DSK, short for “Design System Kit” – a workbench for collaboratively creating Design Systems
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apiv1.go
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README.md

Design System Kit

Build Status

Abstract

Using the Design System Kit you quickly define and organize design aspects into a browsable and live-searchable design system. Hierarchies between design aspects are established using plain simple directories. Creating documentation is as easy as adding a Markdown formatted file to a directory inside the design definitions tree.

screenshot

Quickstart

  1. Visit the GitHub releases page and download one of the quickstart packages for your operating system. For macOS use dsk-darwin-amd64.zip, for Linux use dsk-linux-amd64.tar.gz.

  2. The package is an archive that contains the dsk executable and an example design system. Double click on the downloaded file to unarchive both.

  3. You start DSK by double clicking on the executable. On first use please follow these instructions for macOS to skip the developer warning.

  4. You should now see DSK starting in a small terminal window, open the web application in your browser, to browse through the design system.

The Design Definitions Tree

One of the fundamental ideas in DSK was to use the filesystem as the interface for content creation. This enables direct manipulation of the content and frees us from tedious administration interfaces.

screenshot

The design definitions tree (DDT for short), is a tree of directories and subdirectories. Each of these directories stands for a design aspect in the hierarchy of your design system, these might be actual components, when you are documenting the user interface, or chapters of your company's guide into its design culture.

Each directory may hold several files to document these design aspects: a configuration file to add meta data or supporting assets that can be downloaded through the frontend.

example
├── AUTHORS.txt                 <- authors database, see "Authors" below
├── DataEntry
│   ├── Button                  <- "Button" design aspect
│   │   └── ...
│   ├── TextField               <- "TextField" design aspect
│   │   ├── Password            <- nested "Password" design aspect
│   │   │   └── readme.md
│   │   ├── api.md              <- document
│   │   ├── exploration.sketch  <- asset
│   │   ├── meta.yml            <- meta data file
│   │   ├── explain.md          <- document
│   │   └── unmask.svg          <- asset

Note: Directories beginning with an underscore (_), x- and x_ or a dot (.) are ignored.

Documenting Design Aspects

Aspects are documented by adding Markdown formatted documentation files to their directory. A readme.md file may describe an aspect or give clues how to use a certain component. You can split documentation over several files when you like to. We usually use api.md, explain.md or comments.md.

Note: readme.md is in no ways treated specially by DSK, but is usually displayed by GitHub as the primary document in the web interface.

Another note: If you prefer plain HTML documents over Markdown, these are supported too. For this use .html instead of .md as the file extension.

Adding Aspect Meta Data (Description, Tags, ...)

To add more information to an aspect, we use a file called meta.yml. This file holds meta data, like a short description, tags and authors, about an aspect. The file uses the easy to write YAML format.

Note: If you prefer to use JSON as a format, that is supported too. Just exchange .yml for .json as the extension.

An example of a full meta data file looks like this:

authors: 
  - christoph@atelierdisko.de
  - marius@atelierdisko.de

description: > 
  This is a very very very fancy component. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet,
  sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore
  magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua.

keywords: 
  - typography
  - font
  - type

related:
  - DataEntry/TextField

tags:  
  - priority/1
  - release/0.1
  - progress/empty

version: 1.2.3

Possible meta data keys are:

  • authors: An array of email addresses of the document authors; see below.
  • description: A single sentence that roughly describes the design aspect.
  • keywords: An array of terms that are searched in addition to tags.
  • related: An array of related aspect URLs within DSK.
  • tags: An array of tags to group related aspects together.
  • version: A freeform version string.

Authors

Each design aspect may be authored by one or multiple humans. To assign yourself, use the authors option in the meta.yml configuration file.

To enable automatic full names for each author, create an AUTHORS.txt file inside the root of the DDT first. Each line of the file lists an author's full name and her/his email address in angle brackets.

Christoph Labacher <christoph@atelierdisko.de>
Marius Wilms <marius@atelierdisko.de>

Manually Ordering Aspects and Documents

Aspects and documents by default appear in the same order as they are stored on your disk. But sometimes order matters. To manually set the order you prefix aspects or documents with an order number like so:

example
├── DataEntry
│   ├── 01_TextField       <-- now comes before "Button"
│   │   ├── ...
│   │   ├── 01_explain.md  <-- now comes before "api.md"
│   │   └── 02_api.md
│   ├── 02_Button
│   │   └── ...

Valid order number prefixes look like 01_, 01-, 1_ or 1-.

