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Qid: 382 Rank: 1 Score: 19.944258
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS3-35218 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes035_m_94004" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-035 </AU>
Document Type:Daily Report
<DATE1> 22 Feb 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> JORDAN </F>
<H3> <TI> King Hosts Yemeni Accord Signing Ceremony </TI></H3>
<H4> Signatories of Accord Document Listed </H4>
<F P=102> JN2002174594 Amman Jordan Television Network in Arabic 1450
GMT 20 Feb 94 </F>
<F P=103> JN2002174594 </F>
<F P=104> Amman Jordan Television Network </F>
<TEXT>
Language: <F P=105> Arabic </F>
Article Type:BFN
<F P=106> [List of members of the Yemeni Political Forces Dialogue </F>
Committee, Yemeni political parties, and organizations
designated as signatories of the Yemeni document of pledge and
accord, read by Ahmad Jabir 'Afif, rapporteur of the Dialogue
Committee, on 20 February at the Royal Hashemite Court in Amman
--live]
[Text] In the name of God, the merciful, the
compassionate. The following are the names of the brother
members of the Political Forces Dialogue Committee, listed
alphabetically:
Ahmad Jabir 'Afif;
Isma'il Bin-Ahmad al-Wazir;
Anis Hasan Yahya 'Awad;
Ahmad 'Abd-al-Rahman Qarhash;
Ahmad Kalaz;
Jarallah Sa'd 'Umar Muhammad Mus'id 'Umar;
Haydar Abu-Bakr al-'Attas;
Husayn Sharaf al-Kibsi;
Hammud Hashim 'Abdallah al-Dharihi;
Salim Hasan al-Ma'mari;
Sadiq 'Ali al-Dabab;
Salih Nasir Nasran;
Salah Bin-Ahmad Fulaytah;
'Abd-al-'Aziz 'Abd-al-Ghani;
'Abd-al-Wahhab Ahmad al-Anisi;
'Abd-al-Qadir Hasan Muhammad al-Qiyari;
'Abd-al-Quddus Yaha al-Midwahi;
'Abd-al-Karim 'Ali Yahya al-Iryani;
'Abdallah Ahmad Ghanim;
'Abdallah Salih al-Bar;
'Abdallah Muhsin al-Akwa';
'Abd-al-Wahid Hawwash;
'Umar 'Abdallah al-Lijawi;
Fadl Muhsin 'Abdallah;
Muhsin Muhammad Abu-Bakr Bin al-Farid;
Muhammad Ragh Sa'id;
Muhammad 'Abdallah al-Busayyil;
Muhammad 'Abd-al-Malik al-Mutawakkil;
Yahya Muhammad al-Shami.
Secretaries or heads of the political parties and
organizations, listed alphabetically:
Ahmad Muhammad al-Shami, secretary general of the al-Haqq
[Right] Party;
Hamud Muhammad Baydar, secretary general of the Yemeni
Revolution Strugglers Organization;
Khalid Fadl Mansur, head of the Yemeni Unionist Grouping
Party;
Sinan 'Abdallah Abu-Luhum, head of the National Forces
Union;
'Abd-al-Rahman 'Ali Muhammad al-Jifidi, head of the League
of the Sons of Yemen;
'Abd-al-Malik 'Abd-al-Jalil al-Makhlafi, secretary general
of the Nasirite Popular Unionist Organization;
Dr. Qasim Sallam, secretary of the Yemen command of the
Arab Socialist Ba'th Party;
Mujahid Yahya Abu-Shawarib, an independent.
Forgive me, brothers, I have inadvertently skipped the name
of brother Ibrahim Bin-'Ali al-Wazir, secretary general of the
Popular Forces Union.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 2 Score: 18.442894
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-60433 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes101_j_94009" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-101 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 24 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Ali Nasir Muhammad Rejects Post, Secession </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Ali Nasir Muhammad Rejects Post, Secession </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> PM2405155994 London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT in Arabic 24 May 94 p3 </F>
<F P=103> PM2405155994 </F>
<F P=104> London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Report by Salwa al-Ustuwani: "'Ali Nasir Rejects the New </F>
State in the South and Urges Cancellation of the Secession and
Resumption of Dialogue"]
[Excerpts] Damascus -- 'Ali Nasir Muhammad, former south
Yemeni president, has confirmed the statement made by 'Abdallah
Ahmad Ghanim, the Yemeni justice minister in the Sanaa
government, to the effect that 'Ali Salim al-Bid had telephoned
'Ali Nasir Muhammad, who lives in Damascus, and offered him the
post of vice president in the Democratic Republic of Yemen which
was declared three days ago, on the basis that al-Bid would
resign six months later and 'Ali Nasir Muhammad would become
head of state.
President 'Ali Nasir Muhammad told AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT that he
rejected the offer which he saw as tantamount to partition of
Yemen which would be "a crime against unity." He added: "They
tried to persuade me by all means in three contacts. I told
them that I could not accept." He said that "'Ali Salim al-Bid
offered to send today -- that is immediately -- a special plane
to take me to him in Hadramaut. I refused and told him that I
was prepared to return on certain conditions. The first was
restoration of unity. And I said that I would be willing to
work for a cease-fire and a return to dialogue and prevent the
country's destruction. I asked him to postpone everything for
48 hours, not to make any decisions, and revoke south Yemen's
secession decision and return to dialogue and a cease-fire, and
said that I would be willing to hold contacts with Sanaa and
Aden to promote dialogue and understanding."
'Ali Nasir Muhammad added: "I rejected al-Bid's offer
because I care about Yemen's unity and because I still maintain
my principled position stated before and after these events,
namely that I am opposed to infighting and secession. I
emphasized in all their contacts with me and my contacts with
them that the Yemeni solution must be within the framework of
the unity state not outside it, that whatever the problems and
mistakes encountered throughout the unity march, they did not
justify secession at all, and that a distinction should be made
between disagreement with the Yemeni president and the cause of
Yemen's unity. Individuals disappear but unity and the people
live on." [passage omitted]
Asked what he thought were the chances of survival for south
Yemen's secession, he said "I can confirm that the Yemeni
Socialist Party [YSP] played a significant part, along with the
other political groups and the General People's Congress [GPC],
in achieving unity, that the YSP derived its strength from its
support for unity, and that abandoning unity now would mean
suicide and would mean the end of the party." [passage omitted]
President 'Ali Nasir Muhammad said that he did not know if
the Gulf states or any state had any intention of recognizing
the new south Yemeni state. He said they would have to think
hard before taking such a step.
Commenting on (north) Yemeni President 'Ali 'Abdallah
Salih's
position on what has happened, 'Ali Nasir Muhammad said: "In a
telephone conversation I had with President Salih yesterday, he
assured me that he would never accept the secession which is
considered as high national treason, that there would be no
going back on unity, that he would not accept the secession of
the south as a fait accompli, and that he was prepared to hold a
dialogue with the YSP or with the unionist forces within the YSP
to rescue Yemen and its unity. I, in turn, stressed to him the
need for a dialogue with the unionist forces in the YSP and
asked him to keep the door open for dialogue despite the wounds."
The former Yemeni president also said: "I am now
endeavoring and trying, along with some of the people who
support unity and who are loyal to the Yemeni people, to promote
such a dialogue between President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih and the
YSP. That is what I am working for in my current contacts."
Asked if Arab mediation has been suspended, he said: "There
is no Arab mediation. There is Arab League mediation. Arab
League Secretary General Dr. 'Ismat 'Abd-al-Majid has, in a
telephone conversation, assured me that 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih has
left the door open for dialogue with the Arab League and the
Arab states."
On the reports claiming that a number of his supporters
including the newly appointed Defense Minister 'Abd-Rabbuh Hadi
Mansur, Social Security Minister Muhammad 'Abdallah al-Batani,
and Colonel al-Khadr al-'Aqil, were killed in a car accident,
giving rise to widespread speculations, 'Ali Nasir Muhammad
said: "That is not true. I contacted them a short while ago
and spoke to them personally and reassured myself about their
health. What was published about them having been killed is not
true. They are alive and well."
The former Yemeni president showed annoyance at the
appointment of Sulayman Nasir Mas'ud, formerly one of his
supporters, as a member of the southern Presidential Council.
He said: "I have nothing to do with that appointment or with
him. I was not consulted. As a matter of principle I reject
the secession and I naturally reject his appointment. It is not
just a question of rejecting the appointment. I reject the
whole idea. He does not represent me and I have nothing to do
with him." [passage omitted]
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 3 Score: 16.935688
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-37805 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes122_c_94002" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-122 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 23 Jun 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> Egypt </F>
<H3> <TI> Twenty-two Repentant `Terrorists' Released </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Twenty-two Repentant `Terrorists' Released </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> NC2306155694 Cairo MENA in Arabic 1540 GMT 23 Jun 94 </F>
<F P=103> NC2306155694 </F>
<F P=104> Cairo MENA </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
[Excerpt] Cairo, 23 Jun (MENA) -- The second group of
terrorists to repent and denounce extremism after realizing the
corrupt nature of their ideas and false beliefs was released
from Tura Prison this afternoon.
Some 22 people were released -- 18 from Cairo, two from
al-Fayyum, and two from Bani Suwayf. They were arrested after
joining the extremist terrorist groups.
They were named as: Ashraf Sabir Muhammad, 'Izzat 'Awad
Sulayman, 'Isam Muhammad Muhammad 'Abd-Rabbuh, 'Abd-al-Mun'im
Mustafa Mahfuz, Muhammad Ibrahim al-Sayyid Khafajah,
'Abd-al-'Alim 'Ali Husni, Usamah Ahmad Huraydi, 'Abd-al-'Aziz
Mahmud Salamah, Muhammad al-Sayyid 'Ali al-Hadini, Hani Imam
'Abd-al-'Aziz Salih, Sayyid Isma'il Hasanayn, Karam Muhammad
Nash'at, Ashraf 'Abd-al- Sami' Bakr, 'Isam Fawzi 'Abd-al-'Al,
Yasir Anwar Muhammad 'Ali, Mustafa Fawzi 'Abd-al-'Al, Ibrahim
Muhammad 'Abd-al-'Aziz, Muhammad Muhammad Ramadan Rizq, Ayman
'Abd-al-'Al Hasan, Jamal 'Abd-al-Fattah Nasrallah, Muhammad
Ahmad Mutawalli Mahmud, and Sabir 'Abd-al-Sattar Muhammad.
The released expressed their satisfaction and joy over
Interior Minister Hasan al-Alfi's decision to release those who
repent, denounce all forms of violence and terrorism, and return
to society's ranks as good citizens. [passage omitted]
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 4 Score: 16.489563
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-60217 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes099_j_94045" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-099 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 22 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> South Yemen Takes Steps To Form Government </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> South Yemen Takes Steps To Form Government </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> NC2205060294 Paris AFP in English 0049 GMT 22 May 94 </F>
<F P=103> NC2205060294 </F>
<F P=104> Paris AFP </F>
<F P=105> English </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
[Text] Aden, Yemen, May 22 (AFP) -- A five-man
presidential council for the independent state newly proclaimed
in south Yemen was named overnight Saturday, it was officially
announced in Aden.
Its members were appointed by the provisional Council of
National Salvation -- a body composed of elected parliamentary
deputies from the south, religious leaders and representatives
of political parties and political leaders.
The five include the leader of the Yemeni Socialist Party
(YSP) 'Ali Salim al-Bid, who spearheaded the break with Sanaa.
Members were named as:
- al-Bid
- Salim Salih Muhammad -- YSP deputy secretary-general
- 'Abd-al-Rahman Ja'far -- secretary-general of the opposition
"Sons of Yemen Party"
- 'Abd-al-Qawi Makkawi -- Opposition figure resident in Cairo
- Sulayman Nasir Mas'ud -- a supporter of former South Yemen
president 'Ali Nasir Muhammad.
Al-Bid proclaimed overnight Friday an independent Yemen
Democratic Republic in what was formerly Marxist South Yemen
amid a two-week civil war with forces loyal to President 'Ali
'Abdallah Salih, a northerner.
The break came four years to the day after South and North
Yemen were reunified.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 5 Score: 16.464952
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-59338 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes092_j_94034" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-092 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 11 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> New Heads of Command Structures Named </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> New Heads of Command Structures Named </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> PM1205094694 London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT in Arabic 11 May 94 p2 </F>
<F P=103> PM1205094694 </F>
<F P=104> London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Reports by Salwa al-Ustuwani in Damascus and AL-SHARQ </F>
AL-AWSAT bureau in Amman: "Restructuring of the Northern and
Southern Commands Paves the Way for a New Phase in the Yemeni
War"]
[Excerpts] According to Yemeni military sources, battles
raged yesterday in the town of Zinjibar and extended to
al-Bayda' Governorate in the north in the areas of al-Kawd and
al-'Urqub and all the way to Mukayris. It seems that the
northern al-'Amaliqah forces deployed there are drawning their
last breath. The northern command had pinned great hopes on them
for victory and for the occupation of Aden, and they were
considered the pincers in the area to the north of Aden.
As regards the other forces which have been trying to
besiege
Aden from the north and the west in the
Ta'izz-al-Rahidah-Mawiyah axis, they have withdrawn from the
borders and from the areas they had occupied to the north of
Ta'izz Governorate. [passage omitted]
In the course of the re-formation of the southern command,
new appointments have been made in the various sectors as
follows:
1. The eastern front (the governorates of Shabwah and
Hadramaut): The operations there are supervised by Salih
Abu-Bakr Bin-Husaynun, former oil and mineral resources minister
and chief of staff in the south.
2. The Abyan-al-Bayda' front is under the command of Abyan
Governor Muhammad 'Ali Ahmad.
3. The Kirsh front is under the command of Colonel Qasim
Bin-Yahya.
4. The Maqtabah front is under the command of Salih 'Ubayd
Ahmad, former deputy prime minister who was defense minister
before the unity.
5. The Ta'izz and Ibb brigades are under the command of
Housing and Planning Minister Muhammad Sa'id 'Abdallah (Muhsin)
and Culture Minister Jarallah 'Umar (both members of the
Political Bureau of the Yemeni Socialist Party [YSP]), and
Sultan al-Sami'i, the formerly independent deputy.
As regards the northern command, it has been formed as
follows:
1. Ahmad Musa'id Husayn (member of the General Committee --
the Political Bureau -- of the General People's Congress [GPC]):
Command of the Shabwah front.
2. 'Abd-Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, the new defense minister, and
Ahmad 'Abdallah al-Husayni: Al-Bayda' command.
All three of them [as published] are former south Yemeni
President 'Ali Nasir Muhammad's men.
3. 'Abd-al-'Aziz 'Abd-al-Ghani, Muhammad Salim Basindwah,
Ahmad Faraj, and 'Abdallah al-Qadi: Ta'izz command.
4. 'Abd-al-Karim al-Iryani and a group of central areas
officers: Ibb command.
5. (Central Security Commander) Muhammad 'Abdallah Salih,
(Air Force Commander) 'Ali Salih al-Ahmar, (1st Armored Division
Commander) 'Ali Muhsin al-Ahmar, and (Information Minister)
Hasan al-Lawzi: Sanaa area command. The aim is to purge it of
the political parties and others who sympathize with the YSP.
6. 'Abd-al-Rahman Muhammad 'Ali 'Uthman, 'Abd-al-Rahman
al-zayn, and other leadership and staff members: Command of
al-Hudaydah front.
Meanwhile, AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT has obtained some information
about the arrest of a group of Sudanese and Iraqis in Aden and
the arrest of 60 members of the extremist Afghan Jihad members
in al-Dali'. There is information confirming that Eritrea has
admitted into its airports a group of northern civilian planes
which were taken to Asmara Airport out of fear that they might
have been a target of attack at the airports of Ta'izz, Sanaa,
and al-Hudaydah.
Although YSP sources have refused to confirm that Eritrean
airports were used in the Yemeni war, some reports say that the
southerners bombed Asmara airport after discovering that
northern military aircraft had taken off from there.
The reports add that the north paid Eritrean President
Isaias
Afewerki $20 million for allowing the planes into his country's
airport.
Sources close to the Yemeni Defense Ministry have told
AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT that the southern 'Abbud Brigade, in
cooperation with the public in al-Dali' Directorate in the Lahij
Governorate, successfully confronted the attack launched by
northern forces loyal to President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih
consisting of al-Hamzah Brigade reinforced by selected
Republican Guard forces. The Defense Ministry in Aden said the
result was a "crushing" defeat for the northern forces which had
to retreat.
The sources said that the 'Abbud Brigade's forces, which are
under the command of Defense Minister Staff Brigadier General
Haytham Qasim Tahir, captured 15 tanks and destroyed 10 tanks
and a number of vehicles and troop carriers, but the Defense
Ministry did not give the human losses on both sides.
Sanaa has not denied that report to close politicians and
reporters, who are finding it difficult to contact the outside
world and who see Sanaa's silence about these battles of the
past two days as an indication that the results were not in its
favor.
Sources of the Yemeni Defense Ministry in the south said
that
four of Sanaa's Russian-made aircraft were shot down as they
attacked civilian targets in Aden. Two of the pilots were
captured. One of them is an Egyptian Islamic extremist and the
other an Iraqi from the Iraqi Air Force. The other two were
killed when their two aircraft exploded in mid-air.
The sources attribute the use of Iraqi pilots in the Yemeni
war to the weakness of north Yemeni pilots and the warm
relations between President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih and Iraqi
President Saddam Husayn. Before the outbreak of battles,
political and press sources said that a number of Iraqi military
experts had arrived in Sanaa. [passage omitted]
In a telephone statement to AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT in Damascus,
Yemeni military sources said that the planes which bombed Aden
were Yemeni planes which took off from military airfields in
Eritrea and were flown by Iraqi pilots. It seems that Iraq
entered the battle through Eritrea after the latter was paid
large sums of money. [passage omitted]
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 6 Score: 15.581032
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-46391 </DOCNO>
<HT> "jptot024__l94068" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> JPRS-TOT-94-024-L </AU>
JPRS
Terrorism
</HEADER>
<ABS> FOUO </ABS>
<DATE1> 5 June 1994 </DATE1>
<F P=100> NEAR EAST/SOUTH ASIA </F>
<F P=101> EGYPT </F>
<H3> <TI> Interior Minister's Attackers Named in Court </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Interior Minister's Attackers Named in Court </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> NC0506120294 Cairo MENA in Arabic 1125 GMT 5 Jun 94 </F>
<F P=103> NC0506120294 </F>
<F P=104> Cairo MENA </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
[Text] Cairo, 5 Jun (MENA)--The Supreme Military Court
today held its first session to consider the case of the attempt
to assassinate the interior minister, which involves 17
defendants, including 3 fugitives.
The court held its session amid strict security measures. A
number of lawyers, family members of the defendants, and
representatives of the Egyptian and international media were
present.
The trial began by calling the names of the defendants, who
are: Muhammad Rashad 'Abd-al-Hamid Hijazi, Muhammad
'Abd-al-'Alim Muhammad Khalifah, Mas'ud al-'Arif Ibrahim, Tariq
Ahmad 'Abd-al- Samad, Usamah Muhammad Rashad (fugitive), Hisham
Na'im al-Husayni, Badr Muhammad Mutawalli (fugitive), Ahmad Nasr
Khalil, Muhammad Hazin Hasan Isma'il, Hamdi Muhammad Qarni
(fugitive), Ahmad Sayyid Muhammad Hammad, 'Abd-al-'Al Hulayyil,
'Abd-al-Hamid Mursi Muhammad, Furayj Salam Furayj, Salim Ahmad
Salim, 'Ali Ramzi 'Abd-al-Hadi, and Hasan 'Uways Wahbah.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 7 Score: 15.541366
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-35287 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes104_j_94016" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-104 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 28 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Sanaa Radio Reports Ministers Take Oath of Office </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Sanaa Radio Reports Ministers Take Oath of Office </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> JN2805132794 Sanaa Yemeni Republic Radio Network in Arabic
1200 GMT 28 May 94 </F>
<F P=103> JN2805132794 </F>
<F P=104> Sanaa Yemeni Republic Radio Network </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
[Text] Before brother Lieutenant General 'Ali 'Abdallah
Salih, the Presidential Council chairman, brothers 'Abd-al-Qadir
Ba Jammal and Faysal Bin-Shamlan took the Constitutional oath on
their appointments as deputy prime minister and minister of oil
and mineral resources respectively. The oath-taking ceremony
was attended by Dr. Muhammad Sa'id al-'Attar, the acting prime
minister.
