots in tabular form.

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