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Tool for building Embedded Element Libraries (EELs)
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README.md

EEL Builder

This is designed to be a simple command line utility to help developers generate EEL files.

EEL Examples

See the examples directory for annotated example EELs.

There is a detailed walktrough creating a simple EEL here.

General Usage

Run node eelutil.js --new --name="tmp102" --dir="/home/nick" to generate a bare-bones directory containing an eel metadata.json file and empty directories for files and elements.

Once you have this directory created and you've customized the metadata file and written all of your code, you can run node eelutil.js --generate --dir="/home/nick/tmp102_EEL" --dest="/home/nick/" to generate the .eel file, which will be located at /home/nick/tmp102.eel`.

Config File

This tool accepts an optional configuration file named eel-builder.conf. The tool will look in the following locations (in order) for the configuration file, using the first one it finds and then stopping:

1.) ${HOME}/.atmosphereiot/ 2.) ${HOME} 3.) Directory of this project's source (the same directory as this README).

The configuration file is in JSON format and contains two keys:

  • eelSourceDir - The home directory of any EEL source. If you, for example, generate a new eel called tmp102, a directory containing this EEL's source will be generated in ${eelSourceDir}/tmp102_EEL. If you use this configuration option, you do not need to supply the --dir option on the command line.
  • eelFileDir - The directory that any generated .eel files will be written to. If you use this configuration option, you do not need to supply the --dest option on the command line.

NOTE: If you supply eelSourceDir in the configuration file, you must use the --name option when you generate your eel file (eg eelutil.js --generate --name="tmp102"). The tool will automatically search in ${eelSourceDir}/tmp102_EEL for the metadata.json file for your EEL.

Full Usage Example with Config File

1.) Place the following in ${HOME}/.atmosphereiot/eel-builder.conf:

{
    "eelSourceDir": "/home/[YOUR USERNAME]/myEelSource",
    "eelFileDir": "/home/[YOUR USERNAME]/myGeneratedEels"
}

Replace [YOUR USERNAME] with your username. If in Windows, replace /home/[YOUR USERNAME] with C:\\Users\\[YOUR USERNAME].

2.) Run node eelbuilder.js --new --name="tmp102". You should see the following output:

Generating project in /home/[YOUR USERNAME]/myEelSource/tmp102_EEL
Writing project metadata to /home/[YOUR USERNAME]/myEelSource/tmp102_EEL/metadata.json
Done!

3.) Run node eelbuilder.js --generate --name="tmp102". You should see the following output:

Ability dir does not exist, creating it.
Unable to read ability source home/[YOUR USERNAME]/myEelSource/tmp102_EEL/elements/abilities/myability.c
Generating default stub home/[YOUR USERNAME]/myEelSource/tmp102_EEL/elements//abilities/myability.c
Writing EEL to home/[YOUR USERNAME]/myGeneratedEels/tmp102.eel

Building Example EELS

Run ./build_examples.sh to build all of the example EELs.

Building Process

Building an eel happens in three steps

1.) Creating a source directory

Use the --new option to generate a new EEL source directory with a bare-bones metadata file. You must use the --name option in conjunction with this option. If you're not using a configuration file, you must also use the --dir option.

The directory will be located at ${dir}/${name}_EEL. The tool will also output this directory on the command line.

2.) Write your code

Create your driver, element, and ability code.

3.) Generate an EEL

Use the --generate option to pacakge everything into a single EEL file that can be imported into Atmosphere Studio. If you're not using a configuration file, you must use the --dir option to point the tool to the EEL source directory, and the --dest option to tell the tool where to put the generated .eel file.

If you're using the configuration file, and you've specified the eelSourceDir configuration option, you may use the --name option instead, and the tool will automatically find the source directory for you.

metadata.json

This is intended to be a user editable file. Here's an example:

{
	"libName": "irthermoclick",
	"manufacturer": "Mikroelektronika",
	"description": "MLX90614ESF-AAA Temperature Sensor mikroBUS™ Click™ Platform Evaluation Expansion Board",
	"type": "Temperature Sensor",
	"version": "",
	"eelVersion": "3",
	"requires": [
		"embedded", "i2c"
	],
	"elements": [
		{
			"name": "IRThermoClick",
			"type": "EmbeddedIRThermoClick",
			"icon": "EmbeddedTempHumidity.svg",
			"defaultAbility": "readTemperature",
			"defaultTrigger": "temperatureRead",
			"hidden": false,
			"abilities": [
				{
					"name": "setup",
				  "hidden":true
				},
				{
					"name": "readTemperature",
					"triggers": ["temperatureRead"]
				}
			],
			"properties":[
				{
					"name":"i2cInstance",
					"input":"driverInstance",
					"driverType": "i2c"
				},
				
				{
					"name":"i2cAddress",
					"input":"number",
					"value":"0x5A"
				}
			],
			"triggers": [],
			"variables": [],
			"language": {
				"en-US": {
					"EmbeddedIRThermoClick": "IRThermo Click",
					"i2cInstance": "I2C Driver Instance",
					"i2cAddress": "I2C Address",
					"readTemperature": "Read Temperature",
					"temperatureRead": "Temperature Read",
					"setup": "Setup"
				}
			}
		}
	]
}

Any code or file objects should contain paths, not values. These paths will be read and the actual file contents will be inserted into the EEL when you run the utility with the --generate option. In this example, the mysetup.c file will be read and replaced with its contents.