Brother 'Abdallah 'Awad Ba Matraf also took the
Constitutional oath before Lt. Gen. 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih, the
Presidential Council chairman, on his appointment as governor of
Lahij Governorate. The oath-taking ceremony was attended by Dr.
Muhammad Sa'id al-'Attar, the acting prime minister, and Dr.
Muhammad Hasan Dammaz, minister of local administration.
Brothers Muhammad al-Ra'di, Mansur 'Abd-al-Jalil, and Ahmad
Muhammad al-Mutawwakil also took the Constitutional oath on
their appointment as our country's ambassadors to Sudan,
Ethiopia, and Lebanon respectively. The oath-taking ceremony
was attended by Dr. Muhammad Sa'id al-'Attar, the acting prime
minister, and Muhammad Salim Basindwah, the foreign minister.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 8 Score: 15.065880
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-60294 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes100_j_94013" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-100 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 24 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Salih Issues Decree Granting General Amnesty </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Salih Issues Decree Granting General Amnesty </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> JN2405051794 Sanaa Yemeni Republic Radio Network in Arabic
0430 GMT 24 May 94 </F>
<F P=103> JN2405051794 </F>
<F P=104> Sanaa Yemeni Republic Radio Network </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
[Text] Brother Lieutenant General 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih,
chairman of the Presidential Council, has issued a republican
decree under Law No. 1 for 1994, declaring a general amnesty.
The following is the text of the decree:
The chairman of the Presidential Council, taking cognizance
of the Constitution of the Republic of Yemen and out of faith in
the efficiency of the democratic process to bolster the
victories of the Yemeni revolution; as an embodiment of the
genuine spirit of tolerance existing in the mind and conscience
of our people; out of absolute commitment to the duty of
preserving the unity of the homeland and the cohesion of the
Yemeni society in the various parts of the Republic of Yemen;
out of concern that all the sons of the Yemeni people will
participate in the march of national construction and contain
the regrettable repercussions of the internal sedition caused by
the rebellion of criminal secessionist elements against the
constitutional legitimacy and the subsequent explosion of the
military situation and the direct threat posed to the unity of
the homeland and the security and stability of citizens; in view
of all this and due to the requirements of the supreme national
interest; and following the approval of the Council of Ministers
and Presidential Council, decrees the following:
Article 1: With the exception of the secessionist elements
whose names are given in the arrest warrant issued by the public
prosecutor of the republic on 23 May, a general amnesty shall be
granted to all the civilian and military men who, under the
hegemony of the criminal secessionist clique, acted or behaved
in a manner conflicting with the Constitution and punishable
under the law. According to this decree, they will enjoy their
full political and civilian rights and will continue to assume
their responsibilities in the various places of work and
production under commitment to constitutional legitimacy.
Article 2: Everyone who abides by the constitutional
legitimacy shall benefit from this amnesty.
Article 3: This decree shall be valid as of the date of its
issuance and shall be published in the official gazette.
Issued at the Republic's Presidency in Sanaa on 12 Dhu
al-Hijjah 1414 Hegira, corresponding to 23 May 1994.
[Signed] Lt. Gen. 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih, chairman of the
Presidential Council;
Dr. Muhammad Sa'id al-'Attar, acting prime minister
An arrest warrant had earlier been issued by the republic's
public prosecutor, stating the following:
Based on the Constitution of the Yemeni Republic and the
Penal Code and Procedural Law in force, the public prosecutor
has decided the following:
I. Based on the constitution and the laws in force, and in
view of the public actions they have committed, the persons
named below are hereby charged with the following crimes:
Violating the constitution; attacking citizens and public and
private property; issuing orders in contravention of the law;
and organizing rebellion and disobedience against public order.
Those persons are, in alphabetical order:
1. Ahmad 'Ubayd Bin-Daqr
2. Anis Hasan Yahya
3. Haydar Abu-Bakr al-'Attas
4. Salim Muhammad Jubran
5. Sulayman Nasir Mas'ud
6. Salih Abu-Bakr Bin-Husaynun
7. Salih Shayib
8. Salih Munassar al-Siyayli
9. Salih 'Ubayd Ahmad
10. 'Ali Salim al-Bid
11. 'Abd-al-Rahman al-Jifri
12. Basim 'Abd-al-Rabb
13. Qasim Yahya
14. Muhammad 'Ali al-Qayrahi
15. Muthanna Salim 'Askar
16. Haytham Qasim Tahir
II. All the members of the Public Prosecution, officers
responsible for judicial arrest, and personnel of the Armed
Forces and security agencies are requested to take legal
measures that ensure the arrest of all the defendants named
above or anyone of them and to hand them over to the nearest
office of the Public Prosecution in any governorate of the
republic. Then they will be interrogated and referred to the
judicial authorities, as stipulated by the law.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 9 Score: 14.926139
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-38107 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes124_c_94005" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-124 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 25 Jun 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> Egypt </F>
<H3> <TI> National Dialogue Participants Listed </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> National Dialogue Participants Listed </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> NC2506152794 Cairo MENA in Arabic 1220 GMT 25 Jun 94 </F>
<F P=103> NC2506152794 </F>
<F P=104> Cairo MENA </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
[Text] Cairo, 25 Jun (MENA)--The names of the members of
the National Dialogue General Congress, which was opened by
President Husni Mubarak, were announced today. It has been
decided that Dr. Mustafa Khalil will be secretary general of the
congress. The congress includes the following members: The
representatives of the political parties: The National
Democratic Party [NDP], the National Progressive Unionist
Grouping [NPUG], the Labor Party, the Liberal Party, the
Socialist Arab Party of Egypt, the Ummah Party, the Greens
Party, the Social Justice Party, and the Democratic Unionist
Party. Among the congress members are 36 members from the
People's Assembly and 29 from the Consultative Council. In
addition there are the chiefs of professional associations and
trade unions, and a number of prominent journalists and media
men, including Mustafa Najib, MENA Board chairman and chief
editor. The congress members also include a number of
university professors, teaching staff club members, researchers,
and scientists in the scientific research centers, members of
local councils, youths and sports committees, chambers of
commerce, industry, and tourism, businessmen as well as
individuals who are interested in the fields of youths and
sports, economists, and representatives of women,
nongovernmental societies, the general federation of
cooperatives, a number of winners of state awards, artists,
public figures, the specialized national councils, and
university student unions.
The following are the names of the National Dialogue
Congress, which were announced today:
The political parties:
For the NDP: Dr. Yusuf Wali, deputy prime minister,
agriculture minister and NDP secretary general; Safwat
al-Sharif, information minister and NDP assistant secretary
general; Kamal al-Shadhili, minister of state for the People's
Assembly and Consultative Council affairs and NDP assistant
secretary general
For the NPUG: Khalid Muhyi-al-Din, NPUG leader; Lutfi Wakid,
NPUG deputy leader; Dr. Rif'at al-Sayyid, NPUG secretary
general; Dr. Judah 'Abd-al-Khaliq, the economic committee
secretary
For the Labor Party: Engineer Ibrahim Shukri, Labor Party
leader; Muhammad Mahmud 'Azzam; 'Adil Muhammad Husayn; Major
General Tal'at Ahmad Musallam
For the Liberal Party: Mustafa Kamil Murad, party leader;
Engineer 'Abd-al-Fattah al-Shurbaji, party secretary general;
Dr. Yasir Ramadan, member of the party presidium; Dr. Huda 'Afifi
For the Socialist Arab Party of Egypt: Jamal Rabi', party
leader; Dr. Hasan Muhammad Kamal, deputy leader; Dr. Mahmud
Kamil al-Rayyis, deputy leader; Dr. Salah Hidayat, chairman of
the party's advisory committee
For the Social Justice Party: Dr. Muhammad 'Abd-al-'Al,
party
leader; Muhammad Mahmud al-Kurdi; Dr. Midhat 'Aziz Balawah; Dr.
Amani Bushra Faraj For the Ummah Party: Ahmad al-Sabahi,
party leader; Muhammad Hamid 'Amarah; Muhammad Badr Abu-Hadid;
'Abd-al-Rahman Muhammad 'Abd-al-Hafiz
For the Greens Party: Kamal Kirah, party leader; Dr. Ibrahim
Muhammad Kilani; Dr. 'Abd-al-Mun'im 'Ali al-'A'sar, member of
the party's higher committee; Dr. Baha'-al-Din Hafiz Bakri,
deputy party leader
For the Democratic Unionist Party: Ibrahim Muhammad
'Abd-al-Mun'im Turk, party leader; Ahmad 'Abd-al-Muhsin Farahat;
Zaki Faraj; Muhammad Mustafa al-Sharqawi
People's Assembly members: Ahmad Hamadi; Muhammad 'Abdallah;
Dr. Amin Mubarak; Engineer Abu-Bakr al-Basil; Salah al-Taruti;
Al-Sayyid Sarhan; Kamal Henry Abadir; Sa'd al-Shirbini; Muhammad
Tulbah 'Uwaydah; Ahmad Fu'ad 'Abd-al-'Aziz; Husayn al-Sayrafi;
Muhammad Muhammad Juwayli; Dr. Zakariya 'Azmi; Dr. Faruq Rakha;
Tariq al-Jundi; Ahmad Haykal; Edward Ghali al-Dhahabi; Fathi
Bayyumi; Ahmad Abu-Zayd; Hamdi al-Tahhan; 'Abd-al-Fattah Diyab;
Tal'at Mustafa; Ahmad Khayri; 'Abd-al-Rahman Barakah; Sa'd
Bahnasawi; 'Abd-al-Wahhab Qutah; Muhammad Abu-Sudayrah; Muhammad
Abu-al-Hasan Ghanim; Muhammad Khalil Hafiz; Ahmad Taha Ahmad;
Husayn al-Mahdi; Muhammad Abu-al-Fadl al-Jizawi; Muhammad Mahmud
Hasan; Husayn Wishahi; Mustafa Sulayman; Muhammad al-Sandayuni
Consultative Council members: 'Abd-al-'Al al-Jarihi; Ahmad
Fathi Mursi; Ahmad Rashad Musa; Muhammad Zaki Malik; Dr.
Mahmud Mahfuz; Engineer Ahmad 'Abd-al-Akhir; Dr. Isma'il Salam;
Muhammad Hilmi al-Sharif; Ma'mun Salih Mashali; Engineer Fu'ad
Abu-Zaghlah; Engineer Muhyi-al-Din 'Abd-al-Latif; Engineer 'Ali
'Abd-al-'Azim Abu-Jaziyah; Dr. Husayn Muhammad Hijazi; Engineer
Rushdi al-Sharqawi; Dr. Muhammad 'Abd-al-Fattah al-Qassas; Dr.
Hamdi al-Hakim; Dr. Fathi Muhammad 'Ali; Dr. 'Abd-al-Rahim Imam
Bayyumi; Dr. Muhammad Tal'at 'Abd-al-'Aziz; Engineer Husayn
'Uthman 'Uthman; Mahmud Najib Husni; Nabil Muhammad Mansi;
Muhammad Ahmad Qurashi; Muhammad Kamal Sulayman; Muhammad Rajab
Ahmad;
Jamal al-Mahdi; Muhammad 'Id Adam; 'Abd-al-'Aziz Yusuf;
'Abd-al-'Aziz Jabr
For the Professional Associations: Ahmad al-Khawajah,
president of the Lawyers' Association; Dr. Hamdi al-Sayyid,
president of the Doctors' Association; Engineer Hasaballah
al-Kafrawi, president of the Engineers' Association; Dr.
Muhammad Hilmi Nammar, president of the Traders' Association;
Thuraya Lubnah, president of the Social Workers' Association;
Engineer Ahmad Abu-Ghanimah, president of the Applied Artists'
Association; Dr. Sulayman Hajar, president of the Athletes'
Association; Dr. Zakariya Jad, president of the Pharmacists'
Association; Dr. Abu-al-Futuh 'Abd-al-Latif, president of the
Teachers' Association; Ibrahim Nafi', president of the
Journalists' Association; Faruq 'Afifi, president of the
Agriculturalists' Association; Dr. 'Ali Musa, president of the
Veterinarians' Association; Yusuf 'Uthman, president of the Film
Industry Association; Hamdi Ghayth, president of the Actors'
Association; Munib Shafi'i, president of the Chamber for Film
Industry
For the trade unions: Sayyid Rashid, Labor Federation;
Mustafa Manji, Labor Federation; Husayn Mujawir, Labor
Federation; 'A'ishah 'Abd-al-Hadi, Labor Federation
For the press, media, and prominant writers: Muhammad
Tharwat
Abazah; Makram Muhammad Ahmad; Salah Muntasir; Lutfi al-Khawli;
Ibrahim Sa'dah; Amin Basyuni; Samir Rajab; Mahmud al-Tihami;
Mahmud 'Abd-al-Mun'im Murad; Samir Sarhan; 'Abd-al-'Azim
Ramadan; Sa'd-al-Din Wahbah; Jalal 'Isa; Mustafa Najib; Nabil
'Uthman;
Muhammad Jalal Duwaydar; Labib Yunan; 'Abd-al-'Aziz
Sadiq;'Abd-al-Sattar al-Tawilah; Rajab al-Banna; Mahfuz
al-Ansari; 'Abd-al-Wahhab Mutawi'; Mursi Isma'il 'Atallah; Raja'
al-Naqqash; Mamduh al-Laythi; Usamah al-Ghazali Harb;
Hamdi al-Kunayyisi; Dr. 'Adil 'Izz; Dr. Lutfi 'Abd-al-Khaliq;
Dr. Muhammad Kamil; Dr. 'Ali Hubaysh
Universities and teaching staff club members: Dr. Mufid
Shihab, Cairo University president; Dr. 'Abd-al-Wahhab
'Abd-al-Hafiz, 'Ayn Shams University president; Dr. 'Isam Salim,
Alexandria University president; Dr. Muhammad Raja'i al-Tahlawi,
Asyut University president; Dr. Ramzi al-Sha'ir, al-Zaqaziq
University president; Dr. Saqr Muhammad Saqr, al-Minufiyah
University president; Dr. Jamal Abu-al-Makarim, al-Minya
University president; Dr. Shawqi al-Sayyid Khatir, Tanta
University president; Dr. Ahmad Duwaydar 'Abduh, Suez Canal
University president; Dr. 'Ali Ramzi, 'Ayn Shams University vice
president; Dr. Sa'd al-Khawaliqah, Alexandria University vice
president; Dr. Ahmad 'Umar Hashim, al-Azhar University vice
president; Dr. 'Abd-al-Ahad Jamal-al-Din, a professor at the
'Ayn Shams University; Dr. Muhammad Sabri al-Shabrawi, a
professor at the American University of Cairo; Dr. Midhat
Darwish, head of the teaching staff club of the 'Ayn Shams
University; Dr. Muhammad Ibrahim Ramadan, Alexandria University
vice president; Dr. Ramadan Abu-al-'Ula, a professor at
Alexandria University; Dr. Kamal Muhammad Qandil, chief of the
teaching staff club of Alexandria University; Dr. Ahmad
al-Shaykh, chief of the teaching staff club of the al-Zaqaziq
University; Dr. Ahmad Isma'il Khidr, a former university
president; Dr. Samir Tubar, al-Zaqaziq University vice
president; Dr. Mustafa al-Sa'id, a professor at the economics
college at Cairo University; Dr. Mahir 'Abd-al-Wahhab, a
professor at the engineering college in al-Minya University; Dr.
Ahmad al-Sayyid al-Sawi, a professor at Cairo University law
college; Dr. Ibrahim Shalabi, a professor at Cairo University
economics college; Dr. Muhammad Hasanayn 'Abd-al-'Al, a
professor at Cairo University law college; Dr. Su'ad
al-Sharqawi, a professor at Cairo university law college; Dr.
Ahmad Mashhur, a professor at 'Ayn Shams University college of
medicine; Dr. al-Sa'di Farhud, al-Azhar University former
president. Dr. 'Atiyah Saqr, al-Azhar former deputy imam; Dr.
'Abd-al-Salam 'Abd-al-Ghaffar, 'Ayn Shams University former
president; Dr. Muhammad Sa'id 'Abd-al-Fattah, Alexandria
University former president; Dr. Isma'il al-Diftar, a professor
at the principles of religion college; Dr. Abu-al-Wafa
al-Taftazani, head of the Sufi School and Cairo University vice
president; Dr. Abd-al-Fattah al-Shaykh, al-Azhar University
president; Dr. Ahmad Kamal Abu-al-Majd, a professor at the Cairo
University law college
Economics and banking experts: Dr. 'Ali Lutfi; Dr. Isma'il
Sabri 'Abdallah;
Dr. Sa'id al-Najjar; Dr. 'Ali-al-Din Hilal; Dr. Ahmad al-Safti;
Dr. Hazim al-Biblawi; Ahmad Ahmad Nuh; Dr. Hamid al-Sayih; Dr.
Khallaf 'Abd-al-Jabir Khallaf; Tawfiq 'Abduh Isma'il;
'Abd-al-'Aziz Mustafa Ahmad; Yahya 'Abd-al-Fattah; 'Isam
al-Ahmadi; Mahmud 'Abd-al-'Aziz; 'Isam Rif'at; Usamah Saraya.
General Cooperatives' Federation: Sayyid Zaki 'Abd-al-Hadi,
president of the general federation; Muhammad Idris, president
of the Agricultural Union; Mahmud Abu-Gharib, member; Ahmad
Tandin, member; Ahmad 'Isawi, member; 'Abd-al-Rahim al-Ghul,
member; 'Abd-al-Hamid Ghazi, member; Fayiz al-Tunayhi, member
Representatives of women and national societies: Dr.
Farkhundah Hasan, professor at the American University of Cairo;
Dr. Aminah al-Jundi, secretary general of the Higher Council for
Childhood; Dr. Salwa 'Abd-al-'Aziz Fahmi, Consultative Council
member; Dr. Fawziyah 'Abd-al-Sattar, professor at Cairo
University's Law School; Mrs. Sakinah Fu'ad, journalist; Nazli
Mu'awwad, professor at Cairo University's College of Economics;
Dr. Shafiqah Nasir, professor at the Qasr al-'Ayni Medical
School; Dr. Huda Razqanah, professor at the Banha Medical
School; Mrs. Suhayr al-Atrabi from the media sector; Dr. Zaynab
al-Sabki; Mrs. Munah Makram 'Ubayd, professor at the American
University of Cairo
Artists: Mahmud Yasin; 'Adil Imam; Husayn Fahmi; Aminah Rizq
Public figures: 'Atif Sidqi, prime minister; Dr. Fathi
Surur,
People's Assembly speaker; Dr. Mustafa Kamal Hilmi, president of
the Consultative Council; Dr. Sufi Abu-Talib, former speaker of
the People's Assembly; Mr. Fikri Makram 'Ubayd; Dr. Mamduh Jabr;
Counsellor 'Abd-al-Rahman Faraj Muhsin; Mr. 'Abd-al-Hamid
Barakat; Dr. Ahmad Mahdi 'Abd-al-Halim
Specialized national councils: Dr. 'Abd-al-Qadir Hatim,
president of the national councils; Dr. Sulayman Hazin; Dr.
