Skip to content
🔒 an http proxy to route images through SSL
CoffeeScript Ruby
Latest commit e6e9f04 Mar 9, 2016 @atmos Merge pull request #101 from marcosdiez/master
Run as user nobody inside of the docker container

README.md

camo Build Status

Camo is all about making insecure assets look secure. This is an SSL image proxy to prevent mixed content warnings on secure pages served from GitHub.

camo

We want to allow people to keep embedding images in comments/issues/READMEs.

There's more info on the GitHub blog.

Using a shared key, proxy URLs are encrypted with hmac so we can bust caches/ban/rate limit if needed.

Camo currently runs on node version 0.10.29 at GitHub on heroku.

Launch on Heroku

Features

  • Max size for proxied images
  • Follow redirects to a certain depth
  • Restricts proxied images content-types to a whitelist
  • Forward images regardless of HTTP status code

At GitHub we render markdown and replace all of the src attributes on the img tags with the appropriate URL to hit the proxies. There's example code for creating URLs in the tests.

URL Formats

Camo supports two distinct URL formats:

http://example.org/<digest>?url=<image-url>
http://example.org/<digest>/<image-url>

The <digest> is a 40 character hex encoded HMAC digest generated with a shared secret key and the unescaped <image-url> value. The <image-url> is the absolute URL locating an image. In the first format, the <image-url> should be URL escaped aggressively to ensure the original value isn't mangled in transit. In the second format, each byte of the <image-url> should be hex encoded such that the resulting value includes only characters [0-9a-f].

Configuration

Camo is configured through environment variables.

  • PORT: The port number Camo should listen on. (default: 8081)
  • CAMO_HEADER_VIA: The string for Camo to include in the Via and User-Agent headers it sends in requests to origin servers. (default: Camo Asset Proxy <version>)
  • CAMO_KEY: The shared key used to generate the HMAC digest.
  • CAMO_LENGTH_LIMIT: The maximum Content-Length Camo will proxy. (default: 5242880)
  • CAMO_LOGGING_ENABLED: The logging level used for reporting debug or error information. Options are debug and disabled. (default: disabled)
  • CAMO_MAX_REDIRECTS: The maximum number of redirects Camo will follow while fetching an image. (default: 4)
  • CAMO_SOCKET_TIMEOUT: The maximum number of seconds Camo will wait before giving up on fetching an image. (default: 10)
  • CAMO_TIMING_ALLOW_ORIGIN: The string for Camo to include in the Timing-Allow-Origin header it sends in responses to clients. The header is omitted if this environment variable is not set. (default: not set)
  • CAMO_HOSTNAME: The Camo-Host header value that Camo will send. (default: unknown)
  • CAMO_KEEP_ALIVE: Whether or not to enable keep-alive session. (default: false)

Testing Functionality

Bundle Everything

% rake bundle

Start the server

% coffee server.coffee

In another shell

% rake

Debugging

To see the full URL restclient is hitting etc, try this.

% RESTCLIENT_LOG=stdout rake

Deployment

You should run this on heroku.

To enable useful line numbers in stacktraces you probably want to compile the server.coffee file to native javascript when deploying.

% coffee -c server.coffee
% /usr/bin/env PORT=9090 CAMO_KEY="<my application key>" node server.js

Docker

A Dockerfile is included, you can build and run it with:

docker build -t camo .
docker run --env CAMO_KEY=YOUR_KEY -t camo

Examples

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.