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1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
1 /*
2 * linux/kernel/capability.c
3 *
4 * Copyright (C) 1997 Andrew Main <zefram@fysh.org>
5 *
72c2d58 V3 file capabilities: alter behavior of cap_setpcap
Andrew Morgan authored
6 * Integrated into 2.1.97+, Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org>
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
7 * 30 May 2002: Cleanup, Robert M. Love <rml@tech9.net>
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
Daniel Walker authored
8 */
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
9
c59ede7 [PATCH] move capable() to capability.h
Randy.Dunlap authored
10 #include <linux/capability.h>
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
11 #include <linux/mm.h>
12 #include <linux/module.h>
13 #include <linux/security.h>
14 #include <linux/syscalls.h>
b460cbc pid namespaces: define is_global_init() and is_container_init()
Serge E. Hallyn authored
15 #include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
16 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
17
18 /*
19 * This lock protects task->cap_* for all tasks including current.
20 * Locking rule: acquire this prior to tasklist_lock.
21 */
22 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(task_capability_lock);
23
24 /*
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25 * Leveraged for setting/resetting capabilities
26 */
27
28 const kernel_cap_t __cap_empty_set = CAP_EMPTY_SET;
29 const kernel_cap_t __cap_full_set = CAP_FULL_SET;
30 const kernel_cap_t __cap_init_eff_set = CAP_INIT_EFF_SET;
31
32 EXPORT_SYMBOL(__cap_empty_set);
33 EXPORT_SYMBOL(__cap_full_set);
34 EXPORT_SYMBOL(__cap_init_eff_set);
35
36 /*
37 * More recent versions of libcap are available from:
38 *
39 * http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/libs/security/linux-privs/
40 */
41
42 static void warn_legacy_capability_use(void)
43 {
44 static int warned;
45 if (!warned) {
46 char name[sizeof(current->comm)];
47
48 printk(KERN_INFO "warning: `%s' uses 32-bit capabilities"
49 " (legacy support in use)\n",
50 get_task_comm(name, current));
51 warned = 1;
52 }
53 }
54
55 /*
ca05a99 capabilities: remain source compatible with 32-bit raw legacy capabil…
Andrew G. Morgan authored
56 * Version 2 capabilities worked fine, but the linux/capability.h file
57 * that accompanied their introduction encouraged their use without
58 * the necessary user-space source code changes. As such, we have
59 * created a version 3 with equivalent functionality to version 2, but
60 * with a header change to protect legacy source code from using
61 * version 2 when it wanted to use version 1. If your system has code
62 * that trips the following warning, it is using version 2 specific
63 * capabilities and may be doing so insecurely.
64 *
65 * The remedy is to either upgrade your version of libcap (to 2.10+,
66 * if the application is linked against it), or recompile your
67 * application with modern kernel headers and this warning will go
68 * away.
69 */
70
71 static void warn_deprecated_v2(void)
72 {
73 static int warned;
74
75 if (!warned) {
76 char name[sizeof(current->comm)];
77
78 printk(KERN_INFO "warning: `%s' uses deprecated v2"
79 " capabilities in a way that may be insecure.\n",
80 get_task_comm(name, current));
81 warned = 1;
82 }
83 }
84
85 /*
86 * Version check. Return the number of u32s in each capability flag
87 * array, or a negative value on error.
88 */
89 static int cap_validate_magic(cap_user_header_t header, unsigned *tocopy)
90 {
91 __u32 version;
92
93 if (get_user(version, &header->version))
94 return -EFAULT;
95
96 switch (version) {
97 case _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_1:
98 warn_legacy_capability_use();
99 *tocopy = _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_1;
100 break;
101 case _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_2:
102 warn_deprecated_v2();
103 /*
104 * fall through - v3 is otherwise equivalent to v2.
105 */
106 case _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_3:
107 *tocopy = _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_3;
108 break;
109 default:
110 if (put_user((u32)_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_VERSION, &header->version))
111 return -EFAULT;
112 return -EINVAL;
113 }
114
115 return 0;
116 }
117
ab763c7 security: filesystem capabilities refactor kernel code
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118 #ifndef CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES
119
120 /*
121 * Without filesystem capability support, we nominally support one process
122 * setting the capabilities of another
123 */
124 static inline int cap_get_target_pid(pid_t pid, kernel_cap_t *pEp,
125 kernel_cap_t *pIp, kernel_cap_t *pPp)
126 {
127 struct task_struct *target;
128 int ret;
129
130 spin_lock(&task_capability_lock);
131 read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
132
133 if (pid && pid != task_pid_vnr(current)) {
134 target = find_task_by_vpid(pid);
135 if (!target) {
136 ret = -ESRCH;
137 goto out;
138 }
139 } else
140 target = current;
141
142 ret = security_capget(target, pEp, pIp, pPp);
143
144 out:
145 read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
146 spin_unlock(&task_capability_lock);
147
148 return ret;
149 }
150
151 /*
152 * cap_set_pg - set capabilities for all processes in a given process
153 * group. We call this holding task_capability_lock and tasklist_lock.