Ibrahim Badran; Dr. Ahmad Muharram; Dr. Abu-Salih al-Alfi;
Shaykh Ibrahim al-Dasuqi
University students' unions: Mr. Muhammad 'Ali Ahmad,
president of the Asyut University Union; Salah Muhammad
Hasaballah, president of the Hulwan University Union; Karam
Ibrahim 'Uthman Salam, member of the 'Ayn Shams Medical School
Union; Iman Ahmad al-Jundi, vice president of the Tanta
University Students' Union; Ashraf Rashad 'Ali, treasurer of the
al-Azhar College of Dentistry Union; Ihab 'Abd-al-Jawad from the
union of Cairo University's College of Sciences
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 10 Score: 14.845057
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-60656 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes103_j_94025" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-103 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 26 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Former President on Proposal To End Crisis </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Former President on Proposal To End Crisis </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> JN2605111394 Amman AL-DUSTUR in Arabic 26 May 94 pp 1, 17 </F>
<F P=103> JN2605111394 </F>
<F P=104> Amman AL-DUSTUR </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> ["Exclusive" report] </F>
[Text] Former South Yemeni President 'Ali Nasir Muhammad
has told AL-DUSTUR that he and Shaykh Mujahid Abu-Shawarib are
currently working on an initiative to stop the Yemeni war. In
the meantime, sources close to the Yemeni Socialist Party [YSP]
leadership said forces loyal to President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih
have reached the environs of the Hadhramaut Governorate, which
is adjacent to the Shabwah Governorate.
YSP sources expressed doubts that the president's forces
will
be able to continue to advance to al-Mukalla, the capital of
Hadhramaut, where 'Ali Salim al-Bid, who declared himself
president of the Democratic Republic of Yemen a few days ago, is
now present. They say these forces cannot deploy over a vast
area and maintain their cohesion at the same time.
These sources believe that the opening of the eastern front
by the forces of legitimacy in Shabwah was not meant to achieve
military as much as political and economic gains represented in
sharing the Shabwah oil revenues.
Reached by telephone in Damascus, the former Yemeni
president
told AL-DUSTUR that he and Shaykh Mujahid Abu-Shawarib, the
well-known national figure, will propose an initiative aimed at
preserving the Yemeni unity and effecting a cease-fire.
'Ali Nasir declined to elaborate on this initiative at
present as its publication may undermine the current efforts and
contacts with the two parties to the conflict, indicating that
he himself had earlier announced his rejection of 'Ali Salim
al-Bid's secession decision. He said: We want a solution that
guarantees the Yemeni unity, spares blood, leads to a
cease-fire, and solves problems within the framework of the
state of unity. He expressed hope that the anticipated solution
may lie in an agreement by the two warring parties to
simultaneously announce the following:
1. Preserving unity and canceling the secession decision.
2. Ceasing fire immediately.
3. Lifting the siege clamped on Aden.
The former Yemeni president said this can be followed by
searching for a new formula that guarantees the existence of one
central state that is capable of survival.
Asked by AL-DUSTUR if these are the main points of the
initiative he and Shaykh Mujahid Abu-Shawarib are proposing, he
said the initiative contains other details.
'Ali Nasir Muhammad denied a statement by 'Abd-al-Qawi
Makkawi two days ago that 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih and 'Ali Salim
al-Bid have agreed to meet in Paris. He said: We are still
contacting the two men in order to reach a cease-fire first. We
will arrange for a meeting between the two at a later stage.
In a related development, YSP sources expressed surprise at
the delay in Kuwaiti recognition of the Democratic Republic of
Yemen and said that Kuwait was expected to be the first state to
recognize the new state and that Kuwaiti Foreign Minister Shaykh
Sabah al-Ahmad was expected to visit Aden and announce his
country's recognition from there. The sources attributed this
delay to possible strong foreign pressure by international
powers like the United States and other regional forces.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 11 Score: 14.785151
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS3-14691 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes061_m_94010" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-061 </AU>
Document Type:Daily Report
<DATE1> 30 Mar 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> JORDAN </F>
<H3> <TI> Bombing Suspects' Organization, Ties Detailed </TI></H3>
<F P=102> JN2903193894 </F>
<F P=103> JN2903193894 </F>
<F P=104></F>
<TEXT>
Article Type:BFN
[Editorial Report] Amman AL-BILAD in Arabic on 30 March
publishes on page 5 an approximately 4,000-word report on the
suspects charged in connection with a spate of recent explosions
in Jordan.
AL-BILAD, "an independent political weekly," claims to have
accompanied Major Muhannad Hijazi, the public prosecutor of the
State Security Court, and the defendants to the sites targeted
for explosions. The defendants were reported to have been in
good health. They were also reported to have said that they are
"heroes" because they carried out these bombings. The argument
that they advanced is that they were carrying out God's
injunction against "debauchery." They reportedly planned to
establish a caliphate, assassinate intelligence and army
personnel, and kill the Jordanian and Palestinian peace talks
teams to halt the march of "capitulation," as they put it.
The weekly states that 'Abdallah Kamil al-Shuraydah
al-Hashayikah is the principal defendant in the series of
bombings that have recently taken place in Jordan. The weekly
notes that al-Hashayikah, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood,
Suwaylih Branch, left Amman in 1990 to work as a teacher of
Arabic in the Philippines, where he also taught at the al-Imam
al-Shafi'i Foundation. This foundation is supervised by Jamal
Khalifah, also known as Abi-Bara', a Saudi national and an
in-law of Usamah Bin-Ladin, a Saudi national of Yemeni origin
currently living in Khartoum, Sudan. Khalifah, Bin-Ladin's
right hand-man, is reported to be close to the ruling Saudi
family.
According to the paper, al-Hashayikah discussed with
Khalifah
the idea of launching of an organization in Jordan to "eradicate
forbidden conduct by force" in order to lay the groundwork for
establishing a caliphate in Jordan. This idea was well received
by Jamal Khalifah. The recruits of the organization would be
Jordanians who received military training in Afghanistan during
the war with the Soviets. The only thing the organization
needed was financing. The report states that this all happened
while the two were in the Philippines. Al-Hashayikah returned
to Amman early this year to launch his organization so that he
might receive the promised finances from Bin-Ladin, and Jamal
Khalifah, "the mastermind of Bin-Ladin's terrorist operations in
the Arab world."
The article continues, noting that the organization
al-Hashayikah used had already taken its final shape before he
left for the Philippines. It had a joint command consisting of
himself, as well as Jihad al-Tanjir, Zakariyah Muhammad Dawud,
and Isma'il al-'Amayirah. They used mosques and places of
worship to "concoct conspiracies." The recruits of the
organization received refresher courses in military training
during further visits to Afghanistan via Saudi Arabia or Yemen.
According to the paper, "Bin-Ladin's group" received the
recruits in Saudi Arabia upon their arrival there, and provided
them with the necessary visas and air tickets to Pakistan, where
they then traveled to Afghanistan. Shaykh 'Abd-al-Majid
al-Zandani, representative of the Yemeni Reform Grouping at the
Yemeni Presidential Council, is reported to have provided the
Afghan Arabs stopping over in Yemen en route to Afghanistan with
the necessary visas and air tickets, as well as "his constant
financial support for the organization."
The weekly also claims that some of the organization members
remained in Jordan to plan bomb attacks and recruit other
members. Having faced difficulties in acquiring the necessary
explosives in Jordan, the organization sent Zakariyah Muhammad
Dawud Qasim to Yemen, where he was trained in how to manufacture
sophisticated explosives. He was also trained in detonating
explosives by remote control.
The paper explains that, in order to achieve its objectives,
the organization believed that it had to kill Arab and Muslim
leaders who do not apply the Islamic sharia in their countries.
It also believed that it had to resist the ongoing Middle East
peace negotiations by all means, including the use of force.
The organization also planned to blow up movie theaters,
nightclubs, bars, tourist areas, liquor stores, and public areas
where the two sexes mingle, such as the Housing Bank Complex.
The organization also planned to assassinate senior
intelligence, army, and public security personnel in order to
pave the way for the creation of a caliphate in Jordan.
Noting a plan by the organization to assassinate the
Jordanian and Palestinian peace talks negotiators, AL-BILAD
says: "In addition to carrying out bombings, the organization
members entertained the idea of drawing up a full-fledged plan
to liquidate Jordanian and Palestinian peace negotiators, headed
by Prime Minister Dr. 'Abd-al-Salam al-Majali, former head of
the Jordanian delegation to the peace talks.
According to the paper, the group found al-Majali's home
telephone number, and telephoned him, telling him they were
journalists working for a local daily. They asked for a date
for an important press interview with him. Al-Majali agreed to
grant them an interview. Al-Majali was meant to be assassinated
during this bogus interview, according to the report, which it
said was planned with a great deal of cleverness. A date was
set for the interview and forty-eight hours before the interview
was scheduled to take place, the organization leadership had
drawn up a detailed plan to assassinate al-Majali by explosive
charges and other weapons to be carried by the bogus press team,
which would have consisted of reporters and cameramen.
The paper says it was only divine providence that intervened
to save al-Majali, who was assigned an official mission outside
Jordan. This mission required him to travel to Washington ahead
of the time set for the implementation of the assassination
plan. Thus, the bogus interview date was postponed to a later
date. However, this date has never materialized because the
culprits were apprehended.
The weekly paper goes on to say that, having failed in their
bid to liquidate al-Majali, the organization members attempted
to assassinate members of the Palestinian delegation to the
Middle East peace talks, including Faysal al-Husayni and Hanan
'Ashrawi. However, stringent security precautions and the
secrecy with which al-Husayni and 'Ashrawi surround their moves
thwarted the defendants' scheme. Undeterred by their failure,
the defendants recruited an employee of the Grand Palace Hotel,
where the Palestinian peace negotiators stayed. The hotel
employee was asked to plant explosive charges in the peace
negotiators' rooms. Once again, strict security precautions
thwarted their scheme.
According to the report, the failure of the organization's
assassination scheme prompted the organization command to
endorse a plan of explosions in Jordan to convince Jamal
Khalifah to finance the organization. This resulted in
explosions at movie theaters in Amman and al-Zarqa'. However,
attempts to carry out further explosions elsewhere in Jordan
failed.
Muhammad 'Ali Shihadah is reportedly the "organization's
mastermind responsible for picking explosion targets."
The paper's investigations indicated that 'Abdallah Diyyah,
a
prominent Suwaylih-based Muslim Brotherhood member, was
acquainted with the organization's scheme by 'Abdallah
al-Hashayikah. However, Muslim Brotherhood sources ruled out
Diyyah's involvement in this scheme.
Elaborating further on this issue, the paper says: "Several
quarters insinuated that the Muslim Brotherhood could be
implicated in these explosion incidents, particularly since
al-Hashayikah was a Brotherhood leader in Suwaylih, not to
mention the fact that Diyyah was close to the hawkish wing of
the Muslim Brotherhood. Meanwhile, informed sources ruled out
this possibility, which has not been confirmed by the
interrogations conducted with the defendants.
"AL-BILAD has learned that 23 persons have been implicated
in
the recent spate of explosions. They will stand trial at the
State Security Court within the next two weeks. If found
guilty, they could receive punitive measures, including the
death sentence. These defendants are the following: 'Abd Salih
Husayn al-Jahalin, Muhammad 'Ali Husayn Shihadah Abu-'Ayyad,
Yasin Hasan Muhammad Zahrah, Hasan Hamdan Hasan 'Abd-al-Qadir,
Muhammad Salih Musa 'Aqil, Sulayman Ahmad 'Abd-al-'Al Bisah,
Muhammad Ahmad 'Abd-al-Fattah al-'Adharibah, Samir Ahmad
Muhammad Tilagh, 'Abd-al-Nasir Mahmud Muhammad Yunus, Fa'iq
Salih Yusuf al-Shawish, 'Umar Jibril Muhammad al-Shawahin,
'Abdallah Kamil al-Hashayikah, Jihad Ahmad Khalid al-Tanjir,
Khalil Tawfiq Muhammad 'Alqam, Muhammad Ahmad al-Shaykh
al-Fahmawi, Salim Musa Yusuf, Zakariyah Muhammad Dawud Qasim,
Isma'il Sa'id al-'Amayirah, Muhammad Sa'id Muqbil Dar-'Awdah,
Walid Muhammad 'Ashsha, Muhammad Amin al-Shamasinah, Ra'd
Khalil, and 'Abd-al-Majid al-'Adharibah."
AL-BILAD concludes its report by promising to provide its
readers with further details as they unfold when the State
Security Court begins to investigate this case.
No further processing planned.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 12 Score: 14.759936
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-59088 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes091_j_94039" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-091 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 9 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> GPC's al-'Ansi Rejects Arab Intervention </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> GPC's al-'Ansi Rejects Arab Intervention </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> PM1005143094 London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT in Arabic 9 May 94 p2 </F>
<F P=103> PM1005143094 </F>
<F P=104> London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Interview with 'Abd-al-Salam al-'Ansi, member of the </F>
Political Bureau of the General People's Congress, by Salwa
al-Ustuwani in Damascus; date not given]
[Text] 'Abd-al-Salam al-'Ansi, member of the General
Committee (Political Bureau) of the General People's Congress
[GPC] and head of its General Department, has announced that the
Sanaa government and people reject any Arab military
intervention, and called on the Arab states to stop their media
vituperation.
Yemen, he said, will solve its own problems and the battles
will settle the situation. The Yemeni official arrived in
Damascus two days ago to meet with Yemeni leaders and figures
and with Syrian officials to explain the explosive situation in
his country and convey his party's views on the situation.
Al-'Ansi said he did not believe that the unity [of Yemen]
was at an end because "unity is the fate and destiny of the
Yemeni people. That is what we will fight for." He added that
intervention by Arab forces would mean promotion of secession.
Our unity, he said, is not a unity between two peoples to
warrant comparison with the Syrian-Egyptian unity. Yemen has
been united since the beginning of time.
He also said: "We do not want to be carried away with the
Western and Arab media which are now claiming that there is
civil war. That is a misconception. What is taking place in
Yemen is not civil war. A civil war is a war between members of
the public or between tribes, sects, or parties."
What is going on, he emphasized, is fighting between armed
forces upholding constitutional legitimacy and forces rebelling
against legitimacy "and we consider that to be military mutiny
which must be destroyed by military means."
Then, speaking tactically, he said that "the civil war
description applies to some southern governorates where there is
a conflict in the governorates of Abyan, Shabwah, Hadramaut,
Lahij, and Aden between the people there, between those
supporting the unity line and the renegade secessionist forces
of the Yemeni Socialist Party [YSP]."
[Al-Ustuwani] Would you bet on anyone in the south?
[Al-'Ansi] Yes, we bet on the unionist forces within the YSP
and we bank on them to settle the issue and to rebel against the
leadership which we do not consider to be legitimate. In Yemen,
the army which is fighting the renegade and secessionist forces
is being described by news agencies and the media as the
northern army. It is not the northern army. It is the army of
unity and it includes people from the south and the north. The
opposing forces, which they describe as southern, include
elements from the north and the south.
The north's big wager is on the unionist forces in Aden and
in the armed forces. Currently there are reports that Muhammad
'Ali Ahmad and large groups loyal to former southern President
'Ali Nasir Muhammad are beginning to respond to YSP appeals and
take up arms inside Aden. Battles are raging in Lahij, Radfan,
al-Dali', Mukayris, and Abyan. There is a conflict between the
unionists and the secessionists. But there is no fighting in
Ibb, Ta'izz, or Sanaa. There is no fighting between the people
nor between one force and another there.
[Al-Ustuwani] What, in your view, is the solution?
[Al-'Ansi] It is to uphold the constitution, the will of the
people, and constitutional legitimacy. What is now being said
about Arab mediation is a thing of the past and no longer valid.
If, in a calm atmosphere, the mediations in Amman and Salalah
failed, what would happen against a background of military
conflict?
I urge the Arab states to refrain from mediation because
they
only want to take positions in the media. There are more of
such states but they know that it would be futile to intervene
because when guns speak, reason disappears. I urge the states
now initiating mediations to look for something else to do. We
Yemenis are sensitive people. Above all, we say to those who
want to exploit the current war by internationalizing the issue
or by sending Arab forces, or anything else, we say frankly
that, throughout history, Yemen has been the graveyard of
invaders. That is why we reject intervention.
What scares us about this talk of sending forces and of
mediation is that they are talking about Egyptian mediation and
dispatch of forces to disengage the warring parties. That is a
thing of the past. The Egyptians raised it two weeks ago and a
month ago but we rejected it because the presence of forces
would mean partition and revival of the secession. We tell
them: Play another game, for that is out of the question as far
as we are concerned.
[Al-Ustuwani] So, in your view, what is the alternative
solution?
[Al-'Ansi] They should leave us alone and let us act and
solve our own problems by military or political means. They
would then have a clear conscience.
[Al-Ustuwani] Do you believe that the solution lies in the
disappearance of the current leaderships?
[Al-'Ansi] Why disappearance of the leaderships? The
solution hs been spelled out in the House of Representatives.
It used the legitimate card and dismissed 'Ali Salim al-Bid and
Salim Salih Muhammad from their posts in the state as
Presidential Council members. That is a part of the solution.
As far as the north is concerned we have invoked
constitutional legitimacy and the people's will. 'Ali 'Abdallah
Salih is there by popular demand. When the people tell 'Ali
Salim al-Bid to go then he must go. But for him to impose a
rule of fire and the sword on the people, exploit the crisis,
and, against a background of mediation, sidestep the results we
have achieved for our people, that is totally rejected. It is
not a personal matter between 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih and 'Ali
Salim al-Bid. I am not revealing a secret when I say that some
members of the Yemeni House of Representatives have proposed two
names for membership of the Presidential Council to replace 'Ali
Salim al-Bid and Salim Salih Muhammad. They are (former
southern President) 'Ali Nasir Muhammad and 'Abd-al-Qawi
Makkawi. These are two patriotic figures with a formidable
struggle record, respected by the Yemeni people. (It is well
known that the Presidential Council consists of five members who
are: 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih, 'Abd-al-'Aziz 'Abd-al-Ghani,
'Abd-al-Majid al-Zindani, 'Ali Salim al-Bid, and Salim Salih
Muhammad).
[Al-Ustuwani] Do you believe that the pledge and accord
document could still be implemented or should a new document or
a new solution be considered?
[Al-'Ansi] The document is still suitable as far as we are
concerned but the mechanism must change. Once 'Ali Salim al-Bid
and Salim Salih Muhammad are out and are replaced in the
Presidential Council by others, matters begin to crystallize and
solutions to be implemented.
[Al-Ustuwani] So you are against the war decision?
[Al-'Ansi] Nobody wants war. It was "force majeure." Our
war was limited and the military eruptions and escalations were
on a limited scale, but when this war started three days ago our
forces were hit in Abyan, the central security units in Aden
were besieged and hit, and the power station in Dhummar was
suddenly hit to disrupt the power supply to Sanaa, and the camps
in Dhummar were hit. It was premeditated aggression. The
Yemeni Army (northern) could not possibly remain idle. The war
was imposed on us and we are fighting it in defense of
legitimacy and to strike at the centers of mutiny.
I wish to stress that in many of the current battles, the
main parties involved are not northern and southern forces but
forces of mutiny and popular forces now fighting and resisting
the rebels in the southern governorates.
[Al-Ustuwani] According to some reports, the northern
forces have reached the outskirts of Aden. Do you believe it is
possible to take control of Aden?
[Al-'Ansi] God willing, the situation will certainly be
decided and control will be gained, and the brothers will lay
down their arms. If they want destruction for their country,
then they should continue their aggression but we ask them to
lay down their arms and to stop the war.
[Al-Ustuwani] What is the purpose of besieging Aden?
[Al-'Ansi] To bring them down, arrest them, and refer them
to trial because they are the ones who triggered the war.
[Al-Ustuwani] Are the north Yemeni forces fighting fit,
enough to settle the situation in Aden?
[Al-'Ansi] It is not just a question of fitness. We are
fighting for what is right and we are the stronger in that
respect. We are fighting for a cause. I am optimistic that
Aden will be brought under control very soon, not because we are
the stronger in authority and in the Army but because the people
are against mutiny and secession.
[Al-Ustuwani] If Aden is brought under control, what would
be the steps to follow?
[Al-'Ansi] (Defense Minister) Haytham Qasim will be referred
to trial according to the Presidential Council's decision,
because he is to blame for the war. Those responsible for the
Dhummar and 'Imran massacres will also be referred to trial.
Regarding the other brothers in the south, the people have
dismissed them from the leadership, but 'Ali Salim al-Bid cannot
be dismissed from the post of party secretary general. What is
important is that the party should be a party in the full sense
of the word, without militia, without forces, and without an
iron fist. There should be a peaceful assumption of authority.
