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pgAdmin 4 ========= pgAdmin 4 is a rewrite of the popular pgAdmin3 management tool for the PostgreSQL (http://www.postgresql.org) database. In the following documentation and examples, "$PGADMIN4_SRC/" is used to denote the top-level directory of a copy of the pgAdmin source tree, either from a tarball or a git checkout. Architecture ------------ pgAdmin 4 is written as a web application in Python, using jQuery and Bootstrap for the client side processing and UI. On the server side, Flask is being utilised. Although developed using web technologies, pgAdmin 4 can be deployed either on a web server using a browser, or standalone on a workstation. The runtime/ subdirectory contains a QT based runtime application intended to allow this - it is essentially a browser and Python interpretor in one package which is capable of hosting the Python application and presenting it to the user as a desktop application. Building the Runtime -------------------- To build the runtime, the following packages must be installed: - QT 4.6 or above, up to 5.5 (older versions may work, but haven't been tested, newer versions are not yet supported as Qt Webkit has been deprecated). - Python 2.6, 2.7 or 3.3+ Assuming both qmake and python-config are in the path: $ cd $PGADMIN4_SRC/runtime $ qmake Project MESSAGE: Building for QT5+... Project MESSAGE: Building for Linux/Mac... Project MESSAGE: Using /usr/bin/python-config Project MESSAGE: Python2 detected. $ make ... To build the runtime in debug mode, use the option below with qmake $ qmake CONFIG+=debug To build the runtime in release mode, use the option below with qmake $ qmake CONFIG+=release By default, the runtime application will be built in release mode. On Linux, an executable called 'pgAdmin4' will be built, and on Mac OS X, an app bundle called pgAdmin4.app will be created. To build the runtime on a Windows system, export PYTHON_HOME and PYTHON_VERSION variables in the System environment. Specify the PYTHON_VERSION with the major and minor number. Do not specify micro level version. For example, given a Python version of A.B.C; A - Major number, B - Minor number, C - Micro level (Bug fix releases). If Python version is 2.7.12 than specify PYTHON_VERSION=27 e.g. PYTHON_HOME=C:\Python27\ PYTHON_VERSION=27 You can also use Qt Creator to build, develop and debug the runtime. Simply open the $PGADMIN4_SRC/runtime/pgAdmin4.pro project file in Qt Creator and configure the project with a supported version of Qt when prompted. Create Database Migrations -------------------------- In order to make changes to the SQLite DB, navigate to the 'web' directory: (pgadmin4) $ cd $PGADMIN4_SRC/web Create a migration file with the following command: (pgadmin4) $ FLASK_APP=pgAdmin4.py flask db revision This will create a file in: $PGADMIN4_SRC/web/migrations/versions/ . Add any changes to the 'upgrade' function. There is no need to increment the SETTINGS_SCHEMA_VERSION. Configuring the Python Environment ---------------------------------- In order to run the Python code, a suitable runtime environment is required. Python versions - Python 2.6, 2.7 or 3.3+ are currently supported. It is recommended that a Python Virtual Environment is setup for this purpose, rather than using the system Python environment. On Linux and Mac systems, the process is fairly simple - adapt as required for your distribution: 1) Install the virtualenv packages into the system Python environment $ sudo pip install virtualenv virtualenvwrapper 2) Source the virtualenv wrapper tools script. You may want to add this command to your ~/.bash_profile file for future convenience: $ source /usr/local/bin/virtualenvwrapper.sh 3) Create a virtual environment: $ mkvirtualenv pgadmin4 To make use of the virtual environment in the future, use the following command to re-activate it: $ workon pgadmin4 4) Ensure that a PostgreSQL installation's bin/ directory is in the path (so pg_config can be found for building psycopg2), and install the required packages: (pgadmin4) $ PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/pgsql/bin pip install -r $PGADMIN4_SRC/requirements.txt If you are planning to run the regression tests, you also need to install additional requirements from web/regression/requirements.txt: (pgadmin4) $ pip install -r $PGADMIN4_SRC/web/regression/requirements.txt 5) Create a local configuration file for pgAdmin. Edit $PGADMIN4_SRC/web/config_local.py and add any desired configuration options (use the config.py file as a reference - any settings duplicated in config_local.py will override those in config.py). A typical development configuration may look like: from config import * # Debug mode DEBUG = True # App mode SERVER_MODE = True # Enable the test module MODULE_BLACKLIST.remove('test') # Log CONSOLE_LOG_LEVEL = DEBUG FILE_LOG_LEVEL = DEBUG DEFAULT_SERVER = '127.0.0.1' UPGRADE_CHECK_ENABLED = True # Use a different config DB for each server mode. if SERVER_MODE == False: SQLITE_PATH = os.path.join( DATA_DIR, 'pgadmin4-desktop.db' ) else: SQLITE_PATH = os.path.join( DATA_DIR, 'pgadmin4-server.db' ) This configuration allows easy switching between server and desktop modes for testing. 