154 */
155 static inline int cap_set_pg(int pgrp_nr, kernel_cap_t *effective,
156 kernel_cap_t *inheritable,
157 kernel_cap_t *permitted)
158 {
159 struct task_struct *g, *target;
160 int ret = -EPERM;
161 int found = 0;
162 struct pid *pgrp;
163
164 spin_lock(&task_capability_lock);
165 read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
166
167 pgrp = find_vpid(pgrp_nr);
168 do_each_pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID, g) {
169 target = g;
170 while_each_thread(g, target) {
171 if (!security_capset_check(target, effective,
172 inheritable, permitted)) {
173 security_capset_set(target, effective,
174 inheritable, permitted);
175 ret = 0;
176 }
177 found = 1;
178 }
179 } while_each_pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID, g);
180
181 read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
182 spin_unlock(&task_capability_lock);
183
184 if (!found)
185 ret = 0;
186 return ret;
187 }
188
ca05a99 capabilities: remain source compatible with 32-bit raw legacy capabil…
Andrew G. Morgan authored
189 /*
ab763c7 security: filesystem capabilities refactor kernel code
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190 * cap_set_all - set capabilities for all processes other than init
191 * and self. We call this holding task_capability_lock and tasklist_lock.
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
192 */
ab763c7 security: filesystem capabilities refactor kernel code
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193 static inline int cap_set_all(kernel_cap_t *effective,
194 kernel_cap_t *inheritable,
195 kernel_cap_t *permitted)
196 {
197 struct task_struct *g, *target;
198 int ret = -EPERM;
199 int found = 0;
200
201 spin_lock(&task_capability_lock);
202 read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
203
204 do_each_thread(g, target) {
205 if (target == current
206 || is_container_init(target->group_leader))
207 continue;
208 found = 1;
209 if (security_capset_check(target, effective, inheritable,
210 permitted))
211 continue;
212 ret = 0;
213 security_capset_set(target, effective, inheritable, permitted);
214 } while_each_thread(g, target);
215
216 read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
217 spin_unlock(&task_capability_lock);
218
219 if (!found)
220 ret = 0;
221
222 return ret;
223 }
224
225 /*
226 * Given the target pid does not refer to the current process we
227 * need more elaborate support... (This support is not present when
228 * filesystem capabilities are configured.)
229 */
230 static inline int do_sys_capset_other_tasks(pid_t pid, kernel_cap_t *effective,
231 kernel_cap_t *inheritable,
232 kernel_cap_t *permitted)
233 {
234 struct task_struct *target;
235 int ret;
236
237 if (!capable(CAP_SETPCAP))
238 return -EPERM;
239
240 if (pid == -1) /* all procs other than current and init */
241 return cap_set_all(effective, inheritable, permitted);
242
243 else if (pid < 0) /* all procs in process group */
244 return cap_set_pg(-pid, effective, inheritable, permitted);
245
246 /* target != current */
247 spin_lock(&task_capability_lock);
248 read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
249
250 target = find_task_by_vpid(pid);
251 if (!target)
252 ret = -ESRCH;
253 else {
254 ret = security_capset_check(target, effective, inheritable,
255 permitted);
256
257 /* having verified that the proposed changes are legal,
258 we now put them into effect. */
259 if (!ret)
260 security_capset_set(target, effective, inheritable,
261 permitted);
262 }
263
264 read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
265 spin_unlock(&task_capability_lock);
266
267 return ret;
268 }
269
270 #else /* ie., def CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES */
271
272 /*
273 * If we have configured with filesystem capability support, then the
274 * only thing that can change the capabilities of the current process
275 * is the current process. As such, we can't be in this code at the
276 * same time as we are in the process of setting capabilities in this
277 * process. The net result is that we can limit our use of locks to
278 * when we are reading the caps of another process.
279 */
280 static inline int cap_get_target_pid(pid_t pid, kernel_cap_t *pEp,
281 kernel_cap_t *pIp, kernel_cap_t *pPp)
282 {
283 int ret;
284
285 if (pid && (pid != task_pid_vnr(current))) {
286 struct task_struct *target;
287
288 spin_lock(&task_capability_lock);
289 read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
290
291 target = find_task_by_vpid(pid);
292 if (!target)
293 ret = -ESRCH;
294 else
295 ret = security_capget(target, pEp, pIp, pPp);
296
297 read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
298 spin_unlock(&task_capability_lock);
299 } else
300 ret = security_capget(current, pEp, pIp, pPp);
301
302 return ret;
303 }
304
305 /*
306 * With filesystem capability support configured, the kernel does not
307 * permit the changing of capabilities in one process by another
308 * process. (CAP_SETPCAP has much less broad semantics when configured
309 * this way.)