Architecture

Architecture-wise DSK is split into a backend and frontend. The backend implemented in Go takes care of understanding the definitions tree and provides a REST API for the frontend, usually implemented in JavaScript.

Frontends are pluggable and the decoupled design allows you to create individually branded frontends. These are entirely free in their implementation, they must adhere to only a minimal set of rules.

The frontend and backend are than later compiled together into a single binary, making it usable as a publicly hosted web application or a locally running design tool.

Building your own Frontend

The following sections describe everything you need to know when building your own frontend and bundle it with the dsk binary. By default DSK uses a builtin minimal frontend. The default frontend is a good starting point when developing your own. It can be found in the frontend directory of this project.

Available API Endpoints

The backend provides the following API endpoints, that respond (with the exception of assets) with JSON.

GET /api/v1/hello, returns the version and a friendly greeting.

GET /api/v1/tree, get the full design definitions tree as a nested tree of nodes.

GET /api/v1/tree/{path}, get information about a single node specified by path.

GET /api/v1/tree/{path}/{asset}, requests a node's asset, {asset} is a single filename.

GET /api/v1/search?q={query}, performs a search over the design definitions tree and returns a flat list of matched node URLs.

GET /api/v1/messages, WebSocket for receiving messages, i.e. whenever the tree changes.

Designing the URL Schema

Your frontend and its subdirectories will be mounted directly at the root path /. Requests to anything under /api are routed to the backend, anything else is routed into your application in index.html.

Relative asset source paths inside documents will be made absolute to allow you displaying a document's content wherever you like to.

Baking

To bake your frontend into DSK, install the the development tools as described in the Development section first. After doing so, you create your custom DSK build by running the following command.

$ FRONTEND=/my/frontend make dist

Frontends created with create react app should instead follow these couple of simple steps.

$ cd /my/frontend
$ npm run build
$ cd $(go env GOPATH)/src/github.com/atelierdisko/dsk
$ FRONTEND=/my/frontend/build make dist

Development

Go version 1.9 or later is needed for developing and testing the application.

If you're setting up a Go environment from scratch, add Go's bin directory to your PATH, so that go binaries like go-bindata can be found. In .profile add the following line.

export PATH=$PATH:$(go env GOPATH)/bin

The make dev command assumes your test design system definitions are below the example directory. The vendored dependencies are managed with dep.

$ go get -u github.com/golang/dep/cmd/dep
$ go get github.com/twitter/go-bindata/...
$ go get github.com/atelierdisko/dsk
$ cd $(go env GOPATH)/src/github.com/atelierdisko/dsk
$ make dev

To run the unit tests use make test, to run the benchmarks use make bench, for performance profiling run make profile.

Deploying as a Webservice

Once your design system is ready for the public, you surely want to share it with co-workers inside your company or proudly present it to the whole world.

Design System Kit, works both in a local mode, as well in a hosted mode on a webserver. There are two options for the hosted mode.

The following examples assume that you've installed the dsk binary to /bin/dsk, are keeping the DDT in /var/ds and that your operating system uses systemd as its init system.

Simple

As long as you don't want any SSL encryption (you probably do), this is the quickest way to get started. It keeps DSK running on your server and answers requests directly.

Please replace 192.168.1.1 with the public IP address of your machine. After installing and starting the service unit, the web interface should be available.

[Unit]
Description=Design System Kit

[Service]
ExecStart=/bin/dsk -host 192.168.1.1 -port 80 /var/ds
WorkingDirectory=/var/ds

[Install]
WantedBy=default.target

With NGINX as a reverse-proxy and SSL

For SSL support we'll put DSK behind NGINX. The webserver will do the termination for us, then forward all requests to DSK. DSK will be listening on the loopback interface on port 8080.

# ...

[Service]
ExecStart=/bin/dsk -port 8080 /var/ds
User=www-data
Group=www-data
WorkingDirectory=/var/ds

# ...
server {
	listen 443 ssl http2;

	server_name example.com;
	root /var/ds;

	ssl_certificate /etc/ssl/certs/example.com.crt;
	ssl_certificate_key /etc/ssl/private/example.com.key;

	location / {
		proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
		proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $remote_addr;
		proxy_set_header Host $host;
		proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080;
	}	
}

Known Limitations

  • Symlinks inside the design definitions tree are not supported
  • Not tested thoroughly on Windows

Copyright & License

DSK is Copyright (c) 2017 Atelier Disko if not otherwise stated. Use of the source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be found in the LICENSE file.