That is what we and the Yemeni people want.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 13 Score: 14.718144
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS3-40762 </DOCNO>
<HT> "jpnea007___94012" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> JPRS-NEA-94-007 </AU>
Document Type:JPRS
Document Title:Near East &amp; South Asia
</HEADER>
<ABS> </ABS>
<DATE1> 7 February 1994 </DATE1>
<F P=100> NEAR EAST </F>
<F P=101> SAUDI ARABIA </F>
<H3> <TI> Consultative Council Committees' Members Named </TI></H3>
<F P=102> 94AE0068A Jeddah 'UKAZ in Arabic 6 Jan 94 p 5 </F>
<F P=103> 94AE0068A </F>
<F P=104> Jeddah 'UKAZ </F>
<TEXT>
Language: <F P=105> Arabic </F>
Article Type:CSO
<F P=106> [Article by 'Abdallah al-'Urayfij, Muhammad al-Sahli, and </F>
'Abd-al-Rahman al-Nawwash: "Consultative Council Committees
Formed and Their Members Nominated"]
[Text] Riyadh--The Consultative Council has continued its
ordinary sessions, and council committees have been formed and
their members named. Selections for each committee were as
follows:
<H5> Educational, Cultural, and Information Affairs Committee </H5>
Dr. 'Abd-al-Rahman Ibn al-Tayyib al-Ansari (committee
chairman). Dr. Fahd al-'Arabi al-Harithi (deputy chairman). Dr.
Rida Ibn Muhammad 'Ubayd (member). Dr. Sa'id Ibn Muhammad
al-Mulays (member). Dr. Salih Ibn Sa'ud al-'Ali (member). Dr.
'Abd-al-Rahman Ibn Salih al-Shubayli (member). Dr. 'Ali Ibn
Ibrahim al-Namlah (member). Dr. Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim al-Jarallah
(member). Dr. Muhammad al-Ahmad al-Rushayd (member). Muhammad
Ibn 'Abdallah al-Humayd (member). Dr. Mansur Ibn Ibrahim
al-Hazimi (member).
<H5> Social and Health Affairs Committee </H5>
Ahmad Ibn Hamad al-Yahya (committee chairman). Dr. Falih Ibn
Zayd al-Fatih (deputy chairman). Dr. Zuhayr Ibn Ahmad al-Siba'i
(member). Dr. Salih Ibn 'Abdallah al-Malik (member).
'Abd-al-Rahman Ibn 'Abdallah Aba-al-Khayl (member). 'Abdallah
Ibn Hamad al-Qar'awi (member). Dr. Mansur Ibn Muhammad al-Nuzhah
(member).
<H5> Foreign Affairs Committee </H5>
Dr. Nizar 'Ubayd Madani (committee chairman). Dr. Muhammad
'Abd-al-'Aziz al-Mu'ammar (deputy chairman). Sulayman Ibn
'Abd-al-Rahman al-Salih (member). 'Abd-al-Rahman Ibn 'Abdallah
Aba-al-Khayl (member). Dr. 'Abd-al-'Aziz Ibn Ibrahim al-Fayiz
(member). Dr. 'Abdallah Ibn 'Abd-al-Muhsin al-Sultan (member).
Dr. Hashim 'Abduh Hashim (member).
<H5> Security Affairs Committee </H5>
Retired Lieutenant General Ibrahim Ibn Muhammad al-Faris
(committee chairman). Retired Major General Jamil Muhammad
al-Miman (deputy chairman). Dr. Ahmad Ibn Sayr Mubaraki
(member). Major General 'Abd-al-'Aziz Ibn Muhammad Al al-Shaykh
(member). Dr. 'Abdallah Ibn 'Abd-al-Muhsin al-Sultan (member).
Retired Major General Kamal Ibn Siraj-al-Din al-Mirghalani
(member). Dr. Nizar 'Ubayd Madani (member).
<H5> Rules and Administration Committee </H5>
Dr. 'Abd-al-'Aziz Ibn 'Ali al-Nu'aym (committee chairman).
Dr. Ziyad Ibn 'Abd-al-Rahman al-Sudayri (deputy chairman).
Ibrahim Ibn Qadahi al-Qadahi (member). Ahmad Ibn Hamad al-Yahya
(member). Shaykh Salih Ibn 'Abdallah Ibn Humayd (member).
Muhammad Ibn 'Abdallah al-Nafi' (member).
<H5> Islamic Affairs Committee </H5>
Dr. Hamad Ibn Muhammad al-Faryan [or al-Furayyan] (committee
chairman). Dr. Ahmad Ibn Sayr Mubaraki (deputy chairman).
Ibrahim Ibn 'Abd-al-Fattah Julaydan (member). Dr. Usamah Ibn
'Abdallah Khayyat (member). Dr. Zahir Ibn 'Awwad al-Alma'i
(member). Dr. Salih Ibn Zayn al-'Abidin al-Shaybi (member).
Al-Shaykh Salih Ibn 'Abd-al-Rahman al-Mazru' (member). Al-Shaykh
Salih Ibn 'Abdallah Ibn Hamid (member). Dr. 'Abd-al-Rahman Ibn
al-Tayyib al-Ansari (member). Dr. 'Ali Ibn Ibrahim al-Namlah
(member). Al-Shaykh Muhammad Ibn 'Abdallah al-Salim (member).
<H5> Economic and Financial Affairs Committee </H5>
Khalid Ibn Muhammad al-Qusaybi (committee chairman). Tawfiq
Ibn Ibrahim Tawfiq (deputy chairman). Bakri Ibn Salih Shata
(member). Dr. Jamil Ibn 'Abdallah al-Jashi (member). Dr. Ziyad
Ibn 'Abd-al-Rahman al-Sudayri (member). Dr. 'Abd-al-Rahman Ibn
Ahmad al-Ja'fari (member). Dr. 'Abd-al-'Aziz Ibn Ibrahim
al-Fayiz (member). Dr. Ali Ibn Talal al-Jahni (member).
'Abd-al-Latif Ibn Hamad al-Jabr (member). Muhammad Ibn Ahmad
Zaynal (member). Muhammad Ibn 'Abdallah al-Sharif (member).
<H5> Public Services and Utilities Committee </H5>
Dr. Faysal Ibn Ahmad Zaydan (committee chairman). 'Umran Ibn
Muhammad al-'Umran (deputy chairman). Engineer Zuhayr Ibn Hamid
Fayiz (member). Dr. Suhayl Ibn Hasan Qadi (member). Engineer
'Abd-al-Qadir Ibn Hamzah Kawshak (member). 'Abd-al-'Aziz Ibn
Muhammad Abu-Milhah (member). 'Abdallah Ibn Muhammad
al-Ghulayqah (member). Muhammad Ibn 'Abdallah al-Sharif (member).
On the occasion of the formation of the Consultative Council
committees and the nomination of their members, committee
chairmen expressed their thanks and appreciation to the members
for their confidence in them and for selecting them as chairmen.
In this regard, Dr. 'Abd-al-Rahman al-Ansari, the Education,
Culture, and Information Committee chairman, has said in a
statement to 'UKAZ that the committee will discuss whatever
pertains to education, culture, and information and to the rules
connected with these areas. It will also discuss whatever issues
the council refers to it for study and for an opinion. The
committee is scheduled to hold its meetings every Monday morning.
Dr. 'Ali al-Namlah, an Education, Culture, and Information
Committee member, has expressed his great happiness at becoming
a member of this committee, which studies and examines issues
pertaining to several important areas, namely education,
culture, and information--areas concerned with developing the
citizen and enhancing his skills and intellectual capacities.
On his part, retired Lt. Gen. Ibrahim al-Faris, the Security
Affairs Committee chairman, has expressed in a statement to
'UKAZ his pride in the confidence shown in him through his
selection to the committee chairmanship. He has said, "First of
all, I thank God, may He be praised and exalted, for the help
and success He has given me. I then thank the custodian of the
two holy mosques for the noble and precious confidence he has
shown in me by selecting me to be a council member. I also thank
His Excellency [Council] President al-Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Jubayr
and all my colleagues the council members for their confidence
and good opinion of me." Al-Faris pointed out that the Security
Affairs Committee will concern itself with whatever touches on
the security and military sector generally and that it will
study all issues and matters referred to it by the council
president. He also noted that the committee will examine the
rules and proposals connected with the security and military
sectors.
In a statement to 'UKAZ, Ahmad al-Yahya, the Health and
Social Affairs Committee chairman, has also expressed his pride
in the confidence his colleagues the council members showed in
him by selecting him committee chairman. Al-Yahya emphasized
that he will coordinate firmly with the committee members to
produce the fruits for which the council aspires from this
committee. He said that the committee will tend social issues,
such as social security and welfare, and labor and workers'
affairs, in addition to environmental issues and to whatever is
connected with health, plus whatever other issues are entrusted
to this committee. He added that the committee will meet every
Sunday.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 14 Score: 14.696024
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-59526 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes094_j_94018" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-094 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 13 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Yemeni Socialist Party Offers Cease-Firea Plan </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Yemeni Socialist Party Offers Cease-Firea Plan </PHRASE></F></HT>
<H4> YSP Official on Conditions </H4>
<F P=102> JN1305195094 Paris Radio Monte Carlo in Arabic 1741 GMT 13
May 94 </F>
<F P=103> JN1305195094 </F>
<F P=104> Paris Radio Monte Carlo </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Interview with Salim Salih Muhammad, Presidential Council </F>
member and assistant YSP secretary general, by Salim Badawi;
place and date not given; from the weekly "The Event"
program--recorded]
[Text] [Muhammad] Following the eruption of battles in
Sufyan and the 3d Brigade, the YSP [Yemeni Socialist Party]
called for the formation of an inquiry commission. Regrettably,
the incidents continued. The Ba Suhayb Brigade in Dhamar was
also attacked, after which the military situation exploded. We
really regret the accusations. We also urge the stopping of
this bleeding, this crushing war raging among the sons of the
Yemeni people, which claims the lives of Yemen's sons.
[Badawi] Concerning the nature of war, Mr. Salim Salih
Muhammad, the northern Yemenis claim that the fighting is taking
place between the Constitutional legitimacy and the rebelling
forces of the YSP leadership, as they put it. What is the YSP's
viewpoint on the nature of the raging conflict?
[Muhammad] Are we not also part of the legitimacy? Have we
not assumed power in light of the results of elections in the
country? Are we not part of the Presidential Council, the
Council of Ministers, the House of Representatives, and the
other state institutions? We do not come from islands in the
Pacific Ocean. We come from Yemen. We are Yemen's sons. We
have been representatives of a state and a recognized legitimate
power. We have achieved unity on an equal basis with our
brothers in the north. Such claims do not render any service.
In fact, they further exacerbate the conflict. Very
regrettably, they also open a very deep wound in Yemeni unity
and national unity.
[Badawi] The northerners' conditions for a cease-fire are
represented by the YSP leadership's adherence to Constitutional
legitimacy, and the submission to the legitimacy led by 'Ali
'Abdallah Salih, as they say. Are you willing to accept these
conditions? What are your conditions, as the YSP, to stop
fighting?
[Muhammad] The YSP has never proposed that 'Ali 'Abdallah
Salih should be finished or go, or that the existing legitimacy,
represented by the Presidential Council, the Council of
Ministers, the Parliament, or the other existing state
institutions, should go. However, he who has made the war
decision, and who is waging it now against his sons, army, and
people, to prove that he is the strongest and the triumphant, he
is the one who will eventually lose history and the people.
[Badawi] What are your conditions for a cease-fire?
[Muhammad] We have no conditions other than actually
beginning to implement the pledge and accord document, to
recognize people's rights and duties, and to build the modern
Yemeni state. Some sides believe the military option will give
them the upper hand over everything, and enable them to
establish their regime the way they want, in accordance with
their own interpretations. Such a decision, I believe, is a
crazy decision. The Yemeni Armed Forces and Yemeni
installations are now being destroyed. Innocent people are
being killed, the Yemeni people in Aden, Sanaa, al-Dali', Abyan,
Shabwah, and Dhamar. These people are the victims of this crazy
war which will not achieve the objectives of those who ignited
the war.
[Badawi] President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih was quoted as saying
that he wants to try 'Ali Salim al-Bid and his men, or to allow
them to leave the country. What is your opinion about this?
[Muhammad] I have not heard such a thing. What I ask for
now, from he who has reason and really wants to avoid further
involvement in these crazy battles which, as I said, claim the
lives of the sons of the Yemeni people, we ask them at this
critical moments when the homeland is suffering from an ordeal
and fragmentation, to stop the war immediately and resort to the
language of dialogue, logic, and reason.
[Badawi] What about the dismissal decisions that affected
senior southern officials, led by 'Ali Salim al-Bid? The
northerners say that southern deputies participated in the
voting sessions. Is that true?
[Muhammad] In your opinion, and in view of the current
conditions, the state of emergency, and in view of the campaigns
of physical liquidation we heard about in Sanaa, who would
participate in such sessions? What kind of democratic, peaceful
atmosphere would they have in a state of war? The world, the
Arabs, and the Yemenis must understand what is going on in Yemen
now. The situation is serious. It needs assistance from all
our brothers and friends.
[Badawi] With regard to the rumors about appointing a
successor to 'Ali Salim al-Bid and others in the central
government in Sanaa, especially in the Presidential Council -- a
probable candidate is rumored to be 'Ali Nasir Muhammad -- how
do you view such reports?
[Muhammad] These issues are presented as bargaining chips in
order to be used in haggling. In my opinion, the people have
this right. The people gave their votes to their
representatives in areas from which we came. These people have
this right.
[Badawi] Now that the situation cannot be decided on the
battlefield -- a week has passed since the outbreak of
hostilities -- what are the chances that a return to dialogue
will be effected and unity saved?
[Muhammad] There is no other way, regardless of the battles.
The warring sides must eventually negotiate. I think that
regardless of the harshness of the situation or the number of
victims, we must preserve what is left and resort to the correct
method, the method of dialogue, irrespective of differences. As
for the war methods, regardless of their quick results, it will
have very serious consequences in the future. It will not only
cause wounds but will lead to a great suffering and moving the
Yemeni people 30 to 40 years backward.
[Badawi] In your view, is it possible to save the unity?
[Muhammad] In my opinion, if the political will that was
available when the unity was reached is still there, the answer
is yes. However, judging by the methods that are being used in
the battlefields and the vindictive way military personnel are
dealing with unarmed civilians in towns and villages, deep
wounds have been caused in national Yemeni unity.
[Badawi] Do you expect mediation, especially Arab mediation,
to result in positive results, particularly in the foreseeable
future?
[Muhammad] There is mediation and there are Arab efforts,
but
regrettably the brothers in Sanaa are rejecting all this. They
believe the military solution is the ideal solution. This
reading of the situation and of reality is tantamount to
gambling. We wish them guidance from God. We wish they are
guided to the right path.
[Badawi] In case Arab mediation fails, will you demand
international intervention by the UN Security Council and the
United Nations?
[Muhammad] So far, I have not been informed of any decisions
from the brothers at home but we will consult on all
possibilities, because everything is possible.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 15 Score: 14.692683
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-37340 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes118_j_94001" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-118 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 17 Jun 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> South's `Presidential Council' Member Meets Ibrahimi </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> South's `Presidential Council' Member Meets Ibrahimi </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> EA1806133094 Aden Democratic Republic of Yemen Radio Network
in Arabic 2045 GMT 17 Jun 94 </F>
<F P=103> EA1806133094 </F>
<F P=104> Aden Democratic Republic of Yemen Radio Network
in Arabic 2045 GMT 17 Jun 94 </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
[Text] Brother Salim Salih Muhammad, member of the
Presidential Council, who arrived in Jeddah lately, met Lakhdar
Ibrahimi, envoy of the UN secretary general to Yemen.
During the meeting, brother Salim Salih Muhammad was
briefed on the results of the contacts conducted by the envoy of
the UN secretary general, and highly praised the efforts exerted
by Ibrahimi for implementing the Security Council's Resolution
No. 924.
Brother Salim Salih Muhammad stressed the importance of
ceasing the hostilities immediately and stopping the random
bombardment of the civilian residential quarters and areas in
the capital, Aden as a result of which hundreds of innocent
citizens, including children, women and old people, have fallen
victim, and halting the continued destruction process of public
services by the ruling military regime in Sanaa.
Brother Salim Salih Muhammad highlighted the current
suffering of the inhabitants of the city of Aden as a result of
the siege and the random shelling, and pointed out the heroic
steadfastness in confronting this destructive war in defense of
honor and safeguarding the lives of the innocent. He stressed
the need to condemn and stop this aggression by all people,
Arab, international organizations, and other bodies to prevent
the dangerous repercussions which increase day by day.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 16 Score: 14.674559
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-21787 </DOCNO>
<HT> "jptot014__l94087" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> JPRS-TOT-94-014-L </AU>
JPRS
Terrorism
</HEADER>
<ABS> FOUO </ABS>
<DATE1> 8 April 1994 </DATE1>
<F P=100> NEAR EAST/SOUTH ASIA </F>
<F P=101> JORDAN </F>
<H3> <TI> Update on Suspects Arrested for Cinema, Other Bombings </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Update on Suspects Arrested for Cinema, Other Bombings </PHRASE></F></HT>
<H4> Suspects' Organization, Ties, Other Plans </H4>
<F P=102> JN2903193894 </F>
<F P=103> JN2903193894 </F>
<F P=104></F>
<TEXT>
BFN
[Editorial Report] Amman AL-BILAD in Arabic on 30 March
publishes on page 5 an approximately 4,000-word report on the
suspects charged in connection with a spate of recent explosions
in Jordan.
AL-BILAD, ``an independent political weekly,'' claims to
have
accompanied Major Muhannad Hijazi, the public prosecutor of the
State Security Court, and the defendants to the sites targeted
for explosions. The defendants were reported to have been in
good health. They were also reported to have said that they are
``heroes'' because they carried out these bombings. The
argument that they advanced is that they were carrying out God's
injunction against ``debauchery.'' They reportedly planned to
establish a caliphate, assassinate intelligence and army
personnel, and kill the Jordanian and Palestinian peace talks
teams to halt the march of ``capitulation,'' as they put it.
The weekly states that 'Abdallah Kamil al-Shuraydah
al-Hashayikah is the principal defendant in the series of
bombings that have recently taken place in Jordan. The weekly
notes that al-Hashayikah, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood,
Suwaylih Branch, left Amman in 1990 to work as a teacher of
Arabic in the Philippines, where he also taught at the al-Imam
al-Shafi'i Foundation. This foundation is supervised by Jamal
Khalifah, also known as Abi-Bara', a Saudi national and an
in-law of Usamah Bin-Ladin, a Saudi national of Yemeni origin
currently living in Khartoum, Sudan. Khalifah, Bin-Ladin's
right hand-man, is reported to be close to the ruling Saudi
family.
According to the paper, al-Hashayikah discussed with
Khalifah
the idea of launching of an organization in Jordan to
``eradicate forbidden conduct by force'' in order to lay the
groundwork for establishing a caliphate in Jordan. This idea
was well received by Jamal Khalifah. The recruits of the
organization would be Jordanians who received military training
in Afghanistan during the war with the Soviets. The only thing
the organization needed was financing. The report states that
this all happened while the two were in the Philippines.
Al-Hashayikah returned to Amman early this year to launch his
organization so that he might receive the promised finances from
Bin-Ladin, and Jamal Khalifah, ``the mastermind of Bin-Ladin's
terrorist operations in the Arab world.''
The article continues, noting that the organization
al-Hashayikah used had already taken its final shape before he
left for the Philippines. It had a joint command consisting of
himself, as well as Jihad al-Tanjir, Zakariyah Muhammad Dawud,
and Isma'il al-'Amayirah. They used mosques and places of
worship to ``concoct conspiracies.'' The recruits of the
organization received refresher courses in military training
during further visits to Afghanistan via Saudi Arabia or Yemen.