310 */
311 static inline int do_sys_capset_other_tasks(pid_t pid,
312 kernel_cap_t *effective,
313 kernel_cap_t *inheritable,
314 kernel_cap_t *permitted)
315 {
316 return -EPERM;
317 }
318
319 #endif /* ie., ndef CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES */
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
320
086f731 security: filesystem capabilities: fix fragile setuid fixup code
Andrew G. Morgan authored
321 /*
322 * Atomically modify the effective capabilities returning the original
323 * value. No permission check is performed here - it is assumed that the
324 * caller is permitted to set the desired effective capabilities.
325 */
326 kernel_cap_t cap_set_effective(const kernel_cap_t pE_new)
327 {
328 kernel_cap_t pE_old;
329
330 spin_lock(&task_capability_lock);
331
332 pE_old = current->cap_effective;
333 current->cap_effective = pE_new;
334
335 spin_unlock(&task_capability_lock);
336
337 return pE_old;
338 }
339
340 EXPORT_SYMBOL(cap_set_effective);
341
207a7ba [PATCH] kernel/capability.c: add kerneldoc
Randy Dunlap authored
342 /**
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
343 * sys_capget - get the capabilities of a given process.
207a7ba [PATCH] kernel/capability.c: add kerneldoc
Randy Dunlap authored
344 * @header: pointer to struct that contains capability version and
345 * target pid data
346 * @dataptr: pointer to struct that contains the effective, permitted,
347 * and inheritable capabilities that are returned
348 *
349 * Returns 0 on success and < 0 on error.
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
350 */
351 asmlinkage long sys_capget(cap_user_header_t header, cap_user_data_t dataptr)
352 {
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
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353 int ret = 0;
354 pid_t pid;
e338d26 Add 64-bit capability support to the kernel
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355 unsigned tocopy;
356 kernel_cap_t pE, pI, pP;
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
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357
ca05a99 capabilities: remain source compatible with 32-bit raw legacy capabil…
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358 ret = cap_validate_magic(header, &tocopy);
359 if (ret != 0)
360 return ret;
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
361
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
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362 if (get_user(pid, &header->pid))
363 return -EFAULT;
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
364
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
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365 if (pid < 0)
366 return -EINVAL;
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
367
ab763c7 security: filesystem capabilities refactor kernel code
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368 ret = cap_get_target_pid(pid, &pE, &pI, &pP);
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
369
e338d26 Add 64-bit capability support to the kernel
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370 if (!ret) {
ca05a99 capabilities: remain source compatible with 32-bit raw legacy capabil…
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371 struct __user_cap_data_struct kdata[_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S];
e338d26 Add 64-bit capability support to the kernel
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372 unsigned i;
373
374 for (i = 0; i < tocopy; i++) {
375 kdata[i].effective = pE.cap[i];
376 kdata[i].permitted = pP.cap[i];
377 kdata[i].inheritable = pI.cap[i];
378 }
379
380 /*
ca05a99 capabilities: remain source compatible with 32-bit raw legacy capabil…
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381 * Note, in the case, tocopy < _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S,
e338d26 Add 64-bit capability support to the kernel
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382 * we silently drop the upper capabilities here. This
383 * has the effect of making older libcap
384 * implementations implicitly drop upper capability
385 * bits when they perform a: capget/modify/capset
386 * sequence.
387 *
388 * This behavior is considered fail-safe
389 * behavior. Upgrading the application to a newer
390 * version of libcap will enable access to the newer
391 * capabilities.
392 *
393 * An alternative would be to return an error here
394 * (-ERANGE), but that causes legacy applications to
395 * unexpectidly fail; the capget/modify/capset aborts
396 * before modification is attempted and the application
397 * fails.
398 */
399 if (copy_to_user(dataptr, kdata, tocopy
400 * sizeof(struct __user_cap_data_struct))) {
401 return -EFAULT;
402 }
403 }
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
404
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
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405 return ret;
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
406 }
407
207a7ba [PATCH] kernel/capability.c: add kerneldoc
Randy Dunlap authored
408 /**
ab763c7 security: filesystem capabilities refactor kernel code
Andrew G. Morgan authored
409 * sys_capset - set capabilities for a process or (*) a group of processes
207a7ba [PATCH] kernel/capability.c: add kerneldoc
Randy Dunlap authored
410 * @header: pointer to struct that contains capability version and
411 * target pid data
412 * @data: pointer to struct that contains the effective, permitted,
413 * and inheritable capabilities
414 *
415 * Set capabilities for a given process, all processes, or all
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
416 * processes in a given process group.
