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NAME Plack - Perl Superglue for Web frameworks and Web Servers (PSGI toolkit) DESCRIPTION Plack is a set of PSGI reference server implementations and helper utilities for Web application frameworks, exactly like Ruby's Rack. See PSGI for the PSGI specification and PSGI::FAQ to know what PSGI and Plack are and why we need them. MODULES AND UTILITIES Plack::Handler Plack::Handler and its subclasses contains adapters for web servers. We have adapters for Standalone, CGI, FCGI, Apache, AnyEvent, Coro, Danga::Socket and many server environments that you can run PSGI applications on. See Plack::Handler how to write your own adapters. Plack::Loader Plack::Loader is a loader to load one of Plack::Server adapters and run PSGI application code reference with it. Plack::Util Plack::Util contains a lot of utility functions for server implementors as well as middleware authors. .psgi files PSGI application is a code reference but it's not easy to pass code reference in the command line or configuration files, so Plack uses a convention that you need a file named "app.psgi" or alike, which would be loaded (via perl's core function "do") to return the PSGI application code reference. See eg/dot-psgi directory for the example ".psgi" files. plackup, Plack::Runner plackup is a command line launcher to run PSGI applications from command line using Plack::Loader to load PSGI backends. It can be used to run standalone servers and FastCGI daemon processes. Other server backends like Apache2 needs a separate configuration but ".psgi" application file can still be the same. If you want to write your own frontend that replaces, or adds functionalities to plackup, take a look at Plack::Runner module. Plack::Middleware PSGI middleware is a PSGI application that wraps existent PSGI application and plays both side of application and servers. From the servers the wrapped code reference still looks like and behaves exactly the same as PSGI applications. Plack::Middleware gives you an easy way to wrap PSGI applications with a clean API, and compatibility with Plack::Builder DSL. Plack::Builder Plack::Builder gives you a DSL that you can enable Middleware in ".psgi" files to wrap existent PSGI applications. Plack::Request, Plack::Response Plack::Request gives you a nice wrapper API around PSGI $env hash to get headers, cookies and query parameters much like Apache::Request in mod_perl. Plack::Response does the same to construct the response array reference. Plack::Test Plack::Test is an unified interface to test your PSGI application using standard HTTP::Request and HTTP::Response pair with simple callbacks. Plack::Test::Suite Plack::Test::Suite is a test suite to test a new PSGI server backend. CONTRIBUTING Patches and Bug Fixes Small patches and bug fixes can be either submitted via nopaste on IRC <irc://irc.perl.org/#plack> or email. You could also fork on github (http://github.com/miyagawa/Plack) to make larger fixes. Module Namespaces Modules added to the Plack:: sub-namespaces should be reasonably generic components which are useful as building blocks and not just simply using Plack. Middleware authors are free to use the Plack::Middleware:: namespace for their middleware components. Middleware must be written in the pipeline style such that they can chained together with other middleware components. The Plack::Middleware:: modules in the core distribution are good examples of such modules. It is recommended that you inherit from Plack::Middleware for these types of modules. Not all middleware components are wrappers, but instead are more like endpoints in a middleware chain. These types of components should use the Plack::App:: namespace. Again, look in the core modules to see excellent examples of these (Plack::App::File, Plack::App::Directory, etc.). It is recommended that you inherit from Plack::Component for these types of modules. DO NOT USE Plack:: namespace to build a new web application or a framework. It's like naming your application under CGI:: namespace if it's supposed to run on CGI and that is a really bad choice and confuse people. COPYRIGHT Copyright 2009- Tatsuhiko Miyagawa AUTHORS Tatsuhiko Miyagawa Yuval Kogman Tokuhiro Matsuno Kazuhiro Osawa Kazuho Oku SEE ALSO PSGI <http://plackperl.org/> LICENSE This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.