According to the paper, ``Bin-Ladin's group'' received the
recruits in Saudi Arabia upon their arrival there, and provided
them with the necessary visas and air tickets to Pakistan, where
they then traveled to Afghanistan. Shaykh 'Abd-al-Majid
al-Zandani, representative of the Yemeni Reform Grouping at the
Yemeni Presidential Council, is reported to have provided the
Afghan Arabs stopping over in Yemen en route to Afghanistan with
the necessary visas and air tickets, as well as ``his constant
financial support for the organization.''
The weekly also claims that some of the organization members
remained in Jordan to plan bomb attacks and recruit other
members. Having faced difficulties in acquiring the necessary
explosives in Jordan, the organization sent Zakariyah Muhammad
Dawud Qasim to Yemen, where he was trained in how to manufacture
sophisticated explosives. He was also trained in detonating
explosives by remote control.
The paper explains that, in order to achieve its objectives,
the organization believed that it had to kill Arab and Muslim
leaders who do not apply the Islamic sharia in their countries.
It also believed that it had to resist the ongoing Middle East
peace negotiations by all means, including the use of force.
The organization also planned to blow up movie theaters,
nightclubs, bars, tourist areas, liquor stores, and public areas
where the two sexes mingle, such as the Housing Bank Complex.
The organization also planned to assassinate senior
intelligence, army, and public security personnel in order to
pave the way for the creation of a caliphate in Jordan.
Noting a plan by the organization to assassinate the
Jordanian and Palestinian peace talks negotiators, AL-BILAD
says: ``In addition to carrying out bombings, the organization
members entertained the idea of drawing up a full-fledged plan
to liquidate Jordanian and Palestinian peace negotiators, headed
by Prime Minister Dr. 'Abd-al-Salam al-Majali, former head of
the Jordanian delegation to the peace talks.''
According to the paper, the group found al-Majali's home
telephone number, and telephoned him, telling him they were
journalists working for a local daily. They asked for a date
for an important press interview with him. Al-Majali agreed to
grant them an interview. Al-Majali was meant to be assassinated
during this bogus interview, according to the report, which it
said was planned with a great deal of cleverness. A date was
set for the interview and forty-eight hours before the interview
was scheduled to take place, the organization leadership had
drawn up a detailed plan to assassinate al-Majali by explosive
charges and other weapons to be carried by the bogus press team,
which would have consisted of reporters and cameramen.
The paper says it was only divine providence that intervened
to save al-Majali, who was assigned an official mission outside
Jordan. This mission required him to travel to Washington ahead
of the time set for the implementation of the assassination
plan. Thus, the bogus interview date was postponed to a later
date. However, this date has never materialized because the
culprits were apprehended.
The weekly paper goes on to say that, having failed in their
bid to liquidate al-Majali, the organization members attempted
to assassinate members of the Palestinian delegation to the
Middle East peace talks, including Faysal al-Husayni and Hanan
'Ashrawi. However, stringent security precautions and the
secrecy with which al-Husayni and 'Ashrawi surround their moves
thwarted the defendants' scheme. Undeterred by their failure,
the defendants recruited an employee of the Grand Palace Hotel,
where the Palestinian peace negotiators stayed. The hotel
employee was asked to plant explosive charges in the peace
negotiators' rooms. Once again, strict security precautions
thwarted their scheme.
According to the report, the failure of the organization's
assassination scheme prompted the organization command to
endorse a plan of explosions in Jordan to convince Jamal
Khalifah to finance the organization. This resulted in
explosions at movie theaters in Amman and al-Zarqa'. However,
attempts to carry out further explosions elsewhere in Jordan
failed.
Muhammad 'Ali Shihadah is reportedly the ``organization's
mastermind responsible for picking explosion targets.''
The paper's investigations indicated that 'Abdallah Diyyah,
a
prominent Suwaylih-based Muslim Brotherhood member, was
acquainted with the organization's scheme by 'Abdallah
al-Hashayikah. However, Muslim Brotherhood sources ruled out
Diyyah's involvement in this scheme.
Elaborating further on this issue, the paper says: ``Several
quarters insinuated that the Muslim Brotherhood could be
implicated in these explosion incidents, particularly since
al-Hashayikah was a Brotherhood leader in Suwaylih, not to
mention the fact that Diyyah was close to the hawkish wing of
the Muslim Brotherhood. Meanwhile, informed sources ruled out
this possibility, which has not been confirmed by the
interrogations conducted with the defendants.''
``AL-BILAD has learned that 23 persons have been implicated
in the recent spate of explosions. They will stand trial at the
State Security Court within the next two weeks. If found
guilty, they could receive punitive measures, including the
death sentence. These defendants are the following: 'Abd Salih
Husayn al-Jahalin, Muhammad 'Ali Husayn Shihadah Abu-'Ayyad,
Yasin Hasan Muhammad Zahrah, Hasan Hamdan Hasan 'Abd-al-Qadir,
Muhammad Salih Musa 'Aqil, Sulayman Ahmad 'Abd-al-'Al Bisah,
Muhammad Ahmad 'Abd-al-Fattah al-'Adharibah, Samir Ahmad
Muhammad Tilagh, 'Abd-al-Nasir Mahmud Muhammad Yunus, Fa'iq
Salih Yusuf al-Shawish, 'Umar Jibril Muhammad al-Shawahin,
'Abdallah Kamil al-Hashayikah, Jihad Ahmad Khalid al-Tanjir,
Khalil Tawfiq Muhammad 'Alqam, Muhammad Ahmad al-Shaykh
al-Fahmawi, Salim Musa Yusuf, Zakariyah Muhammad Dawud Qasim,
Isma'il Sa'id al-'Amayirah, Muhammad Sa'id Muqbil Dar-'Awdah,
Walid Muhammad 'Ashsha, Muhammad Amin al-Shamasinah, Ra'd
Khalil, and 'Abd-al-Majid al-'Adharibah.''
AL-BILAD concludes its report by promising to provide its
readers with further details as they unfold when the State
Security Court begins to investigate this case.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 17 Score: 14.552183
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-60436 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes101_j_94012" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-101 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 24 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Southerners Examine Cease-Fire Offer From Sanaa </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Southerners Examine Cease-Fire Offer From Sanaa </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> PM2405161594 London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT in Arabic 24 May 94 p1 </F>
<F P=103> PM2405161594 </F>
<F P=104> London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Reports by 'Abdallah Hammudah in London, AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT </F>
bureaus in Sanaa and Aden, and Sawsan Abu-Husayn in Cairo:
"Yemeni Initiative To End the Fighting Between the Two Sides"]
[Excerpt] The leadership of the Democratic Republic of
Yemen in al-Mukalla and Aden yesterday studied an initiative
from the Sanaa leadership offering a cease-fire in return for a
cancellation of the declaration of a state in southern Yemen
without any other conditions such as the conditions previously
laid down by Sanaa about surrender and trial of what it
described as the "mutineers" in the leadership of the Yemeni
Socialist Party [YSP].
As speculations continued all day yesterday about the likely
reaction of the southern command, observers said that the aim of
Sanaa's initiative was to "try to block international
recognition of the new republic which the southerners, faced
with President 'Ali Salih's intransigence, were forced to
declare as a last resort to save whatever they can after the
failure to reach understanding within the context of unity."
AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT has learned that Salim Salih Muhammad,
member of the Yemeni Presidential Council in the unified state
and of the southern Presidential council; 'Ali Nasir Muhammad,
former south Yemeni president; Shaykh Mujahid Abu-Shawarib,
deputy prime minister in the unified state; and Foreign Minister
Muhammad Salim Basindwah, all participated in drafting the
initiative which was promptly accepted by President Salih. A
high-ranking source said "we are waiting to see what develops
from that."
The initiative of the Yemeni figures came as all parties
were
trying to contain the situation by promoting a cease-fire. Some
sources, however, have emphasized that the southern leadership
is now laying down two conditions before it considers any move
on its part. The first: a cease-fire on all fronts; and the
second: the return of all the southern units now in northern
Yemen to the south and withdrawal of all northern units that are
now in the south to the north.
It is not known if Sanaa would now accept these conditions.
[passage omitted]
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 18 Score: 14.523895
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-35296 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes104_j_94025" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-104 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 27 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Al-Ahmar Rules Out Security Council Role </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Al-Ahmar Rules Out Security Council Role </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> PM3005104194 London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT in Arabic 27 May 94 pp
1, 4 </F>
<F P=103> PM3005104194 </F>
<F P=104> London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Reports by 'Abdallah Hammudah and Amir Taheri in London, </F>
Naji al-Harazi in Sanaa, Nura Fakhuri and Taj-al-Din
'Abd-al-Haqq in Abu-Dhabi, and AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT bureaus in Aden
and Cairo: "Failure of the Meeting between Zayid and al-Ahmar
Speeds Up United Arab Emirates' Official Recognition of
Democratic Yemen; Salih Tries to Impose `Legitimacy' by
Penetrating Hadramaut and Splitting the Socialist Party]
[Excerpts] The Yemeni war raged on yesterday while the
search continued for a diplomatic solution that would determine
the fate and future of the Democratic Republic of Yemen [DRY].
Indications at both levels are that the Sanaa leadership is
determined to impose what it sees as "legitimate and
constitutional" by all means including opening a front in
Hadramaut and trying to split the Yemeni Socialist Party [YSP]
despite rejection by the southerners and the YSP leadership.
[passage omitted]
Diplomatic sources in Abu-Dhabi have stated that the failure
of the meeting held between Shaykh 'Abdallah Bin-Husayn al-Ahmar
[Yemeni House of Representatives speaker, Yemeni Reform Grouping
leader, and Hashid tribes chieftain], and [United Arab Emirates
President] Shaykh Zayid Bin-Sultan Al Nuhayyan might speed up
the official recognition of the new southern state in Yemen
because al-Ahmar's visit was "Sanaa's last card to clear the air
with Abu-Dhabi, which has frankly held 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih
responsible for the continuation of the fighting."
Diplomatic observers say that "nobody can succeed where
al-Ahmar failed because of al-Ahmar's close personal
relationship with Shaykh Zayid and his tribal weight in the
region." Al-Ahmar's statement after the meeting reflected his
extreme annoyance because 'Ali Salim al-Bid had been described
as president. He said "that is a very big word, and it is an
insult to Yemen." Despite his implicit criticism of the United
Arab Emirates, Shaykh 'Abdallah al-Ahmar said at his press
conference: "I do not believe that any Arab or friendly state
would recognize the secession."
Al-Ahmar emphasized that resorting to military means to
settle the issue "was the last choice in the interest of
safeguarding Yemen's unity." He added that "Yemen does not
reject mediation to stop the war provided it is in the context
of legitimacy." He denied the rumors about the possibility of a
meeting between President Salih and the southern leader 'Ali
Salim al-Bid. He said that "it would be improper to hold a
meeting between the president and a mutineer."
Al-Ahmar rejected intervention by the Security Council in
the
Yemeni conflict. He said: "What has the Security Council to do
with an internal issue?" But he avoided the pitfall in which
Dr. 'Abd-al-Karim al-Iryani, planning and development minister
and member of the General Committee (Political Bureau) of the
General People's Congress [GPC] -- President Salih's party --
slipped when he accused foreign powers of aiding the mutineering
secessionists. Shaykh 'Abdallah did not apportion any blame in
that respect.
The Yemeni House of Representatives speaker denied the
presence of any extremist forces in Yemen. He said that Sanaa
has given the United States assurances on that and got from it
an assurance of support for Yemeni unity. He also denied that
former south Yemeni President 'Ali Nasir Muhammad was offered
the post of president. He said: "'Ali Nasir Muhammad is a
patriotic leader but we do not offer posts to anyone. The way
is open for everyone to serve the homeland." [passage omitted]
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 19 Score: 14.413552
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-13259 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes075_j_94001" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-075 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 14 Apr 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Al-'Attas' Trip Said `Evasion' of Cabinet Meeting </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Al-'Attas' Trip Said `Evasion' of Cabinet Meeting </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> JN1804174494 London AL-HAYAH in Arabic 14 Apr 94 pp 1, 4 </F>
<F P=103> JN1804174494 </F>
<F P=104> London AL-HAYAH </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Article by 'Abd-al-Rahman al-Haydari and Faysal Makram in </F>
Sanaa and Iqbal 'Ali 'Abdallah in Aden]
[Excerpts] Responsible political sources in Sanaa yesterday
expressed their fear that Prime Minister Haydar Abu-Bakr
al-'Attas' visit to the United States for medical treatment is a
political maneuver to impede the government sessions in Sanaa.
[passage omitted]
Yemeni political quarters in Sanaa and Aden considered the
sudden departure of al-'Attas, prime minister and member of the
Political Bureau of the Yemeni Socialist Party [YSP], an evasion
from holding the Yemeni Government meetings expected to resume
in Sanaa next Wednesday [20 April]. The cabinet held a session
in Aden three weeks ago and in Ta'izz one week ago.
These quarters say that the sudden departure of al-'Attas
for
medical treatment in the United States arouses suspicion,
especially since the members of his government knew nothing
about his trip for treatment, which he began the day before
yesterday following his meeting in Aden with U.S. Ambassador to
Yemen Arthur Hughes.
Yemeni political quarters, including members of the dialogue
committee, expressed extreme concern about what it terms as
al-'Attas' attempt to abort the role of the Yemeni coalition
government in implementing the accord document and to abort the
efforts aimed at reunifying the constitutional institutions in
Sanaa. These quarters linked al-'Attas' trip with the visit to
Britain by Salim Salih Muhammad, member of the YSP Political
Bureau and the Presidential Council, following his Arab tour.
The quarters considered this an evasion on the part of the YSP
from the commitment to reunify the institutions in Sanaa,
particularly the Presidential Council and the Cabinet. The
Presidential Council was expected to convene in Sanaa in the
presence of Salim Salih Muhammad following his Arab tour, during
which he conveyed messages from YSP Secretary General 'Ali Salim
al-Bid to a number of Arab leaders. [passage omitted]
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 20 Score: 14.122423
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS3-35075 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes034_m_94001" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-034 </AU>
Document Type:Daily Report
<DATE1> 18 Feb 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> JORDAN </F>
<H3> <TI> Yemeni Delegation Arrives for Signing Ceremony </TI></H3>
<F P=102> JN1802075494 Amman Radio Jordan Network in Arabic 0500 GMT
18 Feb 94 </F>
<F P=103> JN1802075494 </F>
<F P=104> Amman Radio Jordan Network </F>
<TEXT>
Language: <F P=105> Arabic </F>
Article Type:BFN
[Text] Salim Salih Muhammad, member of the Yemeni
Presidential Council and assistant secretary general of the
Yemeni Socialist Party, arrived in Amman yesterday at the head
of a Yemeni delegation which includes Muhammad Sa'id 'Abdallah
Muhsin, minister of housing and urban planning; Muhammad
'Abd-al-Rahman, head of the Yemeni vice president's office; and
a number of officials and media men to prepare for a visit by
Yemeni President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih and Vice President 'Ali
Salim al-Bid, who will sign the Yemeni document of pledge and
accord in Amman on Sunday, 20 February. The document aims at
ending the crisis in fraternal Yemen so that the brothers would
resume their march of unity, democracy, and prosperity, God
willing.
On arrival at Amman Airport, Salim Salih Muhammad made a
press statement in which he expressed his thanks and deep
appreciation for His Majesty King Husayn, the Jordanian
Government, and the Jordanian people for hosting the Yemeni
reconciliation meeting in Amman of all the Arabs. He said: We
are pleased that Amman is the venue of this meeting which is
awaited by the Arab nation and those who love democracy,
especially the Yemeni people, since the document which will be
signed in Amman is the common denominator which was agreed on by
the Yemeni people represented by their popular and political
parties and key figures.
He said that the Amman meeting will contribute to
entrenching
democracy, which the Yemeni community is witnessing during these
historic moments. He noted the pan-Arab role Jordan is playing
on all levels.
The delegation was received at the airport by Dr. Ma'n
Abu-Nuwar, deputy prime minister; Dr. 'Abd-al-Razzaq al-Nusur,
minister of public works and housing; and the Yemeni ambassador
in Amman.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 21 Score: 14.091327
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-36034 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes107_j_94027" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-107 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 2 Jun 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> South Announces Democratic Republic Government </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> South Announces Democratic Republic Government </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> EA0206163194 Aden Democratic Republic of Yemen Radio Network
in Arabic 1400 GMT 2 Jun 94 </F>
<F P=103> EA0206163194 </F>
<F P=104> Aden Democratic Republic of Yemen Radio Network
in Arabic 1400 GMT 2 Jun 94 </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> ["Republican Decree No. 1" on the formation of the </F>
Democratic Republic of Yemen Council of Ministers issued in Aden
on 1 June]
[Text] In the name of God, the merciful and compassionate,
Democratic Republic of Yemen [DRY], the chairman of the
Presidential Council, having consulted the interim Constitution
of the DRY and the decree of the Presidential Council No. 3 of
1994, charging brother Haydar Abu-Bakr al-'Attas with the task
of forming the government and following the approval of the
Presidential Council, has decreed:
<H5> Article 1: The Council of Ministers shall be formed in the </H5>
following manner:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Prime Minister and Finance Minister: |Haydar Abu-Bakr al-'Attas |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Deputy Prime Minister: |Muhammad Haydarah Masdus |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of |Muhsin Muhammad Bin Abu-Bakr Bin-Farid|
|Planning and Development: | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of |Salih Ubayd Ahmad |
|Transport and Communications: | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Min-|'Abdallah 'Abd-al-Majid al-Asnaj |
|ister: | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Defense Minister: |Staff Brigadier Adier Haytham Qasim T-|
| |ahir |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Housing and Urban Plannin-|Muhammad Sa'id 'Abdallah Muhsin |
|g: | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Fisheries: |Fadl Muhsin 'Abdallah |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Electricity and Water: |Ahmad 'Ali al-Salami |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Oil and Mineral Resources:|Salih Abu-Bakir Bin-Husaynun |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of the Interior and Security:|Muhammad 'Ali Ahmad |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Culture and Information: |Abu-Bakr 'Abd-al-Razzaq Ba Dhib |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Agriculture and Water Res-|Muhammad Sulayman Nasir |
|ources: | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Trade and Industry: |Yahya Muhammad al-Jifri |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Local Government: |Ahmad 'Abdallah Yazidi |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Installations and Mainten-|'Abdallah Nasir Rashid |
|ance: | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Justice: |Muhammad Mahmud Nasir |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Education and Instruction:|Dr. Abu-Bakr al-Saqqaf |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Health: |Dr. Sayf 'Abdallah Sa'id Jaradah |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Civil Service and Adminis-|Ahmad Zayn Aydrus |
|trative Reform: | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Labor: |Muhsin 'Ali Yasir |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Social Security and Socia-|Hazim 'Ali Shukri |
|l Affairs: | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Youth and Sports: |(Muhammad Ahmad al-Ashid) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of Religious Trusts and Guid-|Mustafa 'Abd-al-Rahman al-'Attas |
|ance: | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of State: |Umar 'Abd-al-Samad |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of State: |'Abd-al-Wasi al-Salam |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of State: |Salih 'Abdallah Muthanna |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of State: |Sayf Muqbil al-Uzaybi |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of State: |Qasim Yahya |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|Minister of State: |Hadi Muhammad Amir |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
<H5> Article 2: This decree becomes effective on the date of its </H5>
issuance and will be published in the official gazette.
[Signed] Haydar Abu-Bakr al-'Attas, prime minister, 'Ali
Salim al-Bid, chairman of the Presidential Council
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 22 Score: 14.071733
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS3-35405 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes037_j_94003" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-037 </AU>
Document Type:Daily Report
<DATE1> 24 Feb 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<H3> <TI> Wrapup of Clash Events; Efforts To End Conflict </TI></H3>
<H4> Rival Troops on `High Alert' </H4>
<F P=102> NC2302150094 Paris AFP in English 1404 GMT 23 Feb 94 </F>
<F P=103> NC2302150094 </F>
<F P=104> Paris AFP </F>
<TEXT>
Language: <F P=105> English </F>
Article Type:BFN
[Text] Sanaa, Feb 23 (AFP)--Rival troops were on high alert
east of the port city of Aden Wednesday, as the authorities in
former North and South Yemen engaged in a war of words following
clashes in which at least 20 were reported killed.