6) The initial setup of the configuration database is interactive in server mode, and non-interactive in desktop mode. You can run it either by running: (pgadmin4) $ python $PGADMIN4_SRC/web/setup.py or by starting pgAdmin 4: (pgadmin4) $ python $PGADMIN4_SRC/web/pgAdmin4.py Whilst it is possible to automatically run setup in desktop mode by running the runtime, that will not work in server mode as the runtime doesn't allow command line interaction with the setup program. At this point you will be able to run pgAdmin 4 from the command line in either server or desktop mode, and access it from a web browser using the URL shown in the terminal once pgAdmin has started up. Setup of an environment on Windows is somewhat more complicated unfortunately, largely due to the lack of a native compiler toolset. Thankfully, Microsoft supply a free compiler specifically for Python 2.7 users. Download and install it from: https://www.microsoft.com/en-gb/download/details.aspx?id=44266 A blog detailing the setup of Virtual Environments on Windows can be found here: http://www.tylerbutler.com/2012/05/how-to-install-python-pip-and-virtualenv-on-windows-with-powershell/ Once a virtual environment has been created and enabled, setup can continue from step 4 above. Configuring the Runtime ----------------------- The pgAdmin 4 Runtime maintains it's own Python Path to avoid conflicts with packages or other issues in the system Python installation. It will also search a number of known locations for the pgAdmin4.py file needed to run pgAdmin (including relative locations in a source code tree), however you can specify an alternate path if needed. If either a working environment or pgAdmin4.py cannot be found at startup, the runtime will prompt for the locations. Alternatively, you can use Alt+Shift+P to open the path configuration dialogue. On a Linux/Mac system, the Python Path will typically consist of a single path to the virtual environment's site-packages directory, e.g. /Users/<USERNAME>/.virtualenvs/pgadmin4/lib/python2.7/site-packages On Windows, multiple paths are likely to be required, e.g. C:\Users\dpage\.virtualenvs\pgadmin4\Lib\site-packages;C:\Users\dpage\.virtualenvs\pgadmin4\Lib;C:\Users\dpage\.virtualenvs\pgadmin4\Lib\lib-tk;C:\Users\dpage\.virtualenvs\pgadmin4\DLLs If you wish to specify a specific copy of the Python code to run, you can set the Application Path to a directory containing pgAdmin4.py, e.g. /Users/<USERNAME>/git/pgadmin4-test/web/ Building the documentation -------------------------- In order to build the docs, an additional Python package is required in the virtual environment. This can be installed with the pip package manager: $ workon pgadmin4 (pgadmin4) $ pip install Sphinx The docs can then be built using the Makefile in $PGADMIN4_SRC, e.g. (pgadmin4) $ make docs The output can be found in $PGADMIN4_SRC/docs/en_US/_build/html/index.html Building packages ----------------- Most packages can be built using the Makefile in $PGADMIN4_SRC, provided all the setup and configuration above has been completed. To build a source tarball: (pgadmin4) $ make src To build a PIP Wheel, activate either a Python 2 or Python 3 virtual environment as desired, configured with all the required packages, and then run: (pgadmin4) $ make pip On a Mac, build an application bundle in a disk image (DMG file) with: (pgadmin4) $ make appbundle Configure the framework.conf to match the QT and Python versions the app is being built with: $ cp $PGADMIN4_SRC/pkg/mac/framework.conf.in $PGADMIN4_SRC/pkg/mac/framework.conf $ vi $PGADMIN4_SRC/pkg/mac/framework.conf If you have an Apple code signing certificate, both the app bundle and disk image can be automatically signed by configuring signing: $ cp $PGADMIN4_SRC/pkg/mac/codesign.conf.in $PGADMIN4_SRC/pkg/mac/codesign.conf $ vi $PGADMIN4_SRC/pkg/mac/codesign.conf Edit the file as appropriate, ensuring the various version numbers are correct and that the appropriate developer ID is specified. On Windows, the InnoSetup tool is required to create an installer. Download the Unicode version from: http://www.jrsoftware.org/isdl.php A number of environment variables may need to be set to enable the build script to function. The defaults will usually work on a typical 64 bit system with Qt 5.5.1, Python 2.7 and Visual Studio 2013. The examples below are for a similar 32 bit system: INNOTOOL=C:\Program Files\Inno Setup 5 PGDIR=C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.6 PYTHON_DLL=C:\Windows\System32\Python27.dll PYTHON_HOME=C:\Python27 PYTHON_VERSION=27 QTDIR=C:\Qt\5.5\msvc2013 VCDIR=C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 12.0\VC To build the installer: C:\$PGADMIN4_SRC> make x86 If you have a code signing certificate, this will automatically be used if found in the Windows Certificate Store to sign the installer. Support ------- See https://www.pgadmin.org/support/ for support options. Project info ------------ The source code repository can be found here: http://git.postgresql.org/gitweb/?p=pgadmin4.git;a=summary A Redmine project for pgAdmin 4 can be found at the address below. A PostgreSQL community account is required to access this site. Please note that at present only project developers can log bug and feature requests: https://redmine.postgresql.org/projects/pgadmin4 If you wish to discuss pgAdmin 4, or contribute to the project, please use the pgAdmin Hackers mailing list: email@example.com -- Dave Page pgAdmin Project Lead