417 *
418 * The restrictions on setting capabilities are specified as:
419 *
420 * [pid is for the 'target' task. 'current' is the calling task.]
421 *
422 * I: any raised capabilities must be a subset of the (old current) permitted
423 * P: any raised capabilities must be a subset of the (old current) permitted
424 * E: must be set to a subset of (new target) permitted
207a7ba [PATCH] kernel/capability.c: add kerneldoc
Randy Dunlap authored
425 *
426 * Returns 0 on success and < 0 on error.
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
427 */
428 asmlinkage long sys_capset(cap_user_header_t header, const cap_user_data_t data)
429 {
ca05a99 capabilities: remain source compatible with 32-bit raw legacy capabil…
Andrew G. Morgan authored
430 struct __user_cap_data_struct kdata[_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S];
e338d26 Add 64-bit capability support to the kernel
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431 unsigned i, tocopy;
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
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432 kernel_cap_t inheritable, permitted, effective;
433 int ret;
434 pid_t pid;
435
ca05a99 capabilities: remain source compatible with 32-bit raw legacy capabil…
Andrew G. Morgan authored
436 ret = cap_validate_magic(header, &tocopy);
437 if (ret != 0)
438 return ret;
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
Daniel Walker authored
439
440 if (get_user(pid, &header->pid))
441 return -EFAULT;
442
e338d26 Add 64-bit capability support to the kernel
Andrew Morgan authored
443 if (copy_from_user(&kdata, data, tocopy
444 * sizeof(struct __user_cap_data_struct))) {
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
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445 return -EFAULT;
e338d26 Add 64-bit capability support to the kernel
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446 }
447
448 for (i = 0; i < tocopy; i++) {
449 effective.cap[i] = kdata[i].effective;
450 permitted.cap[i] = kdata[i].permitted;
451 inheritable.cap[i] = kdata[i].inheritable;
452 }
ca05a99 capabilities: remain source compatible with 32-bit raw legacy capabil…
Andrew G. Morgan authored
453 while (i < _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S) {
e338d26 Add 64-bit capability support to the kernel
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454 effective.cap[i] = 0;
455 permitted.cap[i] = 0;
456 inheritable.cap[i] = 0;
457 i++;
458 }
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
Daniel Walker authored
459
ab763c7 security: filesystem capabilities refactor kernel code
Andrew G. Morgan authored
460 if (pid && (pid != task_pid_vnr(current)))
461 ret = do_sys_capset_other_tasks(pid, &effective, &inheritable,
462 &permitted);
463 else {
464 /*
465 * This lock is required even when filesystem
466 * capability support is configured - it protects the
467 * sys_capget() call from returning incorrect data in
468 * the case that the targeted process is not the
469 * current one.
470 */
471 spin_lock(&task_capability_lock);
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
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472
ab763c7 security: filesystem capabilities refactor kernel code
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473 ret = security_capset_check(current, &effective, &inheritable,
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
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474 &permitted);
ab763c7 security: filesystem capabilities refactor kernel code
Andrew G. Morgan authored
475 /*
476 * Having verified that the proposed changes are
477 * legal, we now put them into effect.
478 */
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479 if (!ret)
ab763c7 security: filesystem capabilities refactor kernel code
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480 security_capset_set(current, &effective, &inheritable,
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
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481 &permitted);
ab763c7 security: filesystem capabilities refactor kernel code
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482 spin_unlock(&task_capability_lock);
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483 }
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
484
485
314f70f whitespace fixes: capability syscalls
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486 return ret;
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
487 }
12b5989 @chriswright [PATCH] refactor capable() to one implementation, add __capable() helper
chriswright authored
488
5cd9c58 security: Fix setting of PF_SUPERPRIV by __capable()
David Howells authored
489 /**
490 * capable - Determine if the current task has a superior capability in effect
491 * @cap: The capability to be tested for
492 *
493 * Return true if the current task has the given superior capability currently
494 * available for use, false if not.
495 *
496 * This sets PF_SUPERPRIV on the task if the capability is available on the
497 * assumption that it's about to be used.
498 */
499 int capable(int cap)
12b5989 @chriswright [PATCH] refactor capable() to one implementation, add __capable() helper
chriswright authored
500 {
5cd9c58 security: Fix setting of PF_SUPERPRIV by __capable()
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501 if (has_capability(current, cap)) {
502 current->flags |= PF_SUPERPRIV;
12b5989 @chriswright [PATCH] refactor capable() to one implementation, add __capable() helper
chriswright authored
503 return 1;
504 }
505 return 0;
506 }
507 EXPORT_SYMBOL(capable);
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