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@Tratcher @davidfowl @altso
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// Copyright (c) .NET Foundation. All rights reserved.
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0. See License.txt in the project root for license information.
using System.IO;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging.EventLog;
namespace Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting
{
/// <summary>
/// Provides convenience methods for creating instances of <see cref="IHostBuilder"/> with pre-configured defaults.
/// </summary>
public static class Host
{
/// <summary>
/// Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="HostBuilder"/> class with pre-configured defaults.
/// </summary>
/// <remarks>
/// The following defaults are applied to the returned <see cref="HostBuilder"/>:
/// <list type="bullet">
/// <item><description>set the <see cref="IHostEnvironment.ContentRootPath"/> to the result of <see cref="Directory.GetCurrentDirectory()"/></description></item>
/// <item><description>load host <see cref="IConfiguration"/> from "DOTNET_" prefixed environment variables</description></item>
/// <item><description>load app <see cref="IConfiguration"/> from 'appsettings.json' and 'appsettings.[<see cref="IHostEnvironment.EnvironmentName"/>].json'</description></item>
/// <item><description>load app <see cref="IConfiguration"/> from User Secrets when <see cref="IHostEnvironment.EnvironmentName"/> is 'Development' using the entry assembly</description></item>
/// <item><description>load app <see cref="IConfiguration"/> from environment variables</description></item>
/// <item><description>configure the <see cref="ILoggerFactory"/> to log to the console, debug, and event source output</description></item>
/// <item><description>enables scope validation on the dependency injection container when <see cref="IHostEnvironment.EnvironmentName"/> is 'Development'</description></item>
/// </list>
/// </remarks>
/// <returns>The initialized <see cref="IHostBuilder"/>.</returns>
public static IHostBuilder CreateDefaultBuilder() =>
CreateDefaultBuilder(args: null);
/// <summary>
/// Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="HostBuilder"/> class with pre-configured defaults.
/// </summary>
/// <remarks>
/// The following defaults are applied to the returned <see cref="HostBuilder"/>:
/// <list type="bullet">
/// <item><description>set the <see cref="IHostEnvironment.ContentRootPath"/> to the result of <see cref="Directory.GetCurrentDirectory()"/></description></item>
/// <item><description>load host <see cref="IConfiguration"/> from "DOTNET_" prefixed environment variables</description></item>
/// <item><description>load host <see cref="IConfiguration"/> from supplied command line args</description></item>
/// <item><description>load app <see cref="IConfiguration"/> from 'appsettings.json' and 'appsettings.[<see cref="IHostEnvironment.EnvironmentName"/>].json'</description></item>
/// <item><description>load app <see cref="IConfiguration"/> from User Secrets when <see cref="IHostEnvironment.EnvironmentName"/> is 'Development' using the entry assembly</description></item>
/// <item><description>load app <see cref="IConfiguration"/> from environment variables</description></item>
/// <item><description>load app <see cref="IConfiguration"/> from supplied command line args</description></item>
/// <item><description>configure the <see cref="ILoggerFactory"/> to log to the console, debug, and event source output</description></item>
/// <item><description>enables scope validation on the dependency injection container when <see cref="IHostEnvironment.EnvironmentName"/> is 'Development'</description></item>
/// </list>
/// </remarks>
/// <param name="args">The command line args.</param>
/// <returns>The initialized <see cref="IHostBuilder"/>.</returns>
public static IHostBuilder CreateDefaultBuilder(string[] args)
{
var builder = new HostBuilder();
builder.UseContentRoot(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory());
builder.ConfigureHostConfiguration(config =>
{
config.AddEnvironmentVariables(prefix: "DOTNET_");
if (args != null)
{
config.AddCommandLine(args);
}
});
builder.ConfigureAppConfiguration((hostingContext, config) =>
{
var env = hostingContext.HostingEnvironment;
config.AddJsonFile("appsettings.json", optional: true, reloadOnChange: true)
.AddJsonFile($"appsettings.{env.EnvironmentName}.json", optional: true, reloadOnChange: true);
if (env.IsDevelopment() && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(env.ApplicationName))
{
var appAssembly = Assembly.Load(new AssemblyName(env.ApplicationName));
if (appAssembly != null)
{
config.AddUserSecrets(appAssembly, optional: true);
}
}
config.AddEnvironmentVariables();
if (args != null)
{
config.AddCommandLine(args);
}
})
.ConfigureLogging((hostingContext, logging) =>
{
var isWindows = RuntimeInformation.IsOSPlatform(OSPlatform.Windows);
// IMPORTANT: This needs to be added *before* configuration is loaded, this lets
// the defaults be overridden by the configuration.
if (isWindows)
{
// Default the EventLogLoggerProvider to warning or above
logging.AddFilter<EventLogLoggerProvider>(level => level >= LogLevel.Warning);
}
logging.AddConfiguration(hostingContext.Configuration.GetSection("Logging"));
logging.AddConsole();
logging.AddDebug();
logging.AddEventSourceLogger();
if (isWindows)
{
// Add the EventLogLoggerProvider on windows machines
logging.AddEventLog();
}
})
.UseDefaultServiceProvider((context, options) =>
{
var isDevelopment = context.HostingEnvironment.IsDevelopment();
options.ValidateScopes = isDevelopment;
options.ValidateOnBuild = isDevelopment;
});
return builder;
}
}
}
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