For each ability, its code file will be assumed to be [ability name].c (eg. readObjectTemperature.c), unless another file is specified (see the setup ability).

EEL Top Level Fields

libName

This is the name of your EEL. It should not have spaces, and is typically all lowercase.

manufacturer

The manufacturer of your sensor. This is optional, but recommended.

description

A user friendly description of the sensor and what it does.

type

This is the type of sensor. Typical values would be "Temperature Sensor", "Humidity Sensor", "Accelerometer", etc...

version

An EEL version field. This is not used within the tool at all, so you can place what you'd like here, or nothing at all.

eelVersion

Should always be 3.

requires

A list of features required by the EEL to function properly. Options: adc, spi, i2c, pwm, ble, wifi, gpio, embedded, uart

Typically, the list will be something like ["embedded", "i2c"]

variants

A lit of variants of the EEL. These will be displayed in the Atmosphere Studio as their own EEL. The format of each object in the list is identical to a regular EEL. Only fields that are different in the variant must be included.

When the EEL is imported, this object will be overlayed on top of the base EEL. See TSD305 for an example.

Note that properties of variants are objects instead of arrays. The key of each variant's property must match its index (starting from 0) in the base element's property list.

Element Fields

These are fields that are specific to the given element object

name

Name of the element

type

Type of the element. Typically "Embedded" + name. No spaces or other special characters, only letters and numbers.

icon

The icon used. Must be one of the following:

  • EmbeddedAccelerometer.svg
  • EmbeddedADCPin.svg
  • EmbeddedAirQuality.svg
  • EmbeddedAmbientLight.svg
  • EmbeddedBeep.svg
  • EmbeddedBLEConnection.svg
  • EmbeddedCellularConnection.svg
  • EmbeddedCurrentMonitor.svg
  • EmbeddedEthernetConnection.svg
  • EmbeddedGeneric.svg
  • EmbeddedGyroscope.svg
  • EmbeddedHumidity.svg
  • EmbeddedLCDScreen.svg
  • EmbeddedLEDArray.svg
  • EmbeddedLoraWanConnection.svg
  • EmbeddedMagnetometer.svg
  • EmbeddedMotion.svg
  • EmbeddedMotor.svg
  • EmbeddedPressure.svg
  • EmbeddedRelay.svg
  • EmbeddedSigfox.svg
  • EmbeddedTemperature.svg
  • EmbeddedTempHumidity.svg
  • EmbeddedTouch.svg
  • EmbeddedWifiConnection.svg

If none of these apply, you can use EmbeddedFunction.svg and write an issue so we can make an applicable icon.

defaultAbility

The default selected ability. This must be populated with one of the element abilities.

defaultTrigger

The default selected trigger. This must be populated with one of the element triggers.

hidden

Sets the element visibility.

abilities

A list of objects specifying the element's abilities. See Ability Object.

NOTE: Every element must contain a 'setup' ability. This ability will be called once on startup automatically.

properties

A list of objects specifying the element's properties. See Property Object.

triggers

A list of triggers not associated with any specific abilities. Typically empty.

variables

A list of variables and their types, used to store element state. See Relay Click for an example of usage.

It is considered good practice to use a variable called handle to store an integer handle for each instance of your EEL, as the Relay Click EEL does. This allows for multiple Relay Clicks to be used in the same project, with the handle being used to differentiate the instances. For flexibility, every EEL should do this (although not all currently do).

language

An object containing the language encoding for the object. This specifies how abilities and names should be printed on the screen in various languages. See Language Object.

Ability Object

name

The name of the ability. Should not have spaces.

hidden

Specifies the visibility of the ability in the ability list. The setup ability, for example, is hidden since it should never be manually called by a user. Abilities created only as a means to access their triggers (eg. async abilities executed on interrupts) should be hidden as well.

triggers

A list of string trigger names. Typically the list will only have one trigger, but you can have multiple.

Property Object

name

The name of the property. Should not have spaces.

input

The type of the property. Can be number, text, select, checkbox, or driverInstance.

driverInstance properties are to be used whenever an EEL needs a specific embedded driver to function.

driverType

The driver type, if a driverInstance property. This can be one of the following:

  • adc
  • ble
  • block
  • cellular
  • datetime
  • embeddedCloud
  • filesytem
  • gpio
  • http
  • i2c
  • interval
  • nfc
  • pwm
  • spi
  • uart
  • wifi

value

The default value of the property.

inputOptions

A list of available options, only used if the input type is select. See LPS22HB for an example.

Language Object

The top level keys of the language object are the language tags. Each language tag contains an object specifying keys and values translating names in the EEL metadata to pretty names to be printed on the Atmosphere GUI. Anything the EEL metadata that will be printed on the GUI should have an associated translation in the language object. If a translation is not provided, the raw value will be used.

Directory Structure

The tool expects a specific directory structure. There should be a top level directory called elements with a subdirectory for each element.The name of this subdirectory should match the name of the element. Each element directory has a subdirectory called abilities. The abilities directory contains a source file for each ability. Here is the directory tree for the example metadata above:

.
├── elements
│   └── EmbeddedIRThermoClick
│       └── abilities
│           ├── readTemperature.c
│           └── setup.c
├── files
│   └── common
│       ├── headers
│       │   └── irthermoclick.h
│       └── objects
│           └── irthermoclick.c
├── metadata.json
└── README.md
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