A spokesman for the Aden-based Yemen Socialist Party (YSP)
accused troops from the north of having "extended their
deployment beyond the Abyan region" about 100 kilometres (62
miles) east of Aden.
Southern forces were preparing to "resist the armed
aggression," the spokesman said, adding that northern forces,
including the Republican Guard, had also been redeployed along
the former north- south border, facing southern troops.
Meanwhile, Salim Salih Muhammad, a southern member of
Yemen's
presidential council, told the official UAE news agency WAM that
Vice-President 'Ali Salim al-Bid would "not go to Sanaa in the
current security situation, before troops have been withdrawn
from Yemeni towns." al-Bid was due back in Yemen later Wednesday.
The YSP said Tuesday the northern al-'Amaliqah brigade
ambushed and killed 15 southern soldiers in Abyan, endangering a
reconciliation agreement between north and south signed in Amman
on Sunday. In Sanaa, officials of President 'Ali 'Abdallah
Salih's General People's Congress (GPC) said two soldiers were
killed and 20 wounded on both sides.
On Monday seven were reported killed in clashes between
troops from north and south. The two armies have not been
merged since the country was unified in May 1990.
Salih and al-Bid signed a deal in Amman on Sunday to end a
political crisis which has paralysed Yemen since al-Bid refused
to take up his duties as vice-president in Sanaa in August,
demanding major economic, political and military reforms.
Yemeni Foreign Minister Muhammad Basindwah denounced
southern
leaders on Wednesday for visiting neighbouring Gulf states,
saying they were trying to gain support in the crisis.
"The moves by southern leaders are a continuation of the
undeclared secessionist policies practised since last August,"
Basindwah told the Kuwaiti newspaper al-Siyasah.
Southerner Salim Salih Muhammad rejected Basindwah's
comments
as "baseless" and said the officials were touring Gulf
Cooperation Council (GCC) countries to explain the Amman accord
and patch up relations which were soured by Yemen's perceived
support for Iraq in the 1991 Gulf war.
Basindwah also said Yemen was keen to have good relations
with Gulf countries "and hopes those countries will realise the
importance of not allowing any party to drag them over to its
side."
He was commenting on al-Bid's visits to Saudi Arabia and
Oman, just after he signed the reconciliation agreement with
Salih.
al-Bid, who heads the YSP, met King Fahd of Saudi Arabia for
the first time since the end of the Gulf war. The two leaders
appeared on television in the region shaking hands and smiling.
Salim Salih Muhammad travelled to Kuwait and the United Arab
Emirates (UAE), where he briefed leaders on the Amman accord,
brokered by King Husayn of Jordan.
The reconciliation accord called for constitutional reforms,
an improvement of security and the withdrawal of military
checkpoints from cities.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 23 Score: 13.961467
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-13352 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes076_j_94008" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-076 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 19 Apr 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> GPC Spokesman Denies Links With Various Organizations </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> GPC Spokesman Denies Links With Various Organizations </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> PM1904112094 London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT in Arabic 19 Apr 94 pp
1, 4 </F>
<F P=103> PM1904112094 </F>
<F P=104> London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Report by 'Abdallah Hammudah and Hamud Munsir: "General </F>
People's Congress Denies Sanaa Alliance With al-Turabi
Conference and Brotherhood"]
[Excerpt] London, Sanaa -- 'Abd-al-Salam al-'Anasi, head of
the general department in the Yemeni General People's Congress
[GPC], has denied reports of the arrival in Sanaa of delegations
from Arab and international Islamic movements "to discuss an
alliance formula with the GPC led by Yemeni President 'Ali
'Abdallah Salih and the Yemeni Reform Grouping [YRG]," the
northern partners in the ruling coalition in Yemen, in the face
of a so-called "Egyptian alliance with the Yemeni Socialist
Party [YSP] against extremist organizations."
He made this statement following information supplied to
AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT by well-informed sources, namely that Sanaa
received a delegation from the West German-based Muslim
Brotherhood's international organization based in West Germany
and a delegation from the Khartoum-based Arab Islamic [Popular]
Conference [AIPC] led by Dr. Hasan al-Turabi.
The sources added that the two delegations met with
President
'Ali 'Abdallah Salih and expressed willingness to support Sanaa
in its dispute with the Aden-based YSP.
The sources said that the proposal for the Muslim
Brotherhood
international organization to cooperate with the Yemeni
leadership "is limited to the ideological aspect" and includes
moving the headquarters of an Islamic studies center and a
European-based Islamic magazine to Sanaa, in addition to
appointing Faris al-Saqqaf, member of the YRG Higher Committee,
as the magazine's chief editor and providing expertise to
contribute to the battle against the YSP.
As for the AIPC's proposal, the sources said that it
"stresses the need to prepare for a military battle to secure a
jihad atmosphere that helps to polarize Islamic mujahidin from
all over the world in order to wage a war against the YSP and
prevent it from returning to secularism." The sources added
that AIPC representatives cited in their proposal what they
termed "Egypt's supply of military and security experts to Aden."
Yemeni television's Channel 2, which transmits from Aden,
has
launched a media campaign against "extremism in the name of
Islam."
AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT could not get in touch with Faris
al-Saqqaf
yesterday evening, as he was busy with the YRG Higher Committee
meeting. However, 'Abd-al-Salam al-'Anasi pointed out that
these reports "are part of the media leaks which the YSP has
begun to use in the framework of a new shift in its media
rhetoric to manage the Yemeni crisis." Al-'Anasi said that 'Ali
Salim al-Bid, Yemeni vice president and secretary general of the
YSP, and Salim Salih Muhammad, member of the Presidential
Council and assistant secretary general of the YSP, "said
recently that they had uncovered a political Islam plan in Yemen
against the democratic unionist plan -- which is untrue and has
nothing to do with political reality in Yemen." He expressed
his amazement at the YSP's use of this card "to win the West
over against political forces currently allied with it in
power." [passage omitted]
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 24 Score: 13.740367
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-59683 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes095_j_94030" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-095 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 13 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARAB PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Former President 'Ali Nasir Denies Links With Salih </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Former President 'Ali Nasir Denies Links With Salih </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> PM1605123994 London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT in Arabic 13 May 94 p3 </F>
<F P=103> PM1605123994 </F>
<F P=104> London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Unattributed report: "'Ali Nasir Denies Alignment With </F>
'Ali Salih and Considers His Supporters' Acceptance of Posts To
Be a Personal Decision"]
[Text] London, AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT -- The former (south)
Yemeni President ['Ali Nasir Muhammad] has denied any connection
with President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih's recent decisions in Sanaa
appointing a new defense minister and a new naval forces
commander, both from the military commands which had seceded
with 'Ali Nasir from the regime which ruled south Yemen before
the unity, in the 13 January 1986 incidents. He said that 'Ali
Nasir is "for national unity and Yemeni unity."
This came in an exclusive telephone statement to AL-SHARQ
AL-AWSAT from his residence in Damascus, reacting to Yemeni and
Arab claims that the appointment of Staff Brigadier General
'Abd-Rabbuh Mansur as defense minister after Sanaa's dismissal
of Defense Minister Staff Brigadier General Haytham Qasim Tahir,
who belongs to the Yemeni Socialist Party [YSP], and the
appointment of Colonel Ahmad 'Abdallah al-Hasani as naval forces
commander, were made in the context of a new alliance between
'Ali 'Abdallah Salih and 'Ali Nasir to strike at the YSP in the
south by using southern elements.
'Ali Nasir wondered why these speculations were made now and
why there were no speculations about coordination between him
and the YSP when 10 men formerly loyal to him joined the party a
few weeks ago. Ten other supporters of 'Ali Nasir, he said, are
members of General People's Congress [GPC] leaderships. He said
that the GPC and the YSP had "shared power, wealth, and the band
[al-zumrah]."
It is worth noting that, during the 1986 incidents, the wing
loyal to 'Ali Nasir was called the "band" and the wing including
the current YSP leaders was known as the "clique" [al-Tughmah].
The sides called each other by these names.
The former president said that acceptance of an appointment
to any post in the Yemeni state is a personal decision by the
individual concerned. "When 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih and 'Ali Salim
al-Bid joined hands against us, we dissolved our own party." He
stressed that "'Ali 'Abdallah Salih and 'Ali Salim al-Bid are
responsible for what is taking place in Yemen."
He stressed that a distinction should be made between the
position he insists upon, meaning that he "only supports Yemen's
unity and is not aligned with any other party," and the
positions of others "who are divided between the YSP and the GPC
as it has become a matter of personal choice" since the latter
part of 1989 when serious preparations began for Yemen's unity.
AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT has also obtained a statement issued by
'Ali Nasir saying that he is "deeply pained by what is going on
in Yemen, the war and the infighting to the detriment of
national unity and Yemeni unity, destroying the Yemeni people's
achievements for which the people struggled for over 30 years."
He reaffirmed his support for the efforts made for the
preservation of unity and the settlement of disputes and
political conflicts through dialogue and peaceful means. He has
done and continues to do everything in his power to settle the
dispute between the two sides through a number of initiatives
this year and last year. He had earlier warned and expressed
fear that the differences and conflicts between the three
members of the ruling coalition could develop into a fire that
would burn the unity.
He added that "any efforts made or solutions proposed must
be
based on the preservation of Yemen's unity, not on a return to
the borders which existed before 22 May 1990."
He also announced that he is "holding consultations with
some
Yemeni figures who have not been involved in the conflict with a
view to a new initiative for the settlement of the Yemeni
crisis."
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 25 Score: 13.716966
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-38309 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes126_j_94022" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-126 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 30 Jun 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Fighting Around Aden, Southern Dissension Described </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Fighting Around Aden, Southern Dissension Described </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> NC3006063694 Paris AFP in English 0118 GMT 30 Jun 94 </F>
<F P=103> NC3006063694 </F>
<F P=104> Paris AFP </F>
<F P=105> English </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [By Mahir Chmaytilli] </F>
[Text] Aden, Yemen, June 30 (AFP) -- Southern Yemeni forces
have been hampered by internal dissension and a lack of manpower
as they struggle to thwart a northern advance along about 100
kilometres (60 miles) of frontline around the port city of Aden.
Three northern tanks slipped through into the undefended
western suburb of Madinat al-Sha'b on Saturday [25 June], the
office of the south's appointed vice-president 'Abd-al-Rahman
al-Jifri said.
Initially they met no resistance, giving northern forces
enough time to consolidate their forces and cut off Aden from
its oil refinery 18 kilometres (11 miles) to the west along the
coast road.
Southern forces swiftly hurled their men towards the area in
a bid to recapture the route to the refinery which supplies
their troops with fuel.
But the north had the advantage of surprise and, turning the
tables, launched another offensive to the north.
By Tuesday they had advanced as far as the city's pumping
station about 15 kilometres (nine miles) north of the city.
Aden was thus effectively cut off from vital fuel and water
supplies.
Southern officers collectively attribute the northern push
to
a lack of manpower among the soldiers loyal to southern leader
'Ali Salim al-Bid.
They point out that the south, which declared independence
on
May 21, has just three million people, compared with the north's
population of 11 million.
In a bid to make up the numbers, a general call-up has been
announced and buses tour the city collecting young men to take
them to the front.
Since the war broke out on May 5 the south has been further
handicapped by dissension among its own ranks.
A member of the southern presidential council, Sulayman
Nasir
Mas'ud, has accused soldiers loyal to the former president of
South Yemen 'Ali Nasir Muhammad of backing the north in Abyan
province east of Aden.
Muhammad, who came from Abyan, was toppled by al-Bid in a
bloody power struggle in Aden in 1986, before the former
conservative North Yemen merged with the Marxist South in May
1990.
Al-Jifri accused units loyal to the former president
deployed
in the north of "treason," saying they had lent their weight to
al- Bid's rival, President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih, a northerner.
The units knew the layout of the terrain in the south.
The south's setbacks can also be explained by the loss of
three of their best units. They were attacked and knocked out
of action even before the war broke out.
The south had tried to withdraw the units, deployed in the
northern areas of Dhamar, 'Amran and Yarim, but the move had
been fiercely opposed by Salih.
Southern leaders are also trying to combat Moslem
fundamentalists allied to Salih.
About 3,000 of them are said to be hiding out in and around
Aden, according to informed sources.
Southern officers have already blamed them for the fall of
several key points, including the town of Lahij, about 30
kilometres (18 miles) north of Aden, seized by the north three
weeks ago.
Roadblocks crisscross Aden, barring the entrance to every
district as searches go on for the Islamic militants.
Women militia are among 30,000 members of the Yemen
Socialist
Party (YSP) deployed in the city to stop any insurrection. The
women's job is to search women wearing the Moslem veil.
Northern Foreign Minister Muhammad Basindwah has said the
north's troops "are inside Aden itself," and Sanaa is counting
on the population to rise up and seize the city.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 26 Score: 13.698372
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-37911 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes123_o_94001" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-123 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 24 Jun 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> SYRIA </F>
<H3> <TI> Yemeni Delegation Meets With al-Asad, Departs </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Yemeni Delegation Meets With al-Asad, Departs </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> JN2406163394 Damascus Syrian Arab Republic Radio Network in
Arabic 1515 GMT 24 Jun 94 </F>
<F P=103> JN2406163394 </F>
<F P=104> Damascus Syrian Arab Republic Radio Network </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
[Text] At 1230 today, His Excellency President Hafiz
al-Asad received at the al-Rawdah Palace a Yemeni delegation
comprising Salim Salih Muhammad, assistant secretary general of
the Yemeni Socialist Party, Dr. 'Abd-al-'Aziz al-Dali, and
Muhsin Muhammad Abu-Bakr.
The meeting was attended by Deputy Prime Minister Rashid
Akhtarini and Foreign Minister Faruq al-Shar'.
The talks addressed developments in Yemen. His excellency
the president was briefed by the Yemeni delegation on the
current state of affairs in Yemen, and also on the proposals it
is carrying for addressing the situation there.
His excellency the president said that Syria strongly
regrets
the the course taken by events in Yemen, particularly the
infighting and bloodletting, as well as the failure to heed
cease-fire calls.
His excellency the president reiterated that Yemeni and Arab
interests require a cease-fire and start of dialogue. He
renewed his call for all fraternal Yemenis to observe a
cease-fire, end fighting, and opt for dialogue.
Salim Salih Muhammad and his delegation left Damascus this
afternoon. He was bidden farewell at Damascus International
Airport by Rashid Akhtarini, deputy prime minister for services
affairs.
In a statement to a correspondent of the Syrian Arab News
Agency, SANA, Salim Salih Muhammad expressed his thanks and
appreciation for His Excellency President Hafiz al-Asad for the
attention that he accords to the fratricidal fighting on Yemeni
territory. He added: As usual, we have come to brief our
fraternal Syrians on the latest developments in Yemen. His
Excellency President Hafiz al-Asad has made a habit of according
Yemeni developments due attention. His excellency the
president, Salim Salih Muhammad added, affirmed the importance
of halting the bloodshed in Yemen.
Salim Salih Muhammad also underlined the need to observe an
immediate cease-fire in Yemen and return to dialogue, because
war is destructive, not to mention that it cannot promote the
interests of the Yemeni people.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 27 Score: 13.676856
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-60293 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes100_j_94012" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-100 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 20 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Salih Demands Handover of 8 Socialist Party Leaders </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Salih Demands Handover of 8 Socialist Party Leaders </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> PM2005133294 London AL-HAYAH in Arabic 20 May 94 pp 1, 4 </F>
<F P=103> PM2005133294 </F>
<F P=104> London AL-HAYAH </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Report by Faysal Makram, Iqbal 'Abdallah, Shafiq al-Asadi, </F>
and Muhammad 'Allam: "Sanaa Confirms Advance Toward Aden;
Southerners Repel Attacks"]
[Excerpts] Sanaa, Aden, Abu Dhabi, Cairo -- The fighting
between northern and southern forces in Yemen -- which has
entered its third week -- expanded and became fiercer yesterday.
Sanaa confirmed yesterday that its forces were advancing toward
Aden to tighten the siege around it from three directions. It
said that the forces have now moved beyond the al-'Anad base.
While Aden said that southern forces "have dealt crushing
blows" to northern forces, "compelling them to retreat toward
Kirsh" (45 km northwest of Aden). [passage omitted]
At the security level, a high-level military official in
Sanaa has told AL-HAYAH that government forces (northern) are
advancing toward Aden to tighten the military siege around the
city from three directions: north, east, and west. Government
forces "have now moved beyond the al-'Anad base having seized it
and extinguished the fires caused by the rockets fired on the
base from a 20-km distance until Wednesday night/Thursday
morning by Socialist Party sources (southern). After combing
al-'Anad base, government forces have begun to advance toward
al-Hawtah, capital of Lahij Governorate, where they will join
other forces which have advanced through al-Habilayn after
crossing the Socialist forces' fortifications in the southern
areas of al-Dali' Directorate, which they seized about 10 days
ago. Meanwhile other forces advanced on this axis yesterday
toward Aden."
The military official added that "government forces on the
eastern axis are engaged in fierce fighting with Socialist
forces in the al-'Alam area between Abyan and Aden Governorates.
They had arrived from Zanjibar (capital of Abyan Governorate)
from al-'Amaliqah units and other government forces backing them
on this axis." He pointed out that "a land and air attack on
government forces in the southeastern fringes of Abyan
Governorate was repelled when government forces shelled Aden
airport with rockets in the early hours of yesterday morning.
The government (northern) Air Force launched air strikes
against naval ships belonging to the Socialist Party, providing
a cover for the al-'Amaliqah forces' land attack toward the
al-'Alam area."
On the southeastern axis, the same source confirmed that
northern forces "are engaged in fighting with the Socialist
Salah-al-Din Brigade some 25 km from al-'Irqah port." Socialist
forces on this front "have suffered heavy losses in military
equipment, and are moving toward Aden."
He added that "government forces have since dawn yesterday
been engaged in fierce fighting with the 'Abbas and Taysir
Brigade at the approaches to 'Anaq in Shabwah Governorate." He
confirmed that the city "is about to be captured by government
forces."
Meanwhile, sources close to President Salih have confirmed
his demand that eight Socialist Party Political Bureau leaders
be handed over as a condition for a cease-fire, or that they
leave the country quickly. They are 'Ali Salim al-Bid, Haydar
al-'Attas, Salih Bin-Husaynun, Yasin Sa'id Nu'man, Haytham Qasim
Tahir, Salih 'Ubayd Ahmad, Qasim Yahya, Salih Munsir al-Sayli,
and Muthanna 'Askar. The president excluded from this condition
Salim Salih Muhammad, assistant secretary general of the
Socialist Party, and 14 other Socialist Party Political Bureau
members, most notably Jarallah 'Umar, culture minister; Anis
Hasan Yahya, head of the Socialist Party parliamentary bloc;
Fadl Muhsin, fish resources minister; Muhammad Sa'id 'Abdallah,
housing minister; and Ahmad 'Ali al-Salami, electricity minister.
The sources said that President Salih briefed the Arab
League
secretary general's two envoys when he met with them before they
left Sanaa for Cairo three days ago. [passage omitted]
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 28 Score: 13.659924
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-66588 </DOCNO>
<HT> "jpnea021___94019" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> JPRS-NEA-94-021 </AU>
JPRS
Near East &amp; South Asia
</HEADER>
<ABS> </ABS>
<DATE1> 18 February 1994 </DATE1>
<F P=100> NEAR EAST </F>
<F P=101> REPUBLIC OF YEMEN </F>
<H3> <TI> Al-Ahmar Family Said To Be Front for Fundamentalists </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Al-Ahmar Family Said To Be Front for Fundamentalists </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> 94AE0091A Paris AL-WATAN AL-'ARABI in Arabic 18 Feb 94 pp
20-21 </F>
<F P=103> 94AE0091A </F>
<F P=104> Paris AL-WATAN AL-'ARABI </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
CSO
<F P=106> [Article by Sa'id al-Qaysi: "Secret Network Rules North </F>
Yemen Using Saddam's Methods!"]
