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// Copyright (c) .NET Foundation. All rights reserved.
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0. See License.txt in the project root for license information.
using System;
using System.Collections.Concurrent;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Formatters.Xml;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Infrastructure;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.WebUtilities;
namespace Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Formatters
{
/// <summary>
/// This class handles deserialization of input XML data
/// to strongly-typed objects using <see cref="XmlSerializer"/>
/// </summary>
public class XmlSerializerInputFormatter : TextInputFormatter, IInputFormatterExceptionPolicy
{
private const int DefaultMemoryThreshold = 1024 * 30;
private readonly ConcurrentDictionary<Type, object> _serializerCache = new ConcurrentDictionary<Type, object>();
private readonly XmlDictionaryReaderQuotas _readerQuotas = FormattingUtilities.GetDefaultXmlReaderQuotas();
private readonly MvcOptions _options;
/// <summary>
/// Initializes a new instance of <see cref="XmlSerializerInputFormatter"/>.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="options">The <see cref="MvcOptions"/>.</param>
public XmlSerializerInputFormatter(MvcOptions options)
{
_options = options;
SupportedEncodings.Add(UTF8EncodingWithoutBOM);
SupportedEncodings.Add(UTF16EncodingLittleEndian);
SupportedMediaTypes.Add(MediaTypeHeaderValues.ApplicationXml);
SupportedMediaTypes.Add(MediaTypeHeaderValues.TextXml);
SupportedMediaTypes.Add(MediaTypeHeaderValues.ApplicationAnyXmlSyntax);
WrapperProviderFactories = new List<IWrapperProviderFactory>
{
new SerializableErrorWrapperProviderFactory(),
};
}
/// <summary>
/// Gets the list of <see cref="IWrapperProviderFactory"/> to
/// provide the wrapping type for de-serialization.
/// </summary>
public IList<IWrapperProviderFactory> WrapperProviderFactories { get; }
/// <summary>
/// Indicates the acceptable input XML depth.
/// </summary>
public int MaxDepth
{
get { return _readerQuotas.MaxDepth; }
set { _readerQuotas.MaxDepth = value; }
}
/// <summary>
/// The quotas include - DefaultMaxDepth, DefaultMaxStringContentLength, DefaultMaxArrayLength,
/// DefaultMaxBytesPerRead, DefaultMaxNameTableCharCount
/// </summary>
public XmlDictionaryReaderQuotas XmlDictionaryReaderQuotas => _readerQuotas;
/// <inheritdoc />
public virtual InputFormatterExceptionPolicy ExceptionPolicy
{
get
{
if (GetType() == typeof(XmlSerializerInputFormatter))
{
return InputFormatterExceptionPolicy.MalformedInputExceptions;
}
return InputFormatterExceptionPolicy.AllExceptions;
}
}
/// <inheritdoc />
public override async Task<InputFormatterResult> ReadRequestBodyAsync(
InputFormatterContext context,
Encoding encoding)
{
if (context == null)
{
throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(context));
}
if (encoding == null)
{
throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(encoding));
}
var request = context.HttpContext.Request;
Stream readStream = new NonDisposableStream(request.Body);
if (!request.Body.CanSeek && !_options.SuppressInputFormatterBuffering)
{
// XmlSerializer does synchronous reads. In order to avoid blocking on the stream, we asynchronously
// read everything into a buffer, and then seek back to the beginning.
var memoryThreshold = DefaultMemoryThreshold;
var contentLength = request.ContentLength.GetValueOrDefault();
if (contentLength > 0 && contentLength < memoryThreshold)
{
// If the Content-Length is known and is smaller than the default buffer size, use it.
memoryThreshold = (int)contentLength;
}
readStream = new FileBufferingReadStream(request.Body, memoryThreshold);
await readStream.DrainAsync(CancellationToken.None);
readStream.Seek(0L, SeekOrigin.Begin);
}
try
{
var type = GetSerializableType(context.ModelType);
using var xmlReader = CreateXmlReader(readStream, encoding, type);
var serializer = GetCachedSerializer(type);
var deserializedObject = serializer.Deserialize(xmlReader);
// Unwrap only if the original type was wrapped.
