Gem to authenticate with Instructure Canvas via OAuth2
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README.md

OmniAuth Canvas Build Status

Gem to authenticate with Instructure Canvas via OAuth2

Background

OmniAuth Canvas grew out of the need to simplify the process of setting up LTI and connecting a user account on http://www.OpenTapestry.com to Instructure Canvas.

Setup

Contact Instructure or your Canvas administrator to get an OAuth key and secret. By default omniauth-canvas will attempt to authenticate with http://canvas.instructure.com.

NOTE: you will need to set env['rack.session']['oauth_site'] to the current Canvas instance that you wish to OAuth with. By default this is https://canvas.instructure.com

-- OR --

to dynamically set the canvas site url do one of the following.

Standard setup

use OmniAuth::Builder do
  provider :canvas, 'canvas_key', 'canvas_secret', :setup => lambda{|env|
    request = Rack::Request.new(env)
    env['omniauth.strategy'].options[:client_options].site = env['rack.session']['oauth_site']
  }
end

Setup with Devise

config.omniauth :canvas, 'canvas_key', 'canvas_secret', :setup => lambda{|env|
  request = Rack::Request.new(env)
  env['omniauth.strategy'].options[:client_options].site = env['rack.session']['oauth_site']
}

Alternative Setup

In this setup, you do not have to set env['rack.session']['oauth_site']

Rails.application.config.middleware.use OmniAuth::Builder do
  provider :canvas, APP_CONFIG['canvas_client_id'], APP_CONFIG['canvas_client_secret'],
  {
    :client_options => {
      :site => APP_CONFIG['canvas_host']
    }
  }
end

Canvas Configuration

If you are running your own installation of canvas, you can generate a client ID and secret in the Site Admin account of your Canvas install. There will be a "Developer Keys" tab on the left navigation sidebar. For more information, consult the Canvas OAuth Documentation

State

In most cases your application will need to restore state after handling the OAuth process with Canvas. Since many applications that integrate with Canvas will be launched via the LTI protocol inside of an iframe sessions may not be available. To restore application state the omniauth-canvas gem uses the "state" parameter provided by the LTI proctocol. You will need to add the following code to your application to take advantage of this functionality:

Add the following initializer in config/initializers/omniauth.rb:

OmniAuth.config.before_request_phase do |env|
  request = Rack::Request.new(env)
  state = "#{SecureRandom.hex(24)}#{DateTime.now.to_i}"
  OauthState.create!(state: state, payload: request.params.to_json)
  env["omniauth.strategy"].options[:authorize_params].state = state

  # Bye default omniauth will store all params in the session. The code above
  # stores the values in the database so we remove the values from the session
  # since the amount of data in the original params object will overflow the
  # allowed cookie size
  env["rack.session"].delete("omniauth.params")
end

Add the following middleware to lib/middlware/oauth_state_middleware.rb:

class OauthStateMiddleware
  def initialize(app)
    @app = app
  end

  def call(env)
    request = Rack::Request.new(env)
    if request.params["state"] && request.params["code"]
      if oauth_state = OauthState.find_by(state: request.params["state"])
        # Restore the param from before the OAuth dance
        state_params = JSON.parse(oauth_state.payload) || {}
        state_params.each do |key, value|
          request.update_param(key, value)
        end
        application_instance = ApplicationInstance.find_by(lti_key: state_params["oauth_consumer_key"])
        env["canvas.url"] = application_instance.lti_consumer_uri
        oauth_state.destroy
      else
        raise OauthStateMiddlewareException, "Invalid state in OAuth callback"
      end
    end
    @app.call(env)
  end
end

class OauthStateMiddlewareException < RuntimeError
end

Last, enable the middleware by adding the following to config/application.rb:

# Middleware that can restore state after an OAuth request
config.middleware.insert_before 0, "OauthStateMiddleware"

License

Copyright (C) 2012-2017 by Justin Ball and Atomic Jolt.

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.