[Text] Yemen is on the threshold of war. The statement this
time was made by President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih's vice-president
in the General People's Congress [GPC], and it is considered to
be true by all the people in power, by observers, and by Yemenis
who are awaiting the catastrophe that is bound to happen--after
everybody has crossed the redline and reached the point of no
return; after the latest crisis has revealed behind-the-scenes
activities in the regime, the contradictions of the rulers, and
the absence of a unified authority. In this report from Sanaa,
AL-WATAN AL-'ARABI reveals a [hitherto] unknown part of the
background of the conflict going on in Yemen, the part that has
played an important role in escalating this conflict and
bringing the situation to a head. It has to do with the makeup
of authority in Sanaa and the secret network built up by
President Salih--or rather, which he participated in building
up--in order to govern Yemen according to Saddam Husayn's
methods. This is being accomplished by means of a "secret
alliance" between the family and tribe that many people say
rules Yemen, that is, the al-Ahmar family, and the extremist
fundamentalist groups that have entered the arena and converted
President Salih into their hostage, whom they threaten to expel
any moment. It is known that southern Yemen is ruled by the
Yemeni Socialist Party [YSP], but who really rules northern
Yemen, and what is the role that the fundamentalist groups and
Arab Afghans play there?
"Yemen is a country that is out of breath." Most of the
people in government and observers agree with this remark. And
there are those who are awaiting a catastrophe. This may happen
because there no longer is anything to stop it, and everybody
has crossed the redline. There is no authority. In the North,
authority is in "unknown hands," as some of the educated people
have said.
Talking about authority in Yemen is something that opens
doors to a strange world that the crisis began to reveal and
that has given it its dimensions. Everybody has come to know
what is going on and who the bosses are--the family, the tribe,
and the extremist fundamentalist groups. As for the corruption,
this is a complete world unto itself, and stories concerning it
have become regular fare at places of relaxation and
khat-chewing rooms. "Nothing is new," according to a professor
of sociology who has been in jail and does not care to go back
there.
First there is the question of who is in charge. Who rules
northern Yemen? The professor of sociology says: "We have a new
royal family in the guise of a republican cover. We have the
Bayt al-Ahmar monarchy in Yemen. Bayt al-Ahmar is one of the
villages belonging to the Sanhan tribe located not far from the
capital city of Sanaa. The al-Ahmar clan is considered to be one
of the clans of the Hashid tribe which is headed by Shaykh
'Abdallah Bin-Husayn al-Ahmar, head of the Yemeni Chamber of
Deputies and head of the Higher Committee of the Yemeni Reform
Grouping [YRG] (the political facade of the Muslim Brotherhood).
In northern Yemen, all power is in the hands of the al-Ahmar
family. The village of Bayt al-Ahmar was not known until it was
at the center of events when one of its native sons, Lt. Col.
'Ali 'Abdallah Salih al-Ahmar, took over the reins of power in
1978 after two presidents of the republic were killed in
mysterious circumstances; they were President Ibrahim al-Hamdi
and President Ahmad Husayn al-Ghashmi. From that time until
today, the al-Ahmar clan has endeavored to consolidate its power
and influence in the government, following the pattern of Saddam
Husayn in Iraq.
The important positions in the military establishment and
the
security apparatus are occupied by the president's brothers,
cousins, in-laws, and uncles--in other words, by blood
relatives--and they are followed [in the hierarchy] by the other
members of the clan. This is true in spite of the existence of
the Yemeni Socialist Party [YSP], which has become merely a
showcase. The head of the party and president of the republic
does not trust anyone except individuals in his family and clan.
For this reason, he has placed them in the most important
military and security-related positions.
An examination of the rosters of the various commands of the
armed forces in northern Yemen shows that most of the commanders
of the brigades and units and all the management of the
(technical, operational, and financial) offices in the armed
forces and security apparatus are persons who are from the same
tribal grouping, that is, Sanhan.
If anyone from any other tribal grouping occupies any of
these positions, then he is at least from Hashid, the overall
mother tribe.
<H5> Rule by Bayt al-Ahmar </H5>
One notices that Bayt al-Ahmar, the birthplace of the
president, accounts for the lion's share of the top positions,
in fact, about 48 percent of them. Bayt al-Ahmar is then
followed by the villages of Sayyan, Wadi Silmok, al-Jarda', and
al-Dhanin. We find that Bayt al-Ahmar and four of its
neighboring villages account for most of the top positions, that
is, 22 of them, and this constitutes about 70 percent of the
total. Consequently, we can say that many of the other villages
inhabited by people belonging to the Sanhan clan do not enjoy
the confidence of the president. In addition to this, no
effective military command position is occupied by anyone from
the Bakil tribe, which is Yemen's largest tribe that follows the
Zaydi school of Islam, as do the Hashid tribes. Also, the areas
of Ma'rib, Ta'izz, al-Hudaydah, al-Bayda', and Ibb, whose people
follow the Shafi'i school of Islam, have no presence in the
power structure.
The following is a list of persons who occupy the top
positions:
Col. Muhammad 'Abdallah Salih al-Ahmar--the president's
brother, commander of the central security units, which are
deployed throughout Yemen's cities.
Col. 'Ali Salih 'Abdallah al-Ahmar--the president's
half-brother by his mother, commander of the Republican Guard
which is composed of 30,000 highly-trained soldiers armed with
various modern advanced weapons.
Col. Muhammad Salih 'Abdallah al-Ahmar--the president's
half-brother by his mother, commander of the Air Force and Air
Defense Forces.
Col. 'Ali Salih Ahmad Muhsin al-Ahmar--the president's
half-brother by his mother, commander of the artillery units in
the Governorate of Sanaa.
Col. Muhammad Ahmad Isma'il al-Ahmar--the president's
brother-in-law, commander of the 8th Brigade and commander of
the troops stationed in the east.
Col. Muhammad 'Ali Muhsin al-Ahmar--relative of the
president, deputy commander of the air defense affairs [branch]
of the Air Force.
Col. 'Ali Muhsin Salih al-Ahmar--relative of the president,
commander of the 1st Armored Division (Sanaa).
Col. 'Abd-al-Malik Ahmad al-Sayyani--from the village of
Sayyan (Sanhan), chief of the general staff.
Col. 'Ali Ahmad al-Sayyani--from the village of Sayyan
(Sanhan), chief of military intelligence.
Col. 'Ali 'Ali al-Sayyani--from the village of Sayyan
(Sanhan), commander of the 1st Missile Brigade.
The list is long, and clearly indicates what the power
structure is.
However, what about the regime's activity as related to
terrorism, a matter which many people, both inside and outside
Yemen, are talking about?
"Fundamentalist terrorism," in particular, intensified
rapidly around the end of 1991, that is, after unification, and
it has targeted the YSP and the opposition parties. However,
since the end of 1992, investigations have begun to reveal the
links of the terrorist fundamentalist groups, particularly after
the attempt to assassinate 'Ali Salih 'Abbad, nicknamed "the
Next One" [al-muqbil], who is a member of the Political Bureau
of the YSP, and the explosions which targeted the Aden Hotel.
The investigation revealed that the organization responsible was
the Islamic Jihad movement, which is considered to be the
military wing of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, led by Shaykh
'Abd-al-Majid al-Zandani, the strong man in the Reform Party,
who is also a member of the Presidential Council, the highest
body of authority in Yemen.
<H5> Weapons from Somalia and Sudan </H5>
According to official information, the Reform Party
constitutes the political facade of the Muslim Brotherhood
movement, which has been historically linked to Egypt since the
sixties. However, starting in 1988, the movement began to
change. It was restructured, by means of the creation of a
military wing, during the war in Afghanistan. A total of 100
soldiers were sent to Afghanistan to participate in the war and
to train, and Sanaa has become the gathering point for a number
of young Arabs who fought with the freedom- fighters in
Afghanistan. In Sanaa they were supplied with official papers
and travel tickets, and the main financier of these operations
was one of the tribal leaders.
After [the war in] Afghanistan, the power struggles began.
Several groups emerged, one of which was led by Yasin
'Abd-al-'Aziz, a Shafi'i from Ma'rib who is not a bloody type
and is not allied with the power structure. There is also a
group known as the "Party of Iran," since most of its members
regularly travel to Tehran.
In Sanaa, the "Arab Afghans" enjoy great freedom, live in
"villas" in wealthy residential neighborhoods such as Hiddah
[name as transliterated], which is where 'Abd-al-Majid
al-Zandani's residence is, and they have offices on Hiddah's
main street. Usually the "Arab Afghans" engage in political
activity in Sanaa and go there to rest before returning to their
training camps located near the city of Sa'dah, in the far
north, in the Ma'rib area, and in the Maraqishah mountains on
the [former] border between the North and the South, near the
southern Governorate of Shabwah. These camps are financed by the
Reform Party and a wealthy Yemeni living in Khartoum whose name
is Usamah Bin-Ladin and who is a friend of Shaykh al-Zandani.
Reports indicate that the terrorist groups have strong ties
to the military commanders, especially the brigade and unit
commanders, since the groups are transported in military
vehicles. Some of the military commanders are directly
responsible for some of the actions of terrorism. There is, for
example, the officer Salih Dahmash, who is in charge of a cell
in the southern Governorate of Abyan. He works under the command
of Col. Muhsin al-Ahmar, commander of the armored division, who
is the regime's strong man. Their weapons are transported in
boats from Somalia and Sudan. Some of them go to the coastline
of southern Yemen, and the rest are transported to the eastern
coastline of Egypt on the Red Sea.
Official sources indicate that the fundamentalist groups
have
become so strong that they are threatening the regime of 'Ali
'Abdallah Salih. One person close to the president says that the
problem is a very grave one, since these groups have capitalized
on the crisis and have contributed toward inflaming the
situation for the purpose of undertaking a palace coup and
replacing the president with somebody else in his family who is
from the Hashid tribe. 'Ali Salim al-Bid, the vice-president and
secretary general of the YSP, says only that more than one
Lockerbie-type of terrorist operation is being hatched in Yemen.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 29 Score: 13.641750
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-60055 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes098_j_94015" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-098 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 19 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> UAE Blames Salih for Rejecting Cease-Fire Attempts </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> UAE Blames Salih for Rejecting Cease-Fire Attempts </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> PM1905143094 London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT in Arabic 19 May 94
pp1, 4 </F>
<F P=103> PM1905143094 </F>
<F P=104> London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Reports by 'Abdallah Hammudah and Lutfi Shatarah in London, </F>
Naji al-Harazi and Hammud Munsir in Sanaa, 'Abd-al-'Aziz
al-Sadiqi in Abu-Dhabi, Muhammad Sadiq in Washington, and
AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT bureaus in Aden and Cairo: "Shaykh Zayid
Holds Salih Responsible for the Continuation of the War"]
[Excerpt] As the fierce fighting intensifies between the
northern and southern forces on the al-'Anad-Kirsh and
al-Dali'-al-Rahidah fronts, it seems that the military
operations launched by Yemeni President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih
from Sanaa have reached red lines which cannot be crossed and
that the situation now makes it necessary for the Arab and
international powers to take a clear stand. Signs of such a
stand have come from the United Arab Emirates [UAE] in holding
President Salih responsible for the continuation of the war. A
number of Yemeni leaderships have meanwhile considered a number
of options including secession.
UAE diplomatic sources told AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT that UAE
President Shaykh Zayid Bin-Sultan Al Nuhayyan frankly stated the
UAE's position to the Yemeni president in a telephone
conversation with him the day before yesterday, and said that he
"regrets the Yemeni president's failure to respond to repeated
appeals for a cease-fire."
The sources added that the UAE frankly stated its position
because "it has no common borders with Yemen and no direct
interest, and, therefore, being frank on the Yemeni conflict
does not place any political or diplomatic burdens on it and
would not leave room for anyone to doubt the UAE's goodwill and
objectivity."
The sources hope that the UAE position will be an incentive
for a number of other Arab states who are reluctant to declare
"a frank position on the crisis to follow the example of the UAE
as a way of putting pressure on Sanaa to agree to a cease-fire."
They also said that although the UAE was the first Gulf state
to sound the alarm, Shaykh Zayid "is still willing to make every
sincere and true effort to contain the situation, prevent
deterioration, and settle the dispute through dialogue in favor
of the Yemeni people's interests and stability."
Shaykh Zayid emphasized that "dialogue is the only way to
settle the Yemeni crisis. Yemen's interests must come before
all other considerations."
Observers saw indications of the UAE position in the
noticeable attention given to the visit of Salih Abu-Bakr
Bin-Husaynun, the Yemeni oil and mineral resources minister who
went there as an envoy of 'Ali Salim al-Bid, the vice president
and secretary general of the Yemeni Socialist Party [YSP],
compared with the cool official reception accorded to Foreign
Minister Muhammad Salim Basindwah who went there as an envoy of
President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih.
AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT has learned that the announcement of the
Higher Salvation Council in Aden the day before yesterday came
after comprehensive discussions by the leaders of the YSP and
five other Yemeni opposition parties with the participation of
30 House of Representatives members from the southern and
eastern governorates. The discussions covered five main points
relating to the current options in the Yemen arena, as follows:
1. Appeal to the Arab kings and presidents, the United
Nations, and the world's parliaments to intervene to stop the
fighting, spare Yemeni blood, and prevent fragmentation of the
Yemeni homeland.
2. Announce partition and restoration of south Yemen's
independent international identity.
3. Ask a committee of deputies to visit some Arab and
foreign capitals and UN centers to inform the world of the
deputies' support for the YSP leadership.
4. Draw attention to the dangers of the emergence of a
regime that supports forces which violate Arab consensus and
forces of extremism.
5. Reaffirm the importance of the southern patriotic forces'
determination to resist the northern invasion of the southern
governorates.
The YSP leadership in Aden, however, has disclosed that it
is
currently studying a number of political options, especially
mobilizing national support in the north and the south for the
preservation of the unity state, and international support
against the "alleged legitimacy which is in fact seeking to
destroy that unity state and destroy all chances of a better
future for the Yemeni people."
A responsible source at the U.S. State Department has
confirmed that the United States "supports the efforts of the
Gulf Cooperation Council [GCC] and the Arab League to stop the
fighting and settle the Yemeni crisis." [passage omitted]
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 30 Score: 13.453112
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-59661 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes095_j_94008" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-095 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 16 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARAB PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Northern Troops Continue Push Forward Toward Aden </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Northern Troops Continue Push Forward Toward Aden </PHRASE></F></HT>
<H4> Minister Inspects `Purged' Camp </H4>
<F P=102> JN1605135794 Sanaa Yemeni Republic Radio Network in Arabic
1200 GMT 16 May 94 </F>
<F P=103> JN1605135794 </F>
<F P=104> Sanaa Yemeni Republic Radio Network </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
[Excerpts] Instructed by brother Lieutenant General 'Ali
'Abdallah Salih, Presidential Council chairman and supreme
commander of the Armed Forces, Local Administration Minister
Muhammad Hasan Dammaz continued his field inspection tours of a
number of areas and districts in the southern governorates of
our country which have been purged from the filth of the
apostate and secessionist gang in the leadership of the Yemeni
Socialist Party [YSP].
The local administration minister yesterday visited the
Mukayris district in Abyan Governorate. He was welcomed on his
arrival in Mukayris by brother Staff Colonel Muhammad Isma'il
Ahmad, the axis staff officer; Muhammad 'Abd-Rabbuh Dahnan,
commissioner general of the Mukayris district; a number of
district officials; officers, noncommissioned officers, and
soldiers from the 8th Special Forces Brigade; and a large crowd
of citizens from the Mukayris district.
The brother local administration minister visited the 20th
Brigade's camp which had been purged and recovered from the
YSP's apostate and secessionist forces by the men of our Armed
Forces, the gallant heroes of the Special Forces Brigade, and
with the support of citizens supporting the constitutional
legitimacy and Yemeni unity.
Brother Muhammad Hasan Dammaz toured various positions in
the
camp and inspected its strong fortifications, which were built
in accordance with the most up-to-date military systems. He
also visited several weapons stockrooms in various parts of the
camp, which contained thousands of ammunition boxes, weapons,
batteries, artillery pieces, and antiaircraft guns. He also
inspected large numbers of tanks, guns, and automatic machine
guns that have been seized from the 20th Brigade after fierce
battles waged by our Armed Forces against the forces of
injustice and aggression, giving the most glorious examples of
heroism and sacrifice. [passage omitted]
The brother local administration minister also met in the
same camp with the officers, noncommissioned officers, and
soldiers of the 30th Brigade, who, together with their weapons
and equipment, joined our Armed Forces, the forces of justice
and defense of the constitutional legitimacy and unity.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 31 Score: 13.436485
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS3-33816 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes021_j_94014" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-021 </AU>
Document Type:Daily Report
<DATE1> 1 Feb 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> YSP Official Views Crisis, Party Stands </TI></H3>
<F P=102> JN2901113494 Amman AL-DUSTUR in Arabic 29 Jan 94 p 22 </F>
<F P=103> JN2901113494 </F>
<F P=104> Amman AL-DUSTUR </F>
<TEXT>
Language: <F P=105> Arabic </F>
Article Type:BFN
<F P=106> [Interview with Salim Salih Muhammad, assistant secretary </F>
general of the Yemeni Socialist Party, YSP, by AL-DUSTUR
correspondent Salih al-Qallab, in Aden -- date not given]
[Excerpts] [Passage omitted] [Al-Qallab] If some delay
takes place in implementing the accord document after it is
signed, will the Yemeni Socialist Party [YSP], which controls
the largest part of Yemen, unilaterally implement it?
[Muhammad] Extensive and important discussions are being
held
at our leadership and cadres level and with the other parties to
reach a clear answer to the question of what to do vis-a-vis
this document.
It is very difficult to answer your question. We cannot say
now that we will unilaterally implement the document if our
partners in the coalition refuse to implement it. However, with
respect to issues that need no constitutional amendments, that
do not conflict with laws in force which are adopted by the
legitimate authorities, I say that we have the right to
implement them in areas where it is possible to do so. [passage
omitted]
We will avoid everything that violates the Constitution,
harms unity and could be interpreted as being part of the
establishment of a second state. We will continue dialogue with
all the parties concerned to achieve what one can call a white
revolution.
[Al-Qallab] It is obvious that the YSP is inclined to sign
this document outside Yemen while others believe the signing
should take place on Yemeni soil. Why are you prefer to sign it
abroad?
[Muhammad] We, in the YSP, prefer that the document be
signed
in Jordan for three reasons:
The first is that the brothers in Jordan had suggested at
the
start of the crisis that a meeting between the president and his
vice president take place in Amman. Brothers 'Ali 'Abdallah
Salih and Salim al-Bid agreed to this. [passage omitted]
The second reason is that, this time, we want witnesses. We
want an Arab presence, other than the Jordanian brothers. We
proposed that the anticipated Amman meeting be attended by
neighboring countries. There is a direct connection, for
example, between the issue and the brothers in Oman, in Saudi
Arabia, and in Eritrea, not to mention Egypt, Syria, the PLO,
and the Arab League.
We want these fraternal countries to be represented at a
high
level. Also, there are some foreign countries which from the
beginning have shown an interest in the need to seek a solution
for the Yemeni crisis and to safeguard Yemeni unity. These
countries should be invited to the Amman meeting, particularly
France, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
The third reason is that I believe that the Yemeni crisis is
still acute, particularly concerning its military and security
dimension. While we take the first steps, during the signing
ceremony, we do not want to see any security breaches that might
inflame the situation and destroy all the achievements that have
been attained.
In other words, if the signing ceremony takes place in a
Yemeni area or city, every party or group attending the meeting
will be escorted by huge security forces. In such a case, it is
not far-fetched that, intentionally or not, a misunderstanding
could take place between this or that person. This would lead
to a catstrophe because the situation and atmophere are very
tense. Huge efforts, including those of the Jordanian brothers,
have been made to prevent this.
We believe that the signing of the document in fraternal
Jordan will guarantee the safety of all, including the brothers
and friends who will be invited to attend. [passage omitted]
[Al-Qallab] We have noticed that all the YSP leaders,
including the vice president and the prime minister have moved
from Sanaa to Aden. Is this some kind of a strong protest
against a specific situation, for security reasons, or to avoid
an eruption of the situation, particularly at this stage?
