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Contributing to Astropy

Reporting Issues

When opening an issue to report a problem, please try and provide a minimal code example that reproduces the issue, and also include details of the operating system, and the Python, Numpy, and Astropy versions you are using.

Contributing code

So you're interested in contributing code to Astropy? Excellent!

Most contributions to Astropy are done via pull requests from GitHub users' forks of the astropy repository. If you're new to this style of development, you'll want to read over our development workflow.

Once you open a pull request (which should be opened against the master branch, not against any of the other branches), please make sure that you include the following:

  • Code: the code you are adding, which should follow as much as possible our coding guidelines.

  • Tests: these are usually tests to ensure that code that previously failed now works (regression tests) or tests that cover as much as possible of the new functionality to make sure it doesn't break in future, and also returns consistent results on all platforms (since we run these tests on many platforms/configurations). For more information about how to write tests, see our testing guidelines.

  • Documentation: if you are adding new functionality, be sure to include a description in the main documentation (in docs/). Again, we have some detailed documentation guidelines to help you out.

  • Changelog entry: whether you are fixing a bug or adding new functionality, you should add an entry to the CHANGES.rst file that includes the PR number and if possible the issue number (if you are opening a pull request you may not know this yet, but you can add it once the pull request is open). If you're not sure where to put the changelog entry, wait at least until a maintainer has reviewed your PR and assigned it to a milestone.

    You do not need to include a changelog entry for fixes to bugs introduced in the developer version and therefore are not present in the stable releases. In general you do not need to include a changelog entry for minor documentation or test updates. Only user-visible changes (new features/API changes, fixed issues) need to be mentioned. If in doubt ask the core maintainer reviewing your changes.

Other Tips

  • To prevent the automated tests from running you can add [ci skip] to your commit message. This is useful if your PR is a work in progress and you are not yet ready for the tests to run. For example:

    $ git commit -m "WIP widget [ci skip]"
    
    • If you already made the commit without including this string, you can edit your existing commit message by running:

      $ git commit --amend
      
  • To skip only the AppVeyor (Windows) CI builds you can use [skip appveyor], and to skip testing on Travis CI use [skip travis].

  • If your commit makes substantial changes to the documentation, but no code changes, the you can use [docs only], that will skip all but the documentation building jobs on Travis.

  • When contributing trivial documentation fixes (i.e. fixes to typos, spelling, grammar) that do not contain any special markup and are not associated with code changes, please include the string [docs only] in your commit message.

    $ git commit -m "Fixed typo [docs only]"
    

Checklist for Contributed Code

A pull request for a new feature will be reviewed to see if it meets the following requirements. For any pull request, an astropy maintainer can help to make sure that the pull request meets the requirements for inclusion in the package.

Scientific Quality (when applicable)

  • Is the submission relevant to astronomy?
  • Are references included to the origin source for the algorithm?
  • Does the code perform as expected?
  • Has the code been tested against previously existing implementations?

Code Quality

  • Are the coding guidelines followed?
  • Is the code compatible with Python 2.7 and >=3.4?
  • Are there dependencies other than the Astropy core, the Python Standard Library, and NumPy 1.9.0 or later?
    • Is the package importable even if the C-extensions are not built?
    • Are additional dependencies handled appropriately?
    • Do functions that require additional dependencies raise an ImportError if they are not present?

Testing

  • Are the testing guidelines followed?
  • Are the inputs to the functions sufficiently tested?
  • Are there tests for any exceptions raised?
  • Are there tests for the expected performance?
  • Are the sources for the tests documented?
  • Have tests that require an optional dependency marked as such?
  • Does python setup.py test run without failures?

Documentation

  • Are the documentation guidelines followed?
  • Is there a docstring in the function describing:
    • What the code does?
    • The format of the inputs of the function?
    • The format of the outputs of the function?
    • References to the original algorithms?
    • Any exceptions which are raised?
    • An example of running the code?
  • Is there any information needed to be added to the docs to describe the function?
  • Does the documentation build without errors or warnings?

License

  • Is the astropy license included at the top of the file?
  • Are there any conflicts with this code and existing codes?

astropy requirements

  • Do all the Travis CI, AppVeyor, and CircleCI tests pass?
  • If applicable, has an entry been added into the changelog?
  • Can you checkout the pull request and repeat the examples and tests?