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Installs and configures PostgreSQL as a client or a server.



  • Debian, Ubuntu
  • Red Hat/CentOS/Scientific (6.0+ required) - "EL6-family"
  • Fedora
  • SUSE

Tested on:

  • Ubuntu 10.04, 11.10, 12.04
  • Red Hat 6.1, Scientific 6.1, CentOS 6.3


Requires Opscode's openssl cookbook for secure password generation.

Requires a C compiler and development headers in order to build the pg RubyGem to provide Ruby bindings in the ruby recipe.

Opscode's build-essential cookbook provides this functionality on Debian, Ubuntu, and EL6-family.

While not required, Opscode's database cookbook contains resources and providers that can interact with a PostgreSQL database. This cookbook is a dependency of database.


The following attributes are set based on the platform, see the attributes/default.rb file for default values.

  • node['postgresql']['version'] - version of postgresql to manage

  • node['postgresql']['dir'] - home directory of where postgresql data and configuration lives.

  • node['postgresql']['client']['packages'] - An array of package names that should be installed on "client" systems.

  • node['postgresql']['server']['packages'] - An array of package names that should be installed on "server" systems.

The following attributes are generated in recipe[postgresql::server].

  • node['postgresql']['password']['postgres'] - randomly generated password by the openssl cookbook's library.
  • node['postgresql']['ssl'] - whether to enable SSL (off for version 8.3, true for 8.4).



Includes the client recipe.


Installs postgresql client packages and development headers during the compile phase. Also installs the pg Ruby gem during the compile phase so it can be made available for the database cookbook's resources, providers and libraries.


NOTE This recipe may not currently work when installing Chef with the "Omnibus" full stack installer on some platforms due to an incompatibility with OpenSSL. See COOK-1406

Install the pg gem under Chef's Ruby environment so it can be used in other recipes.


Includes the server_debian or server_redhat recipe to get the appropriate server packages installed and service managed. Also manages the configuration for the server:

  • generates a strong default password (via openssl) for postgres
  • sets the password for postgres
  • manages the pg_hba.conf file.


Installs the postgresql server packages, manages the postgresql service and the postgresql.conf file.


Manages the postgres user and group (with UID/GID 26, per RHEL package conventions), installs the postgresql server packages, initializes the database and manages the postgresql service, and manages the postgresql.conf file.


See the database for resources and providers that can be used for managing PostgreSQL users and databases.


On systems that need to connect to a PostgreSQL database, add to a run list recipe[postgresql] or recipe[postgresql::client].

On systems that should be PostgreSQL servers, use recipe[postgresql::server] on a run list. This recipe does set a password and expect to use it. It performs a when Chef is not running in solo mode. If you're using chef-solo, you'll need to set the attribute node['postgresql']['password']['postgres'] in your node's json_attribs file or in a role.

License and Author

Author:: Joshua Timberman ( Author:: Lamont Granquist (

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.