[Muhammad] There are two reasons: Security in Sanaa,
regrettably, is not available, particularly for the leaders and
members of our party. This is substantiated by the fact that
many of our houses have been attacked, and we have lost several
of our leaders and cadres in broad daylight. [passage omitted]
[Al-Qallab] When will you return to Sanaa?
[Muhammad] We decided to have our brothers in the House of
Representatives return and assume their duties. But, with
respect to some leaders, the causes which forced them to leave
Sanaa should first be remedied.
[Al-Qallab] We have heard that 'Ali Nasir Muhammad might
return to Aden. Have matters been definitively settled with
that wing of the YSP?
[Muhamma] Yes. This issue has been closed for more than two
years now. With respect to brother 'Ali Nasir Muhammad, we have
no objection to his return to Aden. We welcome him.
We have settled all differences and have closed the January
incidents file on the basis of dialogue and alliance, and the
formation of a broad front of all the forces, parties, and
figures to complete the unity project.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 32 Score: 13.310741
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS3-35410 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes037_j_94008" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-037 </AU>
Document Type:Daily Report
<DATE1> 24 Feb 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<H3> <TI> YSP Official Links Reform Grouping to Assassinations </TI></H3>
<F P=102> JN2402113394 Amman AL-AHALI in Arabic 24 Feb 94 p 4 </F>
<F P=103> JN2402113394 </F>
<F P=104> Amman AL-AHALI </F>
<TEXT>
Language: <F P=105> Arabic </F>
Article Type:BFN
<F P=106> [By Ramadan al-Rawashidah and Muhammad Farhan] </F>
[Excerpts] Political parties participating in the Yemeni
coalition government, and Yemeni party figures signed the pledge
and accord document in Amman on 20 February under the
sponsorship of his Majesty King Husayn.
Hundreds of Yemeni and Arab political figures came to Amman
to participate in the signing ceremony and to witness it.
AL-AHALI covered the event and interviewed Salim Salih
Muhammad, member of the Yemeni Presidential Council and
assistant secretary general of the Yemeni Socilaist Party [YSP].
[passage omitted]
On the series of assassinations of YSP officials, Salim
Salih
Muhammad said the party that carried out the assassinations is
the Jihad organization, an organization sponsored by the Yemeni
Reform Grouping. Some of these elements returned from
Afghanistan and were identified. They were identified only in
the areas where we are present, he said. We supplied all the
information needed concerning their activities and they were
arrested. Others are still at large in Sanaa and the tribal
areas. Some tribes and shaykhs are protecting them, not to
mention some influential armed forces officers.
Muhammad added: That's why the first point of the document
dealt with addressing the security situation, and arresting the
culprits and bringing them to trial. He said: We do not pass
judgment in advance. We leave this to the courts to decide.
Muhammad added that the security issue is now the major
concern of the people. One week ago, oil companies and embassies
gave us information on terrorist operations to take place in the
southern areas, particularly attacks against oil facilities.
Salim Salih Muhammad admitted that some documents show that
this scheme and those responsible for it are connected to Usamah
Bin-Ladin, a Saudi national who is now in Sudan. Usamah
Bin-Ladin is known for his support for fundamentalist movements,
particularly those returning from Afghanistan.
Muhammad added: I told the U.S. ambassador that you nurtured
these terrorists and used them at a certain time to confront the
liberation movements, nationalist regimes, and the socialist
bloc. Now they have turned against you.
Muhammad said: Our stand in the YSP on terrorism is firm. We
are against it, against exporting it, and against all the forms
it may take, whether ideological or any other form. [passage
omitted]
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 33 Score: 13.306267
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-11829 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes063_c_94007" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-063 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 27 Mar 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> Egypt </F>
<H3> <TI> 16 `Terrorists' Arrested in al-Qalyubiyah </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> 16 `Terrorists' Arrested in al-Qalyubiyah </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> NC3103182994 Cairo AL-AHRAM in Arabic 27 Mar 94 p 18 </F>
<F P=103> NC3103182994 </F>
<F P=104> Cairo AL-AHRAM </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Report by Manal al-Ghamri] </F>
[Excerpts] The security organs in al-Qalyubiyah discovered
a den in Qalyub while 16 terrorists belonging to extremist
groups in al-Fayyum, al-Minya, and Asyut were meeting there to
recruit a number of youngsters into the organization to carry
out terrorist activities. The terrorists' den was discovered
after Major General Muhammad 'Abd-al-Fattah 'Umar, director of
al-Qalyubiyah security directorate, received information that a
number of people were visiting a house in a remote area of
Qalyub. [passage omitted]
The Higher State Security Prosecution Office will
interrogate
the following arrested defendants: 'Isam 'Abd-al-Sattar
'Abd-al-Sadiq, 'Abd-al-Raziq 'Abd-al-Salam, Hasan
'Abd-al-Mu'min, Ahmad Salim Miliji, Nasir 'Ali Hasan, 'Adil
Fathi 'Abd-al-Salam, Nasr Mustafa Hasan, Hashim Musa'id 'Id,
'Abd-al-Rahim Kamil Hasan, Khalid Muhammad Dahi, Jamal Ahmad
al-Rajihi, Majid Ramadan Muhammad, Rammah Sayyid Muhammad, Sa'id
Ramadan 'Ali, Taha 'Abd-al-Hakim, and Muhammad Sa'd.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 34 Score: 13.291497
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-59762 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes096_j_94015" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-096 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 18 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> Al-Bid Says Salih Seeks `Fundamentalist' State </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Al-Bid Says Salih Seeks `Fundamentalist' State </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> JN1805091094 London AL-WASAT in Arabic 16-22 May 94 pp 23, 24 </F>
<F P=103> JN1805091094 </F>
<F P=104> London AL-WASAT </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Report by 'Afaf Zayn] </F>
[Excerpts] London -- As 'Abd-al-'Aziz 'Abd-al-Ghani,
assistant secretary general of the General People's Congress and
Presidential Council member, was telling journalists in Sanaa 9
May that fighting had stopped at all axes in the Abyan
Governorate in the south of the country and that the military
situation had been decided in favor of pro-government forces
"poised to complete their tasks by entering Aden within 48
hours", 'Ali Salim al-Bid, secretary general of the Yemeni
Socialist Party [YSP] was telling AL-WASAT on the line from his
Aden residence that "they will enter Aden over our dead bodies."
He was emphatic that the Army brigades in what used to be known
as Southern Yemen before the merger "would soon shift from their
defensive to an offensive posture," after the intensive bombing
had failed to achieve its objectives.
Contradicting 'Abd-al-Ghani's contention that the fighting
"was about to be settled in favor of the legal forces against
the separatists in the YSP, al-Bid told AL-WASAT "the military
situation" had not been decided in favor of the forces under the
man (President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih) who made the insane
decision to set off the explosion. Arab and world opinion can
now better judge the kind of practices we have endured over the
three and one-half years that the merger lasted. He drew a
parallel between "the military option President Salih had been
planning before the signing of the accord document in Amman and
the illegal appointments and dismissals and Saddam Husayn's
decisions following the invasion of Kwuait and his dismissal and
replacement of the Kuwaiti government." [passage omitted]
With escalating hostilities, the political situation in
Sanaa
and Aden continues to be ambiguous. According to Salim Salih
Muhammad, President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih opted for the military
option once he realized that under a regime of political
pluralism following 14 years of totalitarian rule, he had lost
many of his privileges. Driven by a tribal mentality, he put the
fate of the country on the line, equating himself with the state
and the army. It is this kind of mentality that destroyed the
union. His lending his ear to certain YSP officials, who were
closer to his way of thinking since the proclamation of unity,
propels the "conspiracy theory". That conclusion is echoed by
'Ali Salim al-Bid, who says: "Yes, there is a conspiracy."
What does this conspiracy seek to achieve? Al-Bid replies
that the aim is to set up in the region a theocratic entity
built on the alliance between the military and the fundamenalist
establishments. "It is the military fundamentalist state of
Sudan, along the lines of which other such regimes are being
planned," asserts al-Bid. [passage omitted]
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 35 Score: 13.256472
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-21757 </DOCNO>
<HT> "jptot014__l94057" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> JPRS-TOT-94-014-L </AU>
JPRS
Terrorism
</HEADER>
<ABS> FOUO </ABS>
<DATE1> 27 March 1994 </DATE1>
<F P=100> NEAR EAST/SOUTH ASIA </F>
<F P=101> EGYPT </F>
<H3> <TI> Sixteen Terrorists Arrested in Al-Qalyubiyah </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Sixteen Terrorists Arrested in Al-Qalyubiyah </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> NC3103182994 Cairo AL-AHRAM in Arabic 27 Mar 94 p 18 </F>
<F P=103> NC3103182994 </F>
<F P=104> Cairo AL-AHRAM </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
<F P=106> [Manal al-Ghamri report] </F>
[Excerpts] The security organs in al-Qalyubiyah discovered
a den in Qalyub while 16 terrorists belonging to extremist
groups in al-Fayyum, al-Minya, and Asyut were meeting there to
recruit a number of youngsters into the organization to carry
out terrorist activities. The terrorists' den was discovered
after Major General Muhammad 'Abd-al-Fattah 'Umar, director of
al-Qalyubiyah security directorate, received information that a
number of people were visiting a house in a remote area of
Qalyub. [passage omitted]
The Higher State Security Prosecution Office will
interrogate
the following arrested defendants: 'Isam 'Abd-al-Sattar
'Abd-al-Sadiq, 'Abd-al-Raziq 'Abd-al-Salam, Hasan
'Abd-al-Mu'min, Ahmad Salim Miliji, Nasir 'Ali Hasan, 'Adil
Fathi 'Abd-al-Salam, Nasr Mustafa Hasan, Hashim Musa'id 'Id,
'Abd-al-Rahim Kamil Hasan, Khalid Muhammad Dahi, Jamal Ahmad
al-Rajihi, Majid Ramadan Muhammad, Rammah Sayyid Muhammad, Sa'id
Ramadan 'Ali, Taha 'Abd-al-Hakim, and Muhammad Sa'd.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 36 Score: 13.205404
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS3-35223 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes035_m_94009" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-035 </AU>
Document Type:Daily Report
<DATE1> 22 Feb 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> JORDAN </F>
<H3> <TI> King Hosts Yemeni Accord Signing Ceremony </TI></H3>
<H4> Salih, al-Bid Hold `Closed Session' </H4>
<F P=102> JN2102123694 Sanaa Yemeni Republic Radio Network in Arabic
1200 GMT 21 Feb 94 </F>
<F P=103> JN2102123694 </F>
<F P=104> Sanaa Yemeni Republic Radio Network </F>
<TEXT>
Language: <F P=105> Arabic </F>
Article Type:BFN
[Text] In the presence of His Majesty King Husayn
Bin-Talal of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, a meeting was held
in Amman last night between brother Lieutenant General 'Ali
'Abdallah Salih, chairman of the Presidential Council, and
brother 'Ali Salim al-Bid, vice chairman of the Presidential
Council.
During the meeting, they reviewed ways to implement the
accord document after it was signed yesterday afternoon by all
forces, committees, and institutions to bolster Yemen's unionist
and democratic march.
King Husayn once again welcomed the brother members of the
Yemeni leadership, in his name and on behalf of the Jordanian
people. He appreciated their and the political forces' historic
achievement of the accord document, which will be a good
beginning for Yemen and the Arab nation, God willing.
For their part, the brother chairman and vice chairman of
the
Presidential Council thanked his majesty the king and the
Jordanian people for hosting this meeting, noting his majesty's
efforts to bring views closer and heal the rift in the Yemeni
ranks to safeguard unity and democracy.
Attending the meeting were brother 'Abd-al-'Aziz
'Abd-al-Ghani and Salim Salih Muhammad, members of the
Presidential Council; Engineer Haydar Abu-Bakr al-'Attas, prime
minister; Mujahid Abu-Shawarib and 'Abd-al-Wahhab al-Anisi,
deputy prime ministers; Dr. Yasin Sa'id Nu'man, member of the
Political Bureau and head of the secretariat office of the
Yemeni Socialist Party's Central Committee; Dr. 'Abd-al-Karim
al-Iryani, minister of planning and development; Jarallah 'Umar,
minister of culture; and Sinan Abu-Luhum, member of the dialogue
committee.
For the Jordanian side, the meeting was attended by His
Royal
Highness Crown Prince Hasan Bin-Talal; Dr. 'Abd-al-Salam
al-Majali, prime minister; al-Sharif Zayd Bin-Shakir, chief of
the Royal Court; Marwan al-Qasim, political adviser to his
majesty the king; Dr. Khalid al-Karaki, adviser to his majesty
the king; and the Jordanian ambassador in Sanaa.
The Yemeni News Agency, SABA', has learned that after this
meeting a closed session was held between brother President 'Ali
'Abdallah Salih and his deputy 'Ali Salim al-Bid.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 37 Score: 13.191345
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS3-12449 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes040_j_94001" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-040 </AU>
Document Type:Daily Report
<DATE1> 1 Mar 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> ARABIAN PENINSULA </F>
<F P=101> Yemen </F>
<H3> <TI> YSP Deputy Leader Sees `Threat of Civil War' </TI></H3>
<F P=102> PM2502153194 London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT in Arabic 24 Feb 94 p 2 </F>
<F P=103> PM2502153194 </F>
<F P=104> London AL-SHARQ AL-AWSAT </F>
<TEXT>
Language: <F P=105> Arabic </F>
Article Type:BFN
<F P=106> [Report by Taj-al-Din 'Abd-al-Haqq: Salim Salih: Some Yemeni </F>
Forces Support Military Option; Experience Taught Us Signing
Does Not Mean Anything"]
[Text] Abu Dhabi -- Salim Salih Muhammad, assistant
secretary general of the Yemeni Socialist Party [YSP] and member
of the Yemeni Presidential Council, has cast doubt on the
possibilities of implementing the Yemeni Pledge and Accord
Document signed in Amman last Sunday. And he warned of the
threat of civil war.
The Yemeni official said at a press conference in Abu Dhabi
following his meeting with Shaykh Zayid Bin-Sultan Al Nuhayyan,
president of the United Arab Emirates [UAE], that "the document
will not see the light of day in practice except in the areas
which fall under YSP influence." He also said that Vice
President 'Ali Salim al-Bid will not go to Sanaa except after
the implementation of the document begins.
The Yemeni Presidential Council member -- who visited the
UAE
in the framework of a tour designed to explain the horizons of
the Yemeni crisis after the signing of the Pledge and Accord
Document -- added that "there are those who are helping to
bolster military action and military option tendencies and to
turn the tables on all parties." He praised Shaykh Zayid
Bin-Sultan's understanding of conditions in Yemen. He said that
"without securing a new mechanism to implement this document, it
will remain in the drawer." He broached the experiment of the
past four years, saying that "it has caused us to believe that
signing is not the important step, but, rather, implementation
and starting implementation."
He described the incidents which have occurred over the past
two days in Abyan Governorate as "designed to torpedo the Yemeni
people's prospects after the signing of the document." He said
that "the document is not a medical prescription to remedy the
Yemeni crisis. The crisis needs mutual and united efforts from
all political parties and from all sincere people who want to
spare Yemen a civil war and the road of violence, terrorism, and
fragmentation."
Salim Salih Muhammad stressed that "'Ali Salim al-Bid, YSP
secretary general and vice president, will not go to Sanaa under
the present security situation unless this situation is resolved
and armed troops are withdrawn from the cities and unless
credibility regarding what has been agreed upon is proved."
Asked whether that means that the document is merely ink on
paper, the Yemeni official said: "It will be so if it remains
in the drawer, if the situation remains as it stands, and if the
Armed Forces and security forces continue to detonate the
situation here and there."
He stressed that the document "will not see the light of day
in practice except in the areas which fall under YSP influence."
Asked about the benefit of signing the document when the
disputes are still there, Salim Salih said that "the signing is
binding on all parties, and it exposes any parties that refuse
to implement the document. At then the people will know who
does not want to implement it."
He added: "It is clear that there are those who are helping
to bolster the military action and military option tendencies.
They want to turn the table on all the parties. This is what
we want the brothers, friends, and the Yemeni people to be aware
of."
Salim Salih Muhammad accused "some military commanders and
other forces of supporting this tendency." He said that "the
testimonies of those arrested pointed to the existence of these
forces, which help, support, and sometimes embrace elements
which have returned from Afghanistan and elements accused of
carrying out bombing operations and assassinations and recently
abducting three Chinese engineers."
On the nature of the disagreements which emerged in Amman
after the signing of the document and prevented the return of
President 'Ali 'Abdallah Salih and his deputy 'Ali Salim al-Bid
to Sanaa, accompanied by King Husayn of Jordan, Salim Salih
Muhammad pointed out that "what was agreed upon in Amman is only
what is mentioned in the published document. However, there
were some issues which needed to be discussed. But regrettably,
the brothers in some parties, including the General People's
Congress and the Reform Grouping, did not give us the
opportunity to do so." He added that the YSP submitted a
working paper about what should be done after the signing, "but
they refused even to read it."
Salim Salih Muhammad urged all parties on the Yemeni scene
to
take account of current changes and to work together to spare
the Yemeni people the threat of civil war and fragmentation,
secure whatever guarantees stability and development, and
implement the various political, economic, and social plans.
He stressed that the YSP leadership is working to bolster
Yemeni unity; it is not seeking separation. However, he warned
that "unless matters are resolved fairly and rights are returned
to their claimants, and unless local government is implemented,
powers allocated, and a clear relationship between Sanaa and the
other governorates and regions secured, we will find ourselves
in a different position. What we fear is for Yemen to turn into
more than one part, not just north and south, as was the
situation in the past. Because changes have imposed on us new
realities in relations and in understanding people."
On his visit to Kuwait -- the first by a Yemeni official
since the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on 2 August 1990 -- Salim
Salih described this visit as "a good start in the framework of
establishing normal relations between the two countries." He
also said that "for our part, we presented our view to normalize
relations between the two countries."
He expressed his hope that Kuwait will transcend the deep
wound with regard to Yemen's official positions during the Gulf
war. he said, "we as brothers should transcend the past and
look to the future."
He stressed that current conditions in the region, including
the efforts to secure a solution to the Palestinian issue and
the Arab-Israeli conflict, require the achievement of a degree
of Arab solidarity. He expected Kuwait to embark in the period
ahead on steps toward normalizing its relations with a number of
states. He described the results of 'Ali Salim al-Bid's visits
to Egypt and Syria as good, saying they have achieved their
results at all levels.
</TEXT>
</DOC>
Qid: 382 Rank: 38 Score: 13.086436
<DOC>
<DOCNO> FBIS4-60526 </DOCNO>
<HT> "drnes102_c_94007" </HT>
<HEADER>
<AU> FBIS-NES-94-102 </AU>
Daily Report
<DATE1> 25 May 1994 </DATE1>
</HEADER>
<F P=100> Egypt </F>
<H3> <TI> Fired Yemeni Envoy Shuts Cairo Embassy </TI></H3>
<HT><F P=107><PHRASE> Fired Yemeni Envoy Shuts Cairo Embassy </PHRASE></F></HT>
<F P=102> NC2505113894 Cairo MENA in Arabic 1040 GMT 25 May 94 </F>
<F P=103> NC2505113894 </F>
<F P=104> Cairo MENA </F>
<F P=105> Arabic </F>
<TEXT>
BFN
[Excerpt] Cairo, 25 May (MENA) -- The impact of the ongoing
battles between North and South Yemen has reached the Yemeni
Embassy in Cairo. Yemeni Foreign Minister Muhammad Salim
Basindwah issued a decree relieving Yemen's Ambassador in Cairo
'Abd-al-Jalil Ghilan, a southerner, of his post and recalling
him to Sanaa, appointing Ambassador 'Abd-al-Malik Sa'id, a
northerner, in his place.
Ghilan closed the embassy's electronic doors this morning,
prevented staff from entering to assume their duties, and took
refuge in his residence on the upper floor of the embassy
building. The employees assembled in front of the building,
causing a traffic jam on Amin al-Rafi'i Street in the al-Misahah
area of al-Dukki. A police force imposed tight security around
the embassy.
A security source has stat