if (type != context.ModelType)
{
if (deserializedObject is IUnwrappable unwrappable)
{
deserializedObject = unwrappable.Unwrap(declaredType: context.ModelType);
}
}
return InputFormatterResult.Success(deserializedObject);
}
// XmlSerializer wraps actual exceptions (like FormatException or XmlException) into an InvalidOperationException
// https://github.com/dotnet/corefx/blob/master/src/System.Private.Xml/src/System/Xml/Serialization/XmlSerializer.cs#L652
catch (InvalidOperationException exception) when (exception.InnerException != null &&
exception.InnerException.InnerException == null &&
string.Equals("Microsoft.GeneratedCode", exception.InnerException.Source, StringComparison.InvariantCulture))
{
// Know this was an XML parsing error because the inner Exception was thrown in the (generated)
// assembly the XmlSerializer uses for parsing. The problem did not arise lower in the stack i.e. it's
// not (for example) an out-of-memory condition.
throw new InputFormatterException(Resources.ErrorDeserializingInputData, exception.InnerException);
}
catch (InvalidOperationException exception) when (exception.InnerException is FormatException ||
exception.InnerException is XmlException)
{
throw new InputFormatterException(Resources.ErrorDeserializingInputData, exception.InnerException);
}
finally
{
if (readStream is FileBufferingReadStream fileBufferingReadStream)
{
await fileBufferingReadStream.DisposeAsync();
}
}
}
/// <inheritdoc />
protected override bool CanReadType(Type type)
{
if (type == null)
{
throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(type));
}
return GetCachedSerializer(GetSerializableType(type)) != null;
}
/// <summary>
/// Gets the type to which the XML will be deserialized.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="declaredType">The declared type.</param>
/// <returns>The type to which the XML will be deserialized.</returns>
protected virtual Type GetSerializableType(Type declaredType)
{
if (declaredType == null)
{
throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(declaredType));
}
var wrapperProvider = WrapperProviderFactories.GetWrapperProvider(
new WrapperProviderContext(declaredType, isSerialization: false));
return wrapperProvider?.WrappingType ?? declaredType;
}
/// <summary>
/// Called during deserialization to get the <see cref="XmlReader"/>.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="readStream">The <see cref="Stream"/> from which to read.</param>
/// <param name="encoding">The <see cref="Encoding"/> used to read the stream.</param>
/// <param name="type">The <see cref="Type"/> that is to be deserialized.</param>
/// <returns>The <see cref="XmlReader"/> used during deserialization.</returns>
protected virtual XmlReader CreateXmlReader(Stream readStream, Encoding encoding, Type type)
{
return CreateXmlReader(readStream, encoding);
}
/// <summary>
/// Called during deserialization to get the <see cref="XmlReader"/>.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="readStream">The <see cref="Stream"/> from which to read.</param>
/// <param name="encoding">The <see cref="Encoding"/> used to read the stream.</param>
/// <returns>The <see cref="XmlReader"/> used during deserialization.</returns>
protected virtual XmlReader CreateXmlReader(Stream readStream, Encoding encoding)
{
if (readStream == null)
{
throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(readStream));
}
if (encoding == null)
{
throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(encoding));
}
return XmlDictionaryReader.CreateTextReader(readStream, encoding, _readerQuotas, onClose: null);
}
/// <summary>
/// Called during deserialization to get the <see cref="XmlSerializer"/>.
/// </summary>
/// <returns>The <see cref="XmlSerializer"/> used during deserialization.</returns>
protected virtual XmlSerializer CreateSerializer(Type type)
{
try
{
// If the serializer does not support this type it will throw an exception.
return new XmlSerializer(type);
}
catch (Exception)
{
// We do not surface the caught exception because if CanRead returns
// false, then this Formatter is not picked up at all.
return null;
}
}
/// <summary>
/// Gets the cached serializer or creates and caches the serializer for the given type.
/// </summary>
/// <returns>The <see cref="XmlSerializer"/> instance.</returns>
protected virtual XmlSerializer GetCachedSerializer(Type type)
{
if (type == null)
{
throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(type));
}
if (!_serializerCache.TryGetValue(type, out var serializer))
{
serializer = CreateSerializer(type);
if (serializer != null)
{
_serializerCache.TryAdd(type, serializer);
}
}
return (XmlSerializer)serializer